Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 6

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 6

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 6 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 6 Workbook Questions and Answers

PASSAGE 1.
All things that are,
Are with more spirit chased than enjoyed.
How like a yonker or a prodigal
The scarfed bark puts from her native bay,
Hugg’d and embraced by the strumpt wind
How like a prodigal doth she return,
With over-weathered ribs, and ragged sails,
Lean, rent and beggared by the strumpt wind;

(i) Identify the speaker and the listener. What is the occasion ?
Answer: Gratiano speaks these words. The listener is Salarino. They are waiting for Lorenzo in a street before Shylock’s house. When Lorenzo does not arrive for some time Gratiano gives these comments.

(ii) Explain these words ‘with more spirit chased than enjoyed .
Answer: These words mean that in all things there is more pleasure in the pursuit than in the attainment. Gratiano means to say that Lorenzo is late because he is not that much enthusiastic to meet Jessica as he used to be, simply because he has won her love.

(iii) How does the ‘scarfed bark’ start its journey?
Answer: The splendid bark sails out from her home port very majestically, hugged by the harlot wind.

(iv) How does the bark come back ?
Answer: The bedecked bark comes back with strained timbers and tattered sails in a very bad condition.

(v) Who comes soon after this speech ? What does he say ?
Answer: Lorenzo comes as soon as Gratiano finishes his speech. He begs forgiveness for his delay.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 5

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 5

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 5 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 5 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘There is some ill a-brewing towards my rest,
For I did dream of money-bags to-night.’ (Lines : 19-20)
When does Shylock utter these lines ? What do they signify ?
Answer:
Shylock utters these lines while going out to supper with Bassanio and his friends. They foretell the sad incident of the elopement of his daughter. She is going to steal a lot of his money and jewels, of which he had a dream.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 5 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock :
The patch is kind enough, but a huge feeder;
Snail-slow in profit, and he sleeps by day
More than the wild-cat: drones hive not with me;
Therefore, I part with him, and part with him
To one that would have him help to waste
His borrow’d purse. Well, Jessica, go in;
Perhaps I will return immediately:
Do as I bid you; shut doors after you:
Fast bind, fast find;
A proverb never stale in thrifty mind.

(i) Who is Shylock addressing to ? Why is he delivering this speech ?
Answer: Shylock is addressing his daughter Jessica. He is delivering this speech only to while away time. He has been invited to dinner by Bassanio to which he has half a mind to attend.

(ii) Why is he satisfied that Launcelot is leaving his services ?
Answer: He is satisfied that Launcelot is leaving his services. He feels that Launcelot is a parasite and a huge feeder. Moreover, he thinks he should go to Bassanio whose stock of borrowed money needs to be exhausted.

(iii) What does he mean to say ‘Waste his borrowed purse’ ?
Answer: By ‘waste his borrowed purse’, he means that Launcelot will help waste the borrowed money of his new master Bassanio. He seems to take perverse delight in the thought.

(iv) Where is he going ? Who leaves her home soon after he has left ?
Answer: He is going to join a dinner party arranged by Bassanio and his Christian friends. Jessica, his daughter, leaves her home soon after he has left, to elope with her lover Lorenzo.

(v) Mention any four character traits of Shylock.
Answer: Shylock seems to be as fanatic as Antonio. He hates all ChristiAnswer: Then he is a very crafty person, which is clear from the way he is able to entrap Antonio. He is a heartless, stingy fellow. He is also a hard¬hearted moneylender.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock :
What, are there masques ? Hear you me, Jessica:
Look up my doors; and when you hear the drum
And the vile squealing of the wry-neck’d fife,
Clamber not you up to the casements then,
Nor thrust your head into the public street
To gaze on Christian fools with varnish’d faces,
But stop my house’s ears, I mean my casements :
Let not the sound of shallow foppery enter
My sober house. By Jacob’s staff, I swear,
I have no mind of feasting forth to-night:
But I will go. Go you before me, sirrah;
Say I will come.
Launcelot:
I will go before, sir. Mistress, look out at window, for all this, There will come a Christian boy, will be worth a Jewess’ eye.

(i) Where is Shylock going ? Why is he reluctant to go ?
Answer: Shylock has been invited to dinner by Bassanio and his other friends. He is reluctant to go because he knows that he has not been invited out of love but only to flatter him. Moreover, he has had a bad dream in which he had seen money-bags, a bad omen.

(ii) What information of Launcelot alarms Shylock ?
Answer: Launcelot informs Jessica that they (Christians) have planned a masque tonight. Shylock is alarmed at the news, as being a Jew, he does not like a noisy event like that of a masque and feels that the noise may pollute the atmosphere of his house.

(iii) What advice does Shylock give to his daughter Jessica ? Why ?
Answer: Shylock asks Jessica to close all the doors to prevent the noise of the drum and the fife from entering his house. As a Jew he is against such extravagant shows staged by Christians.

(iv) What does Launcelot ask Jessica to do ? Which Christian boy does he refer to ?
Answer: Launcelot asks Jessica, his mistress, to look out of her window tonight. He says that a Christian boy (Lorenzo) will come who will be worth seeing for her eyes.

(v) How is Launcelot’s news significant for Jessica ?
Answer: Jessica and her lover Lorenzo have decided to elope during the masquerade arranged by Lorenzo’s Christian friends. Launcelot’s news is, in a Way, a hint to Jessica to get ready for the elopement when his father Shylock will be away.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 4

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 4

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 4 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 4 Workbook Questions and Answers

PASSAGE 1.
Lorenzo :
If e’er the Jew her father come to heaven,
It will be for his gentle daughter’s sake;
And never dare misfortune cross her foot,
Unless she do it under this excuse,
That she is issue to a faithless Jew.

(i) Who is with Lorenzo when he speaks these words ? Where are they ?
Answer: Gratiano is with Lorenzo at this time. They are in a street in Venice.

(ii) Earlier in this scene who had met them? What had he given to Lorenzo ?
Answer: Launcelot Gobbo had met them in the street. He, had given to Lorenzo a letter written by Jessica.

(iii) What had Jessica written in the letter ?
Answer: Jessica, who was ready to elope with Lorenzo directed him how he should take
her from her father’s house. She had also told him about the gold and jewels she would be supplied with.

(iv) Why is Lorenzo full of praise for Jessica ?
Answer: He is full of praise for her because he loves her and she has promised to elope with him.

(v) On what excue can misfortune cross Jessica’s path ?
Answer: Misfortune can cross her path only on the pretext that she is the daughter of an unbelieving Jew.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 3 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 3 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘Our house is hell, and thou, a merry devil Didst rob it of some taste of tediousness”. (Line : 2-3)
Why does Jessica describe her house as ‘hell’ ? Who is the ‘merry devil’ ?
Answer:
Jessica describes her house as ‘hell’ because it is the most unpleasant place to live in with her suspicious, unkind and cruel father. The ‘merry devil’ is Launcelot Gobbo, the servant with her father, who was able to relieve some monotony prevailing at her house.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 3 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Jessica :
I am sorry thou wilt leave my father so:
Our house is hell, and thou, a merry devil,
Didst rob it of some taste of tediousness.
But fare thee well, there is a ducat for thee:
And, Launcelot, soon at supper shalt thou see
Lorenzo, who is thy new master’s guest:
Give him this letter; do it secretly;
And so farewell: I would not have my father
See me in talk with thee.
Launcelot:
Adieu! tears exhibit my tongue. Most beautiful pagan, most sweet Jew! if a Christian did not play the knave and get thee, I am much deceived. But, adieu : these foolish drops do something drown my manly spirit: adieu!

(i) Where are the speakers now ? How are they related ?
Answer: The speakers, Jessica and Launcelot, are in a room in Shylock’s house. Jessica is Shylock’s daughter, while Launcelot, a jester, is a servant in her father’s service.

(ii) Who is Jessica ? What does she think of her father and her home ? What does she ask Launcelot to do ?
Answer: Jessica is Shylock’s daughter. She thinks her house is a hell. She considers her father as a heartless person. She wants Launcelot to hand over her letter to Lorenzo (her lover) who would be present at his new master’s (Bassanio’s) home as a guest.

(iii) Who is Launcelot’s new master ? What does Launcelot desire ?
Answer: Launcelot’s new master is Bassanio. Launcelot wants Jessica to run away with Lorenzo and marry him, which is not otherwise possible.

(iv) What is Jessica’s plan ? Why does she decide to leave her father’s home ?
Answer: Jessica’s plan is to escape from her father’s home at the time of masque and run away with her lover, Lorenzo. She decides to leave her father’s home where she feels stifled.

(v) Later in the play, what happens to Jessica and her lover Lorenzo ?
Answer: The masque does not materialize, but Jessica and Lorenzo are able to get away. Jessica takes with her a lot of cash and jewellery. Both of them reach Portia’s place in Belmont.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 2 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 2 Workbook Questions and Answers

Passage 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Launcelot :
Certainly the Jew is the very devil incarnal; and in my conscience, my conscience is but a kind of conscience, to ofter to counsel me to stay with the Jew The fiend gives the more friendly counsel: I will run, fiend, my heels are at your commandment, I will run.

(i) Who is the few referred to in the first line? Why is he compared to the devil ?
Answer: The Jew referred to is Skylock. He has been compared to the devil because he is cruel, strict and hard-hearted like the devil.

(ii) In the conflict between the devil and the conscience, who wins ? What does Launcelot decide to do ?
Answer: The devil wins in this conflict. Launcelot decides to leave the job.

(iii) What counsel does the conscience give to Launcelot ?
Answer: The conscience counsels Launcelot to stay with the Jew and continue his service.

(iv) Who meets Launcelot, soon after this ? Answer: Old Gobbo meets Launcelot soon after this.

(v) What does Launcelot mean by ‘the very devil incamal’ ?
Answer: Launcelot means to say that the Jew i.e. Shylock is the very devil in human form.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 1 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 1 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘Mislike me not for my complexion’. (Line : 1)
When does Prince of Morocco utter this line ? What is he trying to do ?
Answer:
Prince of Morocco utters this line as he appears before Portia. He is trying to prove to her that his black complexion does not make him an inferior suitor in any way, and that he is not ashamed of the skin of his colour. He feels that he should be judged by his real worth.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 1 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the
questions that follow :

Morocco :
Mislike me not for my complexion,
The shadow’d livery of the burnish’d sun,
To whom I am a neighbour and near bred.
Bring me the fairest creature northward born,
Where Phoebus’ fire scarce thaws the icicles,
And let us make incision for your love,
To prove whose blood is reddest, his or mine.

(i) Where are the speakers now ? What is the occasion ?
Answer: The speakers, the Prince of Morocco and Portia are in a room in Portia’s house in Belmont. The occasion is Morocco’s trying his luck at the lottery of caskets in an attempt to marry Portia, a rich and beautiful lady.

(ii) What is the Prince of Morocco proud of ? What is his plea to Portia ?
Answer: The Prince of Morocco is proud of his bravery and fearlessness. His plea to Portia is that she should not reject him simply because of the black colour of his skin.

(iii) What does he think of himself ? How is he mistaken ?
Answer: He thinks that he is the bravest man. He can defeat anyone. He can dare a hungry lion roaring for some prey. In saying so he is greatly mistaken. He does not understand that the lottery of caskets is not a test of physical valour but of mental and moral character.

(iv) What does Portia tell him ?
Answer: Portia tells him that she is not free to choose one whom her eyes approve. If her choice had not been restricted, he would have stood as good a chance of being selected as any other of her suitors.

(v) Which casket does Morocco choose ? How does he lose ?
Answer: Morocco chooses the gold casket. He thinks that the inscription on the gold casket provides the right clue. Portia, he feels, is rightly desired by many men. So he chooses the casket and loses. He loses because he is tempted by the outward show or glitter.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Morocco :
If Hercules and Lichas play at dice
Which is the better man, the greater throw
May turn by fortune from the weaker hand :
So is Alcides beaten by his page ;
And so may I, blind fortune leading me,
Miss that which one unworthier may attain,
And die with grieving.
Portia :
You must take your chance,
And either not attempt to choose at all
Or swear before you choose, if you choose wrong
Never to speak to lady afterward
In way of marriage : therefore be advised.

(i) When are these lines spoken by the Prince of Morocco ? What has Portia assured him earlier ?
Answer: These lines are spoken by the Prince of Morocco before making his choice of the casket. Portia has earlier assured him that his black complexion does not matter at all, for she is not free to choose her life partner.

(ii) Who are Hercules and Lichas ? Why does Morocco refer to Hercules and Lichas ?
Answer: Hercules was a great Greek hero and Lichas was his servant. Morocco refers to them in order to equate himself with Hercules who may get defeated by his servant at a game of dice. He wants to say that he may lose, like Hercules, while the right casket may be chosen by a less worthy man.

(iii) What is Morocco’s regret ? What does he decide to do ultimately ?
Answer: Morocco’s regret is that courage and bravery which he has in plenty have no place in this lottery. Ultimately, he decides to try his luck, whatever be the outcome.

(iv) What is his fate ? Why does he lose the lottery of casket later ?
Answer: He fails to choose the right casket because he is tempted by the outward glitter. He is misled by the inscription on the gold casket which he chooses.

(v) What lesson does he learn ?
Answer: He learns to his dismay that all that glitters is not gold. Appearance has often deceived man.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 3 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 1 Scene 3 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘How like a fawning publican he looks’. (Line : 38)
Who is a ‘fawning publican’ referred to here ? In which sense is he spoken to as such ?
Answer:
Shylock refers to Antonio as a ‘fawning publican’ (a timid tax-collector). He speaks of him in a contemptuous tone because he hates him being a Christian and his business rival.

Question 2.
‘Mark you this, Bassanio
The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose’. (Lines 94-96)
Who is called ‘devil’ ? What does Antonio mean to say ?
Answer:
Shylock is called ‘devil’. Antonio means to say that though Shylock quotes from the holy book, his intention is wicked like that of the devil. He (Shylock) is a totally hypocritical fellow.

Question 3.
On what condition does Shylock offer to give Antonio the loan ? Is there anything ironic about his offer ?
Answer:
Shylock offers to give the loan of three thousand ducats if Antonio signs a bond with him that will entitle him to a pound of flesh from his body if he breaks the contract. It is ironic that he talks of friendship while talking of taking his life.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 3 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Bassanio :
If it please you to dine with us.
Shylock :
Yes, to smell pork ; to eat of the habitation which your prophet the Nazarite conjured the devil into. I will buy with you, sell with you, talk with you, walk with you, and so following, but I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray with you.

(i) Where are the speakers now ? Who has come to Shylock, and why ?
Answer: The speakers, Bassanio and Shylock, are at a public place in Venice. Bassanio has come to Shylock to ask for a loan of three thousand ducats. He is immediately followed by Antonio as it is on his surety that the loan can be secured.

(ii) What is Shylock’s response to Bassanio’s request for three thousand ducats ? Why does Bassanio need so much money ? Answer: Shylock’s response to Bassanio’s request for three thousand ducats is somewhat confusing, though it is not totally negative. Bassanio needs so much money to go in style to impress Portia.

(iii) Why does Shylock refuse to dine with Christians ? What does it show ?
Answer: Shylock does not want to eat pork in the company of Christians because he is a Jew. He cannot even stand the sight of pork. It shows that he is a bigot. In fact, he hates all ChristiAnswer:

(iv) What does Shylock propose later ? Does Antonio accept the proposal ?
Answer: Shylock proposes a bond to be signed by Antonio, according to which Shylock will be entitled to cut a pound of flesh from Antonio’s body if he fails to pay back the loan in a specified time. Yes, Antonio accepts the proposal.

(v) What alarms Bassanio ? Why is Antonio confident of meeting Shylock’s condition ? Answer: The penalty of the pound of flesh alarms Bassanio. However, Antonio is ready to sign the dangerous bond because he is confident of paying the loan as he expects his ships to arrive very shortly.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock :
[Aside] How like a fawning publican he looks !
I hate him for he is a Christian,
But more for that in low simplicity
He lends out money gratis and brings down
The rate of usance here with us in Venice.
If I can catch him once upon the hip,
I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him.
He hates our sacred nation, and he rails,
Even there where merchants most do congregate,
On me, my bargains and my well-won thrift,
Which he calls interest : cursed be my tribe,
If I forgive him !

(i) Who is with Shylock ? Who is seen coming ? Does Shylock speak these lines to someone ?
Answer: Bassanio is with Shylock. Antonio is seen coming. No, Shylock does not speak these lines to anyone. He speaks to himself in an aside – a way to express what one is thinking at the moment.

(ii) Why does Shylock hate Antonio ? Do you think he is right in hating Antonio ?
Answer: Shylock hates Antonio for being a Christian and his business rival who jeopardises his business interests by lending money without interest. He is not totally wrong in hating a person who humiliates him in public and runs down his faith.

(iii) “Like a fawning publican.” Explain.
Answer: Shylock feels that Antonio looks like a cringing publican (tax collector). He uses this expression in hatred of the man who is coming to seek monetary help.

(iv) What is Antonio’s behaviour towards Shylock ? Do you approve it ? Why or Why not ?
Answer: Antonio’s behaviour towards Shylock later is simply outrageous. He says he is ready to call him a dog and spit on him again. It is strange that he gets so provoked even when he is a supplicant, needing financial help for his friend.

(v) What makes Antonio accept the dangerous bond proposed by Shylock ? What does it tell you of him ?
Answer: Antonio agrees to sign the dangerous bond proposed by the cunning Shylock as he believes that he will pay back the loan before the stipulated time. It shows that he is overconfident and rash, too.

PASSAGE 3.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Antonio :
The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose
An evil soul producing holy witness
Is like a villain with a smiling cheek,
A goodly apple rotten at the heart :
O, what a goodly outside falsehood hath !
Shylock :
Three thousand ducats; ’tis a good round sum.
Three months from twelve; then, let me see; the rate

(i) What provokes Antonio ? What does he think of Shylock ?
Answer: Shylock’s referring to the Biblical story of Jacob to justify his charging interest provokes Antonio. He thinks that Shylock is a cunning hypocrite who can do anything to justify his evil deeds.

(ii) How does Antonio describe a wicked person like Shylock ?
Answer: Antonio describes Shylock as a villain who keeps smiling to hide his real intentions. He is like an apple which is good to look at but is rotten inside. He is like a liar who puts on an impressive show.

(iii) Later in the scene Shylock reminds Antonio of his behaviour. How has Antonio insulted him in the past ?
Answer: Shylock reminds him how Antonio had abused and insulted him many times in the public. He has called him an atheist and unbeliever. He has spat on his face and his cloak. He has called him a dog. He has instigated his enemies. He has done everything to harm his business interests.

(iv) What proposal is made by Shylock ? What makes Antonio accept it ?
Answer: Shylock proposes a bond to be signed by Antonio, according to which Shylock will be entitled to cut a pound of Antonio’s flesh in case he fails to pay back the loan in time. Antonio accepts it, thinking that he will be able to pay back the loan soon.

(v) How does Shylock trap Antonio to accept his proposal ? What is his aim ?
Answer: Shylock proposes a ‘dangerous’ bond which he says he is offering in a spirit of mere fun. He says that he wants to befriend Antonio. In this way, he is able to entrap Antonio. His real aim is to make the best of the opportunity by taking revenge on Antonio.

PASSAGE 4.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock :
This kindness will I show.
Go with me to a notary, seal me there
Your single bond; and, in a merry sport,
If you repay me not on such a day,
In such a place; such sum or sums as are
Express’d in the condition, let the forfeit
Be nominated for an equal pound
Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken
In what part of your body pleaseth me.
Antonio:
Content, i’ faith : I’ll seal to such a bond
And say there is much kindness in the Jew.
Bassanio :
You shall not seal to such a bond for me :
I’ll rather dwell in my necessity.

(i) What kindness is Shylock willing to show ?
Answer: Shylock is willing to lend three thousand ducats for three months to Bassanio on Antonio’s surety. He calls it a kindness.

(ii) Is it really a kindness ?
Answer: It is not really a kindness but a well- thought of plan to take revenge on Antonio who has always hated him as a money-lender.

(iii) What is dangerous about Shylock’s bond ?
Answer: Shylock’s condition in the bond is that if Antonio fails to pay back the loan on a fixed date at an agreed place, Shylock would be entitled to take a pound of flesh from whatever part of his body he pleases. This is a dangerous condition as it puts Antonio’s life to grave risk.

(iv) What contrast do you find in Antonio’s and Bassanio’s attitudes towards Shylock’s proposal ?
Answer: Antonio is at once ready to sign the dangerous bond. It shows that he is over-confident and rash. On the other hand, Bassanio is cautious. He warns Antonio against signing the bond and says that he will do without the loan.

(v) Why does Shylock adopt a pleasant tone after giving his proposal of the ‘merry’ bond ?
Answer: Shylock wants Antonio to sign his proposed bond so that he may take his revenge. So in order to give the impression that there is nothing serious or dangerous about the bond he adopts a pleasant, amiable tone.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 2 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 1 Scene 2 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Who is Nerissa ? What does Portia tell her ? Why is she unhappy ?
Answer:
Nerissa is Portia’s companion. Portia’s words reveal that she is sick of her life and feels unhappy. She is sad because she is not free to choose her life partner. Her father has bound her future to the lottery of caskets designed by him.

Question 2.
Why does Nerissa not find fault with Portia’s father ?
Answer:
Nerissa does not find fault with Portia’s father who bound her future to the lottery of caskets. She feels that he must have got the right inspiration at the time of his death, and that the casket lottery designed by him would prove to be a sound one.

Question 3.
‘God made him and therefore let him pass for a man’. (Line : 51)
Who is being referred to by Portia ? In what tone is she talking of him ?
Answer:
Portia is referring to one of her suitors, the . French Lord, Monsieur Le Bon. She speaks about him in a sarcastic tone, saying that he is not a ‘proper’ man, though God has given him a human shape. According to her, he has no individuality of his own.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 2 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
By my troth, Nerissa, my little body is aweary of this great world.
Nerissa :
You would be, sweet madam, if your miseries were in the same abundance as your good fortunes are : and yet, for aught I see, they are as sick that surfeit with too much as they that starve with nothing.
It is no mean happiness, therefore, to be seated in the mean :
superfluity comes sooner by white hairs, but competency lives longer.

(i) Where are the speakers now ? Why is Portia sad and bored ?
Answer: The speakers are now in a room in Portia’s house. Portia is sad and bored because she is not happy to make a free choice in the matter of her life partner. She is bound to the lottery of caskets designed by her father.

(ii) Who is Nerissa ? Who are happy according to her ?
Answer: Nerissa is Portia’s maid. In reality, she is her trusted companion. According to her, only those persons are happy who are neither too rich nor too poor. Excessively rich people like Portia remain sad and bored.

(iii) What does Nerissa have in mind ? Do you agree with what she seems to suggest ?
Answer: While commenting on human nature, Nerissa has Portia in her mind. She thinks Portia is sad and bored because of her excessive riches, which is wrong. Portia is sad and worried thinking of her future.

(iv) How does Portia receive Nerissa’s speech ? What is Nerissa’s reaction ?
Answer: Portia receives Nerissa’s speech well. She appreciates her feelings and acknowledges the logic of what she has said. Nerissa thinks her thoughts should be better put into practice.

(v) What is the real reason of Portia’s sadness ?
Answer: The real reason of Portia’s sadness is that she wants to marry the person of her choice but she cannot. She cannot disobey the will of her late father who has designed the lottery of caskets for her marriage.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
If to do were as easy as to know what were good to do, chapels had been churches and poor men’s cottages princes’ palaces. It is a good divine that follows his own instructions : I can easier teach twenty what were good to be done, than be one of the twenty to follow mine own teaching. The brain may devise laws for the blood, but a hot temper leaps o’er a cold decree: such a hare is madness the youth, to skip o’er the meshes of good counsel the cripple.

(i) Where are the speakers now ? What is the occasion ?
Answer: The speakers, Portia and Nerissa, are in a room in Portia’s house in Belmont. They are speaking as many suitors from different parts of the world have arrived to try their luck at the lottery of caskets.

(ii) What prompts Portia to react ? In which mood is she ?
Answer: When Nerissa says that her thoughts would be better and effective if they were put into practice, Portia retorts that it is easy to know what is good but very difficult to put it into practice. She is in a sad and sombre mood.

(iii) What does Portia say ? What comes in the way of happiness and prosperity ?
Answer: Portia says that to practise good is not as easy as to know what is good. Man often does not practise what he preaches. This is what comes in his way of happiness and prosperity.

(iv) To what is youth compared here ? What poetic device is used here ?
Answer: The youth is compared’ to a rash hare, which easily skips over snares and nets laid by wise old men, and invites troubles. The poetic device used here is metaphor.

(v) Who enters later in the scene ? What news is conveyed to Portia ?
Answer: A servant enters later in the scene. He conveys the news that four suitors are leaving without taking chance, while a new suitor, the Prince of Morocco, is coming soon to try his luck.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers ICSE Class 10 & 9 English

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers ICSE Class 10 & 9 English

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers ICSE Class 10 & 9 English

Merchant of Venice Workbook Questions and Answers (Passages for Comprehension with Answers)

The Merchant of Venice Characters

Merchant of Venice A Summary of the Play Act by Act Scene by Scene