Independence Day Essay for Students and Kids in English

independence day Essay

Independence Day Essay: Independence Day Essay is an important topic that students must be well-versed with. The day commemorating the declaration of independence of any nation is quite a significant event. For India, that day is celebrated on August 15th, every year. The United States of America celebrates its independence from the British Monarchy on July 4th every year. Mexico celebrates its independence on September 16th, while Australia celebrates its independence on January 26th.

Moreover, independence day is a special day to honour the martyrs and freedom fighters for their great sacrifice. Different nations often celebrate their Independence day in various ways. In India, the President delivers the “Address to the Nation”, and the Prime Minister hoists the Indian flag. Twenty-one gun salutes are performed in honour of the occasion. Other nations, such as the United States observe their Independence as a national holiday. Families often host picnics and gather with friends and relatives.

From an academic perspective, students must practice this topic as it is often asked in exams. Following are sample essays, along with useful tips to secure more marks.

Independence Day Essay Writing Tips and Tricks

Following are some useful tips and tricks to help you secure more marks for the essay:

  • Always begin the essay begins with an introductory paragraph
  • The introduction must contain relevant history about the topic, any background information or other pertinent information
  • Also, try to include specifics such as dates, names, locations and other details. This may help provide a clearer insight
  • Do not use jargons, unless the topic requires it
  • Do not present the content in long, monotonous blocks of text. This can cause readers to lose interest.
  • Present content in small, digestible chunks
  • Use bulleted points where necessary
  • Organize content into headings and subheadings.
  • Always end the essay with a conclusion
  • The concluding paragraph must summarize the topic, or highlight the key takeaways
  • Read through the essay if time permits. This will help to avoid grammatical errors and spelling mistakes.

Independence Day Essay Sample 1 (250+ Words – High School Level)

Introduction
Nearly every country in the world celebrates Independence day. For instance, America celebrates its Independence day on July 4th, Bangladesh, on March 26th, and Brazil on September 7. India celebrates its Independence Day on August 15th. It is celebrated to commemorate a country’s freedom from their oppressors. Moreover, Independence day is celebrated to remember the martyrs and freedom fighters who fought for a country’s independence.

Indian Independence Day
For over 200 years, the British ruled India. India was declared an independent country on August 15, 1947. It also coincided with the partition of India and Pakistan. Ever since then, India grew and developed into a formidable nation. Today, Indian Independence Day is a landmark event in the history of India. August 15th is observed as a national holiday and celebrations are performed on a grand scale.

Celebrations and Events
The President of India delivers the “Address to the Nation” on the eve of Independence Day. This is followed by the Prime Minister hoisting the Tri-coloured Indian flag in Delhi’s Red Fort. A special 21-gun military salute is also performed in honour of the occasion. The Prime Minister also delivers a speech, highlighting the achievements of the nation.
Moreover, the Prime Minister also pays tribute to the Freedom Movement in India. India’s national anthem, Jana Gana Mana is also sung during the occasion. The Indian Armed Forces, as well as the various paramilitary forces, perform marches. Pageants and parades showcase cultural themes and traditions.

At the state level, the Chief Minister of their respective states deliver speeches and unfurl the national flag. Even schools and colleges conduct flag-hoisting ceremonies followed by marches and parades. Citizens showcase their patriotism by adorning their faces, clothes and accessories with the colours of the Indian flag.

Conclusion
In conclusion, independence day is a cause for celebration. It is also the day where feelings of patriotism are invoked.

Independence Day Essay Sample 2 (200+ Words – Primary School Level)

Why do we celebrate Independence Day?
India celebrates its Independence Day on August 15th every year. We pay homage to our freedom fighters and martyrs that have fought tirelessly for our country. Moreover, this day brings a feeling of intense patriotism and love for the nation.

How do Citizens Celebrate?
Though Independence Day is a national holiday, citizens actively take part in many festive events. Every citizen showcases their patriotism by adorning the colours of the Indian flag on their clothes, faces and vehicles. People also sing the national anthem on this day. Schools and colleges also hold special events such as flag hoisting, marches and parades and exhibitions showcasing various historical and cultural aspects.

Celebrations at the National Level
On this day, the Prime Minister of India hoists the Indian flag at the Red Fort in New Delhi. The President of India delivers the “Address to the Nation”. Furthermore, a military salute is performed, where 21 guns are fired in honour of the event. The major forces – the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and the Indian Air Force along with the paramilitary forces perform marches and exhibit their arsenal and state of the art equipment. Moreover, parades are conducted, showcasing various Indian cultural traditions and themes. These events are broadcasted on national television and are viewed by millions of people.

Similar activities are carried out at the state level, where the Chief Minister of that state hoists the Indian flag and delivers a speech. Every government institution hoists the Indian flag and requires all the employees to be present. In conclusion, Independence day is an important day as it commemorates the day of freedom for a country.

Important FAQs on Independence Day

Question 1.
Why do we celebrate Independence Day?

Answer:
Independence day is a special day to honour the martyrs and freedom fighters for their role in attaining freedom for a country. Moreover, this day is celebrated to invoke or inculcate a sense of patriotism and love for the nation.

Short Essay on Save Water for Students and Kids in English

Essay on Save Water

Essay on Save Water: Essay on Save Water is quite a crucial topic for students to understand as it educates them about the importance of saving water. Even though water covers a significant percentage of the earth’s surface (71 percent to be precise), less than 3 percent of that water is available for human consumption. Moreover, many nations around the world do not have access to safe potable water.

Essay on Save Water Save Life in English

Water purification and desalination plants can convert seawater into safe, potable water. However, the associated costs and resources involved are prohibitively expensive with current technology. Hence, in situations like these, we must ensure that we do not unnecessarily waste any water. We must try to reuse water as much as possible.

From an academic perspective, the topic is rather easy to articulate in an exam. However, students may not use the right presentation techniques, and as a result, lose vital marks. With the samples we have provided, students will be able to fetch more marks. Furthermore, the tips and tricks offered below will help students to improve their writing skills and presentation techniques.

Essay on Save Water Writing Tips and Tricks

Students should consider adopting these writing tips and tricks if they wish to secure more marks or grades for their essay. Moreover, it can help improve their writing and presentation skills:

  • Ensure that the essay begins with an introductory paragraph
  • The introductory paragraph must express the history, background information or any other relevant information about the topic
  • Include pertinent information such as names, dates, places or any other details that provides clarity and context
  • Do not use jargons unless required by the topic
  • Ensure that the content is presented in small, easily-digestible chunks. Long, monotonous texts may make it difficult for the reader.
  • Present relevant information in bulleted points if possible
  • Organize the content under relevant headings and subheadings
  • Always conclude the essay with a concluding paragraph
  • The concluding paragraph must contain the summary of the essay or the key takeaways
  • If time permits, read through the essay. This prevents grammatical errors and spelling mistakes.

Essay on Save Water Sample 1 (250+ Words – High School Level)

Introduction
Water is the most important natural resource on earth. In fact, without water, life would not have evolved. This is also the reason why NASA’s motto “Follow the water”, is quite relevant. From a biological perspective, water contains molecules that are quite essential for life. Hence, if life were to exist elsewhere in the universe, the probability that they would require water to survive is quite high.

Abundance
On earth, water covers nearly 71 percent of the surface; however, less than 3 percent of that water is freshwater. Out of that 3 percent, less than 1 percent is available for use while the remaining is locked up in glaciers and ice caps. Seawater is too salty to be used for commercial purposes, and it has minimal industrial applications. Moreover, many countries do not have access to potable water. In these countries, water is considered a highly valuable commodity.

Problems
Currently, some technologies can convert seawater into freshwater; however, it is prohibitively expensive and may not be feasible for long-term usage. Moreover, careless and inconsiderate usage of water must be prevented as water is a scarce and finite resource. Furthermore, as previously stated, less than 1% of freshwater is available to meet the needs of over 7.8 billion people. When water becomes scarce, it can increase the value of other commodities too. Moreover, if water conservation methods are not followed, it can increase our carbon foot; and this is bad for the planet.

Conclusion
In conclusion, water may be abundant on earth; however, just a fraction of that can be used for human usage and consumption. Hence, we must avoid wasting water and implement measures to conserve water.

Essay on Save Water Sample 2 (250+ Words – Primary School Level)

Why is Water Precious?
Water is very important for life to thrive. Even in the hottest and driest deserts, animals and plants always find a way to acquire water for their survival. The earth is the only known planet to date where water is known to exist in a liquid form. All other planets in the solar system either have water locked up in other states (solid or gas) or does not have at all.

Where is Water located on Earth?
On earth, water covers almost 71% of the surface, but just 3% constitutes freshwater. Out of that 3%, less than 1% is readily accessible; the remaining is locked up in ice caps and glaciers. This means that not everyone in the world has access to clean drinking water. Many countries have a severe shortage of water and can severely disrupt a country’s economy. Furthermore, water shortages can also lead to poor sanitation; which consequently increases the risk of water-borne diseases.

Changing Habits
From brushing our teeth to washing our clothes, we waste millions of gallons of water every year. This wasted water could have been used elsewhere. Hence, we must save and reuse water as much as we can. One area where we could all make a difference is bathwater. Bath-water can be reused for many purposes, such as gardening and washing vehicles. Doing so will help us to reduce our water wastage and also reduce our carbon footprint.

In conclusion, water is a vital and scarce natural resource. Though the earth’s surface is covered with water, just under 1% can be considered potable and useful for human consumption. Hence, we must try to save water.

Important FAQs on Save Water

Question 1.
Why should we save water?

Answer:
Water is an important and scarce natural resource. Many countries around the world lack access to clean and safe potable water. Hence, we must try to save as much water as we can.

Thiel Fellowship Eligibility, Application, Award

Thiel Fellowship

Thiel Fellowship: The Thiel Fellowship is a fellowship founded by Peter Thiel. The fellowship is designated for candidates under the age of 23. It grants them a total of $100,000 for two years, as well as supervision and other support to work on projects, which could include scientific research, founding a startup, or operating on a social movement. The choice of the fellows is made through the online application process, where candidates have to submit the details of their current project or which company they are currently working on.

Each year, this fellowship selects about 20–25 fellows. Only one percent of the applicants are selected among the total applications. Students who are still studying but have exemplar ideas can apply for the Thiel fellowship, but they have to drop out of school or college to accept the fellowship.

Thiel Fellowship Deadline

There is no deadline to apply for Thiel fellowship.
Candidates can apply throughout the year on its official website.

Thiel Fellowship Eligibility

  • Candidates who are aged 22 years or younger are eligible.
  • Candidates who are working on any project or company.
  • Candidates with innovative ideas

Note: If a student is applying for the fellowship, he/she has to drop out to accept the fellowship.

Thiel Fellowship Application

Candidates who are working on some interesting projects or a cool company can apply directly through the official website. Follow the below steps to apply.

  • Visit the official website, thielfellowship.org.
  • Click on the option Apply or Apply now given at the homepage.
  • Register yourself by providing your email address and password.
  • Confirm the password, by entering the same password provided above.
  • Click on the signup option.
  • You will be redirected to your account homepage now
  • Now, you have to create your own profile.
  • Enter your complete name, email address and date of birth.
  • Now you have to provide details for application form,such as
    • Name,
    • DOB,
    • Hometown,
    • Current location,
    • Name of the project or company you are working on,
    • Web address/link of the project or company,
    • LinkedIn link,
    • Previous projects you have worked on

And other details

  • Submit the application form after providing all the necessary details.

Note: Candidates can also edit the application, whenever required.

Thiel Fellowship Award

Thiel fellowship rewards the selected candidates a total sum of $100,000, spread out over two years. This amount will help them to build new ideas and implement them.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1.
What is Thiel fellowship?

Answer:
The Thiel fellowship is designated for candidates under the age of 23. It grants them a total of $100,000 for two years, as well as supervision and other support to work on projects, which could include scientific research, founding a startup, or operating on a social movement.

Question 2.
Who can apply for Thiel fellowship?

Answer:
Candidates who are aged 22 years or younger and are working on any cool project or company. Students can also apply but they need to drop out to accept the fellowship.

Question 3.
How many Fellows are selected?

Answer:
Each year 20 to 30 fellows are selected

Question 4.
If a candidate is selected then does he/she have to move to San Francisco?

Answer:
No. Thiel Fellows are based all over the world.

Question 5.
Is this Fellowship only for software engineers?
No. There are fellows who are also programmers, but others have begun nonprofits, produced consumer products, originated media companies, and built hardware.

Question 6.
What is the reward amount?

Answer:
Thiel fellows will receive $100,000, spread out over two years.

Question 7.
Is there any application deadline for Thiel fellowship?

Answer:
No, there is no deadline. Applications are accepted throughout the year and reviewed as they come in.

JSPS Fellowship 2020 Eligibility, Application, Dates

JSPS Fellowship

JSPS Fellowship 2020: JSPS fellowship provides programs for researchers staying abroad who have an outstanding record of research accomplishments to lead collaborative research, consultations, and opinion transfers with researchers in Japan. The programs are designed to assist advance the abroad researchers’ research exercises while developing science and internationalization in Japan.

JSPS-UNU Postdoctoral Fellowship Programme 2020 is planned to provide encouraging, highly equipped, young researchers with the possibility to manage advanced research related to the principal thematic centre areas of the UNU Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS, Tokyo) in partnership with host researchers at Japanese universities and research organisations. The fellowships are granted to the fellows for a duration of 12 to 24 months. There is a monthly subsistence allowance of JPY 362,000 and other advantages for the awarded candidates.

United Nations University and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) together are offering this fellowship.

JSPS Fellowship Important Dates

The key dates for JSPS fellowship is given below:

Application deadline 21st February 2020
Application results of the nomination by UNU 1st May 2020

JSPS Fellowship Eligibility Criteria

  • To apply for JSPS postdoctoral fellowship, a candidate should possess designated eligibility criteria:
  • He/She should be hold PhD degree in the related field including but not restricted to Sociology, Technology and Innovation (STI), Political Science, Science, Legal and other Social Sciences, and Civil Engineering
  • Candidates should have confirmed research skills in related areas
  • Candidates should have the capability to design and execute research including fieldwork
  • Candidates should be vocal in the English language apart from having a practical knowledge of other languages

Note: Candidates who have earlier been granted a Standard or Pathway Fellowship below the JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowship for Research in Japan plan are not suitable.

JSPS Fellowship Rewards

  • The candidates who are selected as postdoctoral fellows can avail the following privileges:
  • Airfare based on JSPS regulations in both ways.
  • Monthly subsistence allowance of JPY 362,000
  • Living allowance of JPY 200,000 as per JSPS regulations
  • An abroad journey, accident, and illness protection coverage, etc.

JSPS Fellowship Application

  • Candidates who wish to apply for JSPS postdoctoral fellowship need to follow the steps given:
  • Candidates have to download the application form from the official website.
  • Candidates need to provide all the necessary details.
  • After completion of the application form candidates have to send the form with backing documents by email to fellowships@unu.edu.

The application forms presented will be examined by the Fellowship Committee and the shortlisted applicants will be communicated for a telephonic interview and to submit reference letters.

Terms and Conditions

  • The needed documents designated in the application must be in English. If necessary documents are not in English, then the equivalent English translations must be associated.
  • Evaluation of applications by the fellowship council will begin shortly after the deadline of the application.
  • The JSPS-UNU Postdoctoral Fellowship Programme commences on 1st of September and the chosen fellows are asked to be in Japan by the given date.
  • UNU-IAS will serve as the nominating administration of the program and applications form should be
  • presented to UNU-IAS, which will help in acquiring acceptance from host researchers for shortlisted applicants.
  • Japanese citizens are not eligible to apply for this fellowship. Also, those of dual nationality are not eligible if one is Japanese.

Contact Details
United Nations University
Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability
5–53–70 Jingumae,
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-8925
Japan
Phone: +81 3 5467 1212
Email: fellowships@unu.edu

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1.
What is JSPS Fellowship?

Answer:
JSPS fellowship provides programs for researchers staying abroad who have an outstanding record of research accomplishments to lead collaborative research, consultations, and opinion transfers with researchers in Japan. The programs are designed to assist advance the abroad researchers’ research exercises while developing science and internationalization in Japan.

Question 2.
What is JSPS Postdoctoral fellowship?

Answer:
JSPS-UNU Postdoctoral Fellowship Programme 2020 is planned to provide encouraging, highly equipped, young researchers with the possibility to manage advanced research related to the principal thematic centre areas of the UNU Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS, Tokyo) in partnership with host researchers at Japanese universities and research organisations. The fellowships are granted to the fellows for a duration of 12 to 24 months. There is a monthly subsistence allowance of JPY 362,000 and other advantages for the awarded candidates.

Question 3.
Who is eligible to apply for JSPS Postdoctoral fellowship?

Answer:
Candidate should:

  • Hold PhD degree in the related field including but not restricted to Sociology, Technology and Innovation (STI),
  • Political Science, Science, Legal and other Social Sciences, and Civil Engineering
  • Have confirmed research skills in related areas
  • Have the capability to design and execute research including fieldwork
  • Be vocal in the English language

Question 4.
What are the benefits of JSPS Fellowship?

Answer:

  • Airfare based on JSPS regulations in both ways.
  • Monthly subsistence allowance of JPY 362,000
  • Living allowance of JPY 200,000 as per JSPS regulations
  • An abroad journey, accident, and illness protection coverage, etc.

Essay on Women Education for Students and Kids in English

Essay on Women Education

Essay on Women Education for Students: Women Education is a major step to the full development of our country. It can bring socio-economic growth in our country. An educated woman has the ability to manage her home and professional life. In the past, domestic work was the only priority for women. But in this 21st century, women are also achieving top positions in many fields. Even nowadays girls are scoring high compared to boys in the school/college/ university level exams. So, all women should get an education to bring progress to our country.

Short and Long essay on women education in India

But still, people in India expect household work, taking care of children and family from women rather than education. They think the life of a woman is only getting married, giving birth to children, sacrificing their dream, and taking care of the family. But, they cannot understand women require education as much as men need. Since women are the foundation of the future generation. So, an educated woman leads to educated future generations. It is said that if a man gets an education it is useful only for him but if a woman gets an education it is useful for the entire family.

Essay on Importance of Education for Women
An educated woman can know their rights. An educated woman can fulfill the responsibilities from different roles of her life in a better way. The responsibilities to be a good daughter, wife or mother can be fulfilled with the help of education. An educated woman can share their thoughts and advice in the family. An educated woman is a true helpmate, friend, and good adviser to her husband. She can be able to share the sorrows and burdens of her family.

Parents should encourage their daughters by investing money in their education, not in dowry. Women have the right to get good and quality education to participate in every field of life. Education can bring more independence and empowerment in women’s life. Due to many social restrictions against women in India, they are not getting a proper education. Women should get encouragement for their rights in education to remove this type of social restrictions from society. So that it can increase the status of women’s education.

Women play an important role in the growth of the family, society, and country. An educated woman can compete with men in every field. An educated mother can shape and mold the career of her child. For example, Thomas Edison, America’s greatest inventor expelled from school as he was mentally deficient. His mother decided to teach him at home. He taught writing, arithmetic, and reading by his mother. She hid his weakness and wished to make him a great man. So, many years later Thomas Edison became what his mother wished.

India has given priority to women’s education to bring a positive transformation in the socio-economic growth of the country. The successful democracy of the country depends on women’s education as well as men. Since men and women are like two wheels of a bicycle so an equal opportunity should be given for the country’s growth. In the past year’s government has passed a major bill against the abortion of girl child criminal act. It helped in increasing the birth rate of the girl child. However, many campaigns have taken place to promote women’s education in India. These are Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Balika Samridhi Yojana, Indira Mahila Yojana, Mahila Samridhi Yojana, etc.

Reason Behind Lack of Women Education

Due to the following reasons, women are not getting proper education in India.

  • Sexual harassment and early age abusement
  • Infections and low immunity strength in childhood
  • Malnutrition of girl child
  • The lower economic status of parents and many social restrictions
  • Allowed for only limited education
  • Lack of security
  • Gender discrimination and male-dominated culture
  • Crime against women like rape, girl child abortion

Benefits of Women Education

The following are the benefits of women’s education in India.

  • An educated woman can provide a financial contribution to her family. An educated woman and man can provide better growth and environment to their children. So that it will raise the living standard of their family.
  • Providing education to women is the key to remove many social hurdles in Indian society. These are the dowry
  • system, workplace harassment, women infanticide, etc. So that it will bring social development in the country.
  • An educated woman can bring happiness in her family and they can enjoy good social status. She can get
  • social recognition by managing her family and professional life.
  • An educated woman can take good care of her children and family. She maintains hygiene to remove health issues from her family.
  • Educated women lead to the economical growth of the nation. If more women join the workforce then definitely the economic status of our nation will be improved.

Impact on Life
The education of women leads to a decrease in population growth. If a woman is educated in the family then both the men and women can solve any difficult situations in their life. It is said that a mother is the first teacher and home is the foundation of education for every child. The mother has a great influence on the life of her children. She has the capacity to mold their character. So, if she is educated then she will enable her children to grow as a great man in the future. If women’s education will be ignored then the future of the nation will be ignored. Educated women bring happiness in society, family, and nation.

Conclusion
Everybody should understand the importance of Women’s Education in our nation. Let’s think of today’s priority to provide education to every woman. People think of women only to stay at home and take care of the family. Many crimes like women trafficking, rape, murder against women happen every day. Due to this women are not able to freely go out of the home. Now also in some small villages, girls are not allowed to go to school. So, all of us should make an effort to contribute to the expansion and promotion of women’s education.

FAQs on Women Education

Question 1.
Why Is Women Education required?

Answer:
Women’s Education is a major step towards the full development of our country. It can bring socio-economic growth in our country. An educated woman has the ability to manage her home and professional life. Women have the right to get good and quality education to participate in every field of life. Education can bring more independence and empowerment in women’s life.

Question 2.
How important is Women’s Education for her family?

Answer:
An educated woman can share the sorrows and burdens of her family. If a woman is educated in the family then both the men and women can solve any difficult situations in their life. It is said that a mother is the first teacher and home is the foundation of education for every child. The mother has a great influence on the life of her children. An educated mother can shape and mold the career of her child.

Question 3.
How important is Women’s Education for society?

Answer:
Women play an important role in the growth of society. Providing education to women is the key to remove many social hurdles in Indian society. These are the dowry system, workplace harassment, women infanticide, etc. So that it will bring social development in the country.

Question 4.
How important is Women’s Education for the country?

Answer:
The education of women leads to a decrease in population growth. Women’s education can bring a positive transformation in the socio-economic growth of the country. The successful democracy of the country depends on women’s education as well as men. Since men and women are like two wheels of a bicycle so an equal opportunity should be given for the country’s growth.

Question 5.
How Government promoted Women Education in India?

Answer:
In the past year’s government has passed a major bill against the abortion of girl child criminal act. It helped in increasing the birth rate of the girl child. However, many campaigns have taken place to promote women’s education in India. These are Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Balika Samridhi Yojana, Indira Mahila Yojana, Mahila Samridhi Yojana, etc.

Global Warming Essay for Students and Kids in English

Global Warming Essay

Global Warming Essay: Global Warming Essay is an important topic because it educates the readers about the consequences of global warming. Ever since the Industrial Revolution, carbon emissions have spiked drastically. When these carbon compounds are introduced into the earth’s atmosphere, they trap heat from the sun, thereby increasing the global average temperature. This phenomenon is called the greenhouse effect, which directly affects the rate of global warming.

Global warming, if left unchecked, can have dire consequences on the planet. Its ill-effects can disrupt life and the ecosystem. From an academic perspective, global warming is a moderately difficult topic. This is due to many aspects of the topic, such as the anthropological factors, technological factors, and more. However, the sample essays provided here are designed to be easily understood by the students. Moreover, useful writing tips and tricks are provided below. These will enable the students to secure those last bits of marks or grades for their essays.

Global Warming Essay – Writing Tips and Tricks

Following are a few useful tips and tricks that will help students to secure more marks for their essays. These tips will also help improve their writing skills and deliver a stunning presentation.

  • Always start the essay with an introductory paragraph
  • The introductory must contain a brief overview of the topic, history or any other pertinent information
  • Try to incorporate specifics such as names, locations, dates, and any other relevant information that provides clarity and context
  • Avoid jargons. Only use it if the topic demands it
  • All academic essays must be presented in a formal language
  • Slags and other informal abbreviations must be avoided
  • Try to break the content down into small, digestible chunks. Long, monotonous blocks of information may make readers lose interest
  • Use bulleted points if necessary
  • Organize content into headings and subheadings
  • Always conclude the essay with a conclusion. The conclusion must contain key takeaways, important points or a summary of the topic.
  • If time permits, read through the essay before submission. This will help to eliminate most grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes.

Global Warming Essay – Sample 1 (250+ Words – High School Level)

What is Global Warming?
The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon of the earth, and it is crucial for life. If not for the greenhouse effect, the earth would freeze, and the temperatures would be far too cold to support life. However, human activities have accelerated the greenhouse effect to the point where the planet traps more heat than it lets out. This process is termed as global warming.

Implications of Global Warming
The average global temperatures rise, eventually disrupting the balance of nature. At first, the polar ice caps melt, leading to an increase in sea levels. This can cause many animals that live in the poles to lose their natural habitat. Gradually, the average global temperatures also rise, causing global climatic changes. Storms and droughts increase in their intensity; flooding, famine and other natural calamities increase in their frequency. Eventually, it can change the natural landscape as well as the socio-political landscape. Scientists have even predicted that climate change brought about by global warming can introduce many new and virulent diseases.

Consequences
Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system, though it is not the closest. This is due to the thick carbon-dioxide rich atmosphere of Venus. However, scientists speculate that millions of years ago, carbon dioxide levels were similar to earth, but a phenomenon called the Runaway- Greenhouse effect changed the planet drastically. This phenomenon occurs when the greenhouse effect reaches a crucial tipping point, where the heat trapped does not escape, causing the temperatures to rise uncontrollably. It can rise to the point where oceans would start to evaporate and the rock sublimate, releasing even more water vapour and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

Conclusion
Though such an apocalyptic scenario may not occur on earth, the effects of global warming are still apparent. Humans have to reduce their carbon footprint and change for the better, else risk causing planet-wide disruptions.

Global Warming Essay – Sample 2 (250+ Words – Primary School Level)

What is the Meaning of Global Warming? How Is it Caused?
Global warming is a phenomenon where the average global temperatures increase at an alarming rate. The underlying cause of global warming is the greenhouse effect. However, the greenhouse effect is an important factor for the survival of life on earth. Without this phenomenon, the earth would lose heat and freeze over, rendering the planet uninhabitable. Human activities have accelerated the rate of global warming, to the point where more heat gets trapped than it is released.

What are the Effects of Global Warming?
Global warming can impact the planet drastically, and change its landscape if left unchecked. Moreover, the balance of nature would be disrupted, causing loss of habitat and extinction of plants and animals. Global warming also causes the sea levels to rise, flooding the coastlines and displacing millions of people.

Global warming is also linked with extreme climatic events, such as tropical storms and hurricanes. These events will rise in frequency and intensity, causing wide-scale destruction and loss of life. Droughts will be more severe and cause imminent famine. Global warming can also bring about social and economic issues. Many people around the world will have to endure starvation. There would also be an emergence of many diseases, some of which are more deadly due to new and favorable environmental landscape.

How to Prevent Global Warming
The most significant sources of carbon emissions are linked to fossil fuels. Hence, if we are to reduce our reliance on these sources of energy and adopt new and environmentally friendly alternatives, we can reduce our carbon footprint. Moreover, planting more trees will help as trees are considered as carbon sinks, which means they absorb more carbon than they give out.

Important FAQs on Global Warming Essay

Question 1.
What is global warming?

Answer:
Global warming is a phenomenon where the average global temperatures increase at an alarming rate, causing planet-wide repercussions.

Prevention is Better than Cure Essay for students and kids in English

Prevention is Better than Cure Essay

Prevention is Better than Cure Essay: Prevention is Better than Cure Essay is a crucial topic not just from an academic perspective. It educates students about the importance of staying safe and taking precautionary measures against diseases. Moreover, once inflicted with a disease, it may take time, money and energy to be cured of a disease. Some diseases may leave the affected organs or tissues damaged long after the individual has recovered.

Furthermore, some diseases have a social stigma attached to them. Individuals with certain diseases get shunned by their society and may have a hard time socializing with other people. They may also be considered as outcasts, or be forced to self-isolate themselves. Hence, it is crucial to learn the value of prevention. From an academic perspective, the topic is moderately difficult if the student has to elaborate on the various diseases. However, these sample essays will help the students recreate the topic with ease. Consider adopting the following tips and tricks to secure more marks or grades in the exam.

Prevention is Better than Cure Essay Writing Tips and Tricks

The following tips and tricks will help students to secure more marks for their essays. It will also help to improve their general writing skills and deliver an impactful presentation.

Start the essay with an introductory paragraph
The introductory must contain a brief history of the topic or any other pertinent information
Incorporate specifics such as locations, dates, names, or other relevant information that provides context

  • Only use jargons if the topic demands it
  • An academic essay must be presented in a formal language. This means slags must be avoided at all costs
  • Try to break the content down into small, digestible chunks. Long, monotonous blocks of information may not be appealing to all readers
  • Present important information in points (if necessary)
  • Ensure that the content is organized into headings and subheadings
  • Conclude the essay with a conclusion. The conclusion must contain key takeaways, important points or a summary of the topic.
  • Try to read through the essay before submission. This will help to eliminate grammatical errors and spelling mistakes.

Prevention is Better than Cure Essay – Sample 1 (250+ Words – High School Level)

Introduction
Just like any other living organism, humans tend to fall ill. The environment we live in contains millions of microbes and pathogens that have the potential to make us seriously sick. Most of us also carry around a host of viruses and other microorganisms in our body. Hence, it is rather alarming how easily we can fall sick.

Implications
Today, globalization has given diseases the potential to spread across international borders with ease. The Coronavirus pandemic is the most recent example of how easily a disease spreads. The worryingly high mortality rate of this disease is a genuine cause for concern. Currently, the coronavirus has no specific cure, hence catching the disease can be fatal to most. Moreover, the disease is extremely infectious; hence, it can spread just like the common cold – with a sneeze or a cough. Hence, the motto, “prevention is better than a cure” has become more relevant than ever.

Consequences
In cases like these, we must ensure that all precautionary measures are taken to avoid spread. Moreover, maintaining proper hygiene is mandatory; most water-borne diseases occur due to poor sanitary practices. Washing hands with soap are essential as we touch our face and mouth with our hands. Various pathogens enter our body through these openings. As we grow older, our body’s immunity weakens. This means that infections become harder to fight, and it takes a toll on our body. If an infection is too strong or goes unchecked, it can significantly increase the risk of death.

Conclusion
In conclusion, we must take preventive measures to avoid catching diseases. This involves maintaining proper hygiene, observing stringent sanitation measures, and implementing safe sex practices.

Prevention is Better than Cure Essay – Sample 2 (250+ Words – Primary School Level)

Meaning of the Motto
The proverb “Prevention is better than a cure”, implies that taking measures to prevent the spread of a disease is more effective than treating the said disease. This is because time, money and resources are consumed when treating a disease. Moreover, the individual may not get completely cured of the disease, or they may face other repercussions that arise from the disease.

There are certain elements that we need to understand as to why prevention is better than a cure. For instance, practicing hygiene and implementing stringent, sanitary practices are easy. The associated cost is also negligible. Furthermore, the morale of the society/ community would be high.

Why is it Important?
On the other hand, if a person contracts a “preventable” disease, the treatment for the said disease may be complicated. The associated costs of the treatment may also be expensive and time-consuming. Moreover, it can put the family of the affected individual at risk of contracting the same disease (if communicable).

Furthermore, some diseases may have a social stigma attached to it. These are unjustified; nonetheless, it hampers the morale of the affected individual. Another aspect is curtailing bad habits such as smoking, drinking or unsafe sexual practices. These are potential areas where an individual acquires diseases due to their lifestyle choices. Such diseases could be easily preventable if adequate safety measures were taken.

Prevention is Better than Cure Essay Conclusion
In conclusion, it takes more time, effort and resources to treat a preventable disease. It can also bring a host of other undesirable consequences that can affect the standard of living. Hence, it is always wise to take preventive measures to ensure safety and health.

Important FAQs on Prevention is Better than Cure

Question 1.
What is a communicable disease?

Answer:
A communicable disease is a disease that can easily spread from one person to another.

Question 2.
Why is prevention better than a cure?

Answer:
Treatment of a disease may be time-consuming and costly. It may also become harder to treat and can have long-lasting effects on the individual. Hence, prevention is always better than a cure.

Long and Short Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources for Future Generations

Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources

Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources: Essay on conservation of Natural Resources is an important topic for students to learn as it educates them about the importance of earth’s resources. Most of the non-renewable resources on earth were formed billions of years ago. Furthermore, to replenish these resources, it may take another billion years. Ideally, in today’s day and age, the world must shift towards more renewable sources of energy such as wind and solar energy. If we continue to rely on non-renewable energy for all our needs, we may eventually exhaust them.

Long and Short Conservation of Natural Resources Essay in India

From an academic perspective, this topic is asked in most primary school exams. It may not be an inherently complicated topic, but students will still need to present the essay in a proper way to secure more marks. We have provided relevant samples as well as some useful tips and tricks which are sure to fetch more marks if implemented. Moreover, these tips and tricks will also help students to improve their general writing and presentation skills.

Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources Writing Tips and Tricks

Consider adopting these tips and guidelines to secure more grades/ marks for the essay. These tips can also help to improve the presentation and general writing skills.

  • Always start the essay with an introductory paragraph
  • The introductory paragraph must contain relevant background information or any other pertinent information about the topic
  • Try to include specifics such as names, locations, and dates. This will help provide context and clarity to the topic
  • Do not use jargons or other technical words unless it is required
  • Ensure that the content is presented in small, digestible chunks. If presented in long, monotonous blocks of text, the reader may lose interest
  • Try to present the content in points, if necessary
  • Organize the content into headings and subheadings
  • Always end the essay with a concluding paragraph
  • The concluding paragraph must summarize the overview of the topic or key takeaways.
  • Try to read through the essay before submission. This will help eliminate possible spelling mistakes and grammatical errors.

Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources Sample 1 (300+ Words – High School Level)

Types of Natural Resources
There are two types of natural resources – renewable and non-renewable. Renewable resources, as we all know, are the resources that do not get exhausted quickly. Examples of renewable resources are wind and solar energy. However, ever since the Industrial Revolution, we are solely dependent on non-renewable energy as they are most feasible and easier to harness. Even today, most big cities around the world are powered by a coal-burning reactor. These not only exhaust the non-renewable resources but also pollute the environment.

Consequences of Non-renewable Resources
Consequently, the global climate has changed for the worse, with average temperatures steadily rising. This has led to increased rates of global warming and a rise in global sea levels. Weather events, such as droughts and storms, become more intense. This can cause large-scale destruction of life and property. Furthermore, it can also affect the socio-economic climate of a country, leading to unemployment and lower wages.

Solutions and Feasible Alternatives
For the earth to be sustainable for future generations, we must focus on changing our dependence from non-renewable resources to renewable resources. For instance, there are millions of vehicles on the road, and nearly 98% of those vehicles use fossil fuels to run. If we were to switch to electric vehicles and hydrogen-powered cars, the rate of carbon emissions would slow down drastically. However, with current technology, electric cars may not be feasible for everyone due to cost and range.
Similarly, if most residential and commercial buildings were to install and use solar panels, energy consumption from the grid would drastically reduce. More interestingly, some countries rely on wind farms to generate electricity. These alternatives are deemed as one of the cleaner forms of energy. Today, nuclear power plants are considered more feasible as it is cleaner and cheaper than coal power plants. However, nuclear power plants do pose their own set of risks.

Conclusion of Conservation of Natural Resources Essay
In conclusion, we need to reduce our dependence on non-renewable natural resources. Doing so will be beneficial for the future of our planet.

Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources Sample 2 (250+ Words – Primary School Level)

Humans need natural resources to sustain themselves. From industries to household activities, natural resources are integral for our survival. The natural resources we use are classified into two forms – renewable and non-renewable resources. Renewable resources do not exhaust quickly or can be replenished within a short period. Solar energy and wind energy are considered as renewable forms of energy.

Non-renewable resources, on the other hand, cannot be immediately replenished if exhausted. Examples include fossil fuel and natural gas. Fossil fuels are formed from plant and animal matter that had died and decomposed millions of years ago. Hence, if fossil fuels are exhausted today, they would require millions of years more to be replenished. Moreover, we are ever more reliant on fossil fuels than we were a decade ago.

Fossil fuels also pollute the environment drastically. They are also the reason for the climate change that we are experiencing now. The rate of global warming has accelerated due to greenhouse gas emissions. If left unchecked, it may bring about dire consequences for our planet. For instance, global sea levels may rise, which will lead to flooding and loss of coastlines. It can also cause average global temperatures to rise, which can potentially affect wildlife. Polar bears and many other animals that live in the Arctic are already endangered, and global warming only aggravates the issue. Soon, food crops may start getting affected, and this can have a drastic impact on the economy of a country.

Hence, we need to stop relying on non-renewable resources and move towards more sustainable and cleaner sources of energy, such as wind and solar energy. Doing so is the only way to ensure that the planet remains habitable for future generations.

Important FAQs on Conservation of Natural Resources

Question 1.
What are the natural resources?

Answer:
Natural resources are resources that exist without the input of humans. These natural resources are harvested for economic gain.

Question 2.
What are the two types of natural resources?

Answer:

  • The natural resources are classified into two types- renewable and non-renewable resources. Renewable resources are the resources that do not exhaust quickly or can be replenished within a short period of time—for example: solar and wind energy.
  • Non-renewable resources are resources that cannot be replenished soon if exhausted. Examples include fossil fuels and natural gas.

Raman Charpak Fellowship Program 2020 for Indian and French Ph.D Students

Raman Charpak Fellowship

Raman Charpak Fellowship: Raman Charpak Fellowship scheme is in recognition of two Nobel Laureates in Physics, Prof C.V. Raman, Indian Nobel Laureate (1930) and Prof Georges Charpak, French Nobel Laureate (1992). The Fellowship originated when the President of France had a state visit to India in February 2013. The purpose is to promote the interchange of doctoral students between the two nations, to expand the scope and extent of future actions in Science, Technology and Innovation.

This programme executed by the Indo French Centre for Advancement of Advanced Research (IFCPAR/ CEFIPRA) points at developing the doctoral skills of Indian and French students by giving them an opportunity to lead out part of their investigation work in a University / Research & Development Institute based in France or India respectively. This plan is now also permitted to French Master Students, who want to spend some time in India as per their curriculum. It strives at improving the Master’s skills of French students by granting them an opportunity to bring out internship job in a University / Research Institute based in India.

Note:
Indian and French PhD research students and Masters Students which are only from France and from year 2016 are eligible for this fellowship.
The duration of this fellowship is two to six months.

Raman Charpak Fellowship Important Dates

Events Indian and French PhD Students French Masters’ Students
Launching April/May April
End of Deadline June/July October
Declaration of Result End- September (Tentative) Mid-December (Tentative)
Starting date of fellowship Mid-October onwards Mid-January (following year) onwards

Courses offered by Raman Charpak Fellowship

  • Atmospheric and Earth Sciences
  • Chemical Sciences
  • Engineering Sciences
  • Life and Medical Sciences
  • Biological Sciences
  • Material Sciences
  • Mathematical and Computational Sciences
  • Physical Sciences
  • Environmental Sciences

Eligibility Criteria

  • Students applying from India should be an Indian citizen and residing in India.
  • He/she must have registered for a Ph.D. in a recognized university or research institution in India.
  • Applicants from France must be residing in France and have registered for a Ph.D. programme in a research institution or in a recognized university in France.
  • The applicants should hold a Master’s degree in science, technology or medicine from a recognized University/Institute.
  • The maximum age of the applicant should be 30 years as of April First Week 2020.
  • Students once supported by CEFIPRA, also in the framework of CEFIPRA projects, and students who have a permanent position in institutions/universities are not eligible.
  • The applicant should have prior consent to their Institute / University to apply for a foreign fellowship program.

Raman Charpak Fellowship Benefits

For Indian Fellow:

  • The selected applicants from India will get fellowship Support of 1500 Euros monthly for daily expenses, local travel, convenience charges plus Social Security costs

For French Fellow:

  • The selected applicants of France will get fellowship allowance of Rs. 40,000 monthly for daily charges, local travel, etc. plus settlement charges not exceeding Rs. 45,000 per month.
  • The selected applicants will be given with To and Fro flight tickets in economy class between India and France
    Insurance coverage (travel and health) wherever is needed.
  • Any regulatory costs for Visa and Registration will be provided to the selected applicants.
  • A Fellow could be provided with additional support for engaging in a Seminar/Workshop during their course of the fellowship and linger in their host nations.(up to Euro 500 for Indian Fellows and equal support in Indian Rupees for French Fellows)
  • During the fellowship time of selected applicants, no allowance will be given to their family members.
  • Raman Charpak Fellowship Application
  • The application process is conducted online.
  • Apply Online through Official Website (www.cefipra.org)
  • Provide the necessary details wherever required.

Documents Required

  • Candidates have to submit five pages long items description on Research Plan in the designated format with giving the title and research work plan summary of the advantages that the applicant will gain from their stay in a recommended research institute or university in France or India.
  • A two-page Curriculum Vitae in the designated format with a recent photograph, which should outline the accomplishment and research interests.

Format of candidates CV should be:

  • A letter of endorsement from the PhD supervisor in their local lab
  • A letter of approval and agreement from the intended host administrator in the fellowship lab
    PhD summary
  • Research experience report
  • No Objection Certificate (NOC) from Head of the Institution
  • Scanned copy of Master degree certificate and a PhD enrollment letter
  • Scanned copy of original passport (front and back)
  • New passport size photograph

Contact Details

Dr. Purnima Rupal Director,
Indo-French Centre for the Promotion of Advanced Research
(Centre Franco-Indien pour la Promotion de la Recherche Avancée-CEFIPRA)
Core 5B, Ground Floor, India Habitat Centre Lodhi Road,
New Delhi -110 003 (India)
E-mail: kunal@cefipra.org
Telephone Number : +91 11 24682251, +91 11 24682252

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1.
What is Raman Chapak Fellowship?

Answer:
Raman Chapak Fellowship points at developing the doctoral skills of Indian and French students by giving them an opportunity to lead out part of their investigation work in a University / Research & Development Institute based in France or India respectively.

Question 2.
What is the duration of Raman Chapak Fellowship?
Answer:
The duration of this fellowship is two to six months.

Question 3.
Who are eligible for Raman Chapak Fellowship?
Answer:

  • Candidate from India should have Indian citizenship
  • Candidate from France should have citizenship of France
  • Candidate should have registered for a PhD in a recognized university or research institution in the particular country
  • Age limit: 30 years

Question 4.
How to apply?

Answer:
Apply online at www.cefipra.org through an online submission system

Prime Minister Research Fellowship 2020 (PMRF) | Dates, Eligibility, Application, Benefits, Documents 

Prime Minister Research Fellowship

Prime Minister Research Fellowship 2020: Prime Minister Research Fellowship is an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). The Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF) provided to the talented candidates of the country for the continuing of Ph.D. in science and technology domains. PMRF offers an opportunity for Ph.D. students in India to pursue research at reputed institutes in India. The reputed institutes include the Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Indian Institute of Technology (IITs), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISERs).

PMRF will release the online application on the official website of PMRF. Prime Minister Research Fellowship application process will begin in March 2020. So, eligible candidates can fill out the form and apply for this fellowship on or before the 2nd Week of April 2020. The article below provides complete information about the Prime Minister Research Fellowship.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF) Details

Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF) can be applied only through online mode. Prime Minister Research Fellowship is for students pursuing Ph.d. programme in. PMRF is a Ph.D. fellowship program offered to meritorious students from NITs, IITs, IISERs, and IISC. These meritorious students will get admission to Ph.D. in IITs and IISC to complete their research. The PMRF application releases twice a year, one in May and the second in December.

The duration of the fellowship is 4 years for integrated students. Whereas, the duration is 5 years for B.Tech. students. Industry participation will be explored under the PMRF Program through CSR funding. So that the industry will be enabled to sponsor the maximum number of fellows. The following are some of the important facts about the PMRF Program.

  • The selected candidates will get admission to 19 broad disciplines.
  • The IIT or IISC will coordinate the admission process as the nodal institute for that particular broad discipline.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Programs

Refer to the following 19 broad disciplines available in the PMRF Program.

  • Agriculture and Food Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biological Sciences
  • Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Computer Science
  • Civil Engineering
  • Engineering Design
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Interdisciplinary Programs in Science and Engineering
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering
  • Mineral, Mining, Coal, and Energy Sector
  • Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture
  • Physics
  • Textile Engineering

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Overview

Particulars Details
Conducting Body Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD)
Fellowship Name Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF)
Purpose of the Fellowship provided to the talented candidates of the country for the continuing of Ph.D. in science and technology domains
Application Mode Online
Last Date to Submit the Application Form 2nd Week of April 2020
Website www.pmrf.in

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Dates

Events Dates
Start of Application 2nd Week of March 2020
Last Date to Submit the Application Form 2nd Week of April 2020
PMRF Interview May 2020
Disbursement of Fellowship Last Week of May 2020

PMRF Eligibility Criteria

Refer to the below-given Prime Minister Research Fellowship eligibility criteria.

  • Candidates should be pursuing the last year of the following degrees. These programs must be in science and technology streams from IISC or IITs or IISERs.
    • 4 or 5-year undergraduate or 5-year integrated M.Tech
    • 5-year integrated M.Sc. or 2-year M.Sc.
    • 5-year undergraduate-postgraduate dual degree
  • Candidates must be pursuing or completed the last year of the above-mentioned programs. These programs must be in science and technology streams from any institute/university (except the ones mentioned above) in India. These candidates must have scored a CGPA or CPI of a minimum of 8.0 or similar.
  • Candidates must have qualified GATE.
  • Candidates must be pursuing or completed M.Tech./MS by Research at IITs/IISC/IISERs. These candidates must have scored a CGPA or CPI of a minimum of 8.0 on a 10-point scale at the end of the 1st semester with at least 4 courses.
  • Candidates must have completed the required academic qualifications in the last 3 years.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Selection Process

The PMRF selection process based on the selection of the received applications by the selection committee. The committee conducts interviews for every subject to select the best candidates. However, the institute will be allocated for the doctoral study as per the selected candidate’s choices. Also, the allocation depends on the available seats and infrastructure. The selected fellows will receive a fellowship amount. Then, the continuation of the next year’s fellowship will be contingent upon successful assessment.

PMRF Hosted Institutions

The following Hosted Institutions will host the selected scholars for the PH.D. Program.

  • IIT Jammu
  • IIT Tirupati
  • IIT Palakkad
  • IIT Roorkee
  • IIT Patna
  • IIT Ropar
  • IIT Madras
  • IIT Mandi
  • IIT Kanpur
  • IIT Kharagpur
  • IIT Indore
  • IIT Jodhpur
  • IIT Guwahati
  • IIT Hyderabad
  • IISC Bangalore

PMRF Benefits

PMRF provides the following benefits to the selected fellows:

Year Scholarship Amount
Year 1 70,000
Year 2 70,000
Year 3 75,000
Year 4 80,000
Year 5 80,000

Also, each selected candidate will receive a research grant of two Lakh Rupees per annum. This grant provided for 5 years as a travel cost for a research paper presentation.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Application Process

Candidates can fill and submit the Prime Minister Research Fellowship application on or before the last date. Refer to the below points to apply for the PMRF Program.

  • Visit the official website of the Prime Minister Research Fellowship.
  • Click on ‘Apply Online’ to fill the PMRF application form.
  • Select the qualification option and fill the eligibility section ‘Section 1’.
  • Next, fill ‘Section 2’ to provide your personal and educational details.
  • Upload photographs and scanned copies of the required documents.
  • Then, pay the application fee online through the link provided in the PMRF application form.
  • After this, upload the fee e-receipt and submit the PMRF application.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Application Fee

Candidates must pay the application fee of Rs. 1500/- through SBI Online or SBI e-receipt. Candidates must provide the e-receipt details. The details include SBI Collect Reference Number and SBI Collect e-receipt date.

Documents Required for Prime Minister Research Fellowship

Upload the scanned copy of the essential documents along with the PMRF application. The following are the list of essential documents to apply for the PMRF Program.

  • Scanned copy of mark sheets or grade sheets or transcripts
  • Scanned copy of GATE qualifying certificate
  • Abstract copy up to 1000 words in a pdf file
  • Candidates CV of 2 pages in .pdf format only. The CV should emphasize only the candidate’s skills and academic achievements.
  • Candidates recent passport size photograph

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Terms and Conditions

  • Candidates should write a unique abstract in their own words and limit it up to 1000 words.
  • The candidate’s names should appear at the beginning of the abstract.
  • The project abstract should highlight the interest and articulate the area of study.
  • The abstract should formulate a problem for study. This will be used for assessing the candidate’s analytical and research skills.
  • Candidates can choose up to 5 broad disciplines for each of which they will be assessed.
  • The referees and candidates have closely interacted with each other during the candidate’s UG or PG Program.
  • The referees should be able to comment on the candidate’s educational, research and analytical skills.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Contact Details

In case of any queries related to PMRF, contact to the below-given details:

  • Email ID – support@pmrf.iith.ac.in
  • Phone – + 91 8330913053

FAQ’s on Prime Minister Research Fellowship

Question 1.
What is Prime Minister Research Fellowship?

Answer:
Prime Minister Research Fellowship is an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF) aims to attract the talent pool of the country for pursuing research in science and technology domains.

Question 2.
What is the tenure of the Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF)?

Answer:
The tenure of PMRF is 4 years for students from integrated courses and 5 years for B.Tech. students.

Question 3.
Who can apply for PMRF?

Answer:
Yes, it is available for Ph.D. students across India to pursue research at reputed institutes in India.

Question 4.
What is the start and last date to submit the PMRF application?

Answer:
The PMRF application start date is March 2020. Whereas the last date for submission of the PMRF application is the 2nd week of April 2020.

Question 5.
How much application fee will be paid to apply for the PMRF?

Answer:
Candidates must pay the application fee of Rs. 1500/- through SBI Online or SBI e-receipt.

Question 6.
Is there any reservation in PMRF?

Answer:
25% for all Ph.D. seats and 37% for IITs.

Question 7.
Who can Apply for PMRF?

Answer:
Students who have completed, or are pursuing, the final year of four-year undergraduate or five years integrated M. Tech or five years integrated M.Sc. or five-year undergraduate-postgraduate dual degree programs or two year M.Sc.

We hope this article will help you to get more details about the Prime Minister Research Fellowship. If you have queries related to PMRF, then leave it in the comment box to get in touch with us.

Maternal Fetal Medicine Fellowship | FMF Fellowships, Obstetrics, Gynecology, Physiology

Fetal Medicine Fellowship

Fetal Medicine Fellowship 2020: Professor KyprosNicolaides started the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) to boost the health of pregnancies for women by fostering research and training in Fetal Medicine. FMFIndia plans to carry this mission ahead by examining the specific requirements of the Indian population.

FMFIndia is a designated non-profit corporation that endeavors at improving knowledge, giving education and training, and encouraging research in the practical field of Fetal Medicine within India. The long term aim is to build a system where the advantages of Fetal Medicine are free to all pregnant women and an efficient and effective referral system survives in all regions.

FMFIndia demands to provide free training to clinicians who want to get knowledge in Fetal Medicine and the development of national guidelines.

Fetal Medicine Foundation Online Courses

  1. Practicing the ultrasound scan machine efficiently.
  2. Understanding the normal and abnormal growth in a fetus.
  3. To be qualified to explain conclusions on a scan and conquer the right examination.
  4. To be qualified to handle common anomalies combining the various modalities of research for perinatal examination.
  5. To be qualified to liaise with the relevant departments as directed by the case and make efficient use of the current information and technology accessible.
  6. To be qualified to implement appropriate pre‐pregnancy and perinatal consultation to considered parents.
  7. To be qualified to critically evaluate available research and understand current papers to satisfy the demands of the patient and the people.
  8. To be qualified to combine oneself and serve as a team bestowing due respect to co-workers and participate completely to the team.
  9. To try publication of case records and another review/research reports.

Fetal Medicine Fellowship Eligibility Criteria

The following criteria need to be fulfilled:

  1. Postgraduate degree in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  2. A minimum of one year’s practice in Obstetric Ultrasound.
  3. The applicants will be chosen by interview to determine their fitness for the program.

They are required to have a sound awareness in the primary sciences in medicine and gynecology, namely:

  • Maternal Physiology
  • Fetal Physiology
  • Medical complications of pregnancy

Applications for FMF Clinical Fellowships

Candidates should complete the FMF Fellowship form and send it along with a reference from the head of the department in their clinic/hospital to education@fetalmedicine.org.

It is essential that before you apply, you have finished all the internet-based theoretical subjects.

Syllabus for Fetal Medicine Fellowship (One Year)

The candidates will go through the subsequent modules during the one‐year program.

Module 1 (Basics of Fetal Medicine)

  • Relevant Physics of Ultrasound
  • Embryology and fetal development

Module 2 (Core Fetal Medicine Subjects)

  • Perinatal Genetics
  • Fetal abnormalities and its management
  • Prenatal Diagnostics and therapy
  • Perinatal Pathology

Module 3 (Clinical Obstetrics)

  • Multiple Pregnancies
  • Antenatal Complications
  • Perinatal Infectious Diseases

Module 4 (Personal Development and management skills)

  • Communication, team building and management
  • Critical Appraisal Skills

FMF Assessment

  • Logbook of cases observed and treated along with comments on competence by supervisor.
  • Clinical Scenario Evaluations.
  • Publications in national/international journals.
  • Project
  • Exit Exam – OSCE structure

External researchers will be selected from the fetal medicine practice

FMF Fee Structure

The candidates have to pay the examination fee of Rs.10,000/‐ to the center of examination.

Books to Refer for Fetal Medicine Fellowship

  1. Obstetric Medicine Textbook (Author name: Catherine Nelson Piercy)
  2. Medicine of the fetus & mother (Author name: Reece & Hobbins)
  3. Fetology (Author name: Bianchi, Cromblehome, Dʹalton)
  4. The unborn patient (Author name: Harrison, Evans, Adzick, Holzgreeve )
  5. The Developing Human: Clinically oriented Embryology(Author name: Moore)
  6. Practical Genetic Counseling (Author name: Peter Harper)
  7. Genetic Disorders & The Fetus: Diagnosis, Prevention & Treatment
  8. Diagnostic Ultrasound of Fetal Anomalies (Author name: David A Nyberg et al)
  9. Fetal Medicine Basic Science and Clinical practice (Author name: Charles H. Rodeck. Martin J whittle)
  10. A Practical Guide to Fetal Echocardiography (Author name: Alfred Abu Hamad)

FAQ’s on Fetal Medicine Fellowship

Question 1.
What is fetal medicine scanning?

Answer:
This is a complete scanning of mothers at 20-24 weeks of pregnancy. During the scan, we test each part of the fetal body, define the location of the placenta, estimate the quantity of amniotic fluid, and estimate fetal growth. Specific attention is given to the brain, face, stomach, bowel, kidneys, spine, heart and limbs.

Question 2.
How long is maternal-fetal medicine fellowship?

Answer:
Candidates must have achieved a residency in Obstetrics/Gynecology. Maternal-Fetal Medicine fellowships are for the entire three years.

Question 3.
How to become a fetal surgeon?

Answer:
To become a fetal surgeon, candidates have to go through extensive surgery residency, Pedi Surg fellowship, then besides subspecialize in fetal surgery.