Long and Short Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources for Future Generations

Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources

Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources: Essay on conservation of Natural Resources is an important topic for students to learn as it educates them about the importance of earth’s resources. Most of the non-renewable resources on earth were formed billions of years ago. Furthermore, to replenish these resources, it may take another billion years. Ideally, in today’s day and age, the world must shift towards more renewable sources of energy such as wind and solar energy. If we continue to rely on non-renewable energy for all our needs, we may eventually exhaust them.

Long and Short Conservation of Natural Resources Essay in India

From an academic perspective, this topic is asked in most primary school exams. It may not be an inherently complicated topic, but students will still need to present the essay in a proper way to secure more marks. We have provided relevant samples as well as some useful tips and tricks which are sure to fetch more marks if implemented. Moreover, these tips and tricks will also help students to improve their general writing and presentation skills.

Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources Writing Tips and Tricks

Consider adopting these tips and guidelines to secure more grades/ marks for the essay. These tips can also help to improve the presentation and general writing skills.

  • Always start the essay with an introductory paragraph
  • The introductory paragraph must contain relevant background information or any other pertinent information about the topic
  • Try to include specifics such as names, locations, and dates. This will help provide context and clarity to the topic
  • Do not use jargons or other technical words unless it is required
  • Ensure that the content is presented in small, digestible chunks. If presented in long, monotonous blocks of text, the reader may lose interest
  • Try to present the content in points, if necessary
  • Organize the content into headings and subheadings
  • Always end the essay with a concluding paragraph
  • The concluding paragraph must summarize the overview of the topic or key takeaways.
  • Try to read through the essay before submission. This will help eliminate possible spelling mistakes and grammatical errors.

Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources Sample 1 (300+ Words – High School Level)

Types of Natural Resources
There are two types of natural resources – renewable and non-renewable. Renewable resources, as we all know, are the resources that do not get exhausted quickly. Examples of renewable resources are wind and solar energy. However, ever since the Industrial Revolution, we are solely dependent on non-renewable energy as they are most feasible and easier to harness. Even today, most big cities around the world are powered by a coal-burning reactor. These not only exhaust the non-renewable resources but also pollute the environment.

Consequences of Non-renewable Resources
Consequently, the global climate has changed for the worse, with average temperatures steadily rising. This has led to increased rates of global warming and a rise in global sea levels. Weather events, such as droughts and storms, become more intense. This can cause large-scale destruction of life and property. Furthermore, it can also affect the socio-economic climate of a country, leading to unemployment and lower wages.

Solutions and Feasible Alternatives
For the earth to be sustainable for future generations, we must focus on changing our dependence from non-renewable resources to renewable resources. For instance, there are millions of vehicles on the road, and nearly 98% of those vehicles use fossil fuels to run. If we were to switch to electric vehicles and hydrogen-powered cars, the rate of carbon emissions would slow down drastically. However, with current technology, electric cars may not be feasible for everyone due to cost and range.
Similarly, if most residential and commercial buildings were to install and use solar panels, energy consumption from the grid would drastically reduce. More interestingly, some countries rely on wind farms to generate electricity. These alternatives are deemed as one of the cleaner forms of energy. Today, nuclear power plants are considered more feasible as it is cleaner and cheaper than coal power plants. However, nuclear power plants do pose their own set of risks.

Conclusion of Conservation of Natural Resources Essay
In conclusion, we need to reduce our dependence on non-renewable natural resources. Doing so will be beneficial for the future of our planet.

Essay on Conservation of Natural Resources Sample 2 (250+ Words – Primary School Level)

Humans need natural resources to sustain themselves. From industries to household activities, natural resources are integral for our survival. The natural resources we use are classified into two forms – renewable and non-renewable resources. Renewable resources do not exhaust quickly or can be replenished within a short period. Solar energy and wind energy are considered as renewable forms of energy.

Non-renewable resources, on the other hand, cannot be immediately replenished if exhausted. Examples include fossil fuel and natural gas. Fossil fuels are formed from plant and animal matter that had died and decomposed millions of years ago. Hence, if fossil fuels are exhausted today, they would require millions of years more to be replenished. Moreover, we are ever more reliant on fossil fuels than we were a decade ago.

Fossil fuels also pollute the environment drastically. They are also the reason for the climate change that we are experiencing now. The rate of global warming has accelerated due to greenhouse gas emissions. If left unchecked, it may bring about dire consequences for our planet. For instance, global sea levels may rise, which will lead to flooding and loss of coastlines. It can also cause average global temperatures to rise, which can potentially affect wildlife. Polar bears and many other animals that live in the Arctic are already endangered, and global warming only aggravates the issue. Soon, food crops may start getting affected, and this can have a drastic impact on the economy of a country.

Hence, we need to stop relying on non-renewable resources and move towards more sustainable and cleaner sources of energy, such as wind and solar energy. Doing so is the only way to ensure that the planet remains habitable for future generations.

Important FAQs on Conservation of Natural Resources

Question 1.
What are the natural resources?

Natural resources are resources that exist without the input of humans. These natural resources are harvested for economic gain.

Question 2.
What are the two types of natural resources?


  • The natural resources are classified into two types- renewable and non-renewable resources. Renewable resources are the resources that do not exhaust quickly or can be replenished within a short period of time—for example: solar and wind energy.
  • Non-renewable resources are resources that cannot be replenished soon if exhausted. Examples include fossil fuels and natural gas.

Raman Charpak Fellowship Program 2020 for Indian and French Ph.D Students

Raman Charpak Fellowship

Raman Charpak Fellowship: Raman Charpak Fellowship scheme is in recognition of two Nobel Laureates in Physics, Prof C.V. Raman, Indian Nobel Laureate (1930) and Prof Georges Charpak, French Nobel Laureate (1992). The Fellowship originated when the President of France had a state visit to India in February 2013. The purpose is to promote the interchange of doctoral students between the two nations, to expand the scope and extent of future actions in Science, Technology and Innovation.

This programme executed by the Indo French Centre for Advancement of Advanced Research (IFCPAR/ CEFIPRA) points at developing the doctoral skills of Indian and French students by giving them an opportunity to lead out part of their investigation work in a University / Research & Development Institute based in France or India respectively. This plan is now also permitted to French Master Students, who want to spend some time in India as per their curriculum. It strives at improving the Master’s skills of French students by granting them an opportunity to bring out internship job in a University / Research Institute based in India.

Indian and French PhD research students and Masters Students which are only from France and from year 2016 are eligible for this fellowship.
The duration of this fellowship is two to six months.

Raman Charpak Fellowship Important Dates

Events Indian and French PhD Students French Masters’ Students
Launching April/May April
End of Deadline June/July October
Declaration of Result End- September (Tentative) Mid-December (Tentative)
Starting date of fellowship Mid-October onwards Mid-January (following year) onwards

Courses offered by Raman Charpak Fellowship

  • Atmospheric and Earth Sciences
  • Chemical Sciences
  • Engineering Sciences
  • Life and Medical Sciences
  • Biological Sciences
  • Material Sciences
  • Mathematical and Computational Sciences
  • Physical Sciences
  • Environmental Sciences

Eligibility Criteria

  • Students applying from India should be an Indian citizen and residing in India.
  • He/she must have registered for a Ph.D. in a recognized university or research institution in India.
  • Applicants from France must be residing in France and have registered for a Ph.D. programme in a research institution or in a recognized university in France.
  • The applicants should hold a Master’s degree in science, technology or medicine from a recognized University/Institute.
  • The maximum age of the applicant should be 30 years as of April First Week 2020.
  • Students once supported by CEFIPRA, also in the framework of CEFIPRA projects, and students who have a permanent position in institutions/universities are not eligible.
  • The applicant should have prior consent to their Institute / University to apply for a foreign fellowship program.

Raman Charpak Fellowship Benefits

For Indian Fellow:

  • The selected applicants from India will get fellowship Support of 1500 Euros monthly for daily expenses, local travel, convenience charges plus Social Security costs

For French Fellow:

  • The selected applicants of France will get fellowship allowance of Rs. 40,000 monthly for daily charges, local travel, etc. plus settlement charges not exceeding Rs. 45,000 per month.
  • The selected applicants will be given with To and Fro flight tickets in economy class between India and France
    Insurance coverage (travel and health) wherever is needed.
  • Any regulatory costs for Visa and Registration will be provided to the selected applicants.
  • A Fellow could be provided with additional support for engaging in a Seminar/Workshop during their course of the fellowship and linger in their host nations.(up to Euro 500 for Indian Fellows and equal support in Indian Rupees for French Fellows)
  • During the fellowship time of selected applicants, no allowance will be given to their family members.
  • Raman Charpak Fellowship Application
  • The application process is conducted online.
  • Apply Online through Official Website (www.cefipra.org)
  • Provide the necessary details wherever required.

Documents Required

  • Candidates have to submit five pages long items description on Research Plan in the designated format with giving the title and research work plan summary of the advantages that the applicant will gain from their stay in a recommended research institute or university in France or India.
  • A two-page Curriculum Vitae in the designated format with a recent photograph, which should outline the accomplishment and research interests.

Format of candidates CV should be:

  • A letter of endorsement from the PhD supervisor in their local lab
  • A letter of approval and agreement from the intended host administrator in the fellowship lab
    PhD summary
  • Research experience report
  • No Objection Certificate (NOC) from Head of the Institution
  • Scanned copy of Master degree certificate and a PhD enrollment letter
  • Scanned copy of original passport (front and back)
  • New passport size photograph

Contact Details

Dr. Purnima Rupal Director,
Indo-French Centre for the Promotion of Advanced Research
(Centre Franco-Indien pour la Promotion de la Recherche Avancée-CEFIPRA)
Core 5B, Ground Floor, India Habitat Centre Lodhi Road,
New Delhi -110 003 (India)
E-mail: kunal@cefipra.org
Telephone Number : +91 11 24682251, +91 11 24682252

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1.
What is Raman Chapak Fellowship?

Raman Chapak Fellowship points at developing the doctoral skills of Indian and French students by giving them an opportunity to lead out part of their investigation work in a University / Research & Development Institute based in France or India respectively.

Question 2.
What is the duration of Raman Chapak Fellowship?
The duration of this fellowship is two to six months.

Question 3.
Who are eligible for Raman Chapak Fellowship?

  • Candidate from India should have Indian citizenship
  • Candidate from France should have citizenship of France
  • Candidate should have registered for a PhD in a recognized university or research institution in the particular country
  • Age limit: 30 years

Question 4.
How to apply?

Apply online at www.cefipra.org through an online submission system

Prime Minister Research Fellowship 2020 (PMRF) | Dates, Eligibility, Application, Benefits, Documents 

Prime Minister Research Fellowship

Prime Minister Research Fellowship 2020: Prime Minister Research Fellowship is an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). The Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF) provided to the talented candidates of the country for the continuing of Ph.D. in science and technology domains. PMRF offers an opportunity for Ph.D. students in India to pursue research at reputed institutes in India. The reputed institutes include the Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Indian Institute of Technology (IITs), and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISERs).

PMRF will release the online application on the official website of PMRF. Prime Minister Research Fellowship application process will begin in March 2020. So, eligible candidates can fill out the form and apply for this fellowship on or before the 2nd Week of April 2020. The article below provides complete information about the Prime Minister Research Fellowship.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF) Details

Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF) can be applied only through online mode. Prime Minister Research Fellowship is for students pursuing Ph.d. programme in. PMRF is a Ph.D. fellowship program offered to meritorious students from NITs, IITs, IISERs, and IISC. These meritorious students will get admission to Ph.D. in IITs and IISC to complete their research. The PMRF application releases twice a year, one in May and the second in December.

The duration of the fellowship is 4 years for integrated students. Whereas, the duration is 5 years for B.Tech. students. Industry participation will be explored under the PMRF Program through CSR funding. So that the industry will be enabled to sponsor the maximum number of fellows. The following are some of the important facts about the PMRF Program.

  • The selected candidates will get admission to 19 broad disciplines.
  • The IIT or IISC will coordinate the admission process as the nodal institute for that particular broad discipline.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Programs

Refer to the following 19 broad disciplines available in the PMRF Program.

  • Agriculture and Food Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biological Sciences
  • Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Computer Science
  • Civil Engineering
  • Engineering Design
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Interdisciplinary Programs in Science and Engineering
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Material Science and Metallurgical Engineering
  • Mineral, Mining, Coal, and Energy Sector
  • Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture
  • Physics
  • Textile Engineering

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Overview

Particulars Details
Conducting Body Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD)
Fellowship Name Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF)
Purpose of the Fellowship provided to the talented candidates of the country for the continuing of Ph.D. in science and technology domains
Application Mode Online
Last Date to Submit the Application Form 2nd Week of April 2020
Website www.pmrf.in

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Dates

Events Dates
Start of Application 2nd Week of March 2020
Last Date to Submit the Application Form 2nd Week of April 2020
PMRF Interview May 2020
Disbursement of Fellowship Last Week of May 2020

PMRF Eligibility Criteria

Refer to the below-given Prime Minister Research Fellowship eligibility criteria.

  • Candidates should be pursuing the last year of the following degrees. These programs must be in science and technology streams from IISC or IITs or IISERs.
    • 4 or 5-year undergraduate or 5-year integrated M.Tech
    • 5-year integrated M.Sc. or 2-year M.Sc.
    • 5-year undergraduate-postgraduate dual degree
  • Candidates must be pursuing or completed the last year of the above-mentioned programs. These programs must be in science and technology streams from any institute/university (except the ones mentioned above) in India. These candidates must have scored a CGPA or CPI of a minimum of 8.0 or similar.
  • Candidates must have qualified GATE.
  • Candidates must be pursuing or completed M.Tech./MS by Research at IITs/IISC/IISERs. These candidates must have scored a CGPA or CPI of a minimum of 8.0 on a 10-point scale at the end of the 1st semester with at least 4 courses.
  • Candidates must have completed the required academic qualifications in the last 3 years.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Selection Process

The PMRF selection process based on the selection of the received applications by the selection committee. The committee conducts interviews for every subject to select the best candidates. However, the institute will be allocated for the doctoral study as per the selected candidate’s choices. Also, the allocation depends on the available seats and infrastructure. The selected fellows will receive a fellowship amount. Then, the continuation of the next year’s fellowship will be contingent upon successful assessment.

PMRF Hosted Institutions

The following Hosted Institutions will host the selected scholars for the PH.D. Program.

  • IIT Jammu
  • IIT Tirupati
  • IIT Palakkad
  • IIT Roorkee
  • IIT Patna
  • IIT Ropar
  • IIT Madras
  • IIT Mandi
  • IIT Kanpur
  • IIT Kharagpur
  • IIT Indore
  • IIT Jodhpur
  • IIT Guwahati
  • IIT Hyderabad
  • IISC Bangalore

PMRF Benefits

PMRF provides the following benefits to the selected fellows:

Year Scholarship Amount
Year 1 70,000
Year 2 70,000
Year 3 75,000
Year 4 80,000
Year 5 80,000

Also, each selected candidate will receive a research grant of two Lakh Rupees per annum. This grant provided for 5 years as a travel cost for a research paper presentation.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Application Process

Candidates can fill and submit the Prime Minister Research Fellowship application on or before the last date. Refer to the below points to apply for the PMRF Program.

  • Visit the official website of the Prime Minister Research Fellowship.
  • Click on ‘Apply Online’ to fill the PMRF application form.
  • Select the qualification option and fill the eligibility section ‘Section 1’.
  • Next, fill ‘Section 2’ to provide your personal and educational details.
  • Upload photographs and scanned copies of the required documents.
  • Then, pay the application fee online through the link provided in the PMRF application form.
  • After this, upload the fee e-receipt and submit the PMRF application.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Application Fee

Candidates must pay the application fee of Rs. 1500/- through SBI Online or SBI e-receipt. Candidates must provide the e-receipt details. The details include SBI Collect Reference Number and SBI Collect e-receipt date.

Documents Required for Prime Minister Research Fellowship

Upload the scanned copy of the essential documents along with the PMRF application. The following are the list of essential documents to apply for the PMRF Program.

  • Scanned copy of mark sheets or grade sheets or transcripts
  • Scanned copy of GATE qualifying certificate
  • Abstract copy up to 1000 words in a pdf file
  • Candidates CV of 2 pages in .pdf format only. The CV should emphasize only the candidate’s skills and academic achievements.
  • Candidates recent passport size photograph

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Terms and Conditions

  • Candidates should write a unique abstract in their own words and limit it up to 1000 words.
  • The candidate’s names should appear at the beginning of the abstract.
  • The project abstract should highlight the interest and articulate the area of study.
  • The abstract should formulate a problem for study. This will be used for assessing the candidate’s analytical and research skills.
  • Candidates can choose up to 5 broad disciplines for each of which they will be assessed.
  • The referees and candidates have closely interacted with each other during the candidate’s UG or PG Program.
  • The referees should be able to comment on the candidate’s educational, research and analytical skills.

Prime Minister Research Fellowship Contact Details

In case of any queries related to PMRF, contact to the below-given details:

  • Email ID – support@pmrf.iith.ac.in
  • Phone – + 91 8330913053

FAQ’s on Prime Minister Research Fellowship

Question 1.
What is Prime Minister Research Fellowship?

Prime Minister Research Fellowship is an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF) aims to attract the talent pool of the country for pursuing research in science and technology domains.

Question 2.
What is the tenure of the Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF)?

The tenure of PMRF is 4 years for students from integrated courses and 5 years for B.Tech. students.

Question 3.
Who can apply for PMRF?

Yes, it is available for Ph.D. students across India to pursue research at reputed institutes in India.

Question 4.
What is the start and last date to submit the PMRF application?

The PMRF application start date is March 2020. Whereas the last date for submission of the PMRF application is the 2nd week of April 2020.

Question 5.
How much application fee will be paid to apply for the PMRF?

Candidates must pay the application fee of Rs. 1500/- through SBI Online or SBI e-receipt.

Question 6.
Is there any reservation in PMRF?

25% for all Ph.D. seats and 37% for IITs.

Question 7.
Who can Apply for PMRF?

Students who have completed, or are pursuing, the final year of four-year undergraduate or five years integrated M. Tech or five years integrated M.Sc. or five-year undergraduate-postgraduate dual degree programs or two year M.Sc.

We hope this article will help you to get more details about the Prime Minister Research Fellowship. If you have queries related to PMRF, then leave it in the comment box to get in touch with us.

Maternal Fetal Medicine Fellowship | FMF Fellowships, Obstetrics, Gynecology, Physiology

Fetal Medicine Fellowship

Fetal Medicine Fellowship 2020: Professor KyprosNicolaides started the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) to boost the health of pregnancies for women by fostering research and training in Fetal Medicine. FMFIndia plans to carry this mission ahead by examining the specific requirements of the Indian population.

FMFIndia is a designated non-profit corporation that endeavors at improving knowledge, giving education and training, and encouraging research in the practical field of Fetal Medicine within India. The long term aim is to build a system where the advantages of Fetal Medicine are free to all pregnant women and an efficient and effective referral system survives in all regions.

FMFIndia demands to provide free training to clinicians who want to get knowledge in Fetal Medicine and the development of national guidelines.

Fetal Medicine Foundation Online Courses

  1. Practicing the ultrasound scan machine efficiently.
  2. Understanding the normal and abnormal growth in a fetus.
  3. To be qualified to explain conclusions on a scan and conquer the right examination.
  4. To be qualified to handle common anomalies combining the various modalities of research for perinatal examination.
  5. To be qualified to liaise with the relevant departments as directed by the case and make efficient use of the current information and technology accessible.
  6. To be qualified to implement appropriate pre‐pregnancy and perinatal consultation to considered parents.
  7. To be qualified to critically evaluate available research and understand current papers to satisfy the demands of the patient and the people.
  8. To be qualified to combine oneself and serve as a team bestowing due respect to co-workers and participate completely to the team.
  9. To try publication of case records and another review/research reports.

Fetal Medicine Fellowship Eligibility Criteria

The following criteria need to be fulfilled:

  1. Postgraduate degree in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  2. A minimum of one year’s practice in Obstetric Ultrasound.
  3. The applicants will be chosen by interview to determine their fitness for the program.

They are required to have a sound awareness in the primary sciences in medicine and gynecology, namely:

  • Maternal Physiology
  • Fetal Physiology
  • Medical complications of pregnancy

Applications for FMF Clinical Fellowships

Candidates should complete the FMF Fellowship form and send it along with a reference from the head of the department in their clinic/hospital to education@fetalmedicine.org.

It is essential that before you apply, you have finished all the internet-based theoretical subjects.

Syllabus for Fetal Medicine Fellowship (One Year)

The candidates will go through the subsequent modules during the one‐year program.

Module 1 (Basics of Fetal Medicine)

  • Relevant Physics of Ultrasound
  • Embryology and fetal development

Module 2 (Core Fetal Medicine Subjects)

  • Perinatal Genetics
  • Fetal abnormalities and its management
  • Prenatal Diagnostics and therapy
  • Perinatal Pathology

Module 3 (Clinical Obstetrics)

  • Multiple Pregnancies
  • Antenatal Complications
  • Perinatal Infectious Diseases

Module 4 (Personal Development and management skills)

  • Communication, team building and management
  • Critical Appraisal Skills

FMF Assessment

  • Logbook of cases observed and treated along with comments on competence by supervisor.
  • Clinical Scenario Evaluations.
  • Publications in national/international journals.
  • Project
  • Exit Exam – OSCE structure

External researchers will be selected from the fetal medicine practice

FMF Fee Structure

The candidates have to pay the examination fee of Rs.10,000/‐ to the center of examination.

Books to Refer for Fetal Medicine Fellowship

  1. Obstetric Medicine Textbook (Author name: Catherine Nelson Piercy)
  2. Medicine of the fetus & mother (Author name: Reece & Hobbins)
  3. Fetology (Author name: Bianchi, Cromblehome, Dʹalton)
  4. The unborn patient (Author name: Harrison, Evans, Adzick, Holzgreeve )
  5. The Developing Human: Clinically oriented Embryology(Author name: Moore)
  6. Practical Genetic Counseling (Author name: Peter Harper)
  7. Genetic Disorders & The Fetus: Diagnosis, Prevention & Treatment
  8. Diagnostic Ultrasound of Fetal Anomalies (Author name: David A Nyberg et al)
  9. Fetal Medicine Basic Science and Clinical practice (Author name: Charles H. Rodeck. Martin J whittle)
  10. A Practical Guide to Fetal Echocardiography (Author name: Alfred Abu Hamad)

FAQ’s on Fetal Medicine Fellowship

Question 1.
What is fetal medicine scanning?

This is a complete scanning of mothers at 20-24 weeks of pregnancy. During the scan, we test each part of the fetal body, define the location of the placenta, estimate the quantity of amniotic fluid, and estimate fetal growth. Specific attention is given to the brain, face, stomach, bowel, kidneys, spine, heart and limbs.

Question 2.
How long is maternal-fetal medicine fellowship?

Candidates must have achieved a residency in Obstetrics/Gynecology. Maternal-Fetal Medicine fellowships are for the entire three years.

Question 3.
How to become a fetal surgeon?

To become a fetal surgeon, candidates have to go through extensive surgery residency, Pedi Surg fellowship, then besides subspecialize in fetal surgery.

SJVN Silver Jubilee Merit Scholarship Scheme 2020 | Application Process, Eligibility

SJVN Scholarship

SJVN Scholarship 2020: SJVN, a Mini Ratna and Schedule ‘A’ Central Govt. Public Sector Undertaking has been implementing its Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable plans to make a meaningful contribution towards sustainable socio-economic development of communities. In this series, SJVN has originated “SJVN SILVER JUBILEE MERIT SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME” for the worthy students who have passed class 12th Examinations in 2019 which points at teaching competitive spirit among students and to develop their academic capacity. The Scheme is being implemented through HIMCON on behalf of the SJVN Foundation.

In 2019 Total of 150 students will be awarded a scholarship of Rs. 2000/-(Rs. Two Thousand only) per month for the whole duration of next higher course after class 12th like Bachelor’s Degree in Engineering, Medical, Arts/Science/ Commerce/Agriculture/ Horticulture/ Veterinary/ Business Administration/ Computer Applications/LLB/MBBS, etc.

Latest Update:

Notification for SJVN Scholarship 2020 will be released soon.

SJVN Scholarship Dates

SJVN has started “SJVN SILVER JUBILEE MERIT SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME” for the worthy students who have passed the class 12th exam in the year 2019 which aims at implanting competitive spirit among students and to sustain their academic talent. Get the details of important dates related to this scholarship.

SJVN Scholarship Form Last Date 20th October 2020
Documents verification November 2020
Result December 2020
Release of amount January 2021

SJVN Scholarship Eligibility

  • The students who have secured minimum 60% or its equivalent grade in 12th class examination in any discipline from a school under State Education Board, CBSE or ICSE in the immediately preceding academic session in the States of Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Bihar, Maharashtra and Gujrat. Eligibility for a percentage of marks for BPL will be 50% and for PWD pass marks.
  • There will be no domicile restriction for the students for eligibility for the scheme.
  • Beneficiaries of any other scholarship will not be acceptable for getting this SJVN scholarship.

SJVN Eligible Courses

SJVN Scholarship is provided to students for higher studies after the 12th. Students undergoing Bachelors degree in the following programs will be suitable for the SJVN Merit Scholarship:

  1. Engineering
  2. Medical
  3. Arts
  4. Science
  5. Commerce
  6. Agriculture
  7. Horticulture
  8. Veterinary
  9. Business Administration
  10. Computer Applications
  11. LLB
  12. MBBS

SJVN Scholarship Merit List

In the states of Uttarakhand, Bihar and Maharashtra the first 50% seats will be reserved for the students studying in the schools situated under the Project Affected Area (PAA) villages. The remaining 50% seats will be reserved for the districts in which the project is located. The state-wise SJVN scholarship allotment is given below:

State-wise SJVN Scholarship Category/State State Board CBSE/ISC Board Total
SJVN Himachal Scholarship
(All districts)
General 34 17 51
BPL 19 8 27
PwD 6 3 9
Total 59 28 87
(Uttarkashi & Chamoli only)
General 9 4 13
BPL 4 2 6
PwD 1 1 2
Total 14 7 21
Bihar (District Buxar only) General 10 4 14
BPL 4 2 6
PwD 1 1 2
Total 15 7 22
Maharashtra (District Ahmednagar only) General 4 2 6
BPL 2 1 3
PwD 1 0 1
Total 7 3 10
Gujarat (District Sundernagar & Patan only) General 4 2 6
BPL 2 1 3
PwD 1 0 1
Total 7 3 10

SJVN Scholarship Rewards

  • 150 students will be awarded a scholarship of Rs. 2000/- (Rs. two thousands only) per month for pursuing the regular course for the whole duration of next higher course after class 12th like bachelors degree in Engineering, Medical, Arts/ Science/ Commerce/ Agriculture/ Horticulture/ Veterinary/ Business Administration/ Computer Applications/ LLB (5 years course)/ CA, etc.
  • In the states of Bihar, Maharashtra, Uttrakhand and Gujrat, the first 50% seats will be earmarked for the students studying in the schools situated under Project Affected Area (PAA) villages and then rest 50% for the district in which the Project is established. However, the vacant seats in one category will be considered for the other category.
  • The list of PAA villages will be provided by the respective projects to the implementing agency.

SJVN Scholarship Online Registration – How to Apply?

  • The SJVN Scholarship Application form can be downloaded from the SJVN website or from the outsourced agency’s website or can be obtained from other sources also as notified in newspapers.
  • The filled-in application should be accompanied by a photograph of the student and mark sheet of Class 12th examination.
  • The duly filled in application should be attested by the Principal of the school/ institute from which the student is pursuing a higher course after passing the 12th class.
  • The filled-in application must be submitted/ sent to SJVN or the outsourced agency by the last date as notified. No application will be accepted after the last date under any circumstances.

Documents Required for SJVN Scholarship

The duly filled in SJVN Scholarship application form should be submitted along with the following documents:

  • Affixed by two passport size photographs of the student
  • Attested Class 12 Marksheet
  • BPL and PWD certificate (if applicable)

SJVN Scholarship Selection Procedure

Duly filled application forms will be screened by the agency engaged by SJVN. The committee/ agency will shortlist the candidates on the following criteria:

  • Rank secured by the student with respect to marks or equivalent grade secured in class 12th Board Examination.
  • In the case of a tie of the ranking, the candidate of higher age will be preferred.
  • The shortlisted candidates will be called for the screening with all original academic certificates and testimonials.
  • Mere submission of the application will not guarantee eligibility for the scholarship.
  • SJVN will have the power to accept or refuse the candidature of any applicant at any stage without specifying reasons.
  • If sufficient applications are not received in a particular board/ category then the vacant seats can be filled by other boards with the approval of Chairman SJVN Foundation.

Release of SJVN Scholarship

The scholarship will be provided annually subject to the passing of the previous year/ session examination successfully. The scholarship will be terminated for the succeeding year/session if a student fails in the examination or pass the exam through the supplementary exam. The student will be asked to submit a designated requisition form for a scholarship for the discharge of the scholarship. The first installment of scholarship to the students will be provided on some special occasions like SJVN Raising day, Republic day, Teachers’ day, etc.

Definition of Project Affected Area

Project Affected Area indicates declaration by the Appropriate Government of an area of villages or region under a plan for which the land is being procured under Land Acquisition Act, 1894 or any other Act in force or a region that comes under submergence due to enclosing of water in the storage of the project or area located over the underground component of the project. It also involves areas as reported by project authority. The system for measuring the project-affected zone shall be Panchayat.

SJVN Scholarship Contact Number

Address: Managing Director,
Himachal Consultancy Organization Ltd.
1st Floor Shree Niketan,
Mehli-Shoghi Road,
Lower Panthaghati (Near IT Bhawan),

Phone Number: 0-98170-60241, 0-98176-86510, 0-98166-14240.

FAQ’s On SJVN Scholarship

Question 1.
What is SJVN Scholarship?

SJVN Silver Jubilee Merit Scholarship Scheme 2019 is for the exemplary students who have qualified Class 12th Examinations in 2019. The scheme aims at implanting the competitive spirit amongst the students and to foster their academic talent

Question 2.
Who is granting this scholarship?

SJVN Merit Scholarship Scheme is being implemented through HIMCON on the behalf of SJVN Foundation.

Question 3.
Who is eligible for SJVN Scholarship?

The students of Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Gujarat and Maharashtra who have passed their Class 12 in any discipline from a school under the State Education Board or Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE Board) or ICSE Board with 60% marks are fit to apply for the SJVN Scholarship 2019.

Question 4.
What is the reward amount given under SJVN Scholarship?

A total of 150 students will be awarded a scholarship of Rs. 2000 per month for the whole term of the regular program after class 12.

  • For the 3-year course, Total Scholarship Amount = Rs. 72,000
  • For the 4-year course, Total Scholarship Amount = Rs. 96,000
  • For the 5-year course, Total Scholarship Amount = Rs. 1,20,000

Question 5.
When is the last date to apply?

The last date for the submission of the SJVN Silver Jubilee Merit Scholarship Scheme 2019 Form is 20 October 2019.

ICMR SRF Fellowship 2020 | ICMR SRF Fellowship Amount, Eligibility, Application Process, Last Date

ICMR SRF Fellowship

ICMR SRF Fellowship 2020: ICMR SRF Fellowship falls under the purview of the Indian Council of Medical Research. The council is the forerunner of biomedical research and one of the largest research bodies in the world. The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

The ICMR SRF/ RA Fellowship is awarded to young scientists to enable them to carry out research in medicine or allied fields at the permanent institutes of the council, universities and medical colleges, other biomedical research institutes in India where laboratories and other facilities are readily available to carry out research.

ICMR provides fellowships for:

  • Research Associates (RA)
  • Senior Research Fellowships (SRF)

The candidates applying for the aforementioned fellowships are instructed to formulate a research plan and submit the same to the council. The duration of the fellowship is 36 months or 3 years. Under special circumstances, the fellowship can be extended to a maximum of 4 years.

Read on to explore the application process, educational qualifications, benefits and other important information about the ICMR SRF Fellowship.

ICMR SRF Fellowship Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for the fellowships are as follows:
Educational Qualifications

  • For Senior Research Fellow
    • MA (Social Sciences), Master in Medical Social Work, M.Sc (Life Sciences) with two years of research experience
    • MBBS/ M.Pharm/ M.E/ M.Tech/ MVSc./ BDS
  • For Research Associate
    • Registered for DNB or MD/ P.hD/ MBBS with two years of experience.

Age limit (Upper age limit)

  • For Senior Research Fellow – 35 years of age
  • For Research Associate – 40 years of age. Relaxation of two years (upper age limit) in case of female candidates.

ICMR SRF Fellowship Application Process

  • Applications are to be submitted online, on ICMR Website: http://icmrextramural.in/ICMR/.
    Candidates have to first register themselves on the portal.
    Post-registration, a user ID and password will be provided to login.

Conditions for Applications
Candidates have to ensure that the following conditions are fulfilled or satisfied when applying. If any of the conditions are unfulfilled, the application can be rejected by the ICMR.

  • The application must be submitted through online mode by the Fellow with the permission of the Head of the Institution and their Guide where the candidate proposed to work.
  • If the candidate is employed, a certificate from the candidate’s employer accepting the fellowship is required.
  • The candidate must not draw any salary or stipend from any other institute for the duration of the fellowship. A certificate stating the same must be provided.
  • Along with the application, the candidate is required to submit a detailed plan of work.
  • The problem proposed to be studied by the candidate must be clearly defined. It should not be a generalization or vague and must be capable of being completed within the duration of the fellowship.
  • As defined in the application form, a plan of work must be prepared. Consult a statistician if necessary.
    The guide, under whose guidance the work will be executed should clearly certify that the proposed research plan has been prepared after careful consultation with the candidate and the statistician (if necessary).
  • The guide must also state that they have examined the scheme and have proved the plan of work, and are willing to direct and guide the proposed research work.
  • The HOD, where the research work will be carried out, must certify that the laboratory and equipment are available for the candidate to carry out their research work. Please note that no financial assistance will be provided for the purchase of any equipment.
  • If the candidate wants to pursue further research (research associateship), they must enclose a thesis, or a summary of work done so far along with potentially new facets are to be enclosed on a separate sheet.
  • If human subjects are involved in the project, the candidate has to ensure that their project is cleared by the Ethical committee of their Institutes.

ICMR SRF Fellowship Rewards and Benefits

  • Senior Project Research Fellows: INR 28,000 per month + HRA
  • Research Associate (I):     INR 36,000 + HRA
  • Research Associate (II):    INR 38,000 + HRA
  • Research Associate (III):   INR 40,000 + HRA

Please note: House Rent Allowance is payable with reference to the initial basic pay + grade pay and NPA. Furthermore, house rent allowance is permissible if the place of work falls within the qualifying limits of the Urban/ City agglomeration.

HRA= 30%, 20% and 10% as per the revised classification of cities, i.e., X, Y and Z respectively.

Classification of Cities in India (Updated 2011)
X Formerly known as Tier-1 (A-1)
Y Formerly known as Tier-2 (B-1, B-2)
Formerly known as Tier-3 (C and unclassified cities)

Important Documents for ICMR SRF Fellowship

The following documents must be readily available when applying for the fellowship:

  1. Certificate of date of birth
  2. Valid DSIR of applicable institutes
  3. Registration for MD/ DNB/ MS/ P.hD
  4. Informed consent (where required/ applicable)
  5. Case record proforma, study instruments, scales, questionnaires (if applicable)
  6. DCGI approval (if applicable)
  7. Proof/ approval of the submission
  8. Fellow’s research experience
  9. Relevant certifications of educational qualifications as prescribed for SRF/ RA
  10. The availability of facilities in the proposed institution – signed by the HOD and countersigned by the Guide with seal
  11. Guide details
  12. Format of research proposal

Important Links for ICMR SRT Fellowship

Frequently Asked Questions on ICMR SRF Fellowship

Question 1.
How to apply for the ICMR SRF Fellowship?

Interested candidates have to visit the ICMR Website. All applications are to be submitted through online mode: Indian Council of Medical Research.

Question 2.
When is the last date for the application?

The next application window will begin by January 2021 (tentative)

Kstart Fellowship Program 2020 | Kstart Fellowship Application Process, Benefits

Kstart Fellowship

Kstart Fellowship 2020: Kstart Fellowship programme is an initiative of Kstart, a seed fund project by Kalaari Capital. The primary purpose of the project is to help aspiring Indian entrepreneurs to realize their ideas and foster its subsequent growth. The fellowship programme’s primary aim is to develop future leaders in entrepreneurship and venture capitalism. Kstart also seeks out startup ideas that have the potential to bring disruption and possibly promote a change for the better.

Kstart Fellowship programme is a full-time two-year program that offers many learning opportunities about entrepreneurship and venture capital. This programme is also deemed the “first of its kind” as it incorporates the apprentice model of training at its core. The Fellows will be engaged in investments, events, and relevant research activities. The fellows will also be working with well-known entrepreneurs and receive insightful experience about the process.

Read on to explore the eligibility criteria, selection process and criteria, important dates and the benefits of the Kstart Fellowship.

KStart Felowship Elligibility Criteria

Kstart is not keen on the years of experience or qualifications of the candidates, however, the candidates must fulfill the following criteria to be deemed eligible for the fellowship:

  • Candidates must possess a strong desire or initiative to do something intrapreneurial or entrepreneurial
  • Candidates who are keenly interested to hone their entrepreneurship skills
  • Candidates must have a interest in at least one of the following areas – Digital marketing, finance, technology,
  • management consulting, business, finance
  • Candidates that possess strong problem skills
  • Candidates that possess a positive outlook and a “can-do” attitude.
  • Strong networking skills
  • Exceptional presentation skills
  • More importantly, candidates must have some work experience and must have achieved something significant
  • in that duration.
  • A mentality that can handle failures and tough, unfavourable situations

Kstart Fellowship Overview

The fellowship involves the following modules:

  • Investment Process: Investment Process involves being part of the deal teams. Candidates are also tasked with reviewing ideas and assessing their feasibility. Candidates will also be involved in the investment processes and drive post-investment committee transactions.
  • Portfolio Services: Portfolio Services involves supporting 2 or 3 portfolio companies in the candidate’s area of expertise.
  • Kstart Operations: Kstart Operations involves working on specific projects to streamline Kstart. Candidates will also drive community events and engagement at Kstart.
  • Research: Candidates must research by conducting sector analysis and provide insight into emerging trends and segments across various industries.

Kstart Fellowship Application Process

Interested candidates are required to fill out the online application form on the official Kstart website: https://kstart.in/.

Kstart Fellowship Benefits

  • Selected fellows will be awarded a fixed stipend of INR 1,00,000 per month for the duration of the fellowship.
    Access to Kstart’s support framework and network
  • Opportunity to meet some of the best entrepreneurs and business leaders in the country.

Kstart Fellowship – Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1.
What is the official website to access the Kstart Fellowship application form?

Candidates can access the official Kstart website at https://kstart.in/.

Question 2.
When is the last date to submit the application?

The last date to submit the application will be updated shortly.

Uses of Internet Essay | Essay on Uses of the Internet for Students and Children

Uses of Internet Essay

Uses of Internet Essay Introduction: Uses of the Internet are many from academics and education to networking and job-hunting. However, this is just the tip of the iceberg; the internet has many more applications in diverse fields from medicine and engineering to defense and stock markets. The progress that we see today is the culmination of many years of research and development in the field of Information technology and allied fields.

Uses Of Internet Essay, from an academic perspective, is a topic often asked in exams for primary school students. The primary goal of the essay is to educate students about the various benefits of the internet and its potential drawbacks. The following are a few tips and tricks for students to adopt when writing an essay on the internet or any other topic. Moreover, these tips and tricks will help students to improve general writing skills, which will prove very helpful in future exams or higher classes. Read on to find more about Uses of Internet Essay Writing.

Essay on Internet Uses – Useful Writing Tips & Tricks

  • Ensure that the essay has an introductory paragraph.
  • The introductory paragraph must include a brief history or background information about the topic.
  • Always use a formal style of writing; avoid slangs and other colloquial terms.
  • Try to avoid the use of jargon, unless exclusively required by the topic.
  • Use headings and subheadings to organize the content.
  • Avoid presenting content in large, monotonous blocks of text. Instead, break the content into small, digestible chunks.
  • Present content in bulleted points where required
  • Use specifics such as dates, names, and places to provide context and clarity for the essay
  • Always use a concluding paragraph when ending the essay
  • If time permits, read through the essay to eliminate spelling or grammatical errors before final submission.

Essay on Uses of Internet Essay 150 Words

Brief History on the Internet

The internet has been around for several decades, with the very first iteration starting out as a military research project in the late 1960s. Ever since then, it has evolved and undergone a multitude of changes before transitioning into the familiar world wide web that we know today.

Essay on Uses of Internet in our Day Life

The internet has many applications, ranging from learning and education to social networking and commerce. However, there are many more applications, some of which are more intriguing than others. For instance, the internet has evolved parallel technologies like cloud computing, which could soon enable most of us to use our smartphones and portable devices to many times their current potential. In the most basic sense, the workload or the “heavy-lifting” of processors are offloaded to a cloud server, which is processed and then, seamlessly sent back to the end-user. Similarly, this is one of many such uses of the internet. Other popular uses of the internet include:

  • Research – The internet that we know today acts as a treasure trove of information. We can access information about any topic, anywhere and anytime.
  • Email – One of the earliest applications of the internet, email was the primary platform for communication over the digital space. Today, an estimated 20 million email messages are sent and received every week.
  • Education – There are many online courses and learning resources for nearly any subject or skill.
  • Social Networking – One of the most popular applications of the internet is for creating a personal and professional network.
  • Online Shopping – Online shopping is undoubtedly the second most popular application of the internet. Today, there are many countless platforms such as Amazon and eBay on the internet.

In conclusion, there are many uses of the internet – from online shopping to email and social networking. Moreover, there is a potential for new niches to be created on the internet.

Essay on Uses of Internet Essay 350 Words

What is Internet and What are the uses of Internet: The official birthday of the internet is January 1, 1983. However, it was not an instantaneous invention, instead, it was the culmination of years of research and development. 20 years earlier, the United States Department of Defence created the ARPANET, which is an abbreviation for Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. This invention eventually led to the creation of the internet as we know it today.

Uses of Internet in Points

Ever since the internet was created nearly 60 years ago, there have been lots of technological advancements and developments which proved to be useful in various fields. The most common uses of the internet are:

  • Information – The internet is the only platform in the world where information from almost each and every field known is available. Search engines such as Google and Bing perfected this concept.
  • Communication – Emails were one of the earliest applications of the internet. It served as a rudimentary platform to send and exchange messages over the digital space. Today, more than 20 million emails are exchanged every week.
  • Learning – There are countless online courses and course providers that help students. Furthermore, even working professionals can learn certain courses and acquire certification which may help them in their careers.
  • Social Networking – Humans are social animals, and this is especially true even over the digital space. There are many applications that serve specific requirements – such as professional networking (such as Linkedin), personal networking (Facebook) and more.
  • E-commerce – Today, e-commerce is a multi-billion dollar industry. There are many platforms and they serve various niches. Amazon, eBay, Alibaba, Groupon, Rakuren have established players in the E-commerce industry.
  • Jobs – The internet has provided another portal for job-seeker and job-providers. Moreover, it has become easier to connect and match the right employee with their employers.
  • Entertainment – Online streaming of movies and T.V series is very popular these days due to the accessibility and affordability of these streaming platforms. Popular platforms include YouTube, Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime Video and more.
  • Games – Similar to streaming movies, gaming is a billion-dollar industry today and its prominence is due to the advent of the internet.

Conclusion of Internet Essay: In conclusion, there are many uses of the internet – from information seeking and E-commerce to education and entertainment.

FAQ’s on Uses of Internet

Question 1.
When was the internet invented?

The earliest iteration of the internet was invented during the 1960s. However, the officially recognized date of inception was January 1, 1983.

Question 2.
What was the precursor to the internet called?

The precursor to the Internet is called ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network)

Women Safety Essay | Essay on Women Safety in India

Women Safety essay

Women Safety Essay: Women’s safety is our priority. Everyone must come collectively to make our nation a safer place for women so that they can live peacefully. It is not an individual responsibility, but everyone, including government, corporates, and individuals, should take responsibility.

If we explore the internet, there are many stories of girls/women being physically abused at different places. Sometimes by cab drivers, sometimes in metros, some cases of intercaste marriage that exploits women’s character in the society. They are being troubled for foot-binding, attacked by acids and some girls are married at their childhood in different parts of India. Also, in many places, female infanticide is still practiced.

Short Essay on Women Safety and Security in India

Once you feel unsafe in a place, it is ever to experience some form of sexual violence in their lifetime.

It is the most severe human right breach in the world. Each culture, each country, each religion, each society, all time period and everywhere in the world, women are the most suffered people. They are the ones who have fewer choices, more limited political choice, less versatility, less passage to healthcare, less educational opportunity and they are more exposed to violence.

How to Ensure Women’s Safety in India?

Everyone requires to determine and willingly agree that every person has the freedom to feel safe. Indian constitution states that every person is even before the law. But unfortunately, it is not practiced everywhere. Women and girls around the world should be given access to education, freely walk at any place, reach to hospitals, the opportunity of choosing a career, freedom of choice of marriage partner and also the freedom to wear their own choice of clothes. They should not be punished for the selection of garments, friends, and other extracurricular activities.

Education is the demand for the hour to eradicate taboos’ problems and to help individuals in the nation recognize and respect limits, and approval in order not to dishonor women’s rights.
As individuals, we can regard each other with respect. Let us stand as active bystanders where we stop sexual violence and interfere if any such incidence happens anywhere with the women. Most importantly, do not perpetuate it.

What should the Indian Government do?

The Government must ensure that the law in force is activated. What is the point of having women’s security law if the order is definitive and inhibiting? There is a requirement to improve the infrastructure to secure women’s freedom.

Notwithstanding the production of various efficient laws and ordinance by the Government of India to trade with and set assaults against females, the volume and repetition of sins against females are growing daily. The state of women in the country has been metal assault and offensive in the past few years.

Women’s belief in their protection in their country has decreased. Women are in questionable conditions for their security and anxiety while going everywhere or outside their houses (such as office, market, etc.). We should not criticize the government, because it is not just the duty of the government to safeguard women but of every citizen of India, especially the people who require it.

Research that put India as the most unsafe place due to its raised incidence of sexual violence, deficiency of access to trial in rape instances, child wedding, female feticide and trafficking in human beings. India surpassed nations that have a high rate of women’s criticism.

The safety of women in India is a significant concern today. We cannot say that women are safe in India by going through crimes against women in the past few years. Women feel frightened to move out and roam around by themselves.

The unfortunate truth of the country is that the females here live in fear all the time. The individual safety of women has been a matter of significance to each citizen of India. To improve the protection status of women in India, we have provided here with some tips.

Tips For Women’s Safety

  • Self-defense routines are the first and foremost method that every woman must be mindful of and have sufficient self-defense practice for their security.
  • Women need to be mindful of some efficient defense techniques, such as crotch kicks, blocking punches, etc. Usually, most women should be trained with the sixth sense to recognize the issue.
  • Women should at once limit any situation that they feel wrong about.
  • Escape and operate is also an excellent way to mitigate some of the risks women face whenever they are in trouble.
  • They should never travel alone with an unknown person in some strange location.
  • Women must know and feel their dynamic power and practice it subsequently. They should nevermore think that they are more insecure than men and get some self-defense practice.
  • Women should be alert to interact with someone on the Internet in cyberspace.
  • Pepper spray can also be used as a self-defense tool, but it may be not effective for some people who cannot be harmed by even full-face spraying. It may not obstruct the attacker; thus women should not depend completely on it and use other methods as well.
  • Women should carry all the emergency numbers with them to tell their family members and the police immediately, in case of any emergency.
  • Women should be very conscious when driving a vehicle and going on a trip. They have to fasten all the vehicle doors while driving with their personal car.

Conclusion on Women Safety Essay

Though we had a woman prime minister, a woman president and a woman finance minister, and a woman defense minister, still we have a gender non-inclusive legislature primarily. At 12%, India is one of the stragglers among its associates in the portrayal of women in Parliament.

Free India represents women as half of the population, which is observed in the Chinese bureaucracy. The situation is not very promising yet in the state of the judiciary, where, as a nation, we are glorifying only the first instance of three female judges sitting in the 68-year tale of the nation’s Supreme Court.

Notwithstanding repeated crimes against women and young girls, India still does not have a wide database of physical offenders. Registration and information systems for sex offenders have been created around the world over the past 20 years. Since 1994, 18 more countries have launched new laws on the recording of sex offenders.

We can encourage women’s power, by improving their representation and significant participation in replaced society and camp administration committees. Also, in decision building, and in conflict resolution systems, by intensifying their way to and control over goods and services, expanding their rights and leadership abilities, we can encourage women.

We can develop the potential of women and girls, including by enabling them to have passage to quality education, including secondary school, in a safe classroom atmosphere and by improving food preservation, livelihood opportunities, liberty of movement and financial freedom.

The Government should give data, counseling, medical and psychosocial care to females and girls at danger, as well as way to secure houses when confronted with domestic brutality and abuse or onslaught by other people of the society, mainly where there are no rules to remove offenders. Also, the government should give voluntary emergency relocation, like to another town or camp, or accident resettlement.

Women are almost half of the population of the world. It is of the highest significance that women should also get equal opportunities in all steps of life and have the chance to make their own decisions and resolutions.

Women, in the past years, have made an extraordinary contribution to the world whether she is Mother Teresa, Marie Curie, Virginia Woolf, Betty William, and the most present one is Malala Yousafzai. They fought for their freedoms and stood up for their convictions against all the odds. Few more women such as Kalpana Chawla, Sania Mirza, Saina Nehwal, Indra Nooyi, etc. are the examples in the history of India, who broke down all the obstacles in their routes to progress and impact.

Women empowerment in the nation encourages equality between women and men and supports women by allowing them with power and courage to be the decision-maker of their individual life. Women’s empowerment in India has achieved power with the support of women’s welfare organizations by giving them all the required support.

Frequently Asked Questions on Women Safety

Question 1
What is women’s safety?

Women’s safety includes strategies, methods, and policies which intend to overcome gender-based violence (or violence toward women), including women’s suspicion of a crime. Women’s safety includes the right or freedom to have their own space, where they feel safe and secure.

Question 2
How can a woman be safe?


  • Be aware of your surroundings.
  • Always use your ‘sixth sense’ in each & every place and situation
  • Don’t take eve-teasing lightly.
  • Avoid late-night travel using public transport
  • While using 2 wheelers be sure to wear a helmet at all times (especially at night). Don’t stop for any stranger.
  • Always keep the lock of the car close, if you are driving.

National Integration Essay | Essay on National Integration and Importance of National Integration

National Integration Essay

National Integration Essay in English: National Integration Essay is an important topic from an academic perspective. However, its implications are much wider in scope. National integration has its origins in other related concepts – such as “unity in diversity” and other ideologies focused on creating harmony among a group of individuals.

The primary focus of national integration is to create a sense of unity and a common identity among the citizens of a nation. National integration also helps to prevent a conflict that may arise out of any differences in culture, ethnicity, and religion. From a grand scheme of things, the national integral is very crucial for nation-building. Progress of a nation is paramount for long term sustainability and growth. Economies will improve, jobs will increase and society will become stable. Therefore, developing a sense of national integration is of utmost importance.

From an academic perspective, writing the perfect essay on National Integration may not be easy for all. However, the samples provided here are designed to ensure that students can grasp with ease and reproduce the same in an exam. Also provided are useful tips and tricks that can fetch more marks if students are able to adopt them.

Essay on National Integration Useful Writing Tips & Tricks

  • Use an introductory paragraph when beginning the essay. To ensure that the introductory paragraph has content pertinent to the topic.
  • Include a brief history, or any background information if available
  • Do not use jargons or slangs for an academic essay
  • Avoid jargons, unless it is required by the topic
  • Organise content with headings and subheadings
  • Avoid using large, monotonous blocks of text. Instead, present the content in small, digestible chunks.
  • Use bulleted points where applicable
  • Use specifics such as names, dates, and places to add clarity.
  • When concluding the essay, always use a concluding paragraph.
  • Before submission, read through the essay to find grammatical or factual errors if time permits.

National Integration Essay 200 Words

What is the National Integration?

National Integration is a term that relates to a sense of harmony and unity among the many distinct people of a country. Most often, countries have millions of people from various backgrounds, and to survive in peace, national integration is paramount.

However, the idea is not new; ever since the rise of civilization aeons ago, man has had conflict over various differences. Generally, conflicts are a strain on society as they use up valuable resources and labour, which could have been used elsewhere.

Role of National Integration

The primary role of national integration is to create a sense of unity. This is done by offering a fair and even platform for all citizens irrespective of their caste, creed and gender. This promotes the nation’s growth and development.

India is a very large country, with a population of more than 138 crores as of 2019. This means there are many religions, many castes and creeds existing within India’s borders.  Hence, national integration for India is paramount towards maintaining peace and harmony. Furthermore, national integration increases economic growth and increases loyalty for the nation.

Importance of National Integration

The conflicts in the Middle East for the past few decades are an example of how society fails due to the lapse of national integration. Communities of individuals have decimated each other over differences in the culture and creed. Today’s terrorist organizations disrupt peace by targeting the national integration of a nation. Anti-social elements take advantage when differences in opinions arise. Even though electronic media, rumors can be propagated that can cause havoc in society.

In conclusion, national integration is paramount for the growth of a nation. Without this crucial element, society fails to function efficiently, thereby affecting individual citizens, as well as the entire nation.

Essay on National Integration 300 Words

Meaning of National Integration

National integration is a term that describes the harmony and unity which exists among the citizens of a nation. This term has evolved from older phrases and mottos which promotes unity among diverse groups of individuals. A similar phrase, “Unity in diversity” could be considered as a precursor.

Origin of National Integration

Origins of this particular phrase can be traced back to the 12th century to a Sufi philosopher named Ibn al-Arabi. The central idea of this phrase was to prevent conflict, which often had a disastrous effect on a nation’s economy. Conflict, in general, is never sustainable for a nation in the long run. However, human nature is something that cannot be changed, hence, conflict is mostly unavoidable.

Role of National Integration 

As stated previously, the primary role of national integration is to promote peace and harmony. However, it serves many other crucial functions such as:

  • Invoke “national feeling” or the feeling of “brotherhood”
  • Promote unity
  • Bridge societal gaps
  • Remove barriers between castes and creeds
  • Promote economy and reduce economic disparity
  • Promote equality
  • Promote fundamental duties
  • To reduce corruption and illiteracy

Threats Facing National Integration

Terrorist organizations seek to disrupt the peace of a nation by targeting its national integrity. For instance, any differences or disparity is exacerbated by anti-social elements. These activities can cause economic unrest and also help propagate falsified news or rumors. Moreover, in today’s day and age, technology is a boon; however, it can also be used against a nation.

The War in the Middle East can be quoted as one of the most infamous examples of how a society plunges into disarray due to a host of underlying issues. However, the most prominent reason can be the failure of national integration, where differences among different ethnic groups caused civil unrest, which displaced millions of citizens and caused the deaths of countless more.

In conclusion, national integration is crucial for the growth and prosperity of a nation. Its absence can lead to the downfall of society and the eventual collapse of the country.

FAQ’s On National Integration Essay

Question 1.
What is National Integration?

National Integration is a term that describes the harmony and unity among the people of a country.

Question 2.
What is the importance of national integration?

As national integration demonstrates a crucial part in the development of a country, it becomes important to develop the feeling of national integrity

Question 3.
What is the meaning of national integration?

National Integration is a term that describes the harmony and unity among the people of a country.

ICAI Scholarship for CA Students 2020 | Need and Merit Based Scholarships

ICAI Scholarship 2020: Get the details about the ICAI Scholarship for CA candidates 2019 (Merit and Need-based Scholarships). ICAI welcomes applications for the remuneration of Scholarships to the chosen candidates to be funded each year. The qualified candidates are required to apply in the designated Scholarship application.

The Board of Studies (BOS), Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) compensates several Scholarships to candidates, specifically, Merit, Merit-cum-Need based and Need-based and Weaker Sections two times a year. It is given in the month of April and October. Candidates may obtain the CA Scholarship related publications in the candidate’s Journal “The Chartered Accountant Student” inviting applications for rewarding the scholarships.

ICAI Scholarship Dates

The application form filled and signed in the preferred formats needed to be sent to the following address:

Director, Board of Studies,
The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,
ICAI Bhawan, A-29, Sector-62,

ICAI Scholarship last date to receive the application form is 31st March for April term and 30th September for the October term as per the announcement made at the ICAI Website.

  • Scholarship From April 2019 – 2nd April 2019 (For November 2018 Toppers)
  • Scholarship From October 2019 – 30th September 2019 (For May 2019 Toppers)
  • Scholarship from April 2020 – 31st March 2020

List of CA Scholarships

Scholarships for CA candidates at Rs 1250 Per Month

Scholarship Category Number of Scholarships Eligibility Criteria
Need-Based and Weaker Sections 125 candidates of Intermediate (IPC) Course whose parents/ guardians total annual income does not surpass Rs 1,00,000/-
150 candidates of Final Course whose parents/ guardians total annual income does not surpass Rs 1,00,000/-
As per eligibility criteria The candidates pursuing Intermediate (IPC) or Final Course of the deceased members of ICAI where monetary support is granted to spouses of the deceased members from the Chartered Accountants Benevolent Fund (CABF) shall also be qualified for the scholarship.
Sri Dhanraj Kanhaiyalal Dudheria Scholarships 5 candidates of Intermediate (IPC)/Final year from Karnataka State under Need-Based and Weaker Sections criteria
R.K. Khanna Memorial Scholarships 1 candidates of Intermediate (IPC)/Final year under Need-Based and Weaker Sections criteria
J.S. Lodha Memorial Scholarships 2 candidates of Intermediate (IPC)/Final year under Need-Based and Weaker Sections criteria
J.M. Sethia Charitable Trust Scholarships 1 candidates of Intermediate (IPC)/Final year under Need-Based and Weaker Sections criteria
BCCO Foundation Scholarships 1 candidates of Intermediate (IPC)/Final year under Need-Based and Weaker Sections criteria
Out of Joint Corpus formed by Donors 5 candidates of Intermediate (IPC)/Final year under Need-Based and Weaker Sections criteria

ICAI Scholarship Eligibility Criteria

If Candidates want to get off the scholarship, then they have to meet conditions for the reward of Scholarships. Aspirants shall be the enrolled candidates of Intermediate (IPC) or Final Course of ICAI.

Income certificate / Category certification is a necessity avail of the scholarship. Income Certificate to be presented on the letterhead of the Principal by the Student getting experience of Articleship or on the letterhead of any member of ICAI by the Student not pursuing Articleship.

ICAI Scholarship Application Procedure

All the candidates who come under the eligibility requirement can get financial assistance. The eligibility criteria state that the candidates must have a legitimate registration in the CA course/ currently pursuing articled/ industrial practice as per the CA regulations. The yearly income of parents must be less than 3 lakh from all sources of income.  All the candidates who need to avail of the scholarship must address the filled-up application form to the address specified in the notice before the last date, i.e., December 15, 2019.

  • Visit the official ICAI website.
  • Click on ‘Scheme of Financial support/Scholarship to candidates of CA Course, the Year 2019-20 link’.
  • Click on the application.
  • Fill in all the needed information and recommend it from any Central Council Member.
  • Send the filled up application to the specified address in the official notification.

ICAI Scholarship Rewards

Merit Scholarship (For Final candidates)

  • Eligibility: The candidates whose names exist at Serial Number 1 to 10 and in case the rank at Serial Number 10 continues to Serial Number 11 or to Serial Number 12 or so on are all rank holders of Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate Examinations.
  • Scholarship Period (months): 30 or remaining period of articleship whichever is less.
  • Amount: Rs.2000/-

MERIT-CUM-NEED Based (For Final candidates)

  • Eligibility: All candidates (other than candidates covered under Merit Scholarship) whose names exist in the Merit list of Rank holders of the Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate Examinations.
  • Scholarship Period (months): 30 or remaining period of articleship whichever is less
  • Amount: Rs.1500/-


  • Number of Scholarships: 1000 (600 for Inter. 400 for Final)
  • Eligibility: The candidates pursuing Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate or Final Course of the deceased members of ICAI where financial assistance is provided to spouses of the deceased members from the Chartered Accountants Benevolent Fund (CABF) are also eligible for the scholarship.

For Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate candidates

Period of Scholarships 18 months
Amount Rs.1250/- (per month)

For Final Candidates

Period of Scholarships 30 months or the remaining period of articleship whichever is less
Amount Rs.1250/- (per month)

ICAI Merit Scholarship

The candidates whose names appear at SerialNumber1 to 10 (in case the rank at Serial Number 10 continues to Serial Number 11 or to Serial Number 12 or so on, all such rank holders) of the Merit lists of Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate Examination held in May/November each year are rewarded Merit Scholarship of Rs. 2000/- per month. Rank possessors of Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate registered for Final Course will get Scholarship for 30 months maximum or the remaining period of their ICAI Scholarship for articleship whichever is less. Hence they are not required to apply.

ICAI Merit-cum-Need-Based Scholarship

All candidates (apart from covered under Merit Scholarship) whose names exist in the Merit list of Rank holders of the Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate Examination and their parent’s total income is not more than Rs.2,50,000 per annum are qualified to apply for compensation of Merit-cum-Need scholarship. The candidates who would be chosen for a reward of scholarship falling in this category will be granted at Rs. 1500 per month for a maximum period of 30 months or the remaining duration of articleship whichever is less on being enrolled for Final Course.

Need-Based and Weaker Sections ICAI Scholarship

Candidates of Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate and Final Course are qualified to appeal for a reward of Need-based Scholarships. The annual income of their parents should not be more than Rs.2,00,000 per annum. The candidates who would be chosen for the reward of the scholarship will be given at Rs. 1250 per month for 18 months to Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate students and for a maximum period of 30 months or remaining duration of articleship whichever is less to Final candidates.

A total of 1000 scholarships are rewarded to candidates each year under this category: 600 for Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate and 400 for Final Course. Two scholarships are held each year for physically disabled candidates. For SC/ST/OBC class candidates, an additional price of Rs.100 per month will be paid on the assent of a certificate/ documentary evidence duly attested by a member of the Institute.

While choosing candidates the execution of their CPT/Foundation/ Graduation / Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate, as well as parents’ income is taken into concern. Physically disabled candidates or those who do not have any earning person in their family are given preference.

Over and above the whole of scholarships under this section, the children undergoing Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate or Final Course of the deceased members of ICAI where financial assistance is given to spouses of the deceased members from the Chartered Accountants Benevolent Fund (CABF) shall also be qualified for the scholarship.

The amount of scholarship is likely to be stopped in each category in case the beneficiary does not pass the Intermediate (IPC)/ Intermediate/Final Examination in the first two qualified chances.

FAQ’s On ICAI Scholarship

Question 1.
How can I get a scholarship from ICAI?


  • Step – 1: Visit the official ICAI website.
  • Step – 2: Click on ‘Scheme of Financial Assistance Scholarship to candidates of CA Course, the Year 2019-20 link’.
  • Step – 3: Click on the application.
  • Step – 4: Fill in all the needed information and recommend it from any Central Council Member.
  • Step – 5: Send the filled up application to the mentioned address in the official notification.

Question 2.
Where to submit the application?

The appropriately completed Scholarship application form should approach to:

The Director,
Board of Studies,
The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,
ICAl BHAWAN, A-29, Sector – 62,
NOIDA- 201 309,

The form should be submitted before the last date i.e 31st March for April session and 30th September for October session as per the advertisement received at the ICAI Website and announced in the candidate’s Journal “The Chartered Accountant Student” in March and September respectively.