Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 3 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 3 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘Thou call’dst me dog before thou hadst a cause
But since I am a dog, beware my fangs’. (Lines : 6-7)
Where is Shylock addressing Antonio ? Why is he in a revengeful mood ? What does he want ?
Answer:
Shylock is addressing Antonio in a street in Venice. He is in a revengeful mood at this time chiefly because of his daughter’s elopement with a Christian. He wants to satisfy his sense of outrage by harming Antonio.

Question 2.
‘Pray God, Bassanio come
To see me pay his debt, and then I care not’! (Lines : 34-35)
In which context does Antonio want to see Bassanio for the last time ?
Answer:
Antonio knows that Shylock being heartless and cruel will not spare his life, and the Duke will not be in a position to go against the law. It is in this context that he wants to see Bassanio before he dies.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 3 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Antonia :
The duke cannot deny the course of law:
For the commodity that strangers have
With us in Venice, if it be denied,
Will .much impeach the justice of his state;
Since that the trade and profit of the city
Consisteth of all nations. Therefore, go:
These griefs and losses have so bated me,
That I shall hardly spare a pound of flesh
To-morrow to my bloody creditor.
Well, gaoler, on. Pray God, Bassanio come
To see me pay his debt, and then I care not!

(i) Where is Antonio ? Who is he addressing to ? Who has brought him there ?
Answer: Antonio is in the street of Venice, in the custody of the jailor. He is addressing Salarino, his friend. The jailor has brought him there in order to have a talk with Shylock.

(ii) What does Shylock want the jailor to do early in the scene ? How does he react to Anotonio’s request to listen to him ? Answer: Shylock wants the jailor to watch Antonio closely lest he should escape. He reacts angrily to Antonio’s request to listen to him. He does not want to hear any petition – for mercy.

(iii) What makes Antonio say that the Duke cannot refuse to let the law take its course ?
Answer: Antonio says that the Duke cannot refuse to let the law take its course because then the laws of the state will become suspect, especially in the eyes of the foreign merchants. On their goodwill depends the prosperity of the state.

(iv) What tells you that he has already suffered a lot ? What is his attitude at the moment ?
Answer: He has already suffered mentally and bodily and is reduced to a skeleton. His attitude is now of calm resignation to his fate. He is now mentally prepared for any eventuality.

(v) What is his last wish ? What does it tell you of his character ?
Answer: His last wish is to see Bassanio, his dearest friend, before he breathes his last. It reveals his intense love for Bassanio. He is a sincere and devoted friend.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 2 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 2 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘The world is still deceived with ornament’. (Lines : 74)
Who is the speaker ? What is the occasion ? What do these words indicate ?
Answer:
Bassanio is the speaker. He speaks these lines as he broods over the inscription on the gold casket. These words reveal Bassanio’s wisdom and his right observation.

Question 2.
‘But when this ring
Parts from this finger, then parts life from hence’. (Lines : 183-184)
Which ring is referred to by Bassanio ? What promise does he make ? Does he ever break it ?
Answer:
Bassanio refers to the ring he receives from Portia. He promises never to part with it. Yes, he breaks his promise later by giving it to the lawyer (Portia in disguise) as reward for saving his friend’s life.

Question 3.
‘Since you are dear bought, I will love you dear’. (Line : 313)
On what occasion does Portia speak this line ? What does she mean to say ?
Answer:
Portia speaks this line while preparing herself to part from Bassanio who, she feels, must leave for Venice to rescue his friend Antonio. She means to say that she will love him all the more for all the complications she has to encounter to get him as her life partner.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 2 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

What, no more ?
Pay him six thousand, and deface the bond;
Double six thousand, and then treble that,
Before a friend of this description
Shall lose a hair through Bassanio’s fault.
First go with me to church and call me wife,
And then away to Venice to your friend;
For never shall you lie by Portia’s side
With an unquiet soul. You shall have gold
To pay the petty debt twenty times over :
When it is paid, bring your true friend along.
My maid Nerissa and myself meantime
Will live as maids and widow. Come, away !
For you shall hence upon your wedding-day :

(i) What bad news reaches Belmont ?
Answer: The bad news that reaches Belmont is that Antonio has gone bankrupt and has no money to repay the Jew. Even if he had the money, Shylock would not take it as the loan had not been paid back on the fixed date. Shylock insists on the condition of the pound of flesh in the bond because the law is on his side.

(ii) What has Jessica said about his father’s resolution ?
Answer: Jessica has said that she heard his father Shylock swear to his countrymen that he would rather have Antonio’s flesh than twenty times the value of the sum which Antonio owes him.

(iii) What moves the heart of Portia ?
Answer: Bassanio’s praise of Antonio moves the heart of Portia. Bassanio describes Antonio as the most kind, best-intentioned, the most honourable, close friend of his. Portia feels that such a friend of Bassanio should not lose a single hair through any fault of his (Bassanio’s).

(iv) What does Portia’s offer tell us of her character ?
Answer: Portia is ready to pay twenty times the money Antonio owes to Shylock to deface the bond. The way she gets ready to do everything within her means and control to save Antonio speaks of her generosity and kindness.

(v) What does Portia ask Bassanio to do ?
Answer: Portia asks Bassanio to finish all his business immediately and go to Venice with whatever amount of money he needs to save his dear friend.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
‘ Now he goes,
With no less presence, but with much more love,
Than young Alcides, when he did redeem
The virgin tribute paid by howling Troy
To the sea-monster: I stand for sacrifice
The rest aloof are the Dardanian wives,
With bleared visages, come forth to view
The issue of the exploit. Go, Hercules!
Live thou, I live: with much, much more dismay
I view the fight than thou that makest the fray,

(i) When does Portia speak these lines ? In which mood is she ?
Answer: Portia speaks these lines when Bassanio goes to make his choice of the casket. She is in an excited and tense mood. She is a bit afraid of the outcome. She has a mix of feelings at this time.

(ii) How does she view Bassanio ? Is she right in what she says ? How ?
Answer: She views Bassanio as Hercules (Alcides) who has gone forward to rescue a young maiden from a sea-monster. She is right in making the comparison. As she loves Bassanio, she is doomed if he fails.

(iii) ‘Live thou, I live’. What does this line tell us of Portia ?
Answer: Portia says that if Bassanio succeeds, he will confer a happy life on her. If he fails, she will virtually die. The line reveals Portia’s senstivity as a lover.

(iv) How does Bassanio succeed in marrying Portia later ?
Answer: Bassanio chooses the lead casket because he accepts the challenge contained in the inscription on the casket. He rejects the gold casket as he knows that appearances are often deceptive. He rejects the silver casket as silver is only a metal for business transactions. He hazards all he has, and thus, succeeds in making the right choice which enables him to wed Portia.

(v) Mention any four qualities of Portia.
Answer: Portia is witty and clever. Her speeches reveal her wit and sense of humour. She is intelligent. The way she turns the tables on Shylock in the trial scene reveals her intelligence. She is a generous, sincere and helpful. She goes all out to rescue a friend of her husband.

PASSAGE 3.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Bassanio :
How many cowards, whose hearts are all as false
As stairs of sand, wear yet upon their chins
The beards of Hercules and frowning Mars;
Who, inward search’d, have livers white as milk;
And these assume but valour’s excrement
To render them redoubted!

(i) What is the occasion of Bassanio’s speech ? What is he doing at the moment ?
Answer: Bassanio is about to make his choice of the casket. He is brooding over the inscription on each of the caskets carefully so that he may get some clue to this choice.

(ii) What has Bassanio to say about the dishonest and pretentious persons ? What has prompted him to say these words ?
Answer: Bassanio says that many dishonest persons who are timid in reality put on the looks of the brave with bearded faces and stern looks. He has been prompted to say these words on reading the inscription on the gold casket.

(iii) What does he say of ‘beautified’ persons later ?
Answer: According to him, persons who use most cosmetics often become ‘light’ (in character) in proportion to the weight of the ‘aids’ they use. They become frivolous and irresponsibly gay.

(iv) Why does he reject gold and silver casket ?
Answer: He rejects the gold casket because the outward glitter hides the reality. He rejects the silver casket because silver is the metal of commercial coinage, handed by the mass of men.

(v) What makes him favour lead casket and win Portia ? What does it reflect on his character ?
Answer: The dull look of lead casket appeals to him. He accepts the challenge thrown by the lead. He is prepared to ‘hazard’ all that he has to win Portia. It tells us that he is bold, adventurous and self-sacrificing.

PASSAGE 4.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Bassanio :
Therefore, thou gaudy gold,
Hard food for Midas, I will none of thee;
Nor none of thee, thou pale and common drudge
‘Tween man and man : but thou, thou meagre lead,
Which rather threatenest than dost promise aught,
Thy paleness moves me more than eloquence;
And here choose I; joy be the consequence !

(i) What is the occasion of Bassanio’s speech ? Where is he at the moment ?
Answer: Bassanio utters these words as he is going to make his choice of the casket. He is in a room where the three caskets of gold, silver and lead are placed. He stands before the gold casket at the moment.

(ii) What are his reasons for rejecting the gold and silver caskets ?
Answer: He rejects the gold casket because the outward glitter is always deceiving. He rejects the silver casket because silver is the metal used in business transactions by the mass of men.

(iii) What makes him opt for the lead casket ? How does he feel on finding Portia’s picture in {the lead casket ?
Answer: The dull look of lead casket is challenging. The inscription on it warns the person choosing it to be ready to ‘hazard’ all. Bassanio accepts the challenge and is ready to ‘hazard’ all he has. Thus, he chooses the lead casket. He feels pleasantly surprised on finding Portia’s picture in the lead casket.

(iv) How does Portia present herself to Bassanio later in the scene ?
Answer: Portia completely submits herself to Bassanio in utter humility later. She asks him to accept her as she is, an untaught and inexperienced girl.

(v) Who decide to get married after Bassanio succeeds in winning Portia ?
Answer: Gratiano and Nerissa decide to get married after Bassanio succeeds in winning Portia. Gratiano has been courting Nerissa all along when Bassanio is busy in making his mind to choose his lucky casket.

PASSAGE 5.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
You see me, Lord Bassanio, where I stand,
Such as I am: though for myself alone
I would not be ambitious in my wish,
To wish myself much better; yet, for you
I would be trebled twenty times myself;
A thousand times more fair, ten thousand times more rich;
That only to stand high in your account,
I might in virtue, beauties, livings, friends,
Exceed account; but the full sum of me
Is sum of something, which, to term in gross,
Is an unlesson’d girl, unschool’d, unpractised;
Happy in this, she is not yet so old But she may learn.

(i) When does Portia speak these lines to Bassanio ? In which mood is she ?
Answer: Portia speaks these lines to Bassanio after he has made the choice of the right casket.
She is in a happy and excited mood. She submits herself completely to her future husband.

(ii) How does Portia describe herself ? What do you learn about her character ?
Answer: Being humble, Portia describes herself as an untaught and inexperienced girl. She wishes to be better to win his esteem. We feel that she is very humble and polite. She deliberately underestimates her worth.

(iii) What do you think is the most sterling quality of her character ?
Answer: The most sterling quality of Portia’s character is her generosity. She is rich and beautiful, yet she is free from arrogance and petty-mindedness. She does everything possible to save Antonio. No ordinary person would be as generous towards a stranger as she is.

(iv) Who enter later in the scene ?
Answer: Lorenzo, Jessica and Salarino enter later. Bassanio welcomes them with Portia’s permission. Lorenzo and Jessica have come on the advice of Salarino who has brought Antonio’s letter for Bassanio.

(v) What news saddens Bassanio on this happy occasion ? What does Portia ask him to do ?
Answer: Bassanio becomes sad immediately on reading the news that Antonio has forfeited the bond and is in great trouble as Shylock insists on the penalty—the pound of flesh. Portia at once asks Bassanio to go to Venice with as much money and gold as he needs to rescue his dear friend.

PASSAGE 6.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Jessica :
When I was with him I have heard him swear
To Tubal and to Chus, his countrymen,
That he would rather have Antonio’s flesh
Than twenty times the value of the sum
That he did owe him: and I know, my lord,
If law, authority and power deny not,
It will go hard with poor Antonio.
Portia :
Is it your dear friend that is thus in trouble?
Bassanio :
The dearest friend to me, the kindest man,
The best-condition1d and unwearied spirit
In doing courtesies, and one in whom
The ancient Roman honour more appears
Than any that draws breath in Italy.

(i) What has happened early in the scene ? Who is Jessica ? What is she talking about ?
Answer: The news has reached Belmont of Antonio’s forfeiting the bond. Jessica is Shylock’s daughter. She says that she has heard her father swear to his fellow Jews that he would have Antonio’s flesh rather than twenty times the amount of the loan.

(ii) How does Portia react ? What does it tell us of her character ?
Answer: Portia reacts sympathetically at once. It reveals that she is a very tender, sympathetic, generous and helpful person. She is ready to do everything for her husbands’s friend.

(iii) Who is ‘the dearest friend, the kindest man’ referred to by Bassanio ? What has happened to him ?
Answer: Antonio is ‘the dearest friend, the kindest man’. He has forfeited the bond and is in danger of losing his life if Shylock insists on cutting a pound of flesh from his body.

(iv) What does Portia learn ? What does she ask Bassanio to do ?
Answer: Portia learns that Antonio, the dearest friend of her husband is a noble person. She asks Bassanio to go to Venice and pay him three times and even more than amount of the loan due to save Antonio.

(v) What does Bassanio decide to do to help his friend in trouble ?
Answer: When Portia allows Bassanio to go to Venice, Bassanio decides not to lose any time and reach Venice to help Antonio.

PASSAGE 7.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
0 love, dispatch all business, and be gone ! Bassanio :
Since I have your good leave to go away,
1 will make haste : but, till I come again,
No bed shall e’er be guilty of my stay,
No rest be interposer ‘twixt us twain’.

(i) What makes Portia so concerned ? What does she want ?
Answer: Antonio’s words of love and affection in his letter to Bassanio make Portia feel concerned about the man in deep trouble. She wants Bassanio to leave for Venice at once.

(ii) Why is Bassanio in a hurry ? What does he assure Portia ?
Answer: Bassanio is in a hurry because his dearest friend Antonio is in great trouble. He assures Portia that he will lose no time in despatching his business and will be back soon.

(iii) Is Bassanio able to save Antonio ? Why / Why not ?
Answer: Bassanio fails to save Antonio with the offer of money. Shylock refuses to accept any amount as he wants only Antonio’s flesh and nothing else.

(iv) Portia 1ms told Bassanio – ‘My maid Nerissa and myself meantime / Will live as maids and widows’. What is the truth ? Answer: What Portia has told Bassanio is not true. She has in mind another plan. With the help of her lawyer cousin she plans to defend Antonio as a lawyer in male disguise.

(v) What does Portia do after Bassanio has gone ?
Answer: Portia sends a messenger to his cousin, a renowned lawyer, for advice and necessary articles of clothing. She takes Nerissa along and tells her on the way what she has in mind.

Kalpana Chawla Essay | Essay on Kalpana Chawla 500+ Words

Kalpana Chawla Essay

Kalpana Chawla Essay: Kalpana Chawla Essay is an important topic that students must learn about. The essay aims to educate students about Kalpana Chawla – the first Indian-origin woman to go to space. Kalpana had achieved a feat that others could only dream about – she literally went to the stars. An American astronaut, Kalpana was a mission specialist and a primary robotic arm operator onboard the ill-fated Space Shuttle Columbia.

You can also find more Essay Writing articles on events, persons, sports, technology and many more.

Kalpana left behind a legacy that would inspire many others to follow in her footsteps. She is considered a national hero in India. She was also posthumously awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honour by the United States. From an academic perspective, writing unbiased facts and figures is the best way to secure more marks.

Furthermore, students must be able to present these facts and figures in a formal, yet engaging way. Doing so will ensure that students will fetch maximum marks for their essays. These tips and guidelines, along with the sample essay are sure to help students secure more marks.

Kalpana Chawla Essay 500 Words

Introduction to India’s First Female Astronaut

Kalpana Chawla was India’s first woman astronaut. She achieved a feat that many people only dream about. In fact, Kalpana was one among the 566 people who went to space (as of 2020). When put into perspective, out of 7.8 billion people on earth, a total of just 566 individuals have travelled to space. 

Kalpana Chawla was born on 17 March 1962 in Karnal, Haryana. Ever since childhood, Kalpana had a fascination with aeroplanes and flight. She even accompanied her father to local flying clubs, where her fascination with planes only grew.

Kalpana Chawla Education and Qualifications

Kalpana was also a very bright student, having graduated from the Tagore School. Her excellent grades helped her secure a seat in Aeronautical Engineering from Punjab Engineering College. She graduated and eventually moved to the United States, where she pursued a Master of Science degree from the University of Texas at Arlington. Furthermore, Kalpana went on to secure a second Master’s as well as a P.hD degree from the University of Colorado Boulder.

Kalpana Chawla Work-Life and Missions at NASA

Kalpana began her career with NASA in 1988 as a researcher. After securing US citizenship, she applied for the NASA Astronaut Corps,  a unit of NASA that selects, trains, and provides astronauts for various missions in space. She joined in 1995 and was selected for her first flight in 1996

Her first mission in space began on 19th November 1997, aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia. She performed many experiments during her stay. Her flight mission saw her clocking 15 days in space. She safely returned to earth and was eventually selected for the second mission, which was scheduled to launch in July 2002.

However, the second mission posed many technical problems and other unforeseen events right before the launch. Hence, the mission was finally postponed to January 2003. Unfortunately, this would be her last mission as the space shuttle she and six other astronauts were flying in disintegrated.

Kalpana Chawla Death and Final Mission

During the launch, it was speculated that a piece of insulation broke off from the main external tank and struck the space shuttle on its wing. This damage caused a hole to form on the wing, which caused the loss of sensors, and eventually, Columbia itself. On 1 February 2003, Space Shuttle Columbia broke apart when it re-entered the earth’s atmosphere.

This event was captured by people with cameras on the ground as well as other military and government installations. Kalpana’s remains, along with the six other members were cremated and scattered at Zion National Park, Utah.

Tributes to Kalpana Chawla

During that time, the media and many organisations paid tribute to the fallen astronauts through many songs, novels and even naming dedications. The famous English rock band, Deep Purple had released an instrumental song called “Contact Lost” as a tribute. During the ill-fated flight, Kalpana had exchanged emails with the band as she was a big fan. She even carried two of their CD albums to space. Hence, the tragedy was more personal for the band.

Conclusion and Legacy

Kalpana Chawla died doing what she loved. Her dedication and interest in flight and space travel have resonated with countless other individuals, inspiring them to follow their dreams. She is considered a national hero in India and has posthumously received many awards and medals for her work. Moreover, a mountain was named in honour of the fallen astronauts in Colorado, called the Columbia Point.

FAQ’s on Kalpana Chawla Essay

Question 1.
Who is India’s first female astronaut?

Answer:
Kalpana Chawla was India’s first female astronaut

Question 2.
What was Kalpana Chawla’s dream?

Answer:
Kalpana Chawla always dreamt of being an astronaut. Even from her childhood days, she was always fascinated with aeroplanes and flight.

Question 3.
How did Kalpana Chawla become famous?

Answer:
Kalpana Chawla became famous as she was the first Indian-origin woman to go to space.

Question 4.
What are the achievements of Kalpana Chawla?

Answer:
Kalpana Chawla achieved the following:

  • Congressional Space Medal of Honor
  • NASA Space Flight Medal
  • NASA Distinguished Service Medal

Question 5.
What was the name of the space shuttle which Kalpana Chawla flew?

Answer:
Kalpana Chawla flew on Space Shuttle Columbia.

Question 6.
When and where was Kalpana Chawla born?

Answer:
Kalpana Chawla was born on 1 July 1961.

Question 7.
How did Kalpana Chawla die?

Answer:
Kalpana Chawla died when the space shuttle she was flying on disintegrated when it re-entered the earth’s atmosphere.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 1 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 1 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘To bait fish withal. If it will feed nothing else, it will feed my revenge’. (Lines : 48-49)
In what context does Shylock react thus ? What does it reveal ?
Answer:
Shylock is bitter about his daughter’s running away with a Christian. He wants to have his revenge on Antonio, a Christian. Thus, he reacts bitterly. It reveals his cruel, revengeful nature.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 1 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Salanio:
Why, I am sure, if he forfeit, thou wilt not take his flesh: what’s that good for?
Shylock :
To bait fish withal: if it will feed nothing else,
it will feed my revenge. He hath disgraced me, and
hindered me half a million; laughed at my losses,
mocked at my gains, scorned my nation, thwarted my
bargains, cooled my friends, heated mine
enemies; and what’s his reason? I am a Jew.

(i) Where are the speakers now ? Who is with them ?
Answer: The speakers, Salarino and Shylock, are now in a street in Venice. Salanio is with them. Salanio and Salarino are obviously in a mood to tease and harass Shylock who is distressed at the loss of a daughter and his ducats.

(ii) What prompts Salarino to ask Shylock about his intentions towards Antonio ? Answer: The news that Antonio has lost his ships and has become bankrupt is really frightening. It prompts Salarino to ask Shylock what he would do in case Antonio forfeited the bond.

(iii) What does Shylock reveal ?
Answer: Shylock reveals his true intentions in taking revenge on Antonio. He hates Antonio who has harmed and insulted him in many ways.

(iv) How has Antonio insulted Shylock ?
Answer: Antonio has harmed his business interests. He has laughed at his losses. He has scorned his community. He has sided with his enemies. According to Shylock, Antonio has ill-treated him simply because he is a Jew.

(v) Do you think Shylock has been greatly wronged ? How would you justify his hardened stance towards Antonio later ?
Answer: Yes, we feel that Shylock has been greatly wronged. A man who has been harmed and humiliated in public cannot do anything else but think of revenge. Antonio’s behaviour has been extremely provocative and unjustified.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 9

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 9

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 9 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 9 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
I will not jump with common spirits And rank me with the barbarous multitudes’. (Lines : 31-32)
Who utters these words and when ?
What do they tell you of the speaker ?
Answer: The Prince of Arragon, one of Portia’s suitors, utters these lines as he broods on the inscription on the gold casket. They reveal that Arragon is self-conceited and arrogant. He feels as if he were an extra-ordinary person.

Question 2.
‘O that estates, degrees and offices Were not derived corruptly’. (Lines : 40-41)
The Prince of Arragon who utters these words seems to be a wise observer, but then why does he make a wrong choice ?
Answer:
The Prince of Arragon has wisely read of the. ways of the world. Even then he fails in his choice of the caskets because he is self-conceited and arrogant.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 9 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Arragon :
I will not choose what many men desire,
Because I will not jump with common spirits
And rank me with the barbarous multitudes.
Why, then to thee, thou silver treasure-house;
Tell me once more what title thou dost bear :
‘Who chooseth me shall get as much as he deserves
And well said too; for who shall go about
To cozen fortune and be honourable
Without the stamp of merit ? Let none presume
To wear an undeserved dignity.

(i) Who had tried his luck at the casket lottery before the Prince of Arragon ? What was the result ?
Answer: The Prince of Morocco had tried his luck at the casket lottery. He had chosen the gold casket which was a wrong choice. He had to leave disappointed.

(ii) Why does the Prince of Arragon reject the gold casket ? What does it reveal to you about his character ?
Answer: The Prince of Arragon rejects the gold casket because he does not want to go with the common people who get tempted by the attractive outside of things. He considers himself to be out of common. He is self-conceited and arrogant.

(iii) Why is he impressed by the inscription on the silver casket ? What does it reflect ?
Answer: The inscription on the silver casket makes him feel that he fully deserves Portia. So he goes for the silver casket. It shows that he has a very high opinion about his own merit.

(iv) To what extent is he right ? Where does he go wrong ?
Answer: He is right in thinking that honour should be won by merit and that merit should be the sole criterion for high position in life. He goes wrong in thinking that he is meritorious and deserves to be the husband of Portia.

(i) What casket does he choose ? What does he find in it ? How does Portia react on his leaving ?
Answer: He chooses the silver casket. He finds in it the picture of an idiot. When he leaves
after making a lot of fuss, Portia remarks that some people take a very long time in coming to a decision, and thus, choose wrong.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Madam, there is alighted at your gate
A young Venetian, one that comes before
To signify the approaching of his lord;
From whom he bringeth sensible regreets,
To wit, besides commends and courteous breath,
Gifts of rich value. Yet I have not seen
So likely an ambassador of love:

(i) Who is speaking these lines and to whom ? What has happened early in the scene ?
Answer: A servant is speaking to Portia. Earlier, the Prince of Arragon has made a wrong choice and left after making a lot of fuss, leaving Portia in a bad mood.

(ii) Who is the young Venetian referred to here ? Why is the speaker so impressed ?
Answer: The young Venetian referred to here is Bassanio’s messenger. He has brought with him a number of gifts and graceful compliments from his master. This has greatly impressed the speaker.

(iii) How does Portia react on hearing the news ?
Answer: Portia reacts sharply on hearing the news. She is in no mood to hear of another suitor soon after a skirmish with Arragon. She suspects that the servant is overreacting in praising the newcomer.

(iv) What does Nerissa wish at the end of the scene ? What clue does it provide to you ?
Answer: At the end of the scene Nerissa wishes that this suitor should turn out to be Bassanio.
It provides us the clue that Portia has some interest in Bassanio and Nerissa wants her to marry him.

(v) In which mood is Portia ? Who is able to choose the right casket later in the play ?
What does it tell us of the person ?
Answer: Portia is in a bad mood. It is Bassanio who chooses the right casket later. Bassanio’s choice of lead casket is deliberate. He takes a deliberate risk and wins. It shows his adventurous nature and right judgement.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 8

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 8

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 8 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 8 Workbook Questions and Answers

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Salanio:
I never heard a passion so confused,
So strange, outrageous, and so variable,
As the dog Jew did utter in the streets :
‘My daughter ! O my ducats ! O my daughter’
Fled with a Christian ! O my Christian ducats !
Justice ! the law ! my ducats, and my daughter !
A sealed bag, two sealed bags of ducats.

(i) Who is Salanio addressing to ? Where is he at present ?
Answer: Salanio is addressing his friend Salarino. He is in a street in Venice.

(ii) What has happened ? What makes Shylock almost mad ?
Answer: Lorenzo and Jessica have eloped. Jessica has taken with her a lot of money and jewels. That Jessica has taken away so much of his money makes Shylock mad with rage. He curses and abuses his daughter in public.

(iii) In what mood is Salanio ? Why is he so contemptuous of the Jew ?
Answer: Salanio is in a gleeful mood. He is contemptuous of the Jew because he is a heartless moneylender and a stingy Jew.

(iv) Later in the scene he expresses his fear. What is it about ? Does it turn to be true ?
Answer: Later he expresses his fear that Jessica’s elopement with a Christian will harden Shylock’s attitude towards Antonio. He fears the Jew will not spare Antonio if he forfeits the bond. Yes, his fear turns out to be true.

(v) What does he say about Antonio and Bassanio towards the end of the scene ?
Answer: He says that Antonio and Bassanio are great friends. There were tears in Bassanio’s eyes at the time of his parting from Antonio. Antonio was also very sad and serious.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 7

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 7

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 7 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 7 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘From the four comers of the earth they come
To kiss this shrine, this mortal breathing saint’. (Lines : 39-40)
What prompts the Prince of Morocco to say these lines ? What does he want to say ?
Answer:
The inscription on the gold casket prompts the Prince of Morocco to say these lines. He wants to say that all men hanker after Portia, and come from all parts of the world to pay their homage to her. His guess is that the gold casket should have Portia’s picture in it.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 7 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :
Morocco :
Let’s see once more this saying graved in gold
“Who chooseth me shall gain what many men desire.”
Why, that’s the lady; all the world desires her;
From the four corners of the earth they come,
To kiss this shrine, this mortal-breathing saint :
The Hyrcanian deserts and the vasty wilds Of wide Arabia are as thoroughfares now
For princes to come view-fair Portia :

(i) Who is Morocco speaking to ? What is the occasion ?
Answer: Morocco is speaking aloud to himself. He is going to try his luck at the lottery of caskets.

(ii) What does he think while reading the inscription on the gold casket ?
Answer: While reading the inscription on the gold casket, he feels that it is Portia who is desired by all men who are coming to get her from all parts of the world.

(iii) How does he praise Portia ?
Answer: He calls Portia a saint and her residence a temple which is visited by a number of men to pay their homage to this ‘flesh- and-blood’ saint.

(iv) “The Hyrcanian deserts and the vasty wilds … thoroughfares now”. Explain.
Answer: The deserts in Persia and the wild wastes of Arabia have now become well-trodden roads for princes eager to court Portia, according to Morocco.

(v) What makes him choose gold casket ? What does he find in the gold casket ? How does he react on losing the game ?
Answer: He feels that the picture of so beautiful woman as Portia can only be in a beautiful, gold casket. To his dismay, he finds a skull with a scroll sticking out of one of its eyes. He feels greatly disappointed on losing the lottery.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 6

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 6

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 6 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 6 Workbook Questions and Answers

PASSAGE 1.
All things that are,
Are with more spirit chased than enjoyed.
How like a yonker or a prodigal
The scarfed bark puts from her native bay,
Hugg’d and embraced by the strumpt wind
How like a prodigal doth she return,
With over-weathered ribs, and ragged sails,
Lean, rent and beggared by the strumpt wind;

(i) Identify the speaker and the listener. What is the occasion ?
Answer: Gratiano speaks these words. The listener is Salarino. They are waiting for Lorenzo in a street before Shylock’s house. When Lorenzo does not arrive for some time Gratiano gives these comments.

(ii) Explain these words ‘with more spirit chased than enjoyed .
Answer: These words mean that in all things there is more pleasure in the pursuit than in the attainment. Gratiano means to say that Lorenzo is late because he is not that much enthusiastic to meet Jessica as he used to be, simply because he has won her love.

(iii) How does the ‘scarfed bark’ start its journey?
Answer: The splendid bark sails out from her home port very majestically, hugged by the harlot wind.

(iv) How does the bark come back ?
Answer: The bedecked bark comes back with strained timbers and tattered sails in a very bad condition.

(v) Who comes soon after this speech ? What does he say ?
Answer: Lorenzo comes as soon as Gratiano finishes his speech. He begs forgiveness for his delay.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 5

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 5

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 5 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 5 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘There is some ill a-brewing towards my rest,
For I did dream of money-bags to-night.’ (Lines : 19-20)
When does Shylock utter these lines ? What do they signify ?
Answer:
Shylock utters these lines while going out to supper with Bassanio and his friends. They foretell the sad incident of the elopement of his daughter. She is going to steal a lot of his money and jewels, of which he had a dream.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 5 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock :
The patch is kind enough, but a huge feeder;
Snail-slow in profit, and he sleeps by day
More than the wild-cat: drones hive not with me;
Therefore, I part with him, and part with him
To one that would have him help to waste
His borrow’d purse. Well, Jessica, go in;
Perhaps I will return immediately:
Do as I bid you; shut doors after you:
Fast bind, fast find;
A proverb never stale in thrifty mind.

(i) Who is Shylock addressing to ? Why is he delivering this speech ?
Answer: Shylock is addressing his daughter Jessica. He is delivering this speech only to while away time. He has been invited to dinner by Bassanio to which he has half a mind to attend.

(ii) Why is he satisfied that Launcelot is leaving his services ?
Answer: He is satisfied that Launcelot is leaving his services. He feels that Launcelot is a parasite and a huge feeder. Moreover, he thinks he should go to Bassanio whose stock of borrowed money needs to be exhausted.

(iii) What does he mean to say ‘Waste his borrowed purse’ ?
Answer: By ‘waste his borrowed purse’, he means that Launcelot will help waste the borrowed money of his new master Bassanio. He seems to take perverse delight in the thought.

(iv) Where is he going ? Who leaves her home soon after he has left ?
Answer: He is going to join a dinner party arranged by Bassanio and his Christian friends. Jessica, his daughter, leaves her home soon after he has left, to elope with her lover Lorenzo.

(v) Mention any four character traits of Shylock.
Answer: Shylock seems to be as fanatic as Antonio. He hates all ChristiAnswer: Then he is a very crafty person, which is clear from the way he is able to entrap Antonio. He is a heartless, stingy fellow. He is also a hard¬hearted moneylender.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock :
What, are there masques ? Hear you me, Jessica:
Look up my doors; and when you hear the drum
And the vile squealing of the wry-neck’d fife,
Clamber not you up to the casements then,
Nor thrust your head into the public street
To gaze on Christian fools with varnish’d faces,
But stop my house’s ears, I mean my casements :
Let not the sound of shallow foppery enter
My sober house. By Jacob’s staff, I swear,
I have no mind of feasting forth to-night:
But I will go. Go you before me, sirrah;
Say I will come.
Launcelot:
I will go before, sir. Mistress, look out at window, for all this, There will come a Christian boy, will be worth a Jewess’ eye.

(i) Where is Shylock going ? Why is he reluctant to go ?
Answer: Shylock has been invited to dinner by Bassanio and his other friends. He is reluctant to go because he knows that he has not been invited out of love but only to flatter him. Moreover, he has had a bad dream in which he had seen money-bags, a bad omen.

(ii) What information of Launcelot alarms Shylock ?
Answer: Launcelot informs Jessica that they (Christians) have planned a masque tonight. Shylock is alarmed at the news, as being a Jew, he does not like a noisy event like that of a masque and feels that the noise may pollute the atmosphere of his house.

(iii) What advice does Shylock give to his daughter Jessica ? Why ?
Answer: Shylock asks Jessica to close all the doors to prevent the noise of the drum and the fife from entering his house. As a Jew he is against such extravagant shows staged by Christians.

(iv) What does Launcelot ask Jessica to do ? Which Christian boy does he refer to ?
Answer: Launcelot asks Jessica, his mistress, to look out of her window tonight. He says that a Christian boy (Lorenzo) will come who will be worth seeing for her eyes.

(v) How is Launcelot’s news significant for Jessica ?
Answer: Jessica and her lover Lorenzo have decided to elope during the masquerade arranged by Lorenzo’s Christian friends. Launcelot’s news is, in a Way, a hint to Jessica to get ready for the elopement when his father Shylock will be away.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 4

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 4

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 4 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 4 Workbook Questions and Answers

PASSAGE 1.
Lorenzo :
If e’er the Jew her father come to heaven,
It will be for his gentle daughter’s sake;
And never dare misfortune cross her foot,
Unless she do it under this excuse,
That she is issue to a faithless Jew.

(i) Who is with Lorenzo when he speaks these words ? Where are they ?
Answer: Gratiano is with Lorenzo at this time. They are in a street in Venice.

(ii) Earlier in this scene who had met them? What had he given to Lorenzo ?
Answer: Launcelot Gobbo had met them in the street. He, had given to Lorenzo a letter written by Jessica.

(iii) What had Jessica written in the letter ?
Answer: Jessica, who was ready to elope with Lorenzo directed him how he should take
her from her father’s house. She had also told him about the gold and jewels she would be supplied with.

(iv) Why is Lorenzo full of praise for Jessica ?
Answer: He is full of praise for her because he loves her and she has promised to elope with him.

(v) On what excue can misfortune cross Jessica’s path ?
Answer: Misfortune can cross her path only on the pretext that she is the daughter of an unbelieving Jew.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 3 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 3 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘Our house is hell, and thou, a merry devil Didst rob it of some taste of tediousness”. (Line : 2-3)
Why does Jessica describe her house as ‘hell’ ? Who is the ‘merry devil’ ?
Answer:
Jessica describes her house as ‘hell’ because it is the most unpleasant place to live in with her suspicious, unkind and cruel father. The ‘merry devil’ is Launcelot Gobbo, the servant with her father, who was able to relieve some monotony prevailing at her house.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 3 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Jessica :
I am sorry thou wilt leave my father so:
Our house is hell, and thou, a merry devil,
Didst rob it of some taste of tediousness.
But fare thee well, there is a ducat for thee:
And, Launcelot, soon at supper shalt thou see
Lorenzo, who is thy new master’s guest:
Give him this letter; do it secretly;
And so farewell: I would not have my father
See me in talk with thee.
Launcelot:
Adieu! tears exhibit my tongue. Most beautiful pagan, most sweet Jew! if a Christian did not play the knave and get thee, I am much deceived. But, adieu : these foolish drops do something drown my manly spirit: adieu!

(i) Where are the speakers now ? How are they related ?
Answer: The speakers, Jessica and Launcelot, are in a room in Shylock’s house. Jessica is Shylock’s daughter, while Launcelot, a jester, is a servant in her father’s service.

(ii) Who is Jessica ? What does she think of her father and her home ? What does she ask Launcelot to do ?
Answer: Jessica is Shylock’s daughter. She thinks her house is a hell. She considers her father as a heartless person. She wants Launcelot to hand over her letter to Lorenzo (her lover) who would be present at his new master’s (Bassanio’s) home as a guest.

(iii) Who is Launcelot’s new master ? What does Launcelot desire ?
Answer: Launcelot’s new master is Bassanio. Launcelot wants Jessica to run away with Lorenzo and marry him, which is not otherwise possible.

(iv) What is Jessica’s plan ? Why does she decide to leave her father’s home ?
Answer: Jessica’s plan is to escape from her father’s home at the time of masque and run away with her lover, Lorenzo. She decides to leave her father’s home where she feels stifled.

(v) Later in the play, what happens to Jessica and her lover Lorenzo ?
Answer: The masque does not materialize, but Jessica and Lorenzo are able to get away. Jessica takes with her a lot of cash and jewellery. Both of them reach Portia’s place in Belmont.