रिश्ते Summary In Hindi

रिश्ते Summary In Hindi

The short story “Rishtey” is written by Ashok Bhatia. It is based on the sentimentality of human relations. Man keeps relation not only with living persons of flesh and blood but also with trees, plants and roads. Read More Class 11 Hindi Summaries.

रिश्ते Summary In Hindi

रिश्ते कथा सारांश

“रिश्ते” लघुकथा अशोक भाटिया द्वारा लिखित है। यह मानवीय सम्बन्धों की भावमयता पर आधारित है। मानव हाँड-माँस के जीवित व्यक्तियों से ही नहीं अपितु पेड़, पौधों, रास्तों से भी रिश्ता रखता है। ड्राइवर सरूप सिंह आज रिटायर होने वाला था। उसका सड़क से तीस साल पुराना सम्बन्ध था। इसलिए आज वह उस रास्ते पर आखिरी बार बस चला रहा था। इसलिए वह धीरे-धीरे बस चला रहा था। बस की सवारियाँ बस की रफ्तार से नाराज हो गई थीं उन्हें मंजिल पर पहुंचना था। परन्तु मंजिल पर पहुंच कर सरूप सिंह का उस रास्ते से संबंध छूट जाना था। इसलिए वह धीरे-धीरे सभी रास्तों, पेड़-पौधों से विदा लेता जा रहा था। वह सवारियों को अपनी मज़बूरी बताता है और रोने लगता है।

जन्मदिन Summary In Hindi

जन्मदिन Summary In Hindi

A birthday is an annual celebration marking the day a person was born. It is a joyous occasion when friends, family members, and loved ones come together to honor and appreciate the individual. It is a time for reflection, gratitude, and often, setting new goals for the coming year. Read More Class 11 Hindi Summaries.

जन्मदिन Summary In Hindi

“जन्मदिन” पाठ का सारांश

‘जन्मदिन’ नामक लघुकथा कमलेश भारतीय द्वारा लिखित है। इसमें भारतीय समाज में व्याप्त लड़के और लड़कियों के भेदभाव को दर्शाया गया। मन्नू अपनी बड़ी माँ के पास आती है तो वह अपनी इच्छा व्यक्त करती है कि उसका जन्मदिन मनाया जाए। उसके घर में उसका जन्मदिन नहीं मनाया जाता है। उसके भाई का जन्मदिन धूमधाम से मनाया जाता है। वह अपनी बड़ी माँ से जन्मदिन पर केक, मोमबत्ती और गिफ्ट लाने तथा मेहमान बुलाने के लिए कहती है। बड़ी माँ उसे वायदा करती है कि अब से हर साल उसका जन्मदिन धूम-धाम से मनाया जाएगा यह सुनकर मन्नू खुश हो जाती है।

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हरियाली तीज कथा Summary In Hindi

हरियाली तीज कथा Summary In Hindi

“Hariyali Teej” is a Hindu festival celebrated primarily by women in various parts of India. Hariyali Teej is celebrated to commemorate the union of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati and to honor the love and devotion between them. Women and girls observe fasts, wear green traditional attire, sing folk songs, and exchange gifts as part of the festival. Read More Class 11 Hindi Summaries.

हरियाली तीज कथा Summary In Hindi

हरियाली तीज कथा सारांश

‘हरियाली’ लघु कथा सुरेन्द्र मंथन द्वारा लिखित है। यह स्वदेशी भावना पर आधारित है। विदेशी सामान की चकाचौंध देश की आर्थिकता की नींव को खोखला किए जा रही है। लेखक विदेशी ब्लेड से शेव बनाता है उसका मित्र नरेन्द्र उसे कहता है कि विदेशी सामान खरीदकर हम अपने देश की आर्थिक स्थिति को कमज़ोर कर रहे हैं।

नरेन्द्र लेखक के पड़ोसी के घर में उगे पेड़-पौधे देखकर खुश होता है। लेखक कहता है कि दूसरों के पौधे उसे फल और छाया देते हैं। परन्तु नरेन्द्र उसका ध्यान पेड़ की जड़ों की ओर खींचता है। पेड़ की जड़ें, लेखक के घर की दीवारों पर सीलन पैदा कर रही थीं तथा घर की नींव को खोखला कर रही थीं।

लेखक का पड़ोसी अमीर और दबदबे वाला व्यक्ति है, परन्तु जब अपने घर की नींव के खोखले होने की बात आती है तो वह सोचने पर मजबूर हो जाता है। घर हो या देश जब नींव ही कमजोर हो जाएगी तो दीवारें तो गिर ही जाएंगी। वह अपना विरोध प्रकट करने के लिए विदेशी ब्लेड का पैकेट पड़ोसी के घर फेंक देता है।

Hassan’s Attendance Problem Summary

Hassan’s Attendance Problem Summary

Amidst the challenges, “Hassan’s Attendance hassle” also highlights the significance of empathy and a supportive environment. The story emphasizes the impact of information educators and peers who extend a assisting hand rather than judgment. It portrays the ripple effect of compassion and guidance, showcasing how even a small intervention can turn the tide for a struggling pupil. Read More Class 12th English Summaries.

Hassan’s Attendance Problem Summary

Hassan’s Attendance Problem Introduction:

This lesson has been written by Sudha Murthy who is the wife of a big owner of an I.T. (Information Technology) company. She used to teach computer science to students studying for their Master’s in Computer Applications at a Bangalore college. She interacted with many students. She could not forget one of the students. He was Hassan. He did not attend her class regularly. He was often absent. His attendance problem was serious.

This problem was brought to the notice of his parents. But they could not mend his habits. He met the teacher when there was a problem of attendance shortage. Then he gave the promise to the teacher that he would be punctual or regular in the future. For a few days he was punctual but then again he would be absent. He used to stand first in the class by preparing some expected questions. Even in the final examination he stood first.

He left college. His classmates rose in life. They got good jobs. Some of them became rich. But Hassan was lazy as usual. He got jobs at one or two places. His employers did not like him for his laziness and indisciplined ways. He had to leave the job. He became a salesman of computer software. One day Hassan met his teacher. She advised him to be disciplined and active and rise in life. He promised to do so. The teacher wanted to see him as a changed man. But old habits die hard.

Hassan’s Attendance Problem Summary in English:

The narrator (Sudha Murthy) was a computer science teacher teaching students for their Master’s in Computer Applications at a college in Bangalore. She came in contact with many students. She remembers some of the students. She remembers one of them as he was something very different from the others.

He was a very bright boy named Hassan in her first batch. He was tall, handsome with a very good memory. He belonged to a wealthy family. He was the only son of his parents. The narrator did not know about his presence in the class because he was hardly ever present. Once in a while he was seen if there was a class test or during examinations.

The narrator met him more often for attendance shortage meetings. He would beg for attendance in a moving manner. The narrator did not say ‘no’ to him. But sometimes she told him to be more regular and disciplined. He begged pardon of the narrator and promised to be more punctual from the next semester onwards.

The narrator was kind-hearted. She did not like his being irregular but she did not want to stop him from appearing in the examinations because of shortage of attendance. As Hassan was very brilliant, he used to get a first class in the exams. But it was his regular practice to beg the narrator for the attendance problem. The narrator was fed up with his attendance problem. She called his parents to the college and told them to mend their son.

They expressed their helplessness. Hassan’s mother told the narrator that Hassan spent all night listening to music and chatting with his friends. He slept at six in the morning. So it was not possible for him to come to her class in time. Hassan continued in his ways. He passed out of his course, as usual in first class. He was thankful to the narrator. He told the narrator that he wished that all teachers were like her. Hassan parted from the narrator. The narrator did not see him for a long time.

Several years had passed after Hassan left his college. One Monday, a man came to see the narrator. It was the afternoon time. The narrator could not recognise him. He was about thirty-five, fat, with a bald head. He had a CD of the software in his hand. He said, “From a window you can see the outside world but from the outside you cannot see all that is inside.”

The narrator often used this phrase in her class. So she was sure that he was one of her students. Hassan spoke out that he was the regular late-comer of her class. She at once understood that he was Hassan. She knew that all his class-mates had risen in life.

They had become rich. She thought that Hassan too might have done well in life. But he was doing a small job of selling high school software from door to door. Hassan admitted to the narrator that he was very irregular in college. The same habit continued even after graduation.

Summary of Hassan’s Attendance Problem

He used to get up very late and was very lazy. His mother used to get angry but he never bothered about her. He took up a job but continued with the same habits of going late to office and not being responsible. At college also he was careless. He prepared some important questions and got a first class. He often laughed at those people who worked hard.

Today those hard working class-fellows had become richer. He lost whatever job he took. No employer was willing to keep him. He lost one job after the other. The narrator told Hassan not to feel disappointed.

She told him that one may lose the battle but one could always win the war. Hassan then told the narrator that old habits died hard. She told Hassan that old habits could be changed. There is nothing that is impossible. She further said that excellence does not come by chance but by practice.

The words of the narrator encouraged Hassan. He promised that he would try to do his best to improve in life. He took leave of the narrator. She did not meet him after this meeting. She hoped to see him one day. Then she would find him happy and successful.
A Pair of Mustachios Summary

Thinking Out of the Box: Lateral Thinking Summary

Thinking Out of the Box Lateral Thinking Summary

beyond the theoretical framework, “thinking Out of the container: Lateral wondering” delves into the actual-world programs of this technique. It showcases how lateral thinking has been harnessed across disciplines — from enterprise to technological know-how to everyday challenges. The precis celebrates the those who dared to assignment past the familiar and embraced lateral wondering as a way to navigate the complexities of the modern-day world. Read More Class 12th English Summaries.

Thinking Out of the Box: Lateral Thinking Summary

Thinking Out of the Box: Lateral Thinking Introduction:

Thinking out of the box or Thinking outside the box or Thinking beyond the box means to think differently, unconventionally or from a new viewpoint. This phrase often refers to novel or creative thinking. The term is thought to have come from management consultants in the 1970s and 1980s.

Lateral thinking is solving problems through an indirect and creative approach. It uses reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by-step logic. The term was coined in 1967 by Edward de Bono. Lateral thinking is more concerned with the movement value of statements and ideas.

Thinking Out of the Box: Lateral Thinking Summary in English:

In a small village in India an unlucky farmer had to pay a large amount of money to a village money-lender. The old and ugly money-lender liked the beautiful daughter of the farmer. So he suggested a bargain. He told the farmer that he would write off the loan if he could marry the farmer’s daughter. The farmer and his daughter were shocked by the proposal. So the clever money-lender suggested that luck should decide the matter.

He told the father and the daughter that he would put a black and a white pebble into an empty money bag. Then the girl would have to pick one pebble from the bag. If she picked the black pebble, she would become his wife and her father’s debt would be written off. If she picked the white” pebble, she need not marry him and the father’s debt would still be written off. But if she refused to pick a pebble, her father would be thrown into jail.

They were standing on a pebble-covered path in the farmer’s field. As they were talking, the money-lender bent over to pick up two pebbles. As he picked the pebbles, the sharpeyed girl noticed that he had picked up two black pebbles and put them into the bag. He then asked the girl to pick a pebble from the bag. Now imagine that you were standing in the field, what would you have done if you had been the girl ? If you had to advise the girl, what would you have told her ?

There could be three possibilities:

  • The girl should refuse to take a pebble.
  • The girl should show that there were two black pebbles in the bag and expose the money-lender as a cheat.
  • The girl should pick a black pebble and sacrifice herself in order to save her father from debt and imprisonment.
  • The girl put her hand into the bag and drew out a pebble. She did not look at the pebble. She let the pebble fall onto the pebble-
  • strewn path where it immediately became lost among all the other pebbles.The girl admitted that she had done a wrong thing. But
  • she said that if they looked into the bag, for the one that is left, they would be able to tell which pebble she had picked.

Since the remaining pebble is black, it should be assumed that she picked the white one. And since the money-lender dared not admit his dishonesty, the girl may change an impossible situation into an advantageous one. This story teaches us a lesson. The lesson is that the most complex problems do have a solution. It is only that we do not attempt to think in that direction. It teaches us to think out of the box or think laterally.

Lateral thinking is creative or non-linear thinking. It is thinking differently. It is doing something that might be novel and unconventional. in nature. There is another story that illustrates the use of lateral thinking. :A millionaire named Thomas walked into a popular bank in the middle of New York city. He requested a loan officer for a small sum of money dollars 5000. The bank officer asked for security. He offered his brand new Ferrari car as security.

Thomas left the bank with dollars 5000 and the bank employee took Thomas’ keys and drove the brand new Ferrari down into the bank’s underground garage. He assured Thomas that it would be perfectly safe there. After two weeks, Thomas returned to New York and returned the borrowed 5000 dollars plus the interest. They had found out that he was one of the wealthiest men in America. The bank wanted to know why he had the need to borrow 5000 dollars.

I Thomas smiled, picked up the keys from the counter and said if they could tell him another way he could have parked his new Ferrari in the middle of New York for two weeks for just 15 dollars and still get it back in top condition. After saying this, Thomas walked out of the door and the loan officer smiled a bigger smile.

De Bono explains that lateral thinking is concerned not with playing with the existing pieces but with seeking to change those very pieces. It is concerned with the perception part of thinking.
A Cup of Tea Summary