Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 2 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 2 Workbook Questions and Answers

Passage 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Launcelot :
Certainly the Jew is the very devil incarnal; and in my conscience, my conscience is but a kind of conscience, to ofter to counsel me to stay with the Jew The fiend gives the more friendly counsel: I will run, fiend, my heels are at your commandment, I will run.

(i) Who is the few referred to in the first line? Why is he compared to the devil ?
Answer: The Jew referred to is Skylock. He has been compared to the devil because he is cruel, strict and hard-hearted like the devil.

(ii) In the conflict between the devil and the conscience, who wins ? What does Launcelot decide to do ?
Answer: The devil wins in this conflict. Launcelot decides to leave the job.

(iii) What counsel does the conscience give to Launcelot ?
Answer: The conscience counsels Launcelot to stay with the Jew and continue his service.

(iv) Who meets Launcelot, soon after this ? Answer: Old Gobbo meets Launcelot soon after this.

(v) What does Launcelot mean by ‘the very devil incamal’ ?
Answer: Launcelot means to say that the Jew i.e. Shylock is the very devil in human form.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 1 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 1 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘Mislike me not for my complexion’. (Line : 1)
When does Prince of Morocco utter this line ? What is he trying to do ?
Answer:
Prince of Morocco utters this line as he appears before Portia. He is trying to prove to her that his black complexion does not make him an inferior suitor in any way, and that he is not ashamed of the skin of his colour. He feels that he should be judged by his real worth.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 1 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the
questions that follow :

Morocco :
Mislike me not for my complexion,
The shadow’d livery of the burnish’d sun,
To whom I am a neighbour and near bred.
Bring me the fairest creature northward born,
Where Phoebus’ fire scarce thaws the icicles,
And let us make incision for your love,
To prove whose blood is reddest, his or mine.

(i) Where are the speakers now ? What is the occasion ?
Answer: The speakers, the Prince of Morocco and Portia are in a room in Portia’s house in Belmont. The occasion is Morocco’s trying his luck at the lottery of caskets in an attempt to marry Portia, a rich and beautiful lady.

(ii) What is the Prince of Morocco proud of ? What is his plea to Portia ?
Answer: The Prince of Morocco is proud of his bravery and fearlessness. His plea to Portia is that she should not reject him simply because of the black colour of his skin.

(iii) What does he think of himself ? How is he mistaken ?
Answer: He thinks that he is the bravest man. He can defeat anyone. He can dare a hungry lion roaring for some prey. In saying so he is greatly mistaken. He does not understand that the lottery of caskets is not a test of physical valour but of mental and moral character.

(iv) What does Portia tell him ?
Answer: Portia tells him that she is not free to choose one whom her eyes approve. If her choice had not been restricted, he would have stood as good a chance of being selected as any other of her suitors.

(v) Which casket does Morocco choose ? How does he lose ?
Answer: Morocco chooses the gold casket. He thinks that the inscription on the gold casket provides the right clue. Portia, he feels, is rightly desired by many men. So he chooses the casket and loses. He loses because he is tempted by the outward show or glitter.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Morocco :
If Hercules and Lichas play at dice
Which is the better man, the greater throw
May turn by fortune from the weaker hand :
So is Alcides beaten by his page ;
And so may I, blind fortune leading me,
Miss that which one unworthier may attain,
And die with grieving.
Portia :
You must take your chance,
And either not attempt to choose at all
Or swear before you choose, if you choose wrong
Never to speak to lady afterward
In way of marriage : therefore be advised.

(i) When are these lines spoken by the Prince of Morocco ? What has Portia assured him earlier ?
Answer: These lines are spoken by the Prince of Morocco before making his choice of the casket. Portia has earlier assured him that his black complexion does not matter at all, for she is not free to choose her life partner.

(ii) Who are Hercules and Lichas ? Why does Morocco refer to Hercules and Lichas ?
Answer: Hercules was a great Greek hero and Lichas was his servant. Morocco refers to them in order to equate himself with Hercules who may get defeated by his servant at a game of dice. He wants to say that he may lose, like Hercules, while the right casket may be chosen by a less worthy man.

(iii) What is Morocco’s regret ? What does he decide to do ultimately ?
Answer: Morocco’s regret is that courage and bravery which he has in plenty have no place in this lottery. Ultimately, he decides to try his luck, whatever be the outcome.

(iv) What is his fate ? Why does he lose the lottery of casket later ?
Answer: He fails to choose the right casket because he is tempted by the outward glitter. He is misled by the inscription on the gold casket which he chooses.

(v) What lesson does he learn ?
Answer: He learns to his dismay that all that glitters is not gold. Appearance has often deceived man.

Newspaper Essay | Essay on Newspaper for Students and Children

Newspaper Essay

Newspaper Essay Introduction: Newspaper is a publication that is issued daily, weekly or at other regular times. It primarily provides news and information of public interest. Newspapers also cover many topics, such as sports, politics, weather, business, and crime. Most newspapers carry advertising, illustrated comics and other forms of entertainment such as horoscopes and crosswords.

You can also find more Essay Writing articles on events, persons, sports, technology and many more

Essay On News Paper With Introduction and Conclusion

Today, newspapers can either be delivered home or be accessed online. Newspapers can also be bought at newspaper stands or vendors who sell them on the streets. Newspapers also have sections where opinions are expressed – these sections are called editorials, often based on the opinions of individuals who work for the newspaper.

From an academic perspective, Newspaper essay is a very interesting topic, and students can secure good marks for their essays quite easily. However, students must follow the tips and guidelines provided below if they wish to secure maximum marks for their essays. Also, the sample presented here is designed to help students grasp the concept easily and help them recreate the same in their exams.

Newspaper Essay 650+ Words Essay

What is a Newspaper?

Newspaper is a publication, usually issued daily, weekly, fortnightly, or at other regular intervals. It primarily provides news and information of public interest. Newspapers also provide a host of other topics such as business, sports, crime, politics, weather and more. Newspapers also have special sections called editorials which are opinions based on current events, written by people who work for the newspaper. Some newspapers have sections dedicated to comics, puzzles and other entertainments. Almost all newspapers have some form of advertising or promotional messages.

History of Newspapers

Newspapers can be traced back to the manuscript letters circulated during the Middle Ages. However, back in those times, not everyone was literate; hence, important events were publicly announced. This was achieved with the help of a town crier – an individual who was employed to make public announcements in market places or streets.

The first “real” newspaper started circulation in the 17th century, England. The first successful daily newspaper began circulation in Britain in 1702. The first American newspaper to be circulated was called the ‘Publick Occurences Both Forreign and Domestick’. Canada saw its very first newspaper in 1752, named the ‘Halifax Gazette.

The very first newspaper in India was ‘Hicky’s Bengal Gazette’, which was published in 1780. This newspaper was also known as the ‘Calcutta General Advertiser’. The first Hindi language newspaper was the ‘Udant Martand’, which was first published in 1826.

Importance of Newspaper Essay in English

From an individual perspective, newspapers carry a treasure trove of information. It educates the readers about the world and its ongoing events. It can enhance the reader’s knowledge, language skills and vocabulary. Following are the benefits of reading  newspaper essay:

  • Newspapers showcase events around the world
  • It provides general knowledge and tons of information
  • It educates the readers about the various situations in their country
  • Newspapers ensure that its readers stay well-informed
  • Newspapers will help widen the outlook of its readers.

From a broader perspective, newspapers are a vital prerequisite for democracy. It is a great tool to bring awareness to various issues in the socio-economic spectrum. Interestingly, newspapers form the “Fourth Estate” or the Fourth Power – it refers to the explicit and implicit ability to frame issues of the current day. The term “Fourth Estate” can be traced back to the 16th century, where the other three estates represented Nobility, Clergy and the commoners. In modern times, the Fourth Estate is used as a collective noun to represent all media and journalists.

Future of Newspapers

Ever since the advent of the internet, information has been made available online and for all to access. Moreover, online newspapers have more advantages when compared to traditional printed newspapers. For instance, online newspapers can present news promptly (for example: presenting breaking news). Moreover, online newspapers are interactive and far more engaging to the readers.

Some newspaper agencies are also moving completely online – as it helps them to minimize costs. From an environmental perspective, moving completely online helps to reduce our carbon footprint. Also, most online newspapers are completely free, online printed versions.

However, online newspapers are not for all – navigating a website may be difficult for individuals who are not technologically inclined. Moreover, not everyone has access to a stable internet connection. Moreover, most websites can only accommodate a fixed number of visitors on their site, when the number of visitors exceeds this limit, the site has the potential to crash.

Conclusion of Newspaper Essay

Newspapers are an integral part of today’s society. It ensures that the people of a nation are well-informed of the current social, political and economic status of a country. Newspapers have come a long way – from the announcements made by the town crier to the electronic and online mediums. Regardless, these instruments have one function – to inform and educate the readers about their world. We have to remember that knowledge is power; hence, newspapers allow us to wield information in such a way that we can use it to change our future for the better.

FAQ’s on Newspaper Essay

Question 1.
What is newspaper Meaning?

Answer:
A newspaper is a publication that is issued daily, weekly or at other regular times. It provides news and information of public interest.

Question 2.
What is a newspaper essay?

Answer:
Newspapers Essay aims to elaborate the meaning of newspapers and its implications on society.

Question 3.
What are the importance of newspapers?

Answer:
Newspapers are publications that educate the readers about current events in their state, country and the world. It also helps the readers to keep themselves informed about various events and topics across multiple fields.

Question 4.
What are the uses of newspapers?

Answer:
The primary goal of newspapers is to educate the readers about the various trends and situations prevalent in a country and around the world.

Question 5.
What was the first newspaper in India?

Answer:
The first newspaper in India was the ‘Hicky’s Bengal Gazette’. It was published in 1780.

Question 6.
Which was the first Hindi-language newspaper?

Answer:
The first Hindi language newspaper was the ‘Udant Martand’. It was published in 1826, Kolkata.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 3 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 1 Scene 3 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘How like a fawning publican he looks’. (Line : 38)
Who is a ‘fawning publican’ referred to here ? In which sense is he spoken to as such ?
Answer:
Shylock refers to Antonio as a ‘fawning publican’ (a timid tax-collector). He speaks of him in a contemptuous tone because he hates him being a Christian and his business rival.

Question 2.
‘Mark you this, Bassanio
The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose’. (Lines 94-96)
Who is called ‘devil’ ? What does Antonio mean to say ?
Answer:
Shylock is called ‘devil’. Antonio means to say that though Shylock quotes from the holy book, his intention is wicked like that of the devil. He (Shylock) is a totally hypocritical fellow.

Question 3.
On what condition does Shylock offer to give Antonio the loan ? Is there anything ironic about his offer ?
Answer:
Shylock offers to give the loan of three thousand ducats if Antonio signs a bond with him that will entitle him to a pound of flesh from his body if he breaks the contract. It is ironic that he talks of friendship while talking of taking his life.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 3 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Bassanio :
If it please you to dine with us.
Shylock :
Yes, to smell pork ; to eat of the habitation which your prophet the Nazarite conjured the devil into. I will buy with you, sell with you, talk with you, walk with you, and so following, but I will not eat with you, drink with you, nor pray with you.

(i) Where are the speakers now ? Who has come to Shylock, and why ?
Answer: The speakers, Bassanio and Shylock, are at a public place in Venice. Bassanio has come to Shylock to ask for a loan of three thousand ducats. He is immediately followed by Antonio as it is on his surety that the loan can be secured.

(ii) What is Shylock’s response to Bassanio’s request for three thousand ducats ? Why does Bassanio need so much money ? Answer: Shylock’s response to Bassanio’s request for three thousand ducats is somewhat confusing, though it is not totally negative. Bassanio needs so much money to go in style to impress Portia.

(iii) Why does Shylock refuse to dine with Christians ? What does it show ?
Answer: Shylock does not want to eat pork in the company of Christians because he is a Jew. He cannot even stand the sight of pork. It shows that he is a bigot. In fact, he hates all ChristiAnswer:

(iv) What does Shylock propose later ? Does Antonio accept the proposal ?
Answer: Shylock proposes a bond to be signed by Antonio, according to which Shylock will be entitled to cut a pound of flesh from Antonio’s body if he fails to pay back the loan in a specified time. Yes, Antonio accepts the proposal.

(v) What alarms Bassanio ? Why is Antonio confident of meeting Shylock’s condition ? Answer: The penalty of the pound of flesh alarms Bassanio. However, Antonio is ready to sign the dangerous bond because he is confident of paying the loan as he expects his ships to arrive very shortly.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock :
[Aside] How like a fawning publican he looks !
I hate him for he is a Christian,
But more for that in low simplicity
He lends out money gratis and brings down
The rate of usance here with us in Venice.
If I can catch him once upon the hip,
I will feed fat the ancient grudge I bear him.
He hates our sacred nation, and he rails,
Even there where merchants most do congregate,
On me, my bargains and my well-won thrift,
Which he calls interest : cursed be my tribe,
If I forgive him !

(i) Who is with Shylock ? Who is seen coming ? Does Shylock speak these lines to someone ?
Answer: Bassanio is with Shylock. Antonio is seen coming. No, Shylock does not speak these lines to anyone. He speaks to himself in an aside – a way to express what one is thinking at the moment.

(ii) Why does Shylock hate Antonio ? Do you think he is right in hating Antonio ?
Answer: Shylock hates Antonio for being a Christian and his business rival who jeopardises his business interests by lending money without interest. He is not totally wrong in hating a person who humiliates him in public and runs down his faith.

(iii) “Like a fawning publican.” Explain.
Answer: Shylock feels that Antonio looks like a cringing publican (tax collector). He uses this expression in hatred of the man who is coming to seek monetary help.

(iv) What is Antonio’s behaviour towards Shylock ? Do you approve it ? Why or Why not ?
Answer: Antonio’s behaviour towards Shylock later is simply outrageous. He says he is ready to call him a dog and spit on him again. It is strange that he gets so provoked even when he is a supplicant, needing financial help for his friend.

(v) What makes Antonio accept the dangerous bond proposed by Shylock ? What does it tell you of him ?
Answer: Antonio agrees to sign the dangerous bond proposed by the cunning Shylock as he believes that he will pay back the loan before the stipulated time. It shows that he is overconfident and rash, too.

PASSAGE 3.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Antonio :
The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose
An evil soul producing holy witness
Is like a villain with a smiling cheek,
A goodly apple rotten at the heart :
O, what a goodly outside falsehood hath !
Shylock :
Three thousand ducats; ’tis a good round sum.
Three months from twelve; then, let me see; the rate

(i) What provokes Antonio ? What does he think of Shylock ?
Answer: Shylock’s referring to the Biblical story of Jacob to justify his charging interest provokes Antonio. He thinks that Shylock is a cunning hypocrite who can do anything to justify his evil deeds.

(ii) How does Antonio describe a wicked person like Shylock ?
Answer: Antonio describes Shylock as a villain who keeps smiling to hide his real intentions. He is like an apple which is good to look at but is rotten inside. He is like a liar who puts on an impressive show.

(iii) Later in the scene Shylock reminds Antonio of his behaviour. How has Antonio insulted him in the past ?
Answer: Shylock reminds him how Antonio had abused and insulted him many times in the public. He has called him an atheist and unbeliever. He has spat on his face and his cloak. He has called him a dog. He has instigated his enemies. He has done everything to harm his business interests.

(iv) What proposal is made by Shylock ? What makes Antonio accept it ?
Answer: Shylock proposes a bond to be signed by Antonio, according to which Shylock will be entitled to cut a pound of Antonio’s flesh in case he fails to pay back the loan in time. Antonio accepts it, thinking that he will be able to pay back the loan soon.

(v) How does Shylock trap Antonio to accept his proposal ? What is his aim ?
Answer: Shylock proposes a ‘dangerous’ bond which he says he is offering in a spirit of mere fun. He says that he wants to befriend Antonio. In this way, he is able to entrap Antonio. His real aim is to make the best of the opportunity by taking revenge on Antonio.

PASSAGE 4.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock :
This kindness will I show.
Go with me to a notary, seal me there
Your single bond; and, in a merry sport,
If you repay me not on such a day,
In such a place; such sum or sums as are
Express’d in the condition, let the forfeit
Be nominated for an equal pound
Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken
In what part of your body pleaseth me.
Antonio:
Content, i’ faith : I’ll seal to such a bond
And say there is much kindness in the Jew.
Bassanio :
You shall not seal to such a bond for me :
I’ll rather dwell in my necessity.

(i) What kindness is Shylock willing to show ?
Answer: Shylock is willing to lend three thousand ducats for three months to Bassanio on Antonio’s surety. He calls it a kindness.

(ii) Is it really a kindness ?
Answer: It is not really a kindness but a well- thought of plan to take revenge on Antonio who has always hated him as a money-lender.

(iii) What is dangerous about Shylock’s bond ?
Answer: Shylock’s condition in the bond is that if Antonio fails to pay back the loan on a fixed date at an agreed place, Shylock would be entitled to take a pound of flesh from whatever part of his body he pleases. This is a dangerous condition as it puts Antonio’s life to grave risk.

(iv) What contrast do you find in Antonio’s and Bassanio’s attitudes towards Shylock’s proposal ?
Answer: Antonio is at once ready to sign the dangerous bond. It shows that he is over-confident and rash. On the other hand, Bassanio is cautious. He warns Antonio against signing the bond and says that he will do without the loan.

(v) Why does Shylock adopt a pleasant tone after giving his proposal of the ‘merry’ bond ?
Answer: Shylock wants Antonio to sign his proposed bond so that he may take his revenge. So in order to give the impression that there is nothing serious or dangerous about the bond he adopts a pleasant, amiable tone.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 2 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 1 Scene 2 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Who is Nerissa ? What does Portia tell her ? Why is she unhappy ?
Answer:
Nerissa is Portia’s companion. Portia’s words reveal that she is sick of her life and feels unhappy. She is sad because she is not free to choose her life partner. Her father has bound her future to the lottery of caskets designed by him.

Question 2.
Why does Nerissa not find fault with Portia’s father ?
Answer:
Nerissa does not find fault with Portia’s father who bound her future to the lottery of caskets. She feels that he must have got the right inspiration at the time of his death, and that the casket lottery designed by him would prove to be a sound one.

Question 3.
‘God made him and therefore let him pass for a man’. (Line : 51)
Who is being referred to by Portia ? In what tone is she talking of him ?
Answer:
Portia is referring to one of her suitors, the . French Lord, Monsieur Le Bon. She speaks about him in a sarcastic tone, saying that he is not a ‘proper’ man, though God has given him a human shape. According to her, he has no individuality of his own.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 1 Scene 2 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
By my troth, Nerissa, my little body is aweary of this great world.
Nerissa :
You would be, sweet madam, if your miseries were in the same abundance as your good fortunes are : and yet, for aught I see, they are as sick that surfeit with too much as they that starve with nothing.
It is no mean happiness, therefore, to be seated in the mean :
superfluity comes sooner by white hairs, but competency lives longer.

(i) Where are the speakers now ? Why is Portia sad and bored ?
Answer: The speakers are now in a room in Portia’s house. Portia is sad and bored because she is not happy to make a free choice in the matter of her life partner. She is bound to the lottery of caskets designed by her father.

(ii) Who is Nerissa ? Who are happy according to her ?
Answer: Nerissa is Portia’s maid. In reality, she is her trusted companion. According to her, only those persons are happy who are neither too rich nor too poor. Excessively rich people like Portia remain sad and bored.

(iii) What does Nerissa have in mind ? Do you agree with what she seems to suggest ?
Answer: While commenting on human nature, Nerissa has Portia in her mind. She thinks Portia is sad and bored because of her excessive riches, which is wrong. Portia is sad and worried thinking of her future.

(iv) How does Portia receive Nerissa’s speech ? What is Nerissa’s reaction ?
Answer: Portia receives Nerissa’s speech well. She appreciates her feelings and acknowledges the logic of what she has said. Nerissa thinks her thoughts should be better put into practice.

(v) What is the real reason of Portia’s sadness ?
Answer: The real reason of Portia’s sadness is that she wants to marry the person of her choice but she cannot. She cannot disobey the will of her late father who has designed the lottery of caskets for her marriage.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
If to do were as easy as to know what were good to do, chapels had been churches and poor men’s cottages princes’ palaces. It is a good divine that follows his own instructions : I can easier teach twenty what were good to be done, than be one of the twenty to follow mine own teaching. The brain may devise laws for the blood, but a hot temper leaps o’er a cold decree: such a hare is madness the youth, to skip o’er the meshes of good counsel the cripple.

(i) Where are the speakers now ? What is the occasion ?
Answer: The speakers, Portia and Nerissa, are in a room in Portia’s house in Belmont. They are speaking as many suitors from different parts of the world have arrived to try their luck at the lottery of caskets.

(ii) What prompts Portia to react ? In which mood is she ?
Answer: When Nerissa says that her thoughts would be better and effective if they were put into practice, Portia retorts that it is easy to know what is good but very difficult to put it into practice. She is in a sad and sombre mood.

(iii) What does Portia say ? What comes in the way of happiness and prosperity ?
Answer: Portia says that to practise good is not as easy as to know what is good. Man often does not practise what he preaches. This is what comes in his way of happiness and prosperity.

(iv) To what is youth compared here ? What poetic device is used here ?
Answer: The youth is compared’ to a rash hare, which easily skips over snares and nets laid by wise old men, and invites troubles. The poetic device used here is metaphor.

(v) Who enters later in the scene ? What news is conveyed to Portia ?
Answer: A servant enters later in the scene. He conveys the news that four suitors are leaving without taking chance, while a new suitor, the Prince of Morocco, is coming soon to try his luck.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers ICSE Class 10 & 9 English

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers ICSE Class 10 & 9 English

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers ICSE Class 10 & 9 English

Merchant of Venice Workbook Questions and Answers (Passages for Comprehension with Answers)

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National doctoral fellowship (NDF) Scheme 2020 Eligibility, Application Form, Rewards, Selection Procedure

National doctoral fellowship (NDF)

National doctoral fellowship: To encourage research in recognised institutions, All India Council for Technical Education, ACITE has started the National Doctoral Fellowship Scheme (NDF). Candidates, who desire to get admission in ePh.D in AICTE recognised fields in technical institutes, will be presented a research fellowship.

Graduate, Post Graduate Students and Research Fellows can also find more Fellowship Articles to explore various fellowships across India to know the funding opportunities.

The goals of National Doctoral Fellowship(NDF)are Allowing full-time exemplary research scholars by presenting research fellowship who needs to get admission to PhD in AICTE recognised Technical Institutes/University Departments

 for researching thrust fields, To nourish skills for technical research, and To encourage collaborative study between Institute and Industries directing to start-ups. 

Course Provided under NDF:

  • Nuclear Engineering and Allied Technologies  
  • Robotics and Mechatronics  
  • Energy Efficiency, Renewable and Sustainable Energy  
  • Electric and Hybrid Mobility  
  • Smart Cities, Housing and Transportation  
  • IoT, I2oT , and Embedded Systems  
  • Smart Technologies for Agriculture and Food Industry  
  • Big Data, Machine Learning and AI  
  • Drug modelling and development  
  • Nano Science and Technology  
  • Smart Materials and Smart Sensors  
  • Biomedical and Rehabilitation.  
  • Digital Manufacturing.  
  • Water purification, conservation and management.

National doctoral fellowship Eligibility Criteria

  • The fellowship/contingency will be given to research scholars recognised in the research institute of AICTE. National Nodal Centre will increase the method for choosing applicants as per the eligibility standards for award of National Doctoral Fellowship.
  • The applicant must have obtained a combined grade point score of 7.5 on the scale of 10 or equivalent at both B.E/B.Tech/B.Pharm and M.E/M.Tech/M.Pharm. In addition to the above, the applicant should have passed GATE/GPAT through the last five years. For SC/ST/PH applicants CGPA provision will be 7.0 on the range of 10 or equivalent or general applicant must have obtained 75% marks or above & 70% marks for applicants of reserved classes. 
  • The applicant should be below 30 years of age as on 31st August of the year of application yet age relaxation of 5 years would apply to applicants pertaining to SC/ST, women and physically challenged class.

Fellowship Duration of NDF

The term of the plan shall be for 3 Years. No additional extension will be given, though, extendable by six months in exceptional cases with the guidance of Institute and permission of National Nodal Centre. An additional expansion of 6 months may be given on the advice with the permission of AICTE.

Intake of NDF Scheme

The whole number of applicants chosen under this plan per year would be restricted to 150 per year. A number of applicants/Institute would be about 3 per Institute subjected to the availability of positions in the research hub and need of a research centre by applicants. If the seats allocated to the Institution continue empty, these seats will be allocated to the other institutions by the Nodal Centre on the permission of AICTE.

Reservation Policy

Reservation for the fellowship will be as per Central Reservation Policy, i.e. 15% to SC applicants, 7.5% to ST applicants and 27% to OBC applicants (NCL only), and will be recognised at National level.

National doctoral fellowship Rewards

The applicant will be granted the fellowship of Rs. 28,000/- per month + House rent allowance(HRA) wheresoever the hostel convenience/Institute accommodation is not possible as per the standards of Ph.D. Scholarship published by Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education Contingency allowance will be applicable at the pace of Rs.15,000/- per annum.

The chosen Nodal Centre may be issued an amount of Rs.11.00 lakhs yearly for meeting the expense on Honorarium/Wage to DEO/Clerks and for conference prices of National Nodal Centre Coordinator’s Office. 

NDF (National doctoral fellowship) Application Form

  • Applicant should go to the website http://aicte-ndf.psgtech.ac.in for presenting online application form
  • Applicants should see the information booklet open in the above website entirely before providing details in all the fields in the application form.
  • Applicants must only present their application form online by aicte-ndf.psgtech.ac.in.
  • Applicants should get sure that conventional Institute / Discipline codes are chosen, all essential details are duly filled in the corresponding fields.
  • The applicant should present the online application form along with appropriate enclosures specified in the Information Booklet.
  • The applicant should also give an application fee by online for Rs. 500/- in reverence of General/OBC class learners and for Rs. 250/- in reverence of booked class students (SC/ST/PH).

National doctoral fellowship Selection Procedure

The National Nodal Centre of AICTE will identify candidates as per the roles and duties of National Nodal Centre. 

Terms and Conditions

  • The fellow shall present an annual statement on the development, each year by the Research Supervisor, Head of the Department and Head of the Institute.
  • The fellow should submit the last progress report by the Head of the Department / Institution to the AICTE.
  • The fellow shall not be granted for the transferral of award from the Institution where the awardee is presently working for PhD through the whole occupation of the award.
  • The fellow shall dedicate full time to study during the occupation of fellowship and will not be authorised to take any part-time/full-time assignment. Candidates will not receive any other pay or fellowship if granted during the occupation of fellowship by any other source. The quality of the candidature (Full-time AICTE sponsored National Doctoral Fellow) will not replace during the program.
  • The fellow shall provide a statement that if the outcomes of research are such that can be employed commercially by using a license or otherwise economic exploitation and copyright should be with the Institute, applicant and administrator. However, the laws of the respective research institute, if any, in these interests will be suitable.
  • AICTE online gateway will have PG Scholarship gateway like mechanism to release fellowship/HRA etc. amount immediately in the bank account of the receiver through DBT. 
  • The service requirements specified in the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education guidance published vide F. Number 17-2/2014-TS. I dated 18.02.2015 shall apply to awardees.
  • If the growth of the applicant is not adequate as described by the supervisor/Head of the Department /Head of the research institute, the grant of the candidature will be cancelled with instant effect. This will not be revoked under any conditions.
  • The PhD rules/ordinances of the research institute and the affiliating university will apply to all accepted applicants under this project.

Frequently Asked Questions on National doctoral fellowship

Question 1.
What are the eligibility criteria?

Answer: 

  • The applicant must have obtained a combined grade point score of 7.5 on the scale of 10 or equivalent at both B.E/B.Tech/B.Pharm and M.E/M.Tech/M.Pharm. In addition to the above, the applicant should have passed GATE/GPAT through the last five years. For SC/ST/PH applicants CGPA provision will be 7.0 on the range of 10 or equivalent or general applicant must have obtained 75% marks or above & 70% marks for applicants of reserved classes. 
  • The applicant should be below 30 years of age as on 31st August of the year of application yet age relaxation of 5 years would apply to applicants pertaining to SC/ST, women and physically challenged class.

Question 2.
What is the duration of the scheme?

Answer:
The term of the plan shall be for 3 Years. No additional extension will be given, though, extendable by six months in exceptional cases with the guidance of Institute and permission of National Nodal Centre. An additional expansion of 6 months may be given on the advice with the permission of AICTE.

Question 3.
Is there any reservation policy? 

Answer:
Reservation for the fellowship will be as per Central Reservation Policy, i.e. 15% to SC applicants, 7.5% to ST applicants and 27% to OBC applicants (NCL only), and will be recognised at National level.

Question 4.
What is the amount of fellowship?

Answer:
The applicant will be granted the fellowship of Rs. 28,000/- per month + House rent allowance(HRA) wheresoever the hostel convenience/Institute accommodation is not possible as per the standards of Ph.D. Scholarship published by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Higher Education Contingency allowance will be applicable at the pace of Rs.15,000/- per annum.

Question 5.
What is the selection procedure?

Answer:
The National Nodal Centre of AICTE will identify candidates as per the roles and duties of National Nodal Centre. 

Essay on Badminton for Students and Kids in English

Essay on Badminton

Essay on Badminton: Badminton is the most enjoyable game that can be played by anyone. It is an indoor game which is so famous among people. But, it can be played outdoors as well. Children are also found enjoying Badminton games in the streets and participate in competitions held in school. Children, women, old and young men all can play this game. This game requires two lightweight rackets and a shuttlecock made of bird feathers and cork.

You can also find more Essay Writing articles on events, persons, sports, technology and many more.

Short Essay on My Favourite Game Badminton 500+ words

This game is played in a rectangular field known as a badminton court. The court is divided into two equal parts by placing a net in the center of the court. The width of the court should be 20 feet and the length 44 feet. The main purpose of the game is to hit the shuttlecock with your racket crossing the net and touch the ground of the opponent’s court. This process should be continued until the players get 21 points to win the game. It is the 2nd most popular sport in India. 

Playing it requires a lot of energy, speed, and accuracy. Badminton is run by the Badminton Association of India. India has its leading badminton players Sania Nehwal and PV Sindhu. Badminton is similar to a tennis game; the only difference is the ball is lightweight and the net is raised higher. It can be played either by Singles or by Doubles. It is an interesting game, there will be a winner at the end of the game. Even I like to play badminton with my friends, as I feel energetic and active throughout the day. 

History of Badminton

Badminton originated in the mid 19th century by the British Army in Puna, India. So, it was known as Poona. Earlier it was played with bat and wool ball, then it played with the shuttlecock. After retirement, British soldiers took the game to England where its rules were formed. It has been taken from the Duke of Beaufort’s house in England, where the first game was played. It was played in England as Battledore and Shuttlecock with many players. After this, the World Badminton Association was formed to manage Badminton.  

Badminton Team

Badminton sport can be played by 2 or 4 players in the form of Singles, Doubles, and Mixed-Doubles. When 2 players play, 1 player on each side is called Singles. When 4 players play, 2 players on each side are called Doubles. When both men and women take part as a partner in a game it is called Mixed-Doubles. 1 woman and 1 man should be on each side while playing mixed doubles.

Badminton Equipment

The Rackets and shuttlecocks are the equipment required to play Badminton. The racket is made up of carbon fiber composites that have nylon threads that make it lightweight. The end of the racket is a rubber-coated grip which makes it easy to hold. Furthermore, the shuttlecock is made up of goose feathers fixed in a cork shape. A small heavy ball fixed with feathers in a circle on one side of the shuttlecock. Due to which it can be thrown high and moves at a high speed. It is played in a ground which is divided into two equal portions by a net. Badminton shoes are also lightweight for smooth and flexible movement. 

Badminton Rules

Badminton has certain rules which have to be followed by the players. 

  • This game should be played with consciousness and enthusiasm. 
  • Players should keep their physical fitness in order to excel in this sport. 
  • At first, a coin will be tossed to decide which team will serve and which will receive first. 
  • Both the players should stand diagonally across their cortices. 
  • The shuttlecock can be hit only once before crossing the net. 
  • The player should always stand in the center of the court to hit the shuttlecock on each side and the service should be short. 
  • The player will get a point when he/she drops the shuttlecock on the ground of the opponent’s court. 
  • If the shuttlecock falls on the ground then finish an innings. Shuttlecock should not touch the net or go out of sleep. 
  • The referee should monitor the sport and count the points. 
  • This game is played in 15 or 21 points. It should be decided before starting the game. 
  • The player who reaches 15 or 21 points wins the match. 
  • The entire game contains 3 rallies. If both players score 20 then the game is played till the score is 24-22. 
  • Otherwise, the game is played for 29 points followed by the golden point. 
  • Players should ensure that the shuttlecock flies towards the opposite direction of the net. 
  • Moreover, the game has 2 rest periods, the first rest period is of 90 seconds and another is of 5 minutes. 
  • If a fault occurs then the rally will be over. 
  • Fault can occur by hitting the net or by touching any part of the shuttlecock. 
  • The opponent should use their racket to hit it right back.

How to Play Badminton

The players either singles, doubles or mixed-doubles can play Badminton. Before starting the game, the players from both sides have to throw a toss. Then, the player who wins the toss will serve first. One or more strokes begin with service till the shuttle remains in play is termed as Rally. Badminton contains 6 main shots that are clear, smash, drop, serve, forehand and backhand drive. The player uses the rackets to hit a shuttlecock over the net. 

The player can hit the shuttlecock only once. Otherwise, if it hits the ground then the opponent will get a point. The shuttlecock should always be hit facing the bottom, as it is the heavier portion. To get a point, the player should hit the shuttlecock in such a way that the opponent cannot be able to hit it back. The shuttlecock can be thrown in the middle of the players to make confusion about playing a shot. Also, a player can score a point if their opponent hits the shuttlecock outside the court or on the net. 

Badminton continues to play to a particular number of points until the player reaches the limit to win. Since the points are the number of fouls and the limit is around 20-21 points. Moreover, the point limit will be extended if you find a tie at 20 points in the game. After this, if the player scores the next point then wins the game.

Badminton Benefits

There are many benefits to playing Badminton. Let’s see the below-given benefits of playing it. 

  • It makes the body energetic, burns calories and decreases obesity.
  • It helps in physical and mental exercise.
  • It develops athleticism and keeps our body fit.
  • It helps in reducing weight and increasing muscle power. 
  • It helps in reducing anxiety and stress.
  • It promotes social interaction and team spirit.
  • It lowers the risk of heart, diabetes and high blood pressure.

Essay on Badminton Conclusion

Sports play an important role in human life. As people get physical and mental exercise and also enjoy playing sports. Badminton equipment is not expensive, it is affordable for everyone. Children should play badminton to get enough physical and mental exercise. Playing Badminton strengthens muscles and reduces many diseases. 

Nowadays due to COVID-19 Lockdown, people are staying at home and increasing their anxiety and stress. Since Badminton is an indoor game. So, during this COVID-19 lockdown, people can play badminton with their family members to release their bodies from anxiety and stress. People can feel energetic and active throughout the day by playing badminton. 

FAQs on Badminton

Question 1.
What is Badminton?

Answer:
Badminton is the most enjoyable game that can be played by anyone. It is an indoor game which is so famous among people. But, it can be played outdoors as well. Children are also found enjoying Badminton games in the streets and participate in competitions held in school. Children, women, old and young men all can play this game.

Question 2.
What is the equipment required to play Badminton?

Answer:
The Rackets and shuttlecocks are the equipment required to play Badminton. The racket is made up of carbon fiber composites that have nylon threads that make it lightweight. Furthermore, the shuttlecock is made up of goose feathers fixed in a cork shape. A small heavy ball fixed with feathers in a circle on one side of the shuttlecock.

Question 3.
When did Badminton originate in India?

Answer:
Badminton originated in the mid 19th century by the British Army in Puna, India. So, it was known as Poona. Earlier it was played with bat and wool ball, then it played with the shuttlecock. 

Question 4.
What are the different forms of Badminton?

Answer:
Badminton sport can be played by 2 or 4 players in the form of Singles, Doubles, and Mixed-Doubles. 

Question 5.
What is the main purpose of the Badminton game?

Answer:
The main purpose of the game is to hit the shuttlecock with your racket crossing the net and touch the ground of the opponent’s court.

Anant Fellowship 2019-2020 | Eligibility, Application, Dates, Roles & Responsibility

Anant Fellowship 2020

Anant Fellowship: Anant Fellowship is meticulously curated and structured to qualify candidates to create an exponential development, within the candidate’s self, to the nation, and the whole world. Academic difficulty and power have been connected with first-hand, experiential exploration to create an equal balance between hypothesis and praxis, education and experimentation, and between paced-learning and open-ended exploration.

Graduate, Post Graduate Students and Research Fellows can also find more Fellowship Articles to explore various fellowships across India to know the funding opportunities.

Anant National University grants Anant Fellowship 2019-20, which is the prestigious private University in design. This fellowship is the one year full-time for the scholars and practitioners concerned from any institutional and professional experience. Students who have done graduation or post-graduation, mainly in architecture, design, planning, civil and construction engineering, environmental science and engineering, can send the application form for this fellowship program. This fellowship aims to inspire new ideas, skills, and education in candidates about the ‘Built Environment’.

Components of Anant Fellowship

Academic Instruction: The primary component of Anant Fellowship intended to expand candidate’s outlook and support empathetic resolutions by giving candidates the chance of learning from pioneering concepts and ideas in two thematic groups: Domain and Technical, and Societal and Cultural.

Experiential Discovery: In the next component of Anant Fellowship, candidate will acquire from candidate’s own and candidate’s companions’ first-hand expertise, and from candidate’s own values, faiths, mindsets, and constructs.

Live-Action Project: The third and the most critical component of the Fellowship is the Live-Action Project where candidates operate in teams throughout one year to resolve a real-life challenge in close connection with local administrative organisations and community stakeholders.

Anant Fellowship Important Dates

The online application form for Anant Fellowship is now available online. The closing date to apply is in February/March 2019 temporarily.

Anant Fellowship Eligibility Criteria

Here, students can check their qualification for the Anant Fellowship:

  • This fellowship is available for Indian as well as global students.
  • To be qualified for this fellowship, students must have accomplished an undergraduate or postgraduate degree ere the commencement of the fellowship.
  • Students having an educational background in any discipline can practice for this fellowship. Choice will be
  • given to those applicants who have a degree in the field of architecture, design, planning, civil and construction
  • engineering, environmental sciences, and relevant social science disciplines.
  • There is no limitation on the age guidelines to apply for this fellowship.

Reward

Chosen students will get approximately INR 10 lacs which involve education fees, boarding, and shelter.

Anant Fellowship Application Procedure

Following is the application procedure of the Anant Fellowship:

  • The application form can be submitted online only.
  • Go to the official website
  • Fill all the specifications needed in the application form.
  • Upload the required documents such as a statement of intention, resume and work specimen in the designated format.
  • Lastly, click on the submit button.

Note: Candidates can also email application form along with all the required documents to fellowship@anu.edu.in with a headline “Application for 2019-20 Cohort”.

Anant Fellowship Selection Procedure

The applicants who will be selected after evaluating the applications will moreover be called for two rounds of the interview procedure. First will be a telephonic interview and the secondary will be the personal interview.

Role/Contribution
The nominee fellow will take part in various exercises to support the Built Environment operations of the University. In precise, the responsibilities of the fellow are but not restricted to

  • Improving technical and core abilities in architecture, design, and planning.
  • Thinking wide and intensely across subjects like Green Urbanism, Earth-Based Construction Techniques,
  • Anthropology, Sociology, Transportation, and Economics, among others.
  • Getting a more profound understanding of themselves as well others, and also improve imaginative insight.
  • Co-operating with like-minded people from diverse fields as well as bring up a Built Environment challenge with an occasion for real-life impression.
  • Becoming purpose-driven administrators who commit to the broader community by producing unique Built Environment resolutions.

Frequently Asked Questions on Anant Fellowship

Question 1.
What is Anant Fellowship?

Answer:
Anant Fellowship is meticulously curated and structured to qualify candidates to create an exponential development, within the candidate’s self, to the nation, and the whole world. Academic difficulty and power have been connected with first-hand, experiential exploration to create an equal balance between hypothesis and praxis, education and experimentation, and between paced-learning and open-ended exploration.

Question 2.
Who grants Anant Fellowship?

Answer:
Anant National University grants Anant Fellowship 2019-20, which is the prestigious private University in design.

Question 3.
When to apply for Anant Fellowship?

Answer:
The online application form for Anant Fellowship is now available online. The closing date to apply is in February/March 2019 temporarily.

Question 4.
What is the reward amount of Anant Fellowship?

Answer
Chosen students will get approximately INR 10 lacs which involve education fees, boarding, and shelter.

Question 5.
What is the duration for this scholarship?

Answer:
Anant fellowship is the one year full-time for the scholars and practitioners concerned from any institutional and professional experience.

Question 6.
Who can apply for Anant fellowship?

Answer:
Students who have done graduation or post-graduation, mainly in architecture, design, planning, civil and construction engineering, environmental science and engineering, can send the application form for this fellowship program.

Essay on Mobile Phone for Students and Kids in English

Essay on Mobile Phone

Essay on Mobile Phone: Essay on Mobile is an essential topic for students to comprehend because of its far-reaching implications. The mobile phone is an invention that is less than four decades old; however, its popularity grew exponentially over time.

You can also find more Essay Writing articles on events, persons, sports, technology and many more.

In 2019, more than 3.2 billion people had a smartphone, and in 2021, that number is expected to rise to over 4 billion. People readily adopt mobile phones because it is an integral instrument in today’s world. From net-banking to socializing, mobile phones have the capability to do any task a computer can and even more.

From an academic perspective, writing an essay on mobile phones is quite easy as most students are familiar with their advantages and disadvantages. However, to secure even more marks, students must present their essay in the best possible way. It must be engaging to read, it must contain detailed information, and it must be articulated well.

Essay on Mobile Phone 600 Words Essay

Why are Mobile Phones very Popular?

Cell phones are the most popular gadgets on the planet, even surpassing laptops and computers. Moreover, mobile phones are a technological revolution that has made many other products obsolete. For instance, the radio, camera, compass, video recorder, and even the pager are gadgets that are no longer needed.

Far-reaching Implications

All these gadgets are digitally emulated in mobiles phones, often surpassing the quality or fidelity of the original. Moreover, mobile phones have created many new opportunities and niches for people to explore. The most popular among these is vlogging – or video blogging. With just a smartphone camera, an individual has the potential to start a full-time career.

Pros and Cons of Mobile Phones

However, the mobile phone is considered as a “double-edged” sword. We shall explore some pros and cons of this device:

Pros

  • Mobile Phones are very Portable: Most mobile phones are no bigger than the palm of a human hand. Hence, they can be carried around almost anywhere. Due to this, traditional landlines are slowly being phased out in favour of mobile phones.
  • Mobile Phones are Connected: With the advent of 4G and the upcoming 5G, the world has become ever more connected. This level of connectivity helps people to stay in touch in the most remote and isolated places on the planet. For instance, Mount Everest, the tallest mountain peak has 4G coverage – which means mountaineers will be able to communicate or even stream their expedition to the world.
  • Cost Saving: With many cellular network providers, mobile plans are very cheap. In fact, it may be even cheaper than traditional internet service providers and offer more features. Some of these features include free text messaging, free internet calling and more.
  • Monitoring: Parents will be able to monitor their children and stay in touch whenever required. The parents will also be able to track their children, as many phones will have built-in tracking capabilities.
  • Learning Tool: Mobile phones have access to the internet, which means students will be able to learn whatever courses they wish. It is also convenient as students can learn when they want and where they want.

Cons

  • Increasing Cost: Though mobile phones are cheap, a smartphone, especially one with new functions and features are quite expensive.
  • Irresponsible Usage: According to recent research, mobile phones account for 31% of road accidents in India. Moreover, mobile phones can cause inattentional blindness, which means the individuals become distracted by their phones so much that they fail to notice something which is right in front of them. It can also reduce reaction times during critical situations (such as driving).
  • Rising E-Waste: With mobile phones manufacturers releasing new models of their phones every year, old models are improperly discarded for newer ones. This can cause toxic materials in the phones to leach into the environment.
  • Privacy and Vulnerability: Mobile phones have access to our bank details, credit cards and other personal details. A breach in security can lead to these details landing in the wrong hands.
  • Psychological Effects: Mobile phones are known to cause addictions, which can seriously hamper the quality of living. It can cause affected individuals to waste time and resources while their health takes a toll. The most widespread and recent case of addiction was a mobile game called PUBG.
  • Cyber Bullying: Kids, as well as young adults, are exposed to hateful comments and other harassments through messaging apps on mobile phones. Cyberbullying can lead to depression, anxiety and other mental disorders.

Conclusion on Mobile Phone Essay

Mobile phones are the technological innovation that makes life extremely convenient. They connect people across vast distances and provide many opportunities from e-learning and socialization to e-banking and e-commerce. However, we have to be careful of the negatives that come with this technology.

FAQ’s on Mobile Phone Essay

Question 1.
What is the importance of mobile phones?

Answer:
Mobile phones are very important because it is an integral instrument in today’s world. From net-banking to socializing, mobile phones can do any task a computer can and even more. It also connects people across vast distances and extreme isolation.

Question 2.
How do students benefit from mobile phones?

Answer:
Students have access to a plethora of courses and certifications through various online platforms. Moreover, students can learn when they want and where they want.

Question 3.
State a few disadvantages of mobile phones?

Answer:
Mobile phones are capable of distracting people from their work. It can also cause inattentional blindness that can lead to accidents or even death.

Essay on Yoga for Students in English

Essay on Yoga: Yoga boosts the physical and mental energy, resistance to disease and peace in life. It is an ancient art that has been performed by Muni Rushis since ancient times. Moreover, Yoga is a Sanskrit word which means discipline and union. It is the combination of body, soul, and mind with the supreme consciousness. It controls the body and mind, gives relief from stress and anxiety.

You can also find more Essay Writing articles on events, persons, sports, technology and many more

Essay on Yoga

Yoga is an exercise that can be performed to reunite an individual soul with the universal soul. Yoga is a healthy way of life that can be practiced by breathing exercises and poses to strengthen the body and relax the mind. So, it has been considered as science. Yoga develops the functioning of deep organs including oxygenation of the brain and skin. It has been practiced by the followers of Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism since ancient times. So, in those days, people were living healthy lives by practicing Yoga. They survived over centuries when medical science was not well developed.

Short Essay on Yoga in English

In today’s world, Yoga is gaining popularity from day to day. People around the world perform Yoga to maintain peace of mind and live a fit and healthy life. As per the recent survey, around 8.4% population practice Yoga daily in the USA. The United Nations announced 21st June as the International Yoga Day to promote Yoga worldwide.

Various Types of Yoga

There are various types of Yoga. Let’s check the below-given types of Yoga.
Yama
This yoga refers to releasing our body from jealousy, hatred, unlawful desire, greediness, and ill-thoughts.
Niyama
This refers to discipline related to food, sleep, and pleasure in life. It helps to form a good company and ignore the bad companies. An individual should indulge in good companionship, study, devotion to the almighty, and consume a balanced and normal diet.
Asana
This refers to a relaxed manner of body postures. It helps to maintain the fitness of the body and release from various psychosomatic diseases. Without Asana, it is impossible to improve health and get rid of diseases. Students should practice various yogic postures to improve their focus on study.
Pranayama
This refers to the control of breathing to improve body stamina. Moreover, control the upward movement of Prana Vayu, making it flow downwards and expelling the bad breath. It enables the respiratory system to work efficiently by throwing out the bad breath and taking in oxygen.
Pratyahara
This refers to improving a sense of detachment in the midst of attachment. Moreover, a relationless relationship.
Dharana
This refers to a state of concentration on some particular object. Every day the human mind keeps on experiencing different kinds of stress. The stress of the human mind gets relieved while sleeping in the form of dreams.
Dhyana
This refers to a state of meditation. Meditation is a process of mental discipline to attain relaxation or awareness. It helps to release the human mind from stress and strain. It helps to improve concentration by lowering many kinds of distractions in mind. Dhyana helps to achieve consciousness, focus, relaxation, and self-awareness. It also helps to reduce blood pressure.
Samadhi
This refers to a state of pure consciousness. It is a state of being conscious and joining with the infinite. It is also called as Nirvana means the peace and happiness of a soul which itself is conscious.

Essay on Importance of Yoga in English

Yoga plays an important role in human life. People of all ages, sick people as well perform yoga to enjoy a fit and healthy life. But, sick people must take an expert consultation before performing exercises. People who perform yoga must follow a routine for exercise, rest, and diet for better results. Yoga brings peace in life. It improves memory power, self-control, energy, releases us from addiction, and changes our thoughts.

Yoga is very much popular through Baba Ramdev in the western countries. Yoga trainers teach various asanas and breathing exercises for different types of diseases. It shows tremendous results for curing many diseases such as hypertension, obesity, sinus, insomnia, diabetes, asthma, an increase in cholesterol, etc. It helps to control the nervous system, improve muscle power, coordination, and maintain fitness. It develops self-discipline and self- awareness of an individual.

Yoga helps an individual free from stress and anxiety. Regular practicing yoga can bring relaxation in mind and enables a person to sleep as much as required for their body. Even athletes or sportspersons can practice yoga in regular training exercises. So that they can develop strength, focus, flexibility, range of motion. Yoga is a magical way of staying healthy and fit in life.

Benefits of Yoga Essay

Yoga has associated with many spiritual, physical, and psychological benefits. The combination of postures with breathing exercises and meditation can provide many benefits to mental health. It has innumerable benefits and can be used as an alternative form of medicine for the treatment of many diseases. It helps to attain self-awareness and consciousness by a combination of Pranayam, Asanas, and Meditation.

  • It helps an individual to understand the negative emotions that lead to anxiety. They can slowly disengage by
  • focusing on the physical effects of these negative emotions to decrease anxiety.
  • It helps to attain peace by focusing on breathing while performing yoga.
  • It helps to maintain emotional stability.
  • It helps an individual to retain attention for a long period of time.
  • It helps in developing the general quality of life by focusing on positive emotions.
  • It helps to bring relaxation in the body that leads to good sleep for quality rejuvenation.
  • It makes the body muscles and joints more flexible and stronger with increased exercise.
  • It helps improve cardiovascular health and lung capacity by performing breathing with physical exercise.
  • It has become effective for chronic pain like lower back pain.
  • It has become effective for weight loss and maintaining body weight.
  • It enables an individual to give more focus to the sensations and mental capacity by practicing yoga on a
  • regular basis. An individual can attain self-awareness and understand themselves, their motivations, and behaviors.
  • It helps to attain self-consciousness by practicing pranayama, meditation, and asanas for a longer period of time.

Conclusion
In today’s world, changes in lifestyle increase many health problems. People find it difficult to spend much time on their health and fitness.

Modern life brings an unsystematic and hectic lifestyle. This results in long working hours, improper food habits, lack of sleep, etc. Due to this people are losing vitality, strength, and immunity. But, people can overcome these problems and stay a balanced life by regularly practicing Yoga.

Meditation, Pranayama, and Asanas can harmonize the human body and soul. We all should understand the importance of yoga as it cures stress, anxiety, and many diseases. Yoga can bring peace, happiness, strength, and promote living a fit and healthy life.

FAQs on Yoga

Question 1.
What is Yoga?

Answer:
Yoga is a Sanskrit word which means discipline and union. It is the combination of body, soul, and mind with the supreme consciousness. It controls the body and mind, gives relief from stress and anxiety.

Question 2.
How is Yoga originated?

Answer:
Yoga is an ancient art that has been performed by Muni Rushis since ancient times. It has also been practiced by the followers of Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism since ancient times.

Question 3.
Is Yoga a religion or science?

Answer:
Yoga is an exercise that can be performed to reunite an individual soul with the universal soul. Yoga is a healthy way of life that can be practiced by breathing exercises and poses to strengthen the body and relax the mind. So, it has been considered as science.

Question 4.
When is the International Yoga Day?

Answer:
The United Nations announced 21st June as the International Yoga Day to promote Yoga worldwide.

Question 5.
What is the benefit of practicing Yoga regularly?

Answer:
Yoga has innumerable benefits and can be used as an alternative form of medicine for the treatment of many diseases. But, one of the tremendous benefits is regular practicing yoga can bring relaxation in mind and enables a person to sleep as much as required for their body.