उसकी माँ Summary In Hindi

उसकी माँ Summary In Hindi

Uski Maa” is a Hindi phrase that translates to “His/Her Mother” in English. The phrase is often used in storytelling and conversations to refer to someone’s mother. In storytelling and conversations, it is a reference to the mother of a person under discussion the significance of someone’s mother in their life or to emphasize a particular aspect of their relationship with their mother. Read More Class 11 Hindi Summaries.

उसकी माँ Summary In Hindi

उसकी माँ कहानी का सारांश

‘उसकी मां’ कहानी पाण्डेय बेचन शर्मा उग्र की महत्त्वपूर्ण कहानियों में से एक है। यह कहानी राष्ट्रीय भावना से पूर्ण है। कुछ क्रान्तिकारियों ने देश की आजादी के लिए अपना बलिदान दे दिया। लेखक ने कहानी में लाल की माँ के बलिदान और ममता का वर्णन किया है।

लेखक दोपहर के समय अपनी पुस्तकालय से किसी महान् लेखक की कृति देखने की बात सोच रहा था कि उसके घर पुलिस सुपरिटेंडेंट पधारे। उन्होंने एक तस्वीर दिखाकर उसके विषय में जानकारी चाही। लेखक ने बताया कि वह उनका पड़ोसी लाल है जो कॉलेज में पढ़ रहा है। जाते-जाते पुलिस सुपरिटेंडेंट ने लेखक को सलाह दी कि वह लाल के परिवार से जरा सावधान और दूर रहे।

लेखक ने लाल की माँ से भी उसके विषय में जानने की कोशिश की कि उसका बेटा आजकल क्या करता है। कहीं वह सरकार के विरुद्ध षड्यन्त्र करने वालों का साथी तो नहीं बन गया है। उसने लाल से भी यही बात पूछी। लाल ने बताया कि वह किसी षड्यन्त्र में शामिल नहीं पर उसके विचार अवश्य स्वतन्त्र हैं। वह देश की दुर्दशा पर दु:खी है। लेखक ने लाल को समझाया कि उसे केवल पढ़ना चाहिए। पहले घर का उद्धार कर लो तब सरकार के उद्धार का काम करना।

एक दिन लेखक ने लाल की माँ से लाल के मित्रों के बारे में जानना चाहा तो लाल की माँ ने बताया कि लाल और उसके मित्र पुलिस के अत्याचारों की बातें करते हैं। लेखक कुछ दिनों के लिए बाहर गया। लौटने पर उसे मालूम हुआ कि पुलिस लाल और उसके बारह-पन्द्रह साथियों को पकड़कर ले गई है। तलाशी में लाल के घर से दो पिस्तौल, बहुत से कारतूस और पत्र बरामद हुए थे। उन पर हत्या, षड्यन्त्र और सरकार उल्टने की चेष्टा आदि के अपराध लगाए गए।

लाल और उसके साथियों पर कोई एक वर्ष तक मुकद्दमा चला कि कोई भी वकील उनका केस लड़ने को तैयार न हुआ। मुकद्दमे के दौरान लाल की माँ सबको नियमपूर्वक भोजन पहुँचाती रही। फिर एक दिन अदालत का फैसला आया, जिसके अनुसार लाल और उसके तीन साथियों को फाँसी और उसके शेष साथियों को सात से दस वर्ष की कड़ी सजा सुनाई गई। फांसी पाने से पहले लाल ने अपनी माँ को लिखा कि वह भी वहीं आ जाए। वह जन्म-जन्मांतर तक उसकी माँ रहेगी।

अगले दिन लेखक ने देखा कि लाल की माँ दरवाज़े पर मरी पड़ी है।

विज्ञापन युग Summary In Hindi

विज्ञापन युग Summary In Hindi

Vigyapan Yug” translates to the “Advertising Era” in English. This term typically refers to a specific period in the history of Indian advertising, particularly during the 20th century. The “Vigyapan Yug” or Advertising Era in India represents a significant phase in the country’s advertising industry, characterized by the emergence and growth of various advertising mediums and practices. Read More Class 11 Hindi Summaries.

विज्ञापन युग Summary In Hindi

विज्ञापन युग निबन्ध का सारांश

प्रस्तुत निबन्ध एक व्यंग्यपरक निबन्ध है। इसमें लेखक ने विज्ञापन कला के विकसित होने पर उसे सिर दर्द कारण भी बताया गया है। लेखक कहते हैं कि पड़ोसियों की कृपा से उसे दिन रात गज़लों और भजनों के साथ चाय, तेल और सिर दर्द की टिक्कियों के विज्ञापन सुनने पड़ते हैं। यह विज्ञापन लेखक के दिलो-दिमाग़ पर सदा छाए रहते हैं। परिणाम यह हुआ है कि लेखक के लिए गज़ल-गज़ल न रह कर किसी न किसी चीज़ का विज्ञापन बन गए। लेखक को लगता है कि हर चीज़ विज्ञापन बन कर रह गई है। अजन्ता एलोरा की मूर्तियों का केश विन्यास लेखक को एक तेल की शीशी की याद दिलाता है। इसी तरह मूर्तियों की आँखें एवं उनका समूचा कलेवर किसी-न-किसी कम्पनी का विज्ञापन बन कर रह गया है।

लेखक कहते हैं कि देश में जितने भी मन्दिर पुराने किले और स्मारक आदि हैं वे सब पर्यटन व्यवसाय को प्रोत्साहन देने के साथ-साथ एक विशेष ब्रांड के सीमेंट की मजबूती को व्यक्त करने के प्रतीक बन सकें। इसी तरह सफ़ेद रंग के शहद का विज्ञापन और सेब के मुरब्बे का विज्ञापन हो सकता है। लेखक का मत है कि विज्ञापन किसी भी चीज़ का हो सकता है। हम जहाँ भी रहे विज्ञापनों की लपेट से नहीं बच सकते।

लेखक का मत है कि विज्ञापन कला इतनी तेजी से उन्नति कर रही है कि उसे डर है कि आने वाले समय में शिक्षा, विज्ञान, संस्कृति और साहित्य आदि का उपयोग विज्ञापन कला के लिए ही रह जाएगा। लेखक कहते हैं कि अभी तक बहुत सारे ऐसे क्षेत्र हैं जिनका विज्ञापन के लिए प्रयोग नहीं किया जा सका है जैसे दवा की शीशियों में मक्खन के डिब्बों के विज्ञापन होने चाहिएँ।

कम्बलों और दुशालों में चाय और कोको के विज्ञापन दिए जा सकते हैं। अस्पताल की दीवारों पर वैवाहिक विज्ञापन लगाए जा सकते हैं। यह तो भविष्य की बात है, पर आज की स्थिति यह है कि लेखक को हर जगह विज्ञापन ही विज्ञापन दिखाई देता है। लेखक को चाय देने वाला लड़का भी क्लोरोफ़िल मुस्कराहट मुस्करा रहा होता है। तब लेखक को स्त्री कण्ठ की मधुर आवाज़ में यह विज्ञापन सुनाई पड़ता है कि लिवर ठीक रखने के लिए लिवर इमल्शन लीजिए। लेखक को अपने सामने आने वाला हर चेहरा किसी विज्ञापन का रूप नज़र आता है।

We Who Love Books Poem Summary

We Who Love Books Poem Summary

This heartfelt poem pays homage to the countless bibliophiles who find refuge in the company of books. Its lines resonate with the joy of discovering new worlds, the thrill of embarking on literary adventures, and the solace of a well-worn tome. With every stanza, “We Who Love Books” kindles a sense of camaraderie among those who find solace, wisdom, and inspiration between the lines. Read More Class 8th English Summaries.

We Who Love Books Poem Summary

We Who Love Books Summary in English

Books have timeless value. They never become old. They are as fresh today as they were long ago. They are a big source of joy and information. The poet has great love for books. He loves reading books since he was ten. He keeps them on his shelves. Though the binding of some books is torn yet he never parts with them. He still reads them with the same interest. He calls them familiar and good friends.The poet says that great thoughts and great verse never lose their charm. They always stand the test of time. Lucky are those who love books.

The Captive Air of Chandipur Summary

The Last Leaf Summary

The Last Leaf Summary

Amid the changing seasons and the fragility of life, there lies a story that touches the depths of the human spirit – “The Last Leaf.” Set against the backdrop of a quaint neighborhood, this timeless narrative explores the interconnectedness of life, art, and the will to endure even in the face of adversity. Read More Class 9th English Summaries.

The Last Leaf Summary

The Last Leaf Introduction:

This story is based on the idea that our way of thinking has a deep effect on our life. If we have a positive approach towards life, we remain happy and enjoy good health. But if our way of thinking is negative, it always results in misery, unhappiness and even death. If a patient thinks positively and hopefully, it can help the doctor a great deal in curing him. Otherwise, he can’t hope to get well in spite of the best efforts on the part of the doctor.

The Last Leaf Summary in English

A girl named Johnsy catches pneumonia. Her bed was near the window which overlooked the brick wall of the opposite house. A very old ivy vine climbed half-way up the brick wall. It was winter and its leaves were falling. A strange idea took hold of Johnsy’s mind. She began to think that when the last ivy leaf fell, she would also pass away.
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Her condition went from bad to worse with the falling of each leaf from the ivy. Her friend, Sue, tried her best to get this foolish idea out of Johnsy’s mind but in vain. When only one leaf was left on the ivy, Johnsy began to prepare herself for death. Then Sue thought of a plan to save the life of her friend. When Johnsy was asleep at night. Sue went to an old painter named Behrman. It was raining hard and the last ivy leaf fell during the night. Behrman painted a leaf in green colour, which looked exactly like the real leaf.

Summary of The Last Leaf

Next morning when Johnsy woke up, she began to wait for the last leaf to fall. But the leaf didn’t fall even after two days and two nights. It filled Johnsy with a new hope. Her condition began to improve. When she was completely out of danger, Sue told her that the last leaf was not the real leaf, but a mere painting by Behrman. She also told her that Behrman worked in rain during the night and caught pneumonia. He died the next day. Behrman had desired all his life to paint a masterpiece but had never been able to begin it. But the last leaf that he painted before his death, really proved a masterpiece.
The Model Millionaire Summary

The Bewitched Jacket Summary

The Bewitched Jacket Summary

Step into a world where clothing holds secrets, and garments possess an uncanny power of their own – “The Bewitched Jacket.” In this captivating tale of enchantment and intrigue, the boundaries between reality and the supernatural blur, leaving readers spellbound by the twists and turns that unfold. Read More Class 9th English Summaries.

The Bewitched Jacket Summary

The Bewitched Jacket Introduction:

It is a mystery story. The narrator meets a stranger at a party. The stranger is wearing nicely tailored clothes. The narrator asks him the name of the tailor. He goes to the same tailor and orders a suit for himself. When the narrator asks him its price, the tailor says that there is no hurry. After three weeks, the narrator gets his suit.

It is a jacket, a pair of trousers and a vest. By chance, the narrator puts his hand in the right pocket of the jacket. He finds in it a ten thousand lira note. The narrator thinks that the tailor must have put it there and forgotten about it. But he is surprised when the same thing happens every time he puts his hand in the pocket. In one night, he collects 58 million lire.

But the next morning there is news of a bank robbery of 58 million. The narrator is filled with fear. Still he works the next night and collects 135 million. This time there is news of a big fire in which more than 135 million is lost in cash. The narrator notes that every time he collects money from his pocket, something bad happens in the world. However, he grows very rich. He buys a big villa and has big automobiles. He has a good amount of money in his bank also. But then one morning, it is found that an old woman has committed suicide.

She lived in the same building in which the narrator had lived for a long time. She commits suicide because she had mislaid her monthly pension of 30 thousand lire. The same amount of money the narrator had collected from his pocket the day before. He can bear it no longer and doesn’t want to keep the jacket with him. He goes to a hilly place and burns the jacket. When he comes back, he finds that his car, his villa and his bank balance have all disappeard. Now he fears that someday the cursed tailor will come and ask for his bill.

Note : Lira used to be an Italian unit of money, the plural form of which was lire.

The Bewitched Jacket Summary in English

One night the narrator met a man about forty years old. The man looked handsome because of his clothes. The narrator did not know who he was. He had met him for the first time. But he praised him for his clothes. The man seemed to be a gentle person, but looked a little sad. The narrator liked his clothes so much that he asked him who his tailor was.

The man smiled curiously. He said that nearly no one knew that tailor, yet he was a great master. The narrator asked him if he was an expensive tailor. At this the stranger replied, “I don’t know. He made me this suit three years ago, and still he has not sent me the bill.” He told the narrator that the tailor’s name was Alfonso Corticella and that he lived at via Ferrara. The narrator found out the tailor’s house. He was a little old man. His hair was dyed black.

The narrator asked him to make him a suit. The tailor selected a piece of cloth for the narrator and took his measurements. He offered to come to the narrator’s house for the fitting. When the narrator asked him the price, the tailor said that there was no hurry. The narrator got the suit after three weeks. It was a masterpiece but he did not feel like wearing it. It was only after some weeks that he decided to wear it. It was a Tuesday in April and it was raining. The narrator says that he will never forget that day.

The narrator was at his office. He put his hand into the pocket of his jacket. There was a piece of paper in it. The narrator thought it was the tailor’s bill. But when he took it out, it was a ten-thousand-lira note. The narrator thought the tailor might have put it there and then forgotten about it. So he called his secretary to write a letter to the tailor. But before the secretary came, he had felt another piece of paper in his pocket. He turned as pale as death.

Summary of The Bewitched Jacket

In the meantime, the secretary came in. She asked the narrator if he was feeling ill. The narrator said it was just a little dizziness. He sent her back saying that he would dictate the letter later. When she had gone, he took out the piece of paper from his pocket. It was another ten-thousand-lira note. Then he tried a third time. And a third banknote came out.

The narrator left the office and went home. He shut the doors and lowered the blinds. He started taking out the notes. There was a heap of notes before him. He counted them. There were 58 million lire. He emptied an old trunk and hid the money in it.

The maid came in the morning. She saw the narrator in bed wearing a suit. She looked surprised. The narrator told her that he had drunk a little too much the night before. The maid asked the narrator to take off the suit so that she could brush it. But the narrator said that he had to go out immediately and had no time to change. He went to a garment store and bought another suit of the same kind. He decided to leave this one in the maid’s care, and hide the other one in a safe place.

But there was news in the morning papers which dampened his joy. There was news of a bank robbery. A bank’s car was carrying money to the main office. Four criminals stopped it and killed a man. They took away all the money. It was 58 million lire. This incident left the narrator a little confused. But the same evening he set to work again. He was already rich but he wanted to become richer. This time he got 135 million.

In the morning papers, there was again news. A terrible fire had destroyed a warehouse in which more than 135 million were lost in cash. Two firemen were also killed while putting out the fire. The narrator now knew that the money in his pocket was coming from crimes, blood and death. But he didn’t blame himself for it. He continued drawing more and more money from his jacket. He bought a huge villa and had big automobiles to drive around.

One morning, an old woman was found dead in the same building where the narrator had lived for many years. She had killed herself because she had mislaid her monthly pension of 30 thousand lire. The narrator had drawn the same amount from his jacket a day before. He realised that every time he drew money from his pocket, there was something bad in the world. He could bear it no longer. He decided to destroy his jacket.

The narrator took his car and went to a hilly place. There he burnt the jacket to ashes. As the flames were dying out, he heard a human voice. It said, “Too late, too late !” The narrator tried to find who it was, but he could see none there.

However, he was happy that he had got rid of the jacket. But when he came back he saw that his car, his villa and his savings account had disappeared. There was nothing but dust in the old trunk. He became sad and worried. But no one took any notice of him. He had a constant fear that some day the cursed tailor would come and ask for the payment of his bill.

The Frog and the Nightingale Summary

A Letter to God Summary

A Letter to God Summary

In the hustle and bustle of our lives, have you ever wished you could write a letter to a higher power? “A Letter to God” encapsulates the essence of human faith and desires through a poignant story that unfolds in a remote village. This timeless tale raises thought-provoking questions about the nature of belief and the power of hope. Read More Class 9th English Summaries.

A Letter to God Summary

A Letter to God Introduction:

Lencho was, a poor farmer. He was very hard-working. Once there was a hailstorm. It destroyed his crops completely. Lencho had great faith in God. He wrote a letter to God. He asked God to send him money. The postmaster saw this letter. He decided to help Lencho. He collected some money. He put it inside an envelope. Lencho came to the post office to check his mail. The post office people gave him the envelope. Lencho opened the envelope. He took out the money and counted it. He found that it was less than he had asked for. He wrote another letter to God. He asked God to send him the rest of the money. But he wanted Him not to send the money through the mail. He said that the post office people were a bunch of crooks.

A Letter to God Summary in English

Lencho was a poor farmer. He was very hard-working. He was expecting a good harvest after the rains. Lencho waited expectantly for the rains. The rain did come but it came with hailstorm and destroyed his crop completely. Lencho’s soul was filled with sadness. He had firm faith in God. He believed that God would not let him starve. He, therefore, wrote a letter to God, asking Him to send one hundred pesos. (Peso is a unit of money in many Latin American countries and the Philippines.) Lencho then went to the post-office. He fixed a stamp on the letter and put it in the mail-box.

One of the postmen laughed to find in the mail a letter addressed to God. He showed it to the postmaster. The postmaster also laughed on seeing the letter. But immediately he became serious. He admired the faith of the man and decided to help him. He asked for contribution from his employees. He himself also gave a part of his salary. Though he could not collect one hundred pesos, yet he was able to send the farmer a little more than half of it. The postmaster put the money inside an envelope and addressed it to Lencho. He also put into the envelope a letter. But his letter had only one single word written on it. The word was in the form of a signature — God.

Summary of A Letter to God

The next Sunday Lencho went to the post-office to ask if there was any letter for him. The postman took out a letter and handed it over to Lencho. Lencho was not surprised on seeing the money in the envelope. He was rather angry when he counted the money. There were only seventy pesos in the envelope. Lencho was sure God could not have made a mistake. So he wrote another letter to God asking him to send him the rest of the money. He also wrote to God not to send the money through the mail because he thought that the post-office employees were a bunch of crooks.
Mahatma Gandhi Summary

Don’t Quit Poem Summary

Don’t Quit Poem Summary

The “Don’t Quit” poem elegantly weaves a tapestry of encouragement and determination, urging readers to press on despite the trials they encounter. It embodies the essence of unwavering resolve and the refusal to succumb to defeat. The poem’s verses, like a gentle hand on the shoulder, implore us to weather life’s storms, reminding us that our trials are but temporary, and the dawn of success awaits those who persist. Read More Class 8th English Summaries.

Don’t Quit Poem Summary

Don’t Quit Summary in English

This is an inspirational poem. It demands us to be firm in our efforts. We should never lose heart and quit. The struggle must go on. Sometimes in life, we are faced with odd situations. Our job seems to us an uphill task. We wish to smile, but we have to sigh. Our cares press us down. We look for good days but bad luck surrounds us. There are so many other such situations like this too.Man often quits in hard times. He leaves his efforts when

Sister Nivedita Summary

The Earth Needs You Poem Summary

The Earth Needs You Poem Summary

Amidst the hustle and bustle of our daily lives, it’s easy to forget the profound connection we share with our planet. “The Earth Needs You,” a poignant and thought-provoking poem, serves as a gentle yet urgent reminder of our responsibility towards the environment. In a world where the echoes of nature often go unheard, this poetic masterpiece calls upon each of us to be the stewards of change, to embrace sustainability, and to safeguard the Earth for generations to come. Read More Class 8th English Summaries.

The Earth Needs You Poem Summary

The Earth Needs You Summary in English

The single-use plastic is a demon. Its increasing use can gulp down our earth any time. It may be cheap. But it does not decay easily. It travels from place to place and flows down to the seas, oceans and rivers. If gets tangled in trees. Thus marine life and the life on earth gets choked. It we want to save our Earth, we must lower the use of single-use plastic, otherwise, we will be heading toward a dark future.
One Thousand Dollars Summary

The King who Limped Summary

The King who Limped Summary

Have you ever wondered about the extraordinary individuals who, despite their physical limitations, managed to leave an indelible mark on history? The tale of “The King who Limped” is one that resonates with the triumph of human spirit over adversity. This intriguing account delves into the life of a monarch who faced a unique challenge yet wielded immense power, guiding a kingdom through both the heights of prosperity and the depths of turmoil. Read More Class 9th English Summaries.

The King who Limped Summary

The King who Limped Introduction:

It is a simple, humorous play. It makes fun of people who try to please others by flattery. They are sycophants. They have no worth of their own. Such people don’t deserve the position they hold. They use flattery as a tool to maintain their position. But a wise person at once sees through their cunning and keeps them at arm’s length. In this play, a new king comes to his court limping and wearing a funny hat. He wants to see if there are any sycophants in his court. In order to please the King, the Prime Minister, the Chancellor and a fat lady-in-waiting start limping. They also get the kind of hat the King is wearing. The King at once sees that these people have no worth at all. They don’t know how to decide even a simple case. The King removes these sycophants from their positions. He appoints those who really deserve it.

The King who Limped Summary in English

The play opens in the Audience Room of the King’s palace. The Prime Minister, the has ncellor, two Ladies-in-waiting and a Courtier are waiting for the new King. None of them – seen the new King before and they are anxious to meet him.From the way they behave in the King’s absence, we get an idea of what kind of people they are. Of the two ladies-in-waiting, the First Lady is tall and slim. The Second Lady is short and very fat. The Prime Minister starts talking foolishly. The First Lady calls him silly.

The Second Lady says that it does not matter how silly he is if he is the Prime Minister. The Chancellor is sitting on the arm of the King’s throne. The Prime Minister at once goes up the steps, pushes the Chancellor away, and sits on the throne. Seeing this, the courtier says meaningfully, “I expect the Prime Minister found the steps hard.” Then through the window, he says that it is raining outside, yet there are crowds of people in the street. Among them he sees the new King coming and says, “Well, that’s queer !”

Second Lady : What’s queer ?
Courtier : Never mind; you’ll soon see.
Second Lady : I do hope he is handsome.
Chancellor : Of course, he is handsome.
Prime Minister : I do hope he won’t want his own way too much.
Chancellor : Of course, he won’t want his own way too much.
Courtier : Why shouldn’t he want his own way

The sound of a trumpet is heard. Both the Prime Minister and the Chancellor try to look important and take positions on either side of the throne. The King enters with the blowing of trumpets. He is wearing a bowler hat and walks with a big limp. Behind him is a Page carrying a dog on a cushion. Behind the Page, there are two Neighbours. Each of them is holding a chain attached to the dog’s collar. The King goes up to the throne. Everyone looks astonished at the King’s unusual appearance. The Second Lady says in a whisper that the King is wearing a funny hat. The Prime Minister whispers that the King limps.

The Prime Minister wants to know about the two meñ the King has brought with him. The King says that he had seen them fighting in the street and brought them with him to settle their dispute. The Chancellor says that it is unusual to bring common people into the · palace. At this the King says, “What did you expect me to do ? Let them go on fighting ?”

The King sees everyone staring at his bowler hat. He asks them what wrong is with his hat. The Chancellor says that their previous King used to wear a crown. The King says, “What ! In this blazing sun ?” He says that he was wearing a hat to save himself from sunstroke. At once the Chancellor takes off his coronet and hands it to a servant. Both the Prime Minister and the Chancellor get for themselves the bowler hats to wear. They start limping also like the King. The King asks them what trouble they have.

The Prime Minister says that he has got a cramp in his leg. The Chancellor says that he has rheumatism. The Second Lady is also seen limping. She says she has sprained her ankle. Both the First Lady and the Courtier behave in their normal, natural manner. The King asks them if there is nothing wrong with them. Both of them say that they have always been very healthy.

Summary of The King who Limped

The Pointing to the two Neighbours, the King asks the Prime Minister what he should do w them. The Prime Minister says that both of them should be put in prison.

King : What for?
Chancellor : For causing a breach of peace.
Second Lady : What is a breach of peace ?
First Lady : Be quiet. You are one !
King : (To the Courtier) What would you do ?
Courtier : I would listen to what they have to say.

At this, the King asks the two Neighbours what they have to say for themselves. The First Neighbour says that he had found the dog starving in the street. He took the dog home and fed it for three months. The Second Neighbour calls the First Neighbour a liar. He says that the dog was his, and it was given to him by his brother. When the King asks him to go and fetch his brother, he says that his brother is dead. Thus it becomes difficult to decide who the real owner is.

King : What is to be done now?
Courtier : Keep the dog yourself, Your Majesty. Then no one can quarrel about it.
King : But I don’t care for dogs. I like cats better.
First Lady : Why not divide the dog in two and give them half each?

The First Neighbour at once agrees to it. But the Second one says, “Let him keep the dog, Your Majesty. It is a good little dog. I cannot bear to see it harmed. Let him have the dog.” The King at once knows the truth. He gives the dog to the Second Neighbour and sends the First one to prison. Then he gets up, takes off his bowler hat and puts it on the throne. Now he walks quite naturally and comes to the Chancellor.

King : Have you still got rheumatism?
Chancellor : Your Majesty, the pain is going off.
King : Why are you wearing a bowler hat ? It looks funny.
Chancellor : Because it is a sunny day, as you yourself said, Your Majesty.
King : Rubbish ! You limped because I limped.

You wore a bowler hat because I wore one. It is raining outside, but you say it is a sunny day, because I said it was a sunny day. You are what they call a sycophant. ………… I put on a limp and wore a funny hat to find out, if there were any honest people in the court. I have found two.

The King removes the Chancellor, the Prime Minister and the Second Lady-in-waiting from the positions they are holding. He makes the Courtier his Prime Minister and the First Lady the chief Lady-in-waiting. And he orders his men to take the bowler hats to the town museum and put them there.

Peace Summary

In the Flood Summary

In the Flood Summary

Have you ever wondered what happens when the skies open up, and rivers breach their banks? In the flood summary, we delve into the untamed forces of nature that bring both awe and devastation. Can humanity truly predict and control the torrents that reshape our landscapes? Read More Class 9th English Summaries.

In the Flood Summary

In the Flood Introduction:

It is a touching story of a dog who guards his master’s house till the end of his life. But his master doesn’t care for him when there are floods. He leaves with his wife and children and has no thought of the poor dog. The dog keeps waiting for two nights. But nobody comes to his rescue. Two thieves come there in a boat. The dog barks at them and tries to frighten them away. He even bites one of the thieves. The other thief hits him in his belly with a pole. The poor animal cries in pain. At night, he is caught by a crocodile and pulled into the water.

The flood water begins to recede after a few days. The master comes there looking for the dog. He finds the dog dead under a coconut tree. The dog is all rotten. One of his ears has been bitten off. The master turns the dog over with his toe. He is not certain whether it is his dog.

In the Flood Summary in English

There were floods and the villagers had left for dry land. Many of them had gone to the temple which was the highest point in the village. Even this temple was neck-deep in water. There was water and water everywhere.
In the Flood Summary img-1
Chenna Paraya was yet in his cottage. He had been braving the flood for two nights and a day. He had no boat to escape. His landlord had left three days ago. Chenna had made a raised platform in his hut. He had been staying there with his wife and kids. A cat and a dog were also with them. Chenna had not left for fear of thieves. In the plot around his cottage, chere were a few banana trees and a haystack. He could not leave them at the mercy of thieves.

Chenna felt that their end was near. For three days, it had been raining heavily and continuously. Their hut could go under water any time. Chenna broke open a part of the thatched roof. He came out through it and looked around. At some distance there was a boat. He cried aloud to the boatmen. Luckily, they heard him and came to his help. Chenna, his wife and the kids came upon the rooftop. They got into the boat. The cat also jumped in. But no one took notice of the dog. He was still sniffing around in one corner of the hut. The boat started moving. It was soon in mid-water.

Heavy rain started again. A huge crocodile came near the hut. The dog lowered his tail in fear. But the crocodile went away without doing any harm. The hungry dog kept crying for a long time in the night. Then he was too tired to cry. He heard a man chanting the Ramayana. Again the dog started crying. Soon there was no sound of chanting. The only sound was the sound of the waves and the roar of the wind. Then it was morning. The sun shone for some time. The dog dozed off in the sunlight.

The dog woke up. Dead animals were floating around. A small boat came moving fast. It was a little away from the hut. The dog stood up and started wagging his tail. But the boat soon disappeared. It started drizzling again. The dog looked helpless. After some time the drizzle stopped. Another boat came that way. It stopped at the coconut tree. The dog wagged his tail and made noises. But the boatman picked a coconut and rowed away.

Summary of In the Flood 

In the afternoon, there was a third boat. The dog barked gratefully and wagged his tail. But the two men in the boat didn’t take much notice of the dog and went away. The dog climbed onto the roof and kept growling. Perhaps he was trying to say that never again he would love a human being.

Again there was night. It started raining heavily. A terrible storm was blowing. The roof of the hut started moving. A long head appeared from under the water. It was that of a crocodile. The dog started barking in great fear.

Just then two men came in a boat. They heard the dog barking in the dark. The dog at once knew they were thieves. He jumped down from the rooftop. One of the men got frightened. He fell into the water. The other man pulled him out. The dog swam back to the roof. He continued barking. The thieves picked all the bananas from the trees.

Then they loaded the boat with hay from the haystack. The dog kept barking wildly. One of the thieves climbed on to the rooftop. The dog bit him hard. The man cried in pain. The other thief picked up a pole and hit the dog in the belly. The dog cried in pain. The two thieves left the place.

No one heard the groan of the dog after that. Here and there, rotten corpses floated on the water. Crows were eating them. There was no sound at all. The thieves were having a nice time. The hut stayed above water until the dog was caught by a crocodile and pulled down into the water. And then the hut too went down and sank in the water.

After a few days, the flood water had started receding. Chenna came back swimming in search of the dog. He found the dog dead under a coconut tree. He turned it from side to side with his toe. He was not sure if it was his dog. One ear was bitten off. The body was all rotten. Its colour had changed.

To a Skylark Summary

शहीद सुखदेव Summary In Hindi

शहीद सुखदेव Summary In Hindi

Shaheed Sukhdev, whose full name was Sukhdev Thapar, was a prominent Indian freedom fighter who played a crucial role in the struggle for India’s independence from British colonial rule. Read More Class 11 Hindi Summaries.

शहीद सुखदेव Summary In Hindi

शहीद सुखदेव निबन्ध का सार

‘शहीद सुखदेव डॉ० रविकुमार ‘अनु’ द्वारा लिखित निबन्ध है। इस निबन्ध में लेखक ने शहीद सखदेव के जीवन की घटनाओं का वर्णन किया है। उन्होंने अंग्रेजी साम्राज्य की नींव को हिलाने में पंजाब के क्रांतिकारियों द्वारा हुए आंदोलनों के पीछे शहीद सुखदेव की महत्त्वूपर्ण भूमिका पर प्रकाश डाला है। शहीद सुखदेव का जन्म 15 मई, सन् 1907 को लुधियाना के मुहल्ला नौधराँ में हुआ। आपके पिता उन दिनों लायलपुर में व्यापार करते थे। आपके जन्म के बाद आपके पिता ने इन्हें माता सहित लायलपुर बुला लिया। सन् 1910 में आपके पिता का देहांत हो गया। आपका पालन-पोषण आपके ताया लाला चिंतराम थापर ने किया। लाला चिंतराम आर्य समाजी विचारधारा रखते थे। वे आर्यसमाज के कार्यों में बढ़-चढ़ कर हिस्सा लेते थे। सुखदेव पर उनका बहुत प्रभाव पड़ा।

बचपन से आप पढ़ाई के अतिरिक्त समाज सेवा के कामों में भी हिस्सा लिया करते थे। हरिजन बच्चों को उन दिनों सरकारी और धार्मिक स्कूलों में दाखिला नहीं मिलता था। यह देख कर सुखदेव दुःखी हो उठे थे। उन्होंने पास की बस्तियों में जाकर हरिजन बच्चों को पढ़ाना शुरू कर दिया।

अंग्रेजों की दमनकारी नीति के कारण वे उन से घृणा करते थे। बड़े होकर उन्होंने लाहौर के नेशनल कॉलेज में दाखिला लिया। यहीं उनकी भेंट लाला लाजपत राय से हुई। वहीं प्रिंसिपल जुगल किशोर, भाई परमानंद, जयचंद्र विद्यालंकार सरीखे अध्यापकों से उनकी भेंट हुई। सरदार भगत सिंह से भी इनकी मुलाकात यहीं हुई। उन्होंने भगत सिंह के साथ मिलकर ‘नौजवान भारत सभा’ की स्थापना की। देश की आजादी के लिए क्रांतिकारी गतिविधियों में भाग लिया।

क्रांतिकारियों ने स्कॉट के भ्रम में सांडर्स की हत्या कर दी। सरकार सचेत हो गई। जगह-जगह छापे पड़ने लगे। 8 अप्रैल, सन् 1929 को भगत सिंह और दत्त ने असेंबली में बम फेंका और गिरफ्तारी दी। 15 अप्रैल, सन् 1929 को एक बम फैक्टरी पर पड़े छापे के दौरान सुखदेव भी साथियों सहित गिरफ्तार कर लिए गए। उन पर भगत सिंह और दत्त के साथ ही मुकद्दमा चलाया गया और अंग्रेजी सरकार ने गुप्त रूप से 23 मार्च, सन् 1931 को सतलुज नदी के किनारे फिरोजपुर में उनको फाँसी दे दी।