ICSE Merchant of Venice Questions and Answers

ICSE Merchant of Venice Questions and Answers PDF

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers

ICSE Merchant of Venice Questions and Answers PDF

1. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow :

Morocco :
Mislike me not for my complexion,
The shadowed livery of the burnished sun,
To whom I am a neighbour and near bred.
Bring me the fairest creature northward born,
Where Phoebus’ fire scarce thaws the icicles,
And let us make incision for your love
To prove whose blood is reddest, his or mine.
I tell thee, lady, this aspect of mine
Hath feared the valiant. By my love
I swear The best-regarded virgins of our clime
Have loved it too. I would not change this hue
Except to steal your thoughts, my gentle queen.

Portia :
In terms of choice I am not solely led
By nice direction of a maiden’s eyes.
Besides, the lottery of my destiny
Bars me the right of voluntary choosing. [Act-II Sc. I] [ICSE 2018]

(i) Where is this scene set? Account for Morocco’s presence in this place.
Answer: This scene is set in one of the rooms in Portia’s house. The Prince of Morocco has come to Belmont to try his luck at the lottery of caskets which Portia’s father had devised.

(ii) What can you assess of Morocco’s appearance and character based on the given extract?
Answer: Morocco is dark complexioned, fierce- looking youngman. He is proud of his dark skin. He adds that his dark complexion has frightened many brave warriors and the best regarded virgins of his country also like him for his dark skin.

(iii) Mention any three actions that Morocco says he would be happy to perform in order to win Portia.
Answer: Morocco would be happy to perform these three things to win Portia :
• he would outstare the sternest eyes that look,
• he would pluck the young suckling from the she-bear,
• he would mock the lion when he roars for prey.

(iv) What does Morocco have to swear before he makes his ‘hazard’?
Answer: Morocco would have to swear that if he chooses wrong he would never speak to any lady afterwards by way of marriage.

(v) Portia speaks of ‘the lottery of my destiny’. What exactly is she referring to? What in your opinion are Portia’s feelings regarding this matter ?
Answer: Portia is actually referring to the lottery of caskets. According to the will of her late father, she would have to marry that man who chooses the right casket. That is why she calls the lottery of caskets the lottery of her destiny. I feel that Portia is a very sincere and faithful girl. She has a great regard for her father. In no case would she go against the wishes of her father.

2. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock
Shall I not receive my principal ?
Portia :
Thou shall have nothing but the forfeiture,
To be taken at thy peril, Jew. [Act IV Sc. I ICSE 2018]

(i) Explain what Portia means by the above words.
Answer: Earlier in the scene Portia had requested Shylock to be merciful, but Shylock had refused to do so. Portia has now turned the tables on Shylock. She has asked him to take a pound of flesh but he must not shed even a drop of blood. This is not possible. So Shylock wants to have his principal amount i.e., three thousand ducats. But Portia angrily says that he will have only the forfeiture of his bond.

(ii) How does Shylock respond to her words ?
Answer: Shylock angrily says that if they are not going to return him even the principal amount, then devil may take him. In other words, the amount may go to hell, he will not stay there any more.

(iii) What more does Portia tell Shylock about the laws of Venice as applicable to an ‘alien’ (foreigner) ?
Answer: Portia tells Shylock that according to the laws of Venice, if an alien (foreigner) plots against the life of any citizen of Venice directly or indirectly then that citizen will be entitled to seize one half of the alien’s property. The other half will go into the private treasury of the state.

(iv) What does Antonio propose to do with his share of Shylock’s goods ?
Answer: Antonio proposes to invest in business his share of Shylock’s goods and he wants to give it to Lorenzo and Jessica after the death of Shylock.

(v) What role does Portia play in this scene ? What does this reveal of her character ?
Answer: Portia plays a very significant role in this scene. As a doctor of law, she turns the tables on Shylock and saves Antonio from the clutches of the cruel Jew.

3. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:

Antonio :
But little: I am arm’d and well prepared.
Give me your hand, Bassanio: fare you well!
Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you;
For herein Fortune shows herself more kind
Than is her custom: it is still her use
To let the wretched man outlive his wealth,
To view with hollow eye and wrinkled brow
An age of poverty; from which lingering penance
Of such misery doth she cut me off. [Act IV Sc I ICSE 2018]

(i) Where is this scene set? To whom are these words addressed? To what question does Antonio respond with the words, ‘But little:’ ?
Answer: This scene is set in a court of justice in Venice. These words are addressed to Portia. Portia has said, “You, merchant, have you any thing to say ?” Antonio says, “But little.”

(ii) What does Antonio mean when he says, “Grieve not that I have fallen to this for you”?
Answer: Antonia means to say that Bassanio should not feel sad after his death. He should not blame himself thinking that it was due to him that Antonio signed the fatal bond and fell a victim to the treachery of Shylock.

(iii) What does Antonio instruct Bassanio to do immediately after speaking these lines ?
Answer: After speaking these lines Antonio instructs Bassanio to convey his compliments to his honourable wife. He should also tell his wife the manner in which Antonio met his end. Above all, Bassanio should tell his wife how much he (Antonio) loved him (Bassanio).

(iv) What is Bassanio’s response to this speech ?
Answer: In response to this speech Bassanio tells Antonio that he is now a married man. He loves his wife very much. But at this moment his life, his wife and all the world are not of greater value to him than Antonio’s life. He would lose them all to save Antonio’s life.

(v) On what note does Antonio conclude his speech? What does this reveal of Antonio’s attitude to life and death?
Answer: Antonio concludes his speech telling Bassanio that he is making this sacrifice for him but he does not repent it. He adds that if the Jew cuts deep enough he will die, but he will be contented to think that he has paid Bassanio’s debt.

4. Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
As from her lord, her governor, her king.
Myself and what is mine to you and yours
Is now converted : but now I was the lord
Of this fair mansion, master of my servants,
Queen O’er myself; and even now, but now,
This house, these servants, and this same myself,
Are yours, my lord : [ICSE 2016]

(i) Where are Portia and Bassanio ? What has just taken place which makes Portia to speak these words ? What was the inscription given in the lead casket ?
Answer: Portia and Bassanio are in a room in Portia’s house. Bassanio has just chosen the lead casket which contained Portia’s portrait. Portia is overjoyed at this.
The lead casket had this inscription on it: “Who chooseth me must give and hazard all he hath.”

(ii) What does Bassanio say in praise of Portia’s portrait ?
Answer: Looking at the portrait of Portia, Bassanio says that some semi-divine artist has made this portrait. It is so lifelike. The eyes seem to move and the lips seem to part to say something. It is really excellent.

(iii) What news saddens Bassanio on this happy occasion ? What does Portia ask him to do ?
Answer: On this happy occasion, Bassanio receives from Salerio Antonio’s letter. This letter informs him that Antonio’s ships have met with a disaster. His creditors have become .cruel as his means have fallen low. Antonio’s bond to Shylock has been forfeited.
When Portia learns about Antonio’s plight, she asks Bassanio to expedite all his business immediately and go to Venice to help Antonio.

(iv) Who is Balthazar ? What was the work assigned to him by Portia ?
Answer: Balthazar is the trusted servant of Portia. She asks him to go to Padua immediately and deliver a letter to her cousin Dr. Bellario. Moreover, whatever papers or garments he might give to him, he must bring them to her at a very fast speed.

(v) Where does Portia really plan to go ? What similarity do we find between Portia and Antonio ? What does this scene reveal about the character of Portia ? Give a reason to justify your answer.
Answer: Portia plans to appear in the court disguised as a representative of Dr. Bellario.
Both Portia and Antonio are very sincere. Both of them love Bassanio and are ready to do anything for him. This scence reveals Portia’s essential wisdom. As soon as she sends Bassanio, she decides to send Balthazar to Dr. Bellario to seek legal opinion and help from him in the case of Antonio.

5. Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

But mercy is above this sceptred sway;
It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
It is an attribute to God himself;
And earthly power doth then show likest God’s
When mercy reasons justice. [ICSE 2016]

(i) Name the speaker. Why did the speaker appeal to the Jew for mercy ? Earlier who else in the play appealed for mercy ? Answer: The speaker is Portia dressed as a doctor of laws. The speaker appealed to the Jew for mercy to diminish the force of his demand for strict justice. She added that if he still insisted on his demand of a pound of flesh, the strict court of Venice would have to pronounce a judgement against Antonio.
Earlier the Duke himself had appealed to Shylock to show mercy.

(ii) What are the three qualities of mercy which the speaker has stated just before the extract ?
Answer: The speaker has stated that mercy is shown by human beings as naturally and spontaneously as the gentle drops of rain fall from the sky above down to the ground below. Secondly, mercy is the most powerful feeling in those who have the highest authority. It suits a king more than his crown. Mercy is greater than the worldly authority which is symbolized by the sceptre which he holds. Thirdly, mercy is the essential quality of God who is the supreme power of the universe. Earthly power acquires a divine quality when a man softens the rigours of the demands of justice by showing mercy.

(iii) Give the meaning of ‘But mercy is above this sceptred sway’. How does Shylock turn down Portia’s plea for mercy ? What does he insist on ?
Answer: The line “But mercy is above this sceptred sway” means that the king’s sceptre is the emblem of his worldly power. It is the symbol of fear which kingship inspires in others. But mercy is higher and greater than the worldly authority which is symbolized by rod. Shylock turns down Portia’s plea for mercy asking her to let him face the consequences of his actions. He takes full responsibility for his act. He persists in his demand. He asks Portia to enforce the law and let him have the penalty specified in the bond which Antonio has forfeited.

(iv) What is Bassanio ready to do for Antonio in the court ? Why is Bassanio snubbed . immediately by the disguised Portia ?
Answer: Bassanio is ready to pay twice the borrowed money. If that is not sufficient, he is ready to pay ten times that amount. If even this is not enough, he is ready to forfeit his hands and his heart.
Bassanio asks Portia (disguised as doctor of laws) to bend the law once and use the authority of the court to do what is morally right to save the life of Antonio. But Portia, snubs him saying that there is no power that can change the established law of Venice.

(v) Mention two prominent character traits of Shylock as highlighted through the scene from which the extract has been taken. Substantiate your answer with examples from the text.
Answer: The trial scene shows that Shylock is a revengeful and bloodthirsty man. He turns down the apeals of the Duke and Portia for mercy and insists on having a pound of flesh. He is offered ten times the amount of the borrowed money but he refuses it. He wants only revenge. Secondly, the scene shows that Shylock is firm in his resolve. He bluntly tells Portia that there is no power in the tongue of man to alter his . resolve to take a pound of flesh. He says, “My deeds upon my head.” Thus he . invokes the law to let him have the penalty as mentioned in the bond.

6. Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia : …. But this reasoning is not in the fashion to choose me a husband. O me, the word “choose” ! I may neither choose whom I would, nor refuse whom I dislike; so is the will of a living daughter curbed by the will of a dead father. Is it not hard, Nerissa, that I cannot choose one, nor refuse none ? [ICSE 2015]

(i) What test had Portia’s father devised for her suitors ? What oath did the suitors have to take before making their choice ? Answer: Portia’s father had devised a lottery of three caskets in one of which was the portrait of Portia. Only that suitor who loved her truly would choose the right casket . The suitors had to take an oath of secrecy and of celibacy in case they failed in the right choice.

(ii) Who is Nerissa ? What does she say to cheer up Portia ?
Answer: Nerissa is Portia’s companion. She cheers up Portia by saying that she should not worry as her father must have got right inspiration at the time of his death, and that the casket lottery designed by him would prove to be a sound one.

(iii) Why does Portia disapprove of the County Palatine ? Whom would she rather marry ?
Answer: Portia disapproves the County Palatine because he does nothing but frown, just as if to say, “I care little whether you want me or not.” He hears good stories without a smile. Portia says that she should rather marry a skeleton with a bone in his mouth.

(iv) How, according to Portia, can the Duke of Saxony’s nephew be made to choose the wrong casket ? What do these suitors ultimately decide ? Why ?
Answer: The Duke of Saxony’s nephew is a big drunkard. So in order to induce him to choose the wrong casket, Portia asks Nerissa to place a large glass of wine. He will choose that casket even if the devil be in the casket. So long as the temptation of wine is there, he will choose it. These suitors ultimately decide to leave without trying their luck with the lottery because they do not want to take any risk as they are not true lovers.

(v) Whom does Portia ultimately marry ? Who were the two other suitors who took the test ? Why, in your opinion, is the person whom she marries worthy of her ?
Answer: Portia marries young Bassanio ultimately. The other two suitors who took the test were the Prince of Morocco and the Prince of Arragon. Bassanio, a brave and generous fellow, was really worthy of Portia because he knew what love demanded. He was the one who could make the greatest sacrifice at the altar of love. True love knows to give but does not demand.

7. Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :
Duke :
What, is Antonio here ?
Antonio :
Ready, so please your grace.
Duke :
I am sorry for thee : thou art come to answer
A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch
Uncapable of pity, void and empty
From any dram of mercy [ICSE 2015]

(i) What are the terms of the bond that Antonio has signed ?
Answer: The terms of the bond that Antonio has signed are very harsh, according to which Shylock will be entitled to have a pound of flesh from any part of Antonio’s body if the latter fails to return the sum of three thousand ducats borrowed by Antonio.

(ii) Why does the Duke call Shylock ‘inhuman’ ? What does the Duke expect Shylock to do ?
Answer: The Duke calls Shylock ‘inhuman’ because he (Shylock) has a heart of stone, an inhuman wretch who does not know what pity is, quite lacking in the slighest quality of mercy. The Duke expects Shylock to be merciful, and not vindictive.

(iii) What reason does Shylock give for choosing rotten flesh over money ? What are the things hated by some people ?
Answer: Shylock prefers to have a quantity of dead flesh rather than three thousand ducats. For this he gives no other reason than his whim. People like or hate things out of their personal inclinations. There are certain men who have an aversion to a gaping pig, , there are others who fly into a rage at the sight of a cat. Still there are others who fail to keep their balance on hearing the sound of a bagpipe.

(iv) State three examples Antonio gives to illustrate Shylock’s stubborn attitude.
Answer: Antonio tells Bassanio that it is useless to ask Shylock to be merciful. He argues that as it is useless to ask the tide not to rise so high, similarly it is futile to ask Shylock to soften his stand. One might as well ask the wolf why he made the mother sheep mourn for the lamb he devoured. One might as well forbid the pine trees on the mountains to wave their high tops and to make a noise when disturbed by the winds of heaven.

(v) How is Shylock’s property distributed at the end by Antonio ?
Do you think Shylock deserves the punishment given to him ?
Give a reason to justify your answer.
Answer: Though the Duke orders half of Shylock’s property to go to Antonio while the other half will go to the state treasury, Antonio remarks that he does not want to claim half of Shylock’s property. He adds that he would like it to be given to Jessica and Lorenzo after Shylock’s death. I think Shylock has been harshly treated. He seems to have been more sinned against than sinning. The Christian charity should have been shown to him also.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 4 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 4 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 4 Scene 1 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 4 Scene 1 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘If you deny it, let the danger light
Upon your charter and your city’s freedom!’ (Lines: 38-39)
What does Shylock remind the Duke ? What does he want ?
Answer:
Shylock reminds the Duke that he cannot go against the law in defending a Christian because he is legally right. He wants him to help him in getting the penalty stated in his bond.

Question 2.
‘Do all men kill the things they do not love?’ (Line: 64)
Who is being addressed by Bassanio ? How is he answered ?
Answer:
Bassanio is addressing Shylock in the Trial Scene. When he asks Shylock if all men kill or destroy the objects of their hatred, Shylock asks him to tell who would not like the end of a thing he hates.

Question 3.
‘Let them be free! Marry them to your heirs !
Why sweat they under burthens ?’ (Lines : 92-93)
In which circumstances does Shylock utter these words ? What advice does he give to the Duke and other Christians ?
Answer:
Shylock utters these words when the Duke asks him to show mercy to Antonio. In response, he asks the Duke and other Christians to free their slaves, treat them better and allow them to marry their relatives.

Question 4.
‘Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh ‘ Jew’ , (Line : 120)
On what occasion is this line spoken ? What is its significance ?
Answer:
This line is spoken by Gratiano in a bitter mood on seeing Shylock sharpening his knife on the sole of his shoe. It reveals that Christians feel that Shylock has no human soul in denying mercy to a fellow Christian, and that he is as stone-hearted as the devil himself.

Question 5.
‘The quality of mercy is not strained’. (Line : 181)
How does Portia explain to Shylock the necessity of showing mercy ?
Answer:
Portia tells Shylock that as we expect God to be merciful to us, it is necessary for us to be merciful to our fellow human beings. If we cannot be merciful, how can we expect God to forgive our sins and be merciful ?

Question 6.
‘Tarry a little, there is something else,
This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood’. (Lines : 301-302)
What makes Portia stop Shylock ? How does she turn the tables on the Jew ?
Answer:
Shylock’s advancing towards Antonio with his knife makes Portia stop him from doing the evil deed. She asks him to cut the flesh without shedding blood, as his bond does not allow him even a single drop of blood, which is impossible. This is how she turns the tables on the Jew.

Question 7.
‘A halter gratis, nothing else, for God’s sake!’ (Line : 375)
Who speaks this line, and when ? What does this reveal about the speaker’s mood ?
Answer:
This line is spoken by Gratiano when Portia asks Antonio what mercy he can show to the defeated Jew. Gratiano, in a sarcastic mood, says that he can supply him a rope free of cost to hang himself.

Question 8.
What upsets Gratiano on seeing Shylock sharpeing his knife ? How does he react ?
Answer:
Gratiano on seeing Shylock sharpening his knife is greatly upset as it indicates that Antonio’s life is really in danger. He feels that Shylock is as cruel as an executioner, and remarks that he tends to believe in Pythagorian doctine of transmigration of souls. According to him, the soul of wolf has entered Shylock’s body.

Question 9.
What makes Shylock reject all appeals of mercy ? What does it show ?
Answer:
Shylock turns down the Duke’s appeal to be merciful to Antonio. Then he ignores Bassanio’s offer of ten times the money he has lent. He rejects Portia’s appeal for mercy. It is so because he is adamant in seeking revenge on Antonio for all the injustice done to him and his race. It shows how one can be blind in revenge.

Question 10.
Portia becomes as adamant and heartless as Shylock in the trial scene. How ?
Answer:
Portia shows no mercy to Shylock. She puts his life at the mercy of the Duke and declares that half of his property will be awarded to the victim (Antonio). Thus, she stoops to the level of Shylock. She should have let Shylock go with or without his principal amount he gave to Antonio.

Question 11.
‘This ring, good sir, it is a trifle,
I will not shame myself to give you this’. (Lines : 426-427)
When does Bassanio utter these lines ? Why is he reluctant to part with his ring ?
Answer:
Bassanio utters these lines when Portia (in male disguise) insists on having only his wedding ring as a reward. He is reluctant to give the ring as he has promised to Portia never to part with the ring in his lifetime.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 1 Workbook Questions and Answers

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock :
What judgment shall I dread, doing no wrong ?
You have among you many a purchased slave,
Which, like your asses and your dogs and mules,
You use in abject and in slavish parts,
Because you bought them : shall I say to you,
Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ?
Why sweat they under burthens ? let their beds
Be made as soft as yours and let their palates
Be season’d with such viands ? You will answer
“The slaves are ours :” so do I answer you :
The pound of flesh, which I demand of him,
Is dearly bought; ’tis mine and I will have it.

(i) What reason has Shylock given for insisting on the pound of flesh ?
Answer: Shylock says that there is no particular reason of his preference for Antonio’s flesh over three thousand ducats. As each of us has some aversion to one thing or the other, he has a definite loathing of Antonio and he wants to go on with his unprofitable suit against him.

(ii) What offer of Bassanio is turned down by Shylock ?
Answer: Bassanio offers six thousand ducats, twice the amount Antonio owes to him. Shylock turns it down instantly.

(iii) How does the Duke respond to Shylock’s insistence on the bond ?
Answer: The Duke says that each one of us asks for God’s mercy for the wrongs we do. He tells Shylock that if he shows no mercy himself he shall have no hope of receiving God’s mercy.

(iv) What is Shylock’s response to the Duke’s appeal for mercy ?
Answer: Shylock says that since he has done no wrong, no sentence can be passed on him. So he does not need God’s mercy.

(v) What argument does Shylock advance for his insisting on his pound of flesh ?
Answer: Shylock says that Christians have many slaves, and asks the Duke if they would treat them well, give them freedom and marry them to their children. He himself says that they could not do so since they have bought them. Similarly he has bought the pound of flesh from Antonio dearly and he would have it.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock :
Some men there are love not a gaping pig;
Some, that are mad if they behold a cat;
And others, when the bagpipe sings i’ the nose,
Cannot contain their urine: for affection,
Mistress of passion, sways it to the mood
Of what it likes or loathes. Now, for your answer:’
As there is no firm reason to be render’d,
Why he cannot abide a gaping pig;
Why he, a harmless necessary cat;
Why he, a woollen bagpipe; but of force
Must yield to such inevitable shame
As to offend, himself being offended;
So can I give no reason, nor I will not,
More than a lodged hate and a certain loathing
I bear Antonio, that I follow thus
A losing suit against him. Are you answer’d?

(i) Who is Shylock addressing to ? What is he being asked ?
Answer: Shylock is addressing the Duke in the Trial Scene. He is asked to be lenient, moderate his demands and show mercy to Antonio.

(ii) How does he explain the case ? Is he being logical ?
Answer: He explains his allergy to Antonio by saying that each one of us is allergic to one thing or the other. The aversion to a thing or person cannot be explained. In explaining his hatred of Antonio Shylock is not logical.

(iii) ‘A losing suit against him’. Explain.
Answer: Shylock means to say that he is pursuing this case against Antonio in this manner, even though it entails a heavy loss of money. He is doing so only because of his deep-rooted antipathy to Antonio.

(iv) How does Bassanio react to Shylock’s utterance later in the scene ?
Answer: Bassanio reacts angrily and asks him whether all men kill the thing they do not like.

(v) What impression do you form of Shylock from what he says ?
Answer: It becomes clear from the way Shylock speaks that he is a hard-hearted and determined enemy. He has become blind in the pursuit of revenge, though circumstances have made him what he is.

PASSAGE 3.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Shylock :
When it is paid according to the tenor,
It doth appear you are a worthy judge;
You know the law, your exposition
Hath been most sound; I charge you by law,
Whereof you are a well-desevring pillar,
Proceed to judgement: by my soul, I swear
There is no power in the tongue of man
To alter me : I stay here on my bond.

(i) On what occasion does Shylock speak these lines ? What does ‘it’ in the first line stand for ?
Answer: When Portia asks Shylock to take thrice the amount that he had loaned to Antonio and let her tear the bond, Shylock speaks these words. The word ‘it’ stands for the bond.

(ii) What had Portia just said that Shylock called her ‘a worthy judge’ ?
Answer: Portia had said that the bond was forfeited and lawfully Shylock could claim a pound of flesh to be cut off by him, nearest Antonio’s heart.

(iii) Shylock Says :
“There is no power in the tongue of man To alter me”.
What light does this throw on the character of Shylock ?
Answer: This line throws ample light on the character of Shylock. It tells us that he is obstinate, revengeful and of a firm determination. Once he resolves to do something, he cannot be persuaded to change his decision.

(iv) How does Portia turn the tables against Shylock ?
Answer: Finding Shylock extremely obstinate Portia asks him to take a pound of flesh according to the bond. But, if in cutting the flesh, he sheds even one drop of blood, his lands and goods would be confiscated by the state. Thus Shylock is defeated by his own weapon.

(v) Was Shylock happy with the judgement ? Do you think he is ‘more sinned against than sinning’ ?
Answer: Shylock was not happy with the judgement. Yes, I think Shylock is more sinned against than sinning. Shylock does conspire against the life of his arch enemy Antonio, but the way the tables are turned against him, makes us sympathise with him. One half of his property goes to Antonio and the other half goes to the treasury of Venice This is too much for him. .

PASSAGE 4.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Bassanio :
Good cheer, Antonio! What, man, courage yet!
The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones and all,
Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood.
Antonio :
I am a tainted wether of the flock,
Meetest for death: the weakest kind of fruit
Drops earliest to the ground; and so let me
You cannot better be employ’d, Bassanio,
Than to live still and write mine epitaph.

(i) Where are the speakers ? Why does Bassanio ask Antonio to be cheerful ? What do his words reveal about him ?
Answer: The speakers are in the court. Bassanio, seeing Antonio depressed and defeated, asks him to be courageous and cheerful. His words reveal his positive outlook in life. He seems to believe that one should fight to the last.

(ii) “I am a tainted wether of the flock.” Explain.
Answer: Antonio compares himself to a diseased sheep of the flock which must be killed to spare other sheep. These words reveal his defeatist attitude. He seems to have given up even before the fight has begun.

(iii) What does Antonio want Bassanio to do after his death ?
Answer: Antonio wants Bassanio to write a suitable epitaph for his tomb after his death. He knows that Bassanio who loves him is the best person for the job.

(iv) What impression do you form of Antonio from his words ?
Answer: Antonio is a pessimist. He has already accepted his defeat. He does not see any ray of hope for him. It is strange that he is so timid while his friends are still hopeful and are fighting for him.

(v) Who enters the court immediately after Antonio’s speech, and why ?
Answer: After Antonio’s brief speech, Nerissa, in male disguise, enters the court. She tells the Duke that she is coming from Doctor Bellario in Padua, and presents him a letter from him.

PASSAGE 5.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
The quality of mercy is not strain’d,
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven
Upon the place beneath: it is twice blest;
It blesseth him that gives and him that takes:
‘Tis mightiest in the mightiest: it becomes
The throned monarch better than his crown;
His sceptre shows the force of temporal power,
The attribute to awe and majesty,
Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings.

(i) On what occasion does Portia utter these words ? What makes her beg for mercy from Shylock ?
Answer: Portia utters these words while defending Antonio in the court. She appeals for mercy in order to persuade Shylock to give up his obdurate stance. She also wants to give him one opportunity.

(ii) ‘It is twice blest’. What does Portia mean to say ?
Answer: Portia says that the quality of mercy is doubly blessed. It blesses both the parties, the giver as well as the recipient. One gets the benefit and the other gets the satisfaction of doing good.

(iii) In what sense is mercy a divine quality ?
Answer: Mercy is a divine quality in the sense that it is manifest in God himself. God shows us mercy when we seek it sincerely. Mercy is far above any other worldly quality.

(iv) How does Shylock turn down Portia’s plea for mercy ? What does he insist on ?
Answer: Shylock turns down Portia’s plea for mercy by saying that he is ready to face the consequences of his action. He insists on the penalty as specified in the bond.

(v) How does he later turn down three times the amount of loan offered by Bassanio ?
Answer: He turns down three times the amount of the loan offered by Bassanio, saying that he has sworn to have only the penalty. He asks Portia if she wants him to be guilty of betraying his pledge.

PASSAGE 6.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

But mercy is above this sceptred sway;
It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
It is an attribute to God himself;
And earthly power doth then show likest God’s
When mercy seasons justice.

(i) Name the speaker. Why did the speaker appeal to the Jew for mercy ? Earlier who else in the play appealed for mercy ?
Answer: The speaker is Portia dressed as a doctor of laws. The speaker appealed to the Jew for mercy to diminish the force of his demand for strict justice. She added that if he still insisted on his demand of a pound of flesh, the strict court of Venice would have to pronounce a judgement against Antonio.
Earlier the Duke himself had appealed to Shylock to show mercy.

(ii) What are the three qualities of mercy which the speaker has stated just before the extract ?
Answer: The speaker has stated that mercy is shown by human beings as naturally and spontaneously as the gentle drops of rain fall from the sky above down to the ground below. Secondly, mercy is the most powerful feeling in those who have the highest authority. It suits a king more than his crown. Mercy is greater than the worldly authority which is symbolized by the sceptre which he holds. Thirdly, mercy is the essential quality of God who is the supreme power of the universe. Earthly power acquires a divine quality when a man softens the rigours of the demands of justice by showing mercy.

(iii) Explain Portia’s statement :
‘But mercy is above this sceptred sway’. How does Shylock turn down Portia’s plea for mercy ? What does he insist on ?
Answer: The line “But mercy is above this sceptred sway” means that the king’s sceptre is the emblem of his worldly power. It is the symbol of fear which kingship inspires in others. But mercy is higher and greater than the worldly authority which is symbolized by rod. Shylock turns down Portia’s plea for mercy asking her to let him face the consequences of his actions. He takes full responsibility for his action. He persists in his demand. He asks Portia to enforce the law and let him have the penalty specified in the bond which Antonio has forfeited.

(iv) What is Bassanio ready to do for Antonio in the court ? Why is Bassanio snubbed immediately by the disguised Portia ?
Answer: Bassanio is ready to pay twice the borrowed money. If that is not sufficient, he is ready to pay ten times that amount. If even this is not enough, he is ready to forfeit his hands and his heart.
Bassanio asks Portia (disguised as doctor of laws) to bend the law once and use the authority of the court to do what is morally right, to save the life of Antonio. But Portia snubs him saying that there is no power that can change the established law of Venice.

(v) Mention two prominent character traits of Shylock as highlighted through the scene from which the extract has been taken. Substantiate your answer with examples from the text.
Answer: The trial scene shows that Shylock is a revengeful and bloodthirsty man. He turns down the appeals of the Duke and Portia for mercy and insists on having a pound of flesh. He is offered ten times the amount of the borrowed money but he refuses it. He wants only revenge. Secondly, the scene shows that Shylock is firm in his resolve. He bluntly tells Portia that there is no power in the tongue of man to alter his resolve to take a pound of flesh. He says, “My deeds upon my head”. Thus he invokes the law to let him have the penalty as mentioned in the bond.

PASSAGE 7.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Antonio :
Commend me to your honourable wife :
Tell her the process of Antonio’s end;
Say how I loved you, speak me fair in death;
And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge
Whether Bassanio had not once a love.
Repent but you that you shall lose your friend,
And he repents not that he pays your debt;
For if the Jew do cut but deep enough,
I’ll pay it presently with all my heart.
Bassanio :
Antonio, I am married to a wife
Which is as dear to me as life itself;
But life itself, my wife, and all the world,
Are not with me esteem’d above thy life:
I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all
Here to this devil, to deliver you.

(i) On what occasion does Antonio speak these lines ? What is he prepared for ?
Answer: Antonio speaks these lines after Shylock has rejected the plea for engaging a surgeon to attend to his wounds to prevent his death.

(ii) What is he prepared for ?
Answer: He seems to be prepared for his end.

(iii) What does Antonio want Bassanio to do ? How does he console him ?
Answer: Antonio wants Bassanio to remember him to his wife and tell her how he died as also about their friendship. He consoles him saying that he should not feel guilty that he is dying for his debt.

(iv) What tells you that Bassanio loves Antonio sincerely ?
Answer: Bassanio says that he is prepared to sacrifice everything of his, his life and even his wife, to save him from Shylock’s clutches. It shows his deep love for Antonio.

(v) Why is he snubbed by disguised Portia later in the scene ?
Answer: Portia (in the disguise of a male lawyer) snubs Bassanio that he is ready to sacrifice even his wife. She points out that his wife is not likely to be thankful to him if she were to hear him say this.

PASSAGE 8.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Duke :
That thou shalt see the difference of our spirits,
I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it :
For half thy wealth, it is Antonio’s;
The other half comes to the general state,
Which humbleness may dripe unto a fine.
Portia:
Ay, for the state, not for Antonio.
Shylock :
Nay, take my life an all; pardon not that :
You take my house when you do take the prop
That doth sustain my house; you take my life
When you do take the means whereby I live.

(i) How does Portia turn the tables on Shylock ?
Answer: Portia asks Shylock to cut the pound of flesh from Antonio’s chest, but in so doing he should not shed even a single drop of blood, as it is not mentioned in the bond. Shylock is, thus, cornered by Portia.

(ii) What makes Shylock completely helpless ?
Answer: Portia says that according to the law, for plotting against the life of a citizen of Venice, one half of his property will go to Antonio and the other half to the state. Moreover, his own life is at the mercy of the Duke. Portia advises him to kneel to the Duke and ask for mercy.

(iii) What tells you the extreme agonised state of Shylock ?
Answer: Shylock, for whom money is everything, reveals his agony by saying that by taking away his property they are taking away the support that sustains his life.

(iv) Does Shylock accept the conditions imposed on him ? How does he leave the court ?
Answer: Shylock accepts the conditions imposed on him. He leaves the court fully dejected and defeated.

(v) What reward is demanded by Portia from Bassanio, and by Nerissa from Gratiano ? What is their purpose ?
Answer: Portia and Nerissa demand their wedding rings as gifts from Bassanio and Gratiano respectively. Since they are in male disguises, they remain unrecognized. They demand the rings only to create fun later.

PASSAGE 9.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Bassanio :
There’s more depends on this than on the value.
The dearest ring in Venice will I give you,
And find it out by proclamation:
Only for this, I pray you, pardon me.
Portia :
I see, sir, you are liberal in offers
You taught me first to beg; and now methinks
You teach me how a beggar should be answer’d.

(i) Where are the speakers ? What offer was made to Portia by Bassanio on winning the case ?
Answer: The speakers, Bassanio and Portia, are in the court room. Bassanio presses Portia to accept something as a token of their regard for her on winning the case.

(ii) What has Portia demanded ? Why is Bassanio reluctant ? What offer does he make ?
Answer: Portia has demanded a ring which she gave to Bassanio. Bassanio is reluctant to give it to her because of his promise not to part with the ring in his lifetime. He offers any other ring, the costliest, in its place.

(iii) Why does Portia refuse the offer ? In which mood is she ?
Answer: Portia refuses the offer saying that she has a strong desire for it. She pretends to be in an angry mood on being denied the ring after the offer of a. gift has been made to her.

(iv) ‘You teach me how a beggar should be answer’d’. Explain.
Answer: Portia pretends to be angry. She says that Bassanio has shown how a beggar should be treated. Bassanio feels himself to be in a tight spot.

(v) Does Bassanio fulfil Portia’s demand ? How ?
Answer: Yes, Bassanio fulfils Portia’s demand by giving her the ring he does not want to part with Antonio makes him give the ring greatly against his will.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 5 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 5 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 5 Scene 1 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 5 Scene 1 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘In such a night
Medea gathered the enchanted herbs’. (Lines : 15-16)
Who speaks these lines ? What do you know of Medea ?
Answer:
These lines are uttered by Jessica. Medea was Jason’s wife who restored his father Aeson to youthful vigour by gathering herbs by moonlight with incantation and by giving their juice to him.

Question 2.
‘In such a night
Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew’. (Lines : 15-16)
On what occasion does Lorenzo utter these words ?
Answer:
Lorenzo utters these words when he and Jessica indulge in a game of outwitting each other in telling stories about classical lovers. They are in a romantic mood on a moonlit night.

Question 3.
‘The man that hath no music in himself (Lines : 91-92)
Is fit for treasons, stratagems and spoils’. What does Lorenzo think of the quality and influence of music ?
Answer:
Lorenzo thinks high of music. He believes that the man who has no ear for music and is not moved by it is a man with a black soul. Such a man, according to him, can only plan conspiracies and commit acts of plunder.

Question 4.
‘Nothing is good, I see, without respect : Methinks it sounds much sweeter than by day’. (Lines : 107-108)
What prompts Portia to talk about the general nature of all things including music ? Do you approve of what she says ?
Answer:
The sound of music prompts Portia to talk about the general nature of all things. She is of the opinion that nothing is pleasant or unpleasant, and that we only project our feelings on the things around. Yes, we think she is quite right.

Question 5.
‘You were to blame, —I must be plain with you—
To part so slightly with your wife’s first gift’. (Lines : 178-179)
Who is blamed by Portia, and why ? What is her accusation ? Is she serious ?
Answer:
Bassanio is blamed by Portia for giving his wife’s first gift, a ring, to someone casually. She accuses him of giving her ring to some woman. She is just teasing him.

Question 6.
‘No, by my honour, madam, by my soul, No woman had it, but a civil doctor’. (Lines : 224-225)
What is Bassanio accused of ? What does he say in his defence ?
Answer: Bassanio is accused of giving his ring to some woman. In his defence he says that he has given the ring to the lawyer who came to Venice to defend Antonio.

Question 7.
‘In both my eyes he doubly sees himself :
In each eye one ‘ (Lines : 260-261)
How is Portia teasing Bassanio ? What do you think about her ?
Answer:
When Bassanio says that he finds himself reflected in Portia’s beautiful eyes, Portia finds another point to tease him. She says he finds himself doubly reflected in both her eyes—one image in each. Thus, he swears in the name of double-dealing (deceiving) self. This shows how witty and clever Portia is.

Question 8.
‘By heaven, it is the same I gave the doctor!’ (Line : 274)
What surprises Bassanio ? How does Portia explain the mystery ?
Answer:
The ring which was handed over to Bassanio by Portia surprised him because it was the same ring which he had given to the lawyer. Portia explained how she got the ring as she herself was the lawyer in male dress.

Question 9.
What is the cause of quarrel between Nerissa and Gratiano ? What is amusing about it ?
Answer:
Nerissa finds her ring missing on Gratiano’s finger, so she starts quarelling with Gratiano. She accuses him of giving that ring to some young girl. The whole quarrel is amusing as we know that the ring is already with Nerissa.

Question 10.
What makes Antonio sad ? Who consoles him ?
Answer:
Like Nerissa, Portia accuses her husband of giving her ring to some young woman. Bassanio vehemently denies the charge. The quarrels between Nerissa and Gratiano and between Portia and Bassanio make Antonio feel sad. He accuses himself for all the quarrels. Portia consoles him by asking him not to feel upset, saying that he is very much welcome to her house.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 5 Scene 1 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Lorenzo :
The moon shines bright: in such a night as this,
When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees
And they did make no noise, in such a night
Troilus methinks mounted the Troyan walls
And sigh’d his soul toward the Grecian tents,
Where Cressid lay that night.
Jessica :
In such a night
Did Thisbe fearfully o’ertrip the dew
And saw the lion’s shadow ere himself
And ran dismay’d away.

(i) Where are the speakers ? In which mood are they ?
Answer: The speakers, Lorenzo and Jessica, are in a grove before Portia’s house in Belmont. It is a moonlit night, and the two lovers are in a joyful, romantic mood.

(ii) Who was Troilus ? What did he do at a moonlit night ?
Answer: Troilus was the son of Priam, king of Troy. He climbed the walls of the city of Troy on a moonlit night. He expressed his love in loud sighs for his beloved Cressida asleep in the Grecian tents.

(iii) Who was Thisbe ? What happened to her ?
Answer: Thisbe was a girl loved by Pyramus. She came out to meet her lover on a moonlit night. Sighting a lion’s shadow before her she ran away in terror.

(iv) Why are Lorenzo and Jessica referring to old romantic stories ?
Answer: Lorenzo and Jessica are referring to old romantic stories as they are in a romantic mood, and are playing this kind of game to while away the time while waiting for the return of Portia and Bassanio.

(v) Who enters later in the scene ? What news does he bring ?
Answer: Stephano, a messenger, appears later in the scene. He has brought the news that his mistress (Portia) will be back at home before dawn. At present she is visiting chapels and churches, praying for a happy married life.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Lorenzo :
therefore the poet
Did feign that Orpheus drew trees, stones and floods;
Since nought so stockish, hard and full of rage,
But music for the time doth change his nature.
The man that hath no music in himself,
Nor is not moved with concord of sweet sounds,
Is fit for treasons, stratagems and spoils;
The motions of his spirit are dull as night
And his affections dark as Erebus:
Let no such man be trusted. Mark the music.

(i) Who is being addressed to by Lorenzo ? What has prompted him to dwell on the power of music ?
Answer: Jessica is being addressed to by Lorenzo. The sound of music has prompted him to dwell on the power of music. Music, according to him, enchants humans as well as animals.

(ii) What has the speaker told about the effect of music on wild horses ?
Answer: Lorenzo, the speaker, has said that even when the horses were to hear accidently the sound of a trumpet or some other music, they would suddenly stand still. All the wildness would disappear in their eyes.

(iii) Who is the poet referred to here ? What did he imagine ?
Answer: The poet referred to here is Ovid. He imagined that the great musician Orpheus could draw trees, rocks and rivers after him. He could influence them with the power of his music.

(iv) What does the speaker think of a man who has no love for music ?
Answer: According to the speaker, Lorenzo, the person who has no love for music is an abnormal and wicked person. Such a man is fit for only conspiracies and acts of plunder.

(v) Who enter immediately after this speech ? From where have they come ?
Answer: Portia and Nerissa enter immediately after Lorenzo’s speech. They have come from Venice, unknown to everyone related to them, since they “went there in male dress.

PASSAGE 3.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
What ring gave you my lord?
Not that, I hope, which you received of me.
Bassanio :
If I could add a lie unto a fault,
I would deny it; but you see my finger
Hath not the ring upon it; it is gone.

(i) What makes Portia want to know about the ring ?
Answer: Gratiano says that Lord Bassanio gifted his ring to the judge (Portia in disguise) who asked for it. This makes Portia want to know which ring Bassanio has given to the judge.

(ii) Who has taken the ring from Bassanio ? Why does she pretend not to know ?
Answer: Portia, in the guise of a male lawyer, has herself taken the ring from Bassanio, unknown to him. She pretends not to know only because she is in a mood to tease Bassanio just to have some fun.

(iii) What has Bassanio to confess ? How does he feel ?
Answer: Bassanio has to confess that he gave the lawyer the very ring Portia had given to him on the promise that he would never part with that. He feels embarrassed and even guilty.

(iv) What is Bassanio accused of ? How does he try to defend himself later in the scene ?
Answer: Bassanio is accused of being a cuckold. He tries to defend himself by swearing on his soul and on his honour that he did not give the ring to any woman. He gave the ring to the lawyer.

(v) Who settles the dispute ? What surprises Bassanio the most ?
Answer: It is Antonio who settles the dispute by pledging himself upon his soul that her husband will never again break his oath with her. When Portia asks him to give a ring to Bassanio with the promise to keep it in safe custody, Bassanio is greatly surprised to see it. It is the same ring which he had given to the lawyer.

PASSAGE 4.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
How now, Lorenzo l
My clerk hath some gopd comforts too for you.
Nerissa :
Ay, and I’ll give them him without a fee.
There do I give to you and Jessica,
From the rich Jew, a special deed of gift,
After his death, of all he dies possess’d of.
Lorenzo :
Fair ladies, you drop manna in the way
Of starved people.

(i) What good news makes Portia to turn to Lorenzo ? What does her ‘clerk’ have for him ?
Answer: Antonio has got the news that his ships have safely come to harbour. This good news makes Portia turn to Lorenzo. Her ‘clerk’, that is Nerissa, has good news for him.

(ii) What does Nerissa tell Lorenzo and Jessica ?
Answer: Nerissa tells them about the gift deed signed by Shylock, according to which they will inherit all of his property after his death.

(iii) How does Lorenzo react to the news ?
Answer: Lorenzo reacts exultantly to the news. He calls the gift deed as a sort of heavenly food for hungry people. They will not have to worry about their future.

(iv) Where is the conversation going on ? Why does Portia later ask all of them to go inside ?
Answer: The conversation is going on in the grove before Portia’s house. Portia asks all of the people present to go inside. She knows that her listeners are still not satisfied with what she has told them. She promises to answer all their questions and satisfy their curiosity in every way.

(v) What do you think of the ending of the play ?
Answer: Shakespeare has intended to make The Merchant of Venice a comedy. Naturally, the play ends on a happy note for all, except for Shylock. Seen in this context, the last act or scene cannot be called superfluous, as some critics have opined.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 5

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 5

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 5 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 5 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
What tells you that Jessica is totally devoted to her lover Lorenzo ?
Answer:
Launcelot says that Jessica would be damned for Shylock’s sins. Jessica at once retorts that she will be saved on account of the virtues of Lorenzo and also because she has become a Christian. It shows her devotion to Lorenzo.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 5 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Lorenzo :
I shall grow jealous of you shortly. Launcelot
Jessica :
Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo : Launcelot
and I are out. He tells me flatly, there is no mercy for
me in heaven, because I am a Jew’s daughter and he
says you are no good member of the commonwealth,
for in converting Jews to Christians, you raise the price of pork.

(i) “I shall grow jealous of you shortly”. In which mood is this line spoken ? What does Lorenzo mean ?
Answer: This line is spoken in a light-hearted, humorous manner. Lorenzo means to say that if he finds Launcelot and Jessica, talking intimately in quiet comers he will begin to suspect Launcelot and thus grow jealous of him.

(ii) What does Launcelot tell Jessica ?
Answer: Launcelot tells Jessica that she has no chance of salvation in heaven because she is a Jew’s daughter.

(iii) Why is Lorenzo not a good member of the commonwealth ?
Answer: Lorenzo is not a good member of the commonwealth because by marrying Jessica, who is a Jew, and converting her to Christianity he is contributing to an increase in price of pork.

(iv) What light does this speech throw on the character of Jessica ?
Answer: This speech proves that Jessica is a humorous young girl who can take a joke lightly and enjoy the fun.

(v) Soon after this speech Jessica expresses her opinion about Portia. What does she Say?
Answer: Jessica tells Lorenzo that Portia as a wife is a blessing for Bassanio. Now that Bassanio has won her, he should prove worthy of his excellent wife.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 4

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 4

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 4 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 4 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
T never did repent for doing good
Nor shall not now ‘ (Lines : 10-11)
On what occasion does Portia speak these lines ? What has she done ?
Answer:
Portia speaks these lines when Lorenzo praises Portia for sending Bassanio to Antonio’s help. He is surprised that Portia has done such a noble deed without knowing who Antonio is.

Question 2.
‘But come, I’ll tell thee all my whole device
When I am in my coach’ (Lines : 81-82)
What is in Portia’s mind as she leaves her home for Venice ?
Answer:
As she leaves her home for Venice, Portia has in her mind a plan to defend Antonio. She thinks of going to Venice as a lawyer in a male’s dress, along with Nerissa as her male clerk and fight the legal battle against Shylock with the help of her lawyer cousin.

Question 3.
What duty is assigned to Balthasar by Portia ?
Answer:
Portia is in a hury to go to Venice to save Antonio’s life. So she asks Balthasar to run to Padua and deliver a letter to Dr. Bellario. She asks him to bring back what documents and clothes Dr. Bellario would give him.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 4 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

I never did repent for doing good,
Nor shall not now; for in companions
That do converse and waste the time together,
Whose souls do bear an equal yoke Of love,
There must be needs a like proportion
Of lineaments, of manners and of spirit;
Which makes me think that this Antonio,
Being the bosom lover of my lord,
Must needs be like my lord. If it be so,
How little is the cost I have bestow’d
In purchasing the semblance of my soul
From out the state of hellish misery !
This comes too near the praising of myself;
Therefore no more of it : hear other things.

(i) Who is being addressed to ? Who are present on the occasion ?
Answer: Lorenzo is being addressed to here by Portia. Nerissa, Lorenzo, Jessica and Balthasar are present on the occasion.

(ii) What has Lorenzo told Portia ?
Answer: Lorenzo has told Portia as to how loving a friend Antonio is of her husband. He is sure that if she knew it she would feel even more proud of what she has done to help Antonio.

(iii) What is Portia’s instant reply ?
Answer: Portia at once says that she has never been sorry for doing good, and shall not do so now.

(iv) What is Portia’s reason in helping Antonio so generously ?
Answer: According to Portia, Antonio being her husband’s dearest friend must be like him. So in that case whatever she does to save him, who is so like her husband, is very slight.

(v) Give two qualities of Portia that this passage reveals.
Answer: This passage reveals clearly Portia’s generous nature and his humility.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Lorenzo :
Madam, with all my heart;
I shall obey you in all fair commands.
Portia :
My people do already know my mind,
And will acknowledge you and Jessica
In place of Lord Bassanio and myself.
And so farewell, till we shall meet again.

(i) Where are the speakers now ? What has Portia asked Lorenzo to do ?
Answer: The speakers are now in a hall in Portia’s house. Portia has asked Lorenzo to look after the house during Bassanio’s absence as they are also going to a convent for prayers.

(ii) Portia is ready to leave her house. What does she tell Lorenzo and Jessica ? Where is she actually going ?
Answer: Portia tells Lorenzo and Jessica that her people (servants) would obey them as their masters in her absence. She is actually going to Venice to defend Antonio as a lawyer in male attire.

(iii) What tells you that Portia is extremely humble ?
Answer: Portia is so humble and considerate that she does not even call her servants as servants. She calls them her ‘people’ out of respect and humility.

(iv) After Jessica and Lorenzo leave, later in the scene, whom does she meet, and for what ?
Answer: After Jessica and Lorenzo have left, she meets Balthazar, one of her servants, whom she asks to go with a letter to her cousin in Padua. She wants the help of her cousin, a civil doctor, in Antonio’s case.

(v) What does she tell Nerissa later ?
Answer: She tells Nerissa later that they are leaving for Venice in male dresses. She will be a lawyer and Nerissa her clerk. She says she will explain to her the whole plan on the way.

PASSAGE 3.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
Like a fine bragging youth, and tell quaint lies,
How honourable ladies sought my love,
Which I denying, they fell sick and died;
I could not do withal; then I’ll repent,
And wish for all that, that I had not killed them;
And twenty of these puny lies I’ll tell,
That men shall swear I have discontinued school
Above a twelve month. I have within my mind
A thousand raw tricks of these bragging Jacks,
Which I will practise.

(i) Who is Portia speaking to ? What is her plan ?
Answer: Portia is speaking to her companion Nerissa. Her plan is to go to Venice in male attire. She will act as a lawyer and Nerissa, her clerk. She hopes to defend and rescue Antonio.

(ii) How does Portia describe her in the role of a young man ?
Answer: Portia says that she will act as a bold .dashing young man. She will speak in a shrill voice and boast of duels and fights as the fashionable young men do. She will also refer to her imaginary love conquests.

(iii) What is Portia’s tone and attitude as she describes the youth of her age ?
Answer: When Portia describes the youth of her age her tone is hilarious and attitude satirical. Her words are a satirical commentary on the hollow youth who waste a lot of their time in idle pursuits.

(iv) What do you learn about Portia from her scheme ?
Answer: From her scheme it becomes clear that Portia is a good planner. She is bold and adventurous. She does not believe in sitting idle at home. She is a doer in the true sense of the term.

(v) Why has Portia not gone to Belmont with Bassanio ?
Answer: Portia has not gone to Belmont with Bassanio. Perhaps she thinks of going to Venice herself later. Or she wants to spring a surprise on Bassanio, which seems to be more plausible.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 3

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 3 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 3 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘Thou call’dst me dog before thou hadst a cause
But since I am a dog, beware my fangs’. (Lines : 6-7)
Where is Shylock addressing Antonio ? Why is he in a revengeful mood ? What does he want ?
Answer:
Shylock is addressing Antonio in a street in Venice. He is in a revengeful mood at this time chiefly because of his daughter’s elopement with a Christian. He wants to satisfy his sense of outrage by harming Antonio.

Question 2.
‘Pray God, Bassanio come
To see me pay his debt, and then I care not’! (Lines : 34-35)
In which context does Antonio want to see Bassanio for the last time ?
Answer:
Antonio knows that Shylock being heartless and cruel will not spare his life, and the Duke will not be in a position to go against the law. It is in this context that he wants to see Bassanio before he dies.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 3 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Antonia :
The duke cannot deny the course of law:
For the commodity that strangers have
With us in Venice, if it be denied,
Will .much impeach the justice of his state;
Since that the trade and profit of the city
Consisteth of all nations. Therefore, go:
These griefs and losses have so bated me,
That I shall hardly spare a pound of flesh
To-morrow to my bloody creditor.
Well, gaoler, on. Pray God, Bassanio come
To see me pay his debt, and then I care not!

(i) Where is Antonio ? Who is he addressing to ? Who has brought him there ?
Answer: Antonio is in the street of Venice, in the custody of the jailor. He is addressing Salarino, his friend. The jailor has brought him there in order to have a talk with Shylock.

(ii) What does Shylock want the jailor to do early in the scene ? How does he react to Anotonio’s request to listen to him ? Answer: Shylock wants the jailor to watch Antonio closely lest he should escape. He reacts angrily to Antonio’s request to listen to him. He does not want to hear any petition – for mercy.

(iii) What makes Antonio say that the Duke cannot refuse to let the law take its course ?
Answer: Antonio says that the Duke cannot refuse to let the law take its course because then the laws of the state will become suspect, especially in the eyes of the foreign merchants. On their goodwill depends the prosperity of the state.

(iv) What tells you that he has already suffered a lot ? What is his attitude at the moment ?
Answer: He has already suffered mentally and bodily and is reduced to a skeleton. His attitude is now of calm resignation to his fate. He is now mentally prepared for any eventuality.

(v) What is his last wish ? What does it tell you of his character ?
Answer: His last wish is to see Bassanio, his dearest friend, before he breathes his last. It reveals his intense love for Bassanio. He is a sincere and devoted friend.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 2

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 2 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 2 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘The world is still deceived with ornament’. (Lines : 74)
Who is the speaker ? What is the occasion ? What do these words indicate ?
Answer:
Bassanio is the speaker. He speaks these lines as he broods over the inscription on the gold casket. These words reveal Bassanio’s wisdom and his right observation.

Question 2.
‘But when this ring
Parts from this finger, then parts life from hence’. (Lines : 183-184)
Which ring is referred to by Bassanio ? What promise does he make ? Does he ever break it ?
Answer:
Bassanio refers to the ring he receives from Portia. He promises never to part with it. Yes, he breaks his promise later by giving it to the lawyer (Portia in disguise) as reward for saving his friend’s life.

Question 3.
‘Since you are dear bought, I will love you dear’. (Line : 313)
On what occasion does Portia speak this line ? What does she mean to say ?
Answer:
Portia speaks this line while preparing herself to part from Bassanio who, she feels, must leave for Venice to rescue his friend Antonio. She means to say that she will love him all the more for all the complications she has to encounter to get him as her life partner.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 2 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

What, no more ?
Pay him six thousand, and deface the bond;
Double six thousand, and then treble that,
Before a friend of this description
Shall lose a hair through Bassanio’s fault.
First go with me to church and call me wife,
And then away to Venice to your friend;
For never shall you lie by Portia’s side
With an unquiet soul. You shall have gold
To pay the petty debt twenty times over :
When it is paid, bring your true friend along.
My maid Nerissa and myself meantime
Will live as maids and widow. Come, away !
For you shall hence upon your wedding-day :

(i) What bad news reaches Belmont ?
Answer: The bad news that reaches Belmont is that Antonio has gone bankrupt and has no money to repay the Jew. Even if he had the money, Shylock would not take it as the loan had not been paid back on the fixed date. Shylock insists on the condition of the pound of flesh in the bond because the law is on his side.

(ii) What has Jessica said about his father’s resolution ?
Answer: Jessica has said that she heard his father Shylock swear to his countrymen that he would rather have Antonio’s flesh than twenty times the value of the sum which Antonio owes him.

(iii) What moves the heart of Portia ?
Answer: Bassanio’s praise of Antonio moves the heart of Portia. Bassanio describes Antonio as the most kind, best-intentioned, the most honourable, close friend of his. Portia feels that such a friend of Bassanio should not lose a single hair through any fault of his (Bassanio’s).

(iv) What does Portia’s offer tell us of her character ?
Answer: Portia is ready to pay twenty times the money Antonio owes to Shylock to deface the bond. The way she gets ready to do everything within her means and control to save Antonio speaks of her generosity and kindness.

(v) What does Portia ask Bassanio to do ?
Answer: Portia asks Bassanio to finish all his business immediately and go to Venice with whatever amount of money he needs to save his dear friend.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
‘ Now he goes,
With no less presence, but with much more love,
Than young Alcides, when he did redeem
The virgin tribute paid by howling Troy
To the sea-monster: I stand for sacrifice
The rest aloof are the Dardanian wives,
With bleared visages, come forth to view
The issue of the exploit. Go, Hercules!
Live thou, I live: with much, much more dismay
I view the fight than thou that makest the fray,

(i) When does Portia speak these lines ? In which mood is she ?
Answer: Portia speaks these lines when Bassanio goes to make his choice of the casket. She is in an excited and tense mood. She is a bit afraid of the outcome. She has a mix of feelings at this time.

(ii) How does she view Bassanio ? Is she right in what she says ? How ?
Answer: She views Bassanio as Hercules (Alcides) who has gone forward to rescue a young maiden from a sea-monster. She is right in making the comparison. As she loves Bassanio, she is doomed if he fails.

(iii) ‘Live thou, I live’. What does this line tell us of Portia ?
Answer: Portia says that if Bassanio succeeds, he will confer a happy life on her. If he fails, she will virtually die. The line reveals Portia’s senstivity as a lover.

(iv) How does Bassanio succeed in marrying Portia later ?
Answer: Bassanio chooses the lead casket because he accepts the challenge contained in the inscription on the casket. He rejects the gold casket as he knows that appearances are often deceptive. He rejects the silver casket as silver is only a metal for business transactions. He hazards all he has, and thus, succeeds in making the right choice which enables him to wed Portia.

(v) Mention any four qualities of Portia.
Answer: Portia is witty and clever. Her speeches reveal her wit and sense of humour. She is intelligent. The way she turns the tables on Shylock in the trial scene reveals her intelligence. She is a generous, sincere and helpful. She goes all out to rescue a friend of her husband.

PASSAGE 3.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Bassanio :
How many cowards, whose hearts are all as false
As stairs of sand, wear yet upon their chins
The beards of Hercules and frowning Mars;
Who, inward search’d, have livers white as milk;
And these assume but valour’s excrement
To render them redoubted!

(i) What is the occasion of Bassanio’s speech ? What is he doing at the moment ?
Answer: Bassanio is about to make his choice of the casket. He is brooding over the inscription on each of the caskets carefully so that he may get some clue to this choice.

(ii) What has Bassanio to say about the dishonest and pretentious persons ? What has prompted him to say these words ?
Answer: Bassanio says that many dishonest persons who are timid in reality put on the looks of the brave with bearded faces and stern looks. He has been prompted to say these words on reading the inscription on the gold casket.

(iii) What does he say of ‘beautified’ persons later ?
Answer: According to him, persons who use most cosmetics often become ‘light’ (in character) in proportion to the weight of the ‘aids’ they use. They become frivolous and irresponsibly gay.

(iv) Why does he reject gold and silver casket ?
Answer: He rejects the gold casket because the outward glitter hides the reality. He rejects the silver casket because silver is the metal of commercial coinage, handed by the mass of men.

(v) What makes him favour lead casket and win Portia ? What does it reflect on his character ?
Answer: The dull look of lead casket appeals to him. He accepts the challenge thrown by the lead. He is prepared to ‘hazard’ all that he has to win Portia. It tells us that he is bold, adventurous and self-sacrificing.

PASSAGE 4.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Bassanio :
Therefore, thou gaudy gold,
Hard food for Midas, I will none of thee;
Nor none of thee, thou pale and common drudge
‘Tween man and man : but thou, thou meagre lead,
Which rather threatenest than dost promise aught,
Thy paleness moves me more than eloquence;
And here choose I; joy be the consequence !

(i) What is the occasion of Bassanio’s speech ? Where is he at the moment ?
Answer: Bassanio utters these words as he is going to make his choice of the casket. He is in a room where the three caskets of gold, silver and lead are placed. He stands before the gold casket at the moment.

(ii) What are his reasons for rejecting the gold and silver caskets ?
Answer: He rejects the gold casket because the outward glitter is always deceiving. He rejects the silver casket because silver is the metal used in business transactions by the mass of men.

(iii) What makes him opt for the lead casket ? How does he feel on finding Portia’s picture in {the lead casket ?
Answer: The dull look of lead casket is challenging. The inscription on it warns the person choosing it to be ready to ‘hazard’ all. Bassanio accepts the challenge and is ready to ‘hazard’ all he has. Thus, he chooses the lead casket. He feels pleasantly surprised on finding Portia’s picture in the lead casket.

(iv) How does Portia present herself to Bassanio later in the scene ?
Answer: Portia completely submits herself to Bassanio in utter humility later. She asks him to accept her as she is, an untaught and inexperienced girl.

(v) Who decide to get married after Bassanio succeeds in winning Portia ?
Answer: Gratiano and Nerissa decide to get married after Bassanio succeeds in winning Portia. Gratiano has been courting Nerissa all along when Bassanio is busy in making his mind to choose his lucky casket.

PASSAGE 5.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
You see me, Lord Bassanio, where I stand,
Such as I am: though for myself alone
I would not be ambitious in my wish,
To wish myself much better; yet, for you
I would be trebled twenty times myself;
A thousand times more fair, ten thousand times more rich;
That only to stand high in your account,
I might in virtue, beauties, livings, friends,
Exceed account; but the full sum of me
Is sum of something, which, to term in gross,
Is an unlesson’d girl, unschool’d, unpractised;
Happy in this, she is not yet so old But she may learn.

(i) When does Portia speak these lines to Bassanio ? In which mood is she ?
Answer: Portia speaks these lines to Bassanio after he has made the choice of the right casket.
She is in a happy and excited mood. She submits herself completely to her future husband.

(ii) How does Portia describe herself ? What do you learn about her character ?
Answer: Being humble, Portia describes herself as an untaught and inexperienced girl. She wishes to be better to win his esteem. We feel that she is very humble and polite. She deliberately underestimates her worth.

(iii) What do you think is the most sterling quality of her character ?
Answer: The most sterling quality of Portia’s character is her generosity. She is rich and beautiful, yet she is free from arrogance and petty-mindedness. She does everything possible to save Antonio. No ordinary person would be as generous towards a stranger as she is.

(iv) Who enter later in the scene ?
Answer: Lorenzo, Jessica and Salarino enter later. Bassanio welcomes them with Portia’s permission. Lorenzo and Jessica have come on the advice of Salarino who has brought Antonio’s letter for Bassanio.

(v) What news saddens Bassanio on this happy occasion ? What does Portia ask him to do ?
Answer: Bassanio becomes sad immediately on reading the news that Antonio has forfeited the bond and is in great trouble as Shylock insists on the penalty—the pound of flesh. Portia at once asks Bassanio to go to Venice with as much money and gold as he needs to rescue his dear friend.

PASSAGE 6.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Jessica :
When I was with him I have heard him swear
To Tubal and to Chus, his countrymen,
That he would rather have Antonio’s flesh
Than twenty times the value of the sum
That he did owe him: and I know, my lord,
If law, authority and power deny not,
It will go hard with poor Antonio.
Portia :
Is it your dear friend that is thus in trouble?
Bassanio :
The dearest friend to me, the kindest man,
The best-condition1d and unwearied spirit
In doing courtesies, and one in whom
The ancient Roman honour more appears
Than any that draws breath in Italy.

(i) What has happened early in the scene ? Who is Jessica ? What is she talking about ?
Answer: The news has reached Belmont of Antonio’s forfeiting the bond. Jessica is Shylock’s daughter. She says that she has heard her father swear to his fellow Jews that he would have Antonio’s flesh rather than twenty times the amount of the loan.

(ii) How does Portia react ? What does it tell us of her character ?
Answer: Portia reacts sympathetically at once. It reveals that she is a very tender, sympathetic, generous and helpful person. She is ready to do everything for her husbands’s friend.

(iii) Who is ‘the dearest friend, the kindest man’ referred to by Bassanio ? What has happened to him ?
Answer: Antonio is ‘the dearest friend, the kindest man’. He has forfeited the bond and is in danger of losing his life if Shylock insists on cutting a pound of flesh from his body.

(iv) What does Portia learn ? What does she ask Bassanio to do ?
Answer: Portia learns that Antonio, the dearest friend of her husband is a noble person. She asks Bassanio to go to Venice and pay him three times and even more than amount of the loan due to save Antonio.

(v) What does Bassanio decide to do to help his friend in trouble ?
Answer: When Portia allows Bassanio to go to Venice, Bassanio decides not to lose any time and reach Venice to help Antonio.

PASSAGE 7.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Portia :
0 love, dispatch all business, and be gone ! Bassanio :
Since I have your good leave to go away,
1 will make haste : but, till I come again,
No bed shall e’er be guilty of my stay,
No rest be interposer ‘twixt us twain’.

(i) What makes Portia so concerned ? What does she want ?
Answer: Antonio’s words of love and affection in his letter to Bassanio make Portia feel concerned about the man in deep trouble. She wants Bassanio to leave for Venice at once.

(ii) Why is Bassanio in a hurry ? What does he assure Portia ?
Answer: Bassanio is in a hurry because his dearest friend Antonio is in great trouble. He assures Portia that he will lose no time in despatching his business and will be back soon.

(iii) Is Bassanio able to save Antonio ? Why / Why not ?
Answer: Bassanio fails to save Antonio with the offer of money. Shylock refuses to accept any amount as he wants only Antonio’s flesh and nothing else.

(iv) Portia 1ms told Bassanio – ‘My maid Nerissa and myself meantime / Will live as maids and widows’. What is the truth ? Answer: What Portia has told Bassanio is not true. She has in mind another plan. With the help of her lawyer cousin she plans to defend Antonio as a lawyer in male disguise.

(v) What does Portia do after Bassanio has gone ?
Answer: Portia sends a messenger to his cousin, a renowned lawyer, for advice and necessary articles of clothing. She takes Nerissa along and tells her on the way what she has in mind.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 1

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 1 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 1 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘To bait fish withal. If it will feed nothing else, it will feed my revenge’. (Lines : 48-49)
In what context does Shylock react thus ? What does it reveal ?
Answer:
Shylock is bitter about his daughter’s running away with a Christian. He wants to have his revenge on Antonio, a Christian. Thus, he reacts bitterly. It reveals his cruel, revengeful nature.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 3 Scene 1 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Salanio:
Why, I am sure, if he forfeit, thou wilt not take his flesh: what’s that good for?
Shylock :
To bait fish withal: if it will feed nothing else,
it will feed my revenge. He hath disgraced me, and
hindered me half a million; laughed at my losses,
mocked at my gains, scorned my nation, thwarted my
bargains, cooled my friends, heated mine
enemies; and what’s his reason? I am a Jew.

(i) Where are the speakers now ? Who is with them ?
Answer: The speakers, Salarino and Shylock, are now in a street in Venice. Salanio is with them. Salanio and Salarino are obviously in a mood to tease and harass Shylock who is distressed at the loss of a daughter and his ducats.

(ii) What prompts Salarino to ask Shylock about his intentions towards Antonio ? Answer: The news that Antonio has lost his ships and has become bankrupt is really frightening. It prompts Salarino to ask Shylock what he would do in case Antonio forfeited the bond.

(iii) What does Shylock reveal ?
Answer: Shylock reveals his true intentions in taking revenge on Antonio. He hates Antonio who has harmed and insulted him in many ways.

(iv) How has Antonio insulted Shylock ?
Answer: Antonio has harmed his business interests. He has laughed at his losses. He has scorned his community. He has sided with his enemies. According to Shylock, Antonio has ill-treated him simply because he is a Jew.

(v) Do you think Shylock has been greatly wronged ? How would you justify his hardened stance towards Antonio later ?
Answer: Yes, we feel that Shylock has been greatly wronged. A man who has been harmed and humiliated in public cannot do anything else but think of revenge. Antonio’s behaviour has been extremely provocative and unjustified.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 9

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 9

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 9 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 9 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
I will not jump with common spirits And rank me with the barbarous multitudes’. (Lines : 31-32)
Who utters these words and when ?
What do they tell you of the speaker ?
Answer: The Prince of Arragon, one of Portia’s suitors, utters these lines as he broods on the inscription on the gold casket. They reveal that Arragon is self-conceited and arrogant. He feels as if he were an extra-ordinary person.

Question 2.
‘O that estates, degrees and offices Were not derived corruptly’. (Lines : 40-41)
The Prince of Arragon who utters these words seems to be a wise observer, but then why does he make a wrong choice ?
Answer:
The Prince of Arragon has wisely read of the. ways of the world. Even then he fails in his choice of the caskets because he is self-conceited and arrogant.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 9 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Arragon :
I will not choose what many men desire,
Because I will not jump with common spirits
And rank me with the barbarous multitudes.
Why, then to thee, thou silver treasure-house;
Tell me once more what title thou dost bear :
‘Who chooseth me shall get as much as he deserves
And well said too; for who shall go about
To cozen fortune and be honourable
Without the stamp of merit ? Let none presume
To wear an undeserved dignity.

(i) Who had tried his luck at the casket lottery before the Prince of Arragon ? What was the result ?
Answer: The Prince of Morocco had tried his luck at the casket lottery. He had chosen the gold casket which was a wrong choice. He had to leave disappointed.

(ii) Why does the Prince of Arragon reject the gold casket ? What does it reveal to you about his character ?
Answer: The Prince of Arragon rejects the gold casket because he does not want to go with the common people who get tempted by the attractive outside of things. He considers himself to be out of common. He is self-conceited and arrogant.

(iii) Why is he impressed by the inscription on the silver casket ? What does it reflect ?
Answer: The inscription on the silver casket makes him feel that he fully deserves Portia. So he goes for the silver casket. It shows that he has a very high opinion about his own merit.

(iv) To what extent is he right ? Where does he go wrong ?
Answer: He is right in thinking that honour should be won by merit and that merit should be the sole criterion for high position in life. He goes wrong in thinking that he is meritorious and deserves to be the husband of Portia.

(i) What casket does he choose ? What does he find in it ? How does Portia react on his leaving ?
Answer: He chooses the silver casket. He finds in it the picture of an idiot. When he leaves
after making a lot of fuss, Portia remarks that some people take a very long time in coming to a decision, and thus, choose wrong.

PASSAGE 2.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Madam, there is alighted at your gate
A young Venetian, one that comes before
To signify the approaching of his lord;
From whom he bringeth sensible regreets,
To wit, besides commends and courteous breath,
Gifts of rich value. Yet I have not seen
So likely an ambassador of love:

(i) Who is speaking these lines and to whom ? What has happened early in the scene ?
Answer: A servant is speaking to Portia. Earlier, the Prince of Arragon has made a wrong choice and left after making a lot of fuss, leaving Portia in a bad mood.

(ii) Who is the young Venetian referred to here ? Why is the speaker so impressed ?
Answer: The young Venetian referred to here is Bassanio’s messenger. He has brought with him a number of gifts and graceful compliments from his master. This has greatly impressed the speaker.

(iii) How does Portia react on hearing the news ?
Answer: Portia reacts sharply on hearing the news. She is in no mood to hear of another suitor soon after a skirmish with Arragon. She suspects that the servant is overreacting in praising the newcomer.

(iv) What does Nerissa wish at the end of the scene ? What clue does it provide to you ?
Answer: At the end of the scene Nerissa wishes that this suitor should turn out to be Bassanio.
It provides us the clue that Portia has some interest in Bassanio and Nerissa wants her to marry him.

(v) In which mood is Portia ? Who is able to choose the right casket later in the play ?
What does it tell us of the person ?
Answer: Portia is in a bad mood. It is Bassanio who chooses the right casket later. Bassanio’s choice of lead casket is deliberate. He takes a deliberate risk and wins. It shows his adventurous nature and right judgement.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 8

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 8

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 8 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 8 Workbook Questions and Answers

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :

Salanio:
I never heard a passion so confused,
So strange, outrageous, and so variable,
As the dog Jew did utter in the streets :
‘My daughter ! O my ducats ! O my daughter’
Fled with a Christian ! O my Christian ducats !
Justice ! the law ! my ducats, and my daughter !
A sealed bag, two sealed bags of ducats.

(i) Who is Salanio addressing to ? Where is he at present ?
Answer: Salanio is addressing his friend Salarino. He is in a street in Venice.

(ii) What has happened ? What makes Shylock almost mad ?
Answer: Lorenzo and Jessica have eloped. Jessica has taken with her a lot of money and jewels. That Jessica has taken away so much of his money makes Shylock mad with rage. He curses and abuses his daughter in public.

(iii) In what mood is Salanio ? Why is he so contemptuous of the Jew ?
Answer: Salanio is in a gleeful mood. He is contemptuous of the Jew because he is a heartless moneylender and a stingy Jew.

(iv) Later in the scene he expresses his fear. What is it about ? Does it turn to be true ?
Answer: Later he expresses his fear that Jessica’s elopement with a Christian will harden Shylock’s attitude towards Antonio. He fears the Jew will not spare Antonio if he forfeits the bond. Yes, his fear turns out to be true.

(v) What does he say about Antonio and Bassanio towards the end of the scene ?
Answer: He says that Antonio and Bassanio are great friends. There were tears in Bassanio’s eyes at the time of his parting from Antonio. Antonio was also very sad and serious.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 7

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 7

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 7 Questions and Answers, Passage Based Questions.

Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 7 Workbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
‘From the four comers of the earth they come
To kiss this shrine, this mortal breathing saint’. (Lines : 39-40)
What prompts the Prince of Morocco to say these lines ? What does he want to say ?
Answer:
The inscription on the gold casket prompts the Prince of Morocco to say these lines. He wants to say that all men hanker after Portia, and come from all parts of the world to pay their homage to her. His guess is that the gold casket should have Portia’s picture in it.

Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers Act 2 Scene 7 Passage Based Questions

PASSAGE 1.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow :
Morocco :
Let’s see once more this saying graved in gold
“Who chooseth me shall gain what many men desire.”
Why, that’s the lady; all the world desires her;
From the four corners of the earth they come,
To kiss this shrine, this mortal-breathing saint :
The Hyrcanian deserts and the vasty wilds Of wide Arabia are as thoroughfares now
For princes to come view-fair Portia :

(i) Who is Morocco speaking to ? What is the occasion ?
Answer: Morocco is speaking aloud to himself. He is going to try his luck at the lottery of caskets.

(ii) What does he think while reading the inscription on the gold casket ?
Answer: While reading the inscription on the gold casket, he feels that it is Portia who is desired by all men who are coming to get her from all parts of the world.

(iii) How does he praise Portia ?
Answer: He calls Portia a saint and her residence a temple which is visited by a number of men to pay their homage to this ‘flesh- and-blood’ saint.

(iv) “The Hyrcanian deserts and the vasty wilds … thoroughfares now”. Explain.
Answer: The deserts in Persia and the wild wastes of Arabia have now become well-trodden roads for princes eager to court Portia, according to Morocco.

(v) What makes him choose gold casket ? What does he find in the gold casket ? How does he react on losing the game ?
Answer: He feels that the picture of so beautiful woman as Portia can only be in a beautiful, gold casket. To his dismay, he finds a skull with a scroll sticking out of one of its eyes. He feels greatly disappointed on losing the lottery.