Essay On Shah Jahan: Taj Mahal And Beyond The Legacy Of Shah Jahan, The Iconic Mughal Emperor

Essay On Shah Jahan: Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal emperor, is perhaps best known for his grand architectural achievements, chief among them the iconic Taj Mahal. But Shah Jahan’s legacy extends far beyond this one magnificent monument. During his reign, which lasted from 1628 to 1658, he oversaw the construction of numerous other buildings, including the Red Fort and Jama Masjid in Delhi He also commissioned great works of art and literature, and waged successful military campaigns against neighboring powers. In this essay, we will explore Shah Jahan’s life and achievements, and examine his lasting impact on Indian history and culture.

Essay On Shah Jahan

In this blog Essay On Shah Jahan, we include About Essay On Shah Jahan, in 100, 200, 250, and 300 words. Also cover Essay On Shah Jahan for classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and up to the 12th class and also for kids, children and students. You can read more Essay Writing in 10 lines, and about sports, events, occasions, festivals, etc… About Essay On Shah Jahan is available in different languages. Essay On Shah Jahan, the following features are explained in the given manner.

Early Life And Rise To Power

  • Shah Jahan was born in 1592 in Lahore, in present-day Pakistan. His father was Emperor Jahangir, and his mother was a Rajput princess. From an early age, Shah Jahan displayed a keen interest in the arts, particularly architecture.
  • He was also a skilled soldier, and accompanied his father on military campaigns across northern India. In 1627, Jahangir died, and a power struggle ensued between Shah Jahan and his brothers.
  • After a brief civil war, Shah Jahan emerged victorious and ascended to the Mughal throne in 1628.
  • He immediately set about consolidating his power and establishing his authority over the empire. He was a shrewd and capable ruler, and his reign was marked by stability and prosperity.

Early Life And Rise To Power

Contributions And Achievements

  • Shah Jahan’s reign is perhaps best remembered for his architectural achievements. He was a great patron of the arts, and commissioned numerous buildings and monuments throughout the empire.
  • Chief among these is the Taj Mahal, which he ordered built as a mausoleum for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631. The construction of the Taj Mahal took more than 20 years and involved the labor of tens of thousands of workers.
  • The result is a stunning masterpiece of Islamic architecture, widely regarded as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world.
  • In addition to the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan oversaw the construction of several other important buildings. The Red Fort in Delhi, for example, was built during his reign and served as the Mughal capital for nearly 200 years.
  • The Jama Masjid, also in Delhi, is one of the largest mosques in India and a testament to Shah Jahan’s commitment to Islamic architecture.

Personal Life And Legacy

  • Was his marriage to Mumtaz Mahal that was the most significant. She was his beloved companion and bore him 14 children before her untimely death in 1631.
  • It was her death that inspired the construction of the Taj Mahal, which Shah Jahan saw as a fitting tribute to her memory.In 1657, Shah Jahan fell ill, and a power struggle erupted between his sons over the succession.
  • His third son, Aurangzeb, emerged victorious and imprisoned his father in the Agra Fort.  Shah Jahan spent the final years of his life in captivity, watching as his beloved empire slipped away from him. He died in 1666 and was buried next to Mumtaz Mahal in the Taj Mahal.
  • Despite his tragic end, Shah Jahan’s legacy lives on. His architectural achievements, in particular, have inspired generations of artists and architects, both in India and around the world.
  • The Taj Mahal, in particular, has become an iconic symbol of Indian culture and is widely regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
  • But Shah Jahan’s legacy extends beyond his architectural achievements. He was a skilled ruler who oversaw a period of stability and prosperity in the Mughal Empire.


In Shah Jahan was a remarkable figure who left an indelible mark on Indian history and culture. His reign was marked by great achievements in architecture, literature, and the arts, as well as military conquests that extended the Mughal Empire’s reach. But Shah Jahan was more than just a great builder and conqueror. He was a skilled ruler who oversaw a period of stability and prosperity, and his legacy continues to inspire generations of Indians to this day. The Taj Mahal, in particular, stands as a testament to his vision and his enduring love for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, and remains one of the greatest architectural achievements in human history.

Also Read: A Captivating Paragraph On Taj Mahal

Essay On Shah Jahan (FAQ’s)

Question 1.
What kind of ruler was Shah Jahan?

his sense of justice, and his patronage of the arts. He was also a great military strategist and expanded the empire’s reach through successful conquests. However, his reign was not without its controversies, particularly towards the end of his life when he was embroiled in a succession struggle with his sons.

Question 2.
How many wives did Shah Jahan have?

Shah Jahan had three wives. His first wife was Kandahari Begum, whom he married in 1612. His second wife was Mumtaz Mahal, whom he married in 1612 and who remained his favorite until her death in 1631. His third wife was Akbarabadi Mahal, whom he married in 1637. Shah Jahan was known for his deep love and devotion to Mumtaz Mahal, and he built the iconic Taj Mahal as a testament to their love.

Question 3.
Who is the most powerful ruler of Mughal emperor?

The most powerful ruler of the Mughal Empire is often considered to be Aurangzeb, who ruled from 1658 to 1707. He was the son of Shah Jahan and his reign was marked by a period of military conquest and expansion, as well as strict enforcement of Islamic law. Despite his military successes, however, his reign was also marked by economic decline and political instability, and his religious policies led to tensions with other communities within the empire.

Question 4.
Which king married a 7 year old?

There were several kings in history who married at a young age, but the most infamous is likely the Mughal Emperor Akbar, who married his second wife, Mariam-uz-Zamani (also known as Jodha Bai), when she was just seven years old. Akbar himself was around 26 years old at the time of the marriage. While child marriage was not uncommon during this time period, it is important to recognize that it is a harmful practice that has long-lasting negative effects on young girls.

Question 5.
Who is the weakest king in Mughal Empire?

The Mughal Empire saw several weak kings, but one of the most notable is widely regarded to be Muhammad Shah, who ruled from 1719 to 1748. During his reign, the empire saw significant political instability, economic decline, and military defeats. Muhammad Shah was also criticized for his extravagant spending on personal luxuries, which drained the empire’s resources and contributed to its decline. His rule is often considered a low point in the Mughal Empire’s history.

Read More Essays:

Leave a Comment