Throughout history, India has been a cradle of remarkable individuals who have left an indelible mark on the world stage. Their stories of courage, vision, and transformation continue to inspire generations, shaping the nation’s identity and contributing to the global tapestry of human achievement. In this summary, we embark on a journey through time to explore the lives and legacies of “Three Great Indians” whose extraordinary contributions have left an enduring imprint on history. Read More Class 9th English Summaries.
Three Great Indians Summary
Three Great Indians Introduction:
This chapter gives brief sketches of three great Indians. They are :
- Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji,
- Rani Laxmi Bai and
- Udham Singh.
Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji was a great patriot and a social reformer. He fought against many social evils. He asked his followers to fight for the freedom of the country. Laxmi Bai was the brave Rani of Jhansi. She opposed the British rule. She died fighting against the British forces. Udham Singh was one of the greatest martyrs of Mother India. He went to England and killed the villain of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He was arrested and sentenced to death. But his name will live for ever.
Three Great Indians Summary in English
Mother India gave birth to many great men and women in the 19th and 20th centuries. They fought not only against the prevailing social evils but also against the British rule. They included such great souls as Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Tantya Tope, Rani Laxmi Bai, Dadabhai Naoroji, Khudi Ram Bose, Sri Aurobindo, Lala Lajpat Rai, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi and Bhagat Singh.
Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji of Punjab was also a great social reformer and supporter of complete independence. He was born on 3 February, 1816 in a village in Ludhiana district. He was a guru of the Namdhari Sikhs. He gave his first sermon on the day of Baisakhi in 1857. He asked his followers to lead a simple and honest life. He wanted them to help the poor and to be free from all evils. He also wanted them to work for the country’s freedom: He was strongly opposed to such social evils as child marriage, drinking, casteism, nonvegetarianism, cow-slaughter and religious fanaticism.
He was against the British policy of ‘Divide and Rule’. He gave his followers the slogan of ‘Unite and Fight’. He started a movement of non-cooperation against the British rulers. It was he who introduced the concept of ‘Be Indian, buy Indian’. The followers of Satguru Ram Singh Ji raised a loud voice against the British. That was why they came to be known as ‘Kukas? They vowed to follow the teachings of their guru. So they were named Namdharis.
The Namdharis became a great force. The British rulers could not tolerate this. They let loose a reign of terror against the Kukas. A large number of them were put to death. Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji was arrested. He was sent to jail in an unknown foreign land. But his spirit continues to guide his followers even today.
Rani Laxmi Bai was another great Indian. She was the Rani of Jhansi. She fought bravely against the British rule. She became the most popular leader in the First War of Independence (1857). Even her enemies appreciated her courage and her love of freedom.
Laxmi Bai was born on 16th December 1834 in Varanasi. Her childhood name was Manikarnika or Manu. She was married to Raja Gangadhar Rao of Jhansi. In 1851, she gave birth to a son.
Unfortunately both her son and her husband died by 1853. She adopted a son to be the king’s heir. But the British refused to accept him as the king of Jhansi, and took over the control of Jhansi. On 4 June, 1857, the soldiers stationed in Jhansi revolted against the British control. The Rani took the command in her own hands. The British forces laid a siege on Jhansi. The Rani continued to command her forces from inside the fort. But, at last, she had to leave Jhansi. She joined the forces of Tantya Tope at Kalpi. The British forces surrounded her from all sides. The Rani tried to escape but she was badly wounded. She breathed her last on the battlefield, on 18 June, 1858.
Udham Singh was one of the greatest martyrs of Mother India. He was the man who took revenge on General O’Dwyer who was the villain of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
Summary of Three Great Indians
On the day of Baisakhi in 1919, a large number of people had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh. They were holding a peaceful meeting. The British General O’Dwyer ordered firing on them. Thousands of men, women and children were killed. Many jumped into a well in order to save themselves. They were suffocated to death.
Udham Singh waited for 21 years to avenge this national insult. He went to England in 1940. There he shot O’Dwyer dead in full view of large gathering. Udham Singh was arrested and sentenced to death. He was hanged to death on 30 July the same year.
My Mother Summary