Clean India Green India Essay for Students and Kids in English

Clean India Green India Essay

Clean India Green India Essay: Clean India Green India Essay is a must-know topic for all students. Clean India and Green India are national programmes designed to change the nation for the better. Clean India campaign was launched on October 2nd, 2014. Prime Minister Narendra Modi kicked off the campaign by cleaning the roads. This campaign was the largest ever, with an estimated 3 million individuals participating in this event. The Clean India Campaign is also known as the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan or the Clean India Movement.

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The Green India Campaign is another campaign approved by the Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change. The mission’s agenda is to increase the number of forested areas, to enable more carbon sequestration. This activity will supposedly reduce the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, thereby reducing the effects of global warming. From an academic perspective, students must familiarise themselves with the purpose of these campaigns. Moreover, students must also be able to present their essay in the best way possible.

Clean India Green India Essay 400 Words

What are Clean India And Green India Campaigns?

Clean India Campaign, also known as the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan, is a campaign that is aimed at resolving the garbage problem we face in India. In today’s economy, garbage is a real threat to the development and prosperity of a nation. Commercialization and industrialization have only made this problem much worse. Moreover, with plastics making up a significant chunk of the wastes generated, the disposal becomes hard.

Green India Campaign is a national mission approved by the Indian Prime Minister’s Council on National Change. The primary agenda of this mission is to combat climate change and its negative repercussions. This goal is fulfilled by planting forests to increase the rates of carbon dioxide sequestration. Essentially, this means the carbon dioxide is absorbed from the atmosphere and stored in the trees; thereby reducing the carbon footprint on our planet.

Purpose of the Clean India And Green India Campaigns

When we look at the broader aspect of these two campaigns, it is understood that they both aim towards mutual goals. Making the planet cleaner and more sustainable for future generations. To learn why we need to take care of our planet and become responsible citizens, we need to look at the possible future repercussions of our actions.

Repercussions on Clean India And Green India

Products made of plastic do not quickly decompose – in fact, these products usually take hundreds of thousands of years to decompose. For instance, foam plastic cups can take 50 years to decompose, a plastic straw will take 200 years, and plastic bottles will take more than 450 years to decompose fully. Moreover, most of the plastic we produce ends up in the ocean. Here, they become brittle and break down into tiny particles, which then become incorporated into plankton – the heart of the food chain. These microplastics can then travel up the food chain and eventually into humans.

Consequently, plastics are not meant to be digestible nor designed to be digested by humans. It has also been termed as a carcinogen – a substance that significantly increases the risk of cancer. Global warming can be directly linked to plastics and its production. Moreover, the increased production of greenhouse gases has accelerated the greenhouse effect. This has already caused the average global temperatures to rise. A rise in temperatures can have ill effects on the natural environment as well as the social, political and economic environment.

Conclusion on Clean India And Green India

We need to act fast before it becomes too late. India must set an example to the rest of the world and be the forerunner for this philosophy.

Clean India Green India Essay 200 Words

Clean India Campaign

The age-old proverb, “Cleanliness is next to Godliness”, implies that we need to keep our surroundings clean. Though a proverb, it has many implications in the real world. For instance, the accumulation of garbage can harbour vectors for many diseases. In the 13th century, the Black Death, also known as the Bubonic Plague spread throughout Europe, leaving death in its wake.

Today, scientists know that the plague was caused by rats and fleas infected with bacteria. These rats thrived during that time as the streets of Europe were covered with filth. Cleanliness was lacking, and most cities did not have proper waste disposal methods. Today, we must ensure that history does not repeat itself. Hence, the campaign, Clean India, is introduced to ensure that no such event occurs. The campaign was launched by Narendra Modi, India’s Prime Minister, on October 2nd, 2014. It was also one of the largest initiatives, with 3 million individuals participating in the event.

Green India Campaign

Ever since the Industrial Revolution, our carbon footprint has increased drastically. Carbon dioxide and other exhaust gases from vehicles and industries are greenhouse gases. This means that these gases trap the heat from the sun – resulting in the Greenhouse effect. Ironically, the greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon and is required for life. Without this phenomenon, the earth would lose heat quickly and freeze. However, if large quantities of these gases persist, then the greenhouse effect would be accelerated. This can cause average global temperatures to rise, and well as the polar ice caps to melt.

Consequently, this is bad for the environment as well as humans. It can cause endangered animals to become extinct and imbalance the ecosystem. It can also cause severe climatic consequences – often causing loss of life and damage to property.

To ensure that none of these repercussions occurs, the Green India Campaign was launched by the Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change. This campaign is one among eight others under India’s NAPCC ( National Action Plan on Climate Change). The primary goal of this mission is to increase the quantity and quality of forest areas – which would help with the process of carbon dioxide sequestration. This process absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and stores it in the trees. It results in the reduction of our carbon footprint and consequently, the greenhouse effect.

FAQ’s on Clean India Green India Essay

Question. 1
What is the Clean India Campaign?

Answer:
Clean India Campaign was launched by India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on October 2nd, 2014. It is also known as the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan or the Clean India Movement. This campaign was also one of the largest, with a collective 3 million individuals participating in the event.

Question. 2
What is the Green India Campaign?

Answer:
The Green India Campaign was launched by the Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change. The primary goal of this mission is to increase the quantity and quality of forest areas – which would help with the process of carbon dioxide sequestration. It also aimed to improve the biodiversity of the environment.

Question. 3
What is CO2 sequestration?

Answer:
Carbon dioxide sequestration is a process that absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and stores it within natural carbon dioxide sinks in the environment. Trees and forested areas are considered as one of the best carbon sinks in the environment.

Junk Food Essay for Students and Kids in English

Junk Food Essay

Junk Food Essay: Junk food essay is an important topic for students to comprehend. The topic educates about the dangers that many fast foods and junk food pose. Usually, most junk foods are high in calories and contain little or no dietary fibre. Some of these foods may also contain unhealthy amounts of stimulants, such as caffeine. Other junk foods lack minerals, vitamins and other essential nutrients. Junk foods have also been associated with many lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, obesity and heart disease.

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Essay on Junk Food For Students and Kids in English

Moreover, long term consumption of junk food can affect the quality of life. It can cause many diseases that eventually lead to severe or life-threatening circumstances. In fact, the effects of junk food are so rampant that public health awareness campaigns, as well as restrictions on advertising and sales, have been implemented in many countries. From an academic perspective, this topic is easy, provided if students prepare well.

Junk Food Essay 250 Words

Junk Food Essay Introduction

Junk food is usually defined as food that is very high in calories, usually from sugar or fat. Junk food also contains very low amounts of dietary fibre, vitamins and minerals. Some junk food also contains unhealthy amounts of stimulants such as caffeine. Some foods, such as meat or vegetables, when prepared with saturated fats, are also considered as junk food.

How is Junk Food Defined?

The exact definition of junk food is unclear. For instance, fast food restaurants are often associated with junk food, though not all fast foods are junk food. The origin of the term “Junk food” can be traced back to the 1950s; though such food has been around for hundreds of years. With commercialization and globalization, junk food was mass-produced and shipped to every nook and corner of the world.

Why Is Junk Food Popular?

Though junk food has severe repercussions on health, it is prevalent and integral in society. Moreover, ad placement of junk food in movies and TV series has only increased its popularity. Consequently, this led to kids and young adults adopting the habit of consuming junk food. As stated earlier, junk food has severe consequences on health – it is also one of the major contributors to many lifestyle diseases.

Repercussions of Junk Food

Junk food can lead to cardiovascular diseases, obesity, diabetes and other chronic health diseases. Scientists have also discovered that junk food can cause addictions – which can affect an individual’s emotional wellbeing. In conclusion, moderation is the key – overeating junk food can consequently lead to many diseases. Limiting the intake of junk food and ensuring proper diet and exercise are followed is the key to a healthy life.

Junk Food Essay 250 Words

What is Junk Food?

Junk foods are foods that are high in calories and low in dietary fibre. It also does not contain any of the crucial minerals and nutrients that are required for the body. Moreover, most junk food also contains harmful substances that can cause addictions and dependence. Junk foods also have an unhealthy amount of sugar, which increases the risk of many diseases.

Why do People Eat Junk Food? or Harmful Effects of Junk Food Essay

Today, due to globalization and commercialization, junk food is more accessible. Moreover, in some countries, junk food may be cheaper and readily available than healthier alternatives. Furthermore, the impact of media is such that there are ad placements about junk food in popular movies and sporting events. These events cause people to buy and consume more junk food.

How does Junk Food Affect our Body?

Junk food contains large amounts of calories, usually from fats or sugars. Consequently, fats, especially saturated fats, can cause heart problems by choking up arteries. Sugars can accelerate tooth decay and cause a host of other problems. Most lifestyle diseases are also caused as a result of eating too much junk food. Diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular problems are all caused by junk food. Energy drinks and other aerated beverages can cause addictions due to unhealthy amounts of stimulants.

Moderation is Key

Junk food is unhealthy if consumed every day. Hence, we need to regulate and control our intake. Moreover, we need to ensure that we develop an active lifestyle, adopting healthy eating habits and keep ourselves motivated. Cravings for junk food can be easily controlled, and the rewards of doing so are far more fruitful.

FAQs on Junk Food Essay

Question 1.
What is junk food?

Answer:
Junk foods are foods that are high in calories and low in dietary fibre. Moreover, it does not contain important minerals and nutrients required for the body.

Question 2.
What are the ill-effects of junk food?

Answer:
Junk food can cause diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular diseases and a host of other problems.

Question 3.
How to avoid junk food?

Answer:
Altogether avoiding junk food is not the only solution. Eating in moderation and maintaining a healthy lifestyle is equally important.

SPM Fellowship | Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Fellowship Eligibility Criteria, Selection Procedure

SPM Fellowship

SPM Fellowship: To celebrate the birth anniversary year (2000) of Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, CSIR has established a special fellowship after the name of “Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee”, which is called (SPM) FELLOWSHIP. He was the first Vice-President of CSIR of Independent India. This fellowship is open to toppers of CSIR-UGC JRF (NET) awardees.

Graduate, Post Graduate Students and Research Fellows can also find more Fellowship Articles to explore various fellowships across India to know the funding opportunities.

This fellowship has been launched to nourish the young scientific talent and to sustain the purpose of the hunt of scientific research. The scope of this fellowship is seeking Ph.D programmes with a unique fellowship in CSIR Labs/other specialized R & D institutions/universities.

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Fellowship Eligibility Criteria, Selection Procedure

The stipend provided under this fellowship is Rs.36000/- + HRA every month, during the first two years of the fellowship and a Contingency award of Rs.70000/- per annum may be increased to Rs.42000/- + HRA per month from third year onwards based on assessment through interview. These stipends may be returned to JRF (NET), if performance is found unsatisfactory.

The duration of SPM Fellowship is initially for 2 years. Extendable as per standard rules for CSIR JRF (NET) plan. The maximum tenure will be up to 5 years.

SPM Fellowship Contingent Grant

An annual contingent stipend of Rs.70,000/- per person is provided to the University/Institution. For less than one year, the contingent grant will be applicable on a pro-rata basis. A portion of this grant may be used by the fellows, in the case of research work, purchase of books, etc.

The unspent amount of contingency grant may be carried forth to the next year, at the end of a year. Still, the upcoming release of contingency reward will be subject to modification of unspent balance of contingency reward of the prior year. It is thereby limiting contingency payment to a maximum of Rs. 70,000/- in a year. Moreover, request (claim) for freedom of contingency grant of the past financial years will not be considered.

The CSIR Research Fellows will be granted a lump sum amount of Rs.3000/- extra when they submit the PhD thesis in e-form. For more details, fellows may contact to: Head, CSIR’s Unit for R&D of Information Products (URDIP), ‘JOPASANA’, 85/1, Paud Road (Near Vanaz Engineering Company), Kothrud, Pune -411 038, Maharashtra. Website address: www.urdip.res.in.

Contingency grant can be used for:

  • Buying books, etc. related to research topics.
  • Reaching train ticket (AC III tier) and DA in case the fellow requires to travel in hunt of research or presenting a paper in the conference.
  • To register for PhD programme & submission of thesis.
  • To use for registration fees for visiting conferences in India & abroad.
  • To buy chemicals/ consumable things/ minor equipment.
  • Copies of research papers.
  • Contingency allowance may be utilized for unique items such as buying laptop/desktop computer once in the complete tenure, on the recommendation of the supervisor. Though the prior consent of CSIR is necessary. The items which are purchased, will be the property of the host institute and the fellow has to submit all those items, on completion of their tenure or resignation from the fellowship.
  • For attending discussions abroad, SPM Fellows should be employed in the travel allowance scheme of HRDG where partial/ full airfare is given to research students for giving their research papers. Yet, once in the complete tenure, per diem expenses for the conference session can be challenged from contingency allowance as per host institute’s rule.

Eligibility Criteria

A maximum of 10 SPM Fellowships will be awarded through an interview method from NET held in December 2014, each in Chemical Sciences and Life Sciences, and five each in Earth, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences.

Only those applicants who fulfil the below given criteria will be called for SPM fellowship interview.

  • Applicants in the ratio of 1:3 will be called for an interview in each subject.
    Category-wise number of applicants to be called for an interview based on reservation procedure, i.e. 27% for
  • OBC, 15% for SC, 7.5% for ST and 3% for PWD.
  • Top 14 applicants each in Chemical and Life Sciences, and seven applicants each in Earth, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences in an unreserved category will be taken from the consolidated merit list of General/OBC/SC/ST/PWD.
  • Top 8 applicants each in Chemical and Life Sciences, and four contestants each in Earth, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences will be taken from OBC section. Maximum leisure of 5% of the cut off of the 14th/7th applicants of an unreserved section will be given to OBC applicants subject to a shortlisting of a maximum of 8/4 applicants for an interview in the particular subject.
  • Top 5 applicants each in Chemical and Life Sciences, and two applicants each in Earth, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences will be taken from SC section. Maximum leisure of 10% of the cut off of the 14th/7th applicants of an unreserved section will be given to SC applicants subject to shortlisting of a maximum of 5/2 applicants for an interview in the particular subject.
  • Top 2 applicants each in Chemical and Life Sciences, and one applicant each in Earth, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences will be taken from ST category. Maximum leisure of 10% of the cut off of the 14th/7th applicants of an unreserved section will be given to ST applicants subject to shortlisting of a maximum of 2/1 applicants for an interview in the particular subject.
  • Top 1 applicant each in Chemical and Life Sciences Earth, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences will be taken from the PWD section. Maximum leisure of 10% of the cut off of the 14th/7th applicants of an unreserved section will be given to PWD applicants.
Subject Number of candidates to be called for interview Unreserved OBC SC ST PWD
Chemical Sciences 30 14 8 5 2 1
Life Sciences 30 14 8 5 2 1
Earth Sciences 15 7 4 2 1 1
Mathematical Sciences 15 7 4 2 1 1
Physical Sciences 15 7 4 2 1 1
Engineering Sciences 15 7 4 2 1 1

Selection Procedure

Shyma Prasad Mukherjee (SPM) Fellowships will be granted through the interview process.

Frequently Asked Questions on SPM Fellowship

Question 1.
What is SPM Fellowship?

Answer:
To celebrate the birth anniversary year (2000) of Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, CSIR has established a special fellowship after the name of “Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee”, which is called (SPM) FELLOWSHIP. He was the first Vice-President of CSIR of Independent India. This fellowship is open to toppers of CSIR-UGC JRF (NET) awardees.

Question 2.
What is the Objective of SPM Fellowship?

Answer:
This fellowship has been launched to nourish the young scientific talent and to sustain the purpose of the hunt of scientific research.

Question 3.
What is the scope of SPM fellowship?

Answer:
The scope of this fellowship is seeking a Ph.D programme with a unique fellowship in CSIR Labs/other specialized R & D institutions/universities.

Question 4.
How much stipend is provided to SPM fellows?

Answer:
The stipend provided under this fellowship is Rs.36000/- + HRA every month, during the first two years of the fellowship and a Contingency award of Rs.70000/- per annum may be increased to Rs.42000/- + HRA per month from third year onwards based on assessment through interview. These stipends may be returned to JRF (NET), if performance is found unsatisfactory.

Question 5.
What is the duration of SPM fellowship?

Answer:
The duration of SPM Fellowship is initially for 2 years. Extendable as per standard rules for CSIR JRF (NET) plan. The maximum tenure will be up to 5 years.

Corruption Essay for Students and Kids in English

Corruption Essay

Corruption Essay: Corruption in India is rising day by day. It is one of the mental diseases spreading among the people in today’s world. It is spreading in politics, government, public, industries, and businesses. It has been widely spread in society from ancient times. It has become a public issue that affected India’s economy of the state, local, and central government agencies. It is rising due to the decrease in the intensity of honesty in society. Even after many years of independence, people still fear economic slowdowns, security, inequality, and bias in society.

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Short Essay on Corruption in In 500 Words

Corruption means immorality, greediness, criminal activities, use of power for personal gains, and dishonesty. Nowadays honesty and integrity are necessary for governance, judiciary, workplace, businesses, and relationships. Most of the cases, respectable and high authority people are susceptible to corruption. Corruption reflects greedy and selfish attitudes of people including bribery or embezzlement activities. In every sphere of life, people are taking bribes to process any work. For getting any job or paying tax or in elections or in politics wherever we go everywhere we see only corruption. For example, a person has to pay lakhs of rupees to the higher authorities to get a government job irrespective of fulfilling the eligibility criteria.

Various Methods of Corruption

There are various methods of corruption. Let’s check the below-given methods of corruption.

  • Political Corruption refers to the illegal use of political authority to get the benefit of their power for personal gain. Moreover, it is a way of misusing public funds for the politician’s benefit.
  • Extortion is another method which means to get money, services, or property illegally. In other words, it is very similar to blackmail as it can be obtained by forcing an individual or an organization.
  • Misuse of discretion refers to misusing someone’s power and authority.
    Influence Peddling refers to using someone’s influence with the Govt or an authorized person illegally.
  • Favoritism is another method which means an individual favoring his/her own relatives or friends to jobs. Due to which, many talented and deserving individuals are not getting jobs.
  • Financial fraud is also a method that refers to withholding assets for the aim of theft.
  • Data Corruption occurs when an individual damages computer data intentionally by hook or by crook.
  • Linguistic corruption refers to a modification within a language which leads to its degradation.
  • Bribery is the act of receiving favors and gifts in exchange for personal gain.

Reasons for Corruption

  • The reason behind it is the high desire of people to get money, luxury, position and power by hook or by crook.
  • Lack of moral and spiritual values in an education system which affected the overall system of society.
  • Unemployment and less salary payment to employees lead to corruption.
  • Inadequate punishments to criminals.
  • The political leaders living a luxurious life without caring for society have ruined the whole society.
  • The economy of the country is poor but everyone tries to earn money in a dishonest way.
  • Poverty, illiteracy, lack of social and economic policies of the Government.
  • People of India are scared to raise their voice against anti-social things prevailing in the society.

How to Control Corruption

  • Under the Right to Information (RTI) act, everyone has the right to ask the Government about the necessary information. For example, how the Government utilizes our tax payments. If people will not receive the necessary information, then they can make a complaint to the respective information commission to impose a penalty.
  • People can report to the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) if they find any corruption cases or any complaints. CVC has the responsibility of making awareness among people about bribes and corruption.
  • A fast track court can help people with speedy justice.
  • Strict and stringent laws should be implemented to give severe punishment to the guilty.
  • Any public servant caught for corruption must be suspended from a job or flogged in public.
  • No one is born corrupt, it is only the system which makes the one corrupt. So, if the system will be changed then corruption can also be decreased.
  • The funds collected by the political parties must be tracked.
  • The politician’s assets and income must be disclosed to the public.
  • People should get more salaries to change their motivation and not engage themselves in bribery.
  • Increasing the number of employees in Govt offices can decrease the workload. So that they will not indulge in bribery to complete the work quickly.
  • Installing CCTV in workplaces is another way of preventing corruption.
  • The government must control inflation to prevent corruption.

Impact of Corruption

  • Corruption impacts the growth and development in all aspects like economically, politically and socially. Let’s check in detail about how corruption impacts various sectors.
  • Corruption weakens the political system and damages the supreme value of the law which rules society.
  • People believe that politics is full of corruption in today’s world. So, people are not believing in government offices, institutes, and democratic systems.
  • The lack of growth in the nation’s economy occurs due to the corruption in the system. Moreover, there is red tape ridden administrative procedures, so an individual has to give bribes for every work. We have to follow some strict rules to progress the economic condition. Red tape is also a cause behind the postpone or delay of projects.
  • Social inequality and instability is a cause of corruption. The power of unity impacts social corruption such as adulteration in edible products, less weighing of items, and bribery also come out in our society. Poor people suffer a lot as all can not give bribes. That is why crime is rising day by day which challenges law and order in the system.
  • Corruption impacts on the exploitation of natural resources and ecological balance. The politician’s, Govt officials, private industries, etc. deteriorate the environment for their advantages. So, deforestation, irregular mining occurs due to the bribes taken by the government officials.

Conclusion
We all should understand that corruption is anti-social, anti-ecological, and anti-national. So, people should fight against corruption to build a corruption-free society. A change in the social, economic, and political system must be required to root out corruption. Strict rules and fines should be implemented and the properties of the corrupted person should be seized. We should prioritize corruption-free society for the growth of our nation. NGOs, media, and political parties should cooperate with the government and take the required decisions to make a corruption-free nation.

FAQs on Corruption

Question 1.
What is Corruption?

Answer:
Corruption means immorality, greediness, criminal activities, use of power for personal gains, and dishonesty.

Question 2.
Why is corruption rising in society?

Answer:
It is rising due to the decrease in the intensity of honesty in society.

Question 3.
What are the methods of corruption?

Answer:
Political Corruption, extortion, misuse of discretion, Influence Peddling, favoritism, financial fraud, linguistic corruption, data corruption, and bribery.

Question 4.
How corruption impacts on the political system?

Answer:
Corruption weakens the political system and damages the supreme value of the law which rules society.

Question 5.
How corruption impacts on the environment?

Answer:
Corruption impacts on the exploitation of natural resources and ecological balance. The politician’s, Govt officials, private industries, etc. deteriorate the environment for their advantages. So, deforestation, irregular mining occurs due to the bribes taken by the government officials.

Dowry System Essay for Students and Kids in English

Dowry System Essay

Dowry System Essay: Dowry System Essay is an important topic for students to learn because of its moral and societal implications. Dowry system refers to the practice of the bride or her family giving durable goods, cash, moveable or real property to the bridegroom. The dowry system stems from the ancient and skewed inheritance laws of India. At the time, the dowry was done to stop the disinheritance of daughters.

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Moreover, the dowry system can put a financial burden on the bride’s family. This may also lead to the emergence of crime against women, such as emotional and physical abuse, or even homicide. The Indian government outlawed the practice of dowry, specifically under the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961. From an academic perspective, this topic may be sensitive as it brushes with the age-old Indian traditions and the down-falls associated with this system. Hence, students must articulate their essays carefully and present in a formal manner. Moreover, samples and writing guidelines have also been provided for the students.

Dowry System Essay – Sample 1 (250 Words Essay)

What is Dowry System?

The Dowry System can be considered as one of the many blights that plague the Indian Society. The system of dowry refers to the practice of giving gifts or other valuables by the bride to the bridegroom. This practice can be traced back to Ancient India when a gift in cash or kind was given to a bride to ensure her independence after marriage.

History of Dowry System

During the Colonial period, the practice of dowry was made mandatory by the British. Ever since them, the trend stuck on and into modern times. India’s booming economy has also encouraged even higher bride prices across all social strata. However, with the higher bride prices came increased violence against women. The act of violence is usually perpetrated by the groom and his in-laws. It can range from emotional blackmail and mental torture to physical violence and coercion.

Types of Dowry Crimes

Other types of dowry crime include fraud – where non-resident Indian men would fraudulently return to India seeking a bride. However, these bridegrooms would then abandon the woman and abscond abroad after gaining possession of the dowry. Other crimes include abetment to suicide, where the husband and his family would threaten the wife, cause emotional trauma, induce depression which can end up with the wife committing suicide. Even more horrifying are dowry murders, where the bride is killed soon after marriage because of the groom and his family’s dissatisfaction with the dowry.

Dowry System Solutions

Though the Indian Government has outlawed the practice of dowry, it still persists in society like a plague. Even today, reports of violence and even suicides emerge due to dowry. We must prevent such practices by educating future generations about such barbaric traditions.

Dowry System Essay – Sample 2 (250 Words Essay)

Introduction of the Dowry System

The Dowry system has existed in India since the olden days. It did have valid reasons when it was introduced; but in today’s modern context, the system causes a lot of issues and problems for our society.

What exactly is Dowry System?

Dowry can be defined as the system where the family of the bride gives durable goods, movable or real property, cash or other items of value to the bridegroom. In the olden days, the bride would be given a sum or items of value to ensure her independence after marriage. However, today’s context has drastically changed for the worse. Greed motivates people to seek dowry; the problem is only exacerbated with domestic violence and other anti-social elements.

History of the Dowry System

The actual origins are not quite apparent, but what was clear is that the colonial rule had enforced this system. At the time, women were not allowed to own any assets, hence, the men were given these assets as an inheritance by the wife’s parents. As stated above, this system did not fit well with modern Indian society.

Repercussions

Domestic violence against women increased- with reports of murders and suicides emerging on the media quite often. Moreover, people have found ways to exploit the system – usually by performing sham marriages – with the husbands abandoning the wives soon after gaining access to the dowry.

Solutions on Dowry System

This age-old practice may have been introduced due to some necessity. However, in today’s context, this practice seems archaic and barbaric, hence, it must be completely stopped. Though it is outlawed by the government, it cannot be fully stopped if the citizens do not condemn it themselves.

FAQ’s on Dowry System

Question 1.
What is dowry system in Indian Essay?

Answer:
Dowry is defined as a system where the family of the bride gives durable goods, movable or real property, cash or other items of value to the bridegroom.

Question 2.
What are the Effects of Dowry System?

Answer:
Effects of Dowry System are as follows:

  • Violence and abuse
  • Bride Burning
  • Wife Murder
  • Female Infanticide

BOYSCAST Fellowship 2020 Eligibility Criteria, Rewards, Application Procedure

BOYSCAST Fellowship

BOYSCAST fellowship: Full form of BOYSCAST is ‘Better Opportunities for Young Scientists in Chosen Areas of Science & Technology. It is a programme of the Department of Science & Technology (DST) that grants new opportunities to the young Indian scientists/technologists. With the help of this programme, they can visit international institutions to associate with international scientists/technologists, get revelation to latest research methods, participate and commit to the latest developments in specifically chosen areas of science and technology.

Graduate, Post Graduate Students and Research Fellows can also find more Fellowship Articles to explore various fellowships across India to know the funding opportunities.

Youth of India are invited to apply for the award of fellowships under the BOYSCAST programme for accompanying advanced research/undergoing functional training in abroad research laboratories/institutes, in preferred frontline areas of science and technology for the duration of three to twelve months.

The areas are:

  • Atmospheric and Earth Sciences
  • Chemical Sciences
  • Engineering Sciences
  • Life Sciences
  • Mathematical Sciences
  • Physical Sciences

BOYSCAST fellowship Eligibility Criteria

  1. Academic Qualifications: Candidates must possess a Master’s Degree in Engineering, Technology or an equivalent degree. Or he/she should hold a PhD in Science or Technology or an equivalent educational qualification. Or he/she should have an M.D. Degree in Medicine or an equivalent qualification.
  2. Age: Candidates age should be maximum up to 35 years (as on 1st April 2006). The candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC and women applicants may be provided relaxation in the age limit up to 5 years.
    Employment: Candidates must hold a regular job in a recognized S&T institution/university/college. Applicants must be authoritatively sponsored by the employer/head of the institution or company with a commitment to promote them for research/training under BOYSCAST programme. Forwarding note merely asserting that above would be recognised only after DST will not consider award of fellowship.
  3. Areas of work: Area submitted by the applicant should be in line with the above stated chosen fields.
  4. Place of work: The candidate should be allowed by a foreign scientific/technological institution, which is internationally recognised as an exceptional institution where significant work in the classified area is in development. There should be a willingness of the international institution to receive and extend the required support to the applicant for the work submitted. The applicant should himself/herself agree with their intended host institution overseas for employment. The applicant is required to provide proof, in the form of a note of approval from the abroad institution to be attended along with merits/uniqueness of that host institute in the intended area.
  5. Young scientists and technologists who have established reliability in the intended area of the profession will be considered.
  6. The institute/organisation to which the applicant belongs should have either already inducted significant research exercises in the chosen field or should have instant plans to start such programmes, based on the expertise of the singular and proposed training overseas.
  7. Applicants who have availed BOYSCAST fellowship earlier will not be accepted again for this fellowship. The applicants who have availed any other abroad fellowship for more than three months through any Government/public funding company during the last two years will also not be considered.

Application Procedure

Application for BOYSCAST fellowship should be sent by eligible candidates in the prescribed formats. The body of the application should be neatly written as per the defined format. The application should not surpass 15 to 20 typed pages. The application form is expected to be forwarded by the head of agency/organization/university where the applicant is employed.

Application form completed in all regards should be sent to the following address:
The Secretary (Attn.: Joint Adviser & Head-Human Resources),
Department of Science & Technology,
Technology Bhavan,
New Mehrauli Road,
New Delhi 110 016.
If the applications are incomplete and not duly forwarded by the parent institution/organizations or accepted after the last date will not be counted.

Note: Applicants should present 15 copies of their application form typed on A-4 size plain paper.

Documents Required

  • Two copies of the record sheet that includes recent letters of acceptance from the international institution to be visited by the applicant, explicitly mention the BOYSCAST fellowship, in original with one copy of the record sheet.
  • Support from head of the institution/organisation on letter.
  • In case of SC/ST/OBC applicants, an attested copy of the document showing the category to which the applicant belongs.
  • A self-addressed stamped postcard.

Boyscast fellowship rewards

  1. The applicants should themselves agree with the research institution overseas for their deployment. The institutions which are to be attended should have to be identified outstanding organisations where significant developments in preferred areas are in development.
  2. The stipends are awarded for a duration of three months to one year. Applicants should define the period (based on the agreement with host institution) at the moment of application. It will not be likely to prolong the period of stay.
  3. The fellowship granted will be US$ 1500 per month (if the term is for a time of above six and up to twelve months) and US $ 1800 per month (for a duration of three to six months) or equivalent amount, in foreign exchange of the nation of research/training. Besides, individual contingent grant extending from Rs. 5,000/- to Rs. 10,000/- depending on the term of the fellowship would also be given.
  4. Flight tickets in economy class by Air India for joining abroad laboratory, to and fro, will be provided.
  5. Rules directing payment of salary, seniority, leave, medical benefits, gratuity, GPF and pensions etc. of the organisation to which fellow associates would remain to be applicable. However, no obligation by DST under these rules will be borne.
  6. The fellow will meet medical Insurance expenses out of the maintenance endowment.
  7. The applicants selected for BOYSCAST fellowship should start their research/ training before the end of the economic year in which the award is given. If they fail to do so, it would provide them to abandon the award.
  8. Every elected BOYSCAST fellow shall be expected to execute a bond paper as per the norms for the parent institute before continuing on fellowship and shall also be expected to a service bond to work in India for a duration of at least three years after the return to India.
  9. If the candidate does not return to India or accepts a job opportunity abroad at the end of the fellowship, he/ she will be expected to reimburse the whole of the investment contracted on him/ her during the fellowship term.

Guidelines for Candidates

  1. The candidate availing this fellowship would be named as BOYSCAST FELLOW.
  2. The fellowship will be designated to the fellowship expense of US $ 2400 (or equal to in other international currency) per month up to six months of periods and US $ 2000 (or equal to in other international currency) per month from the 7th month onwards with a maximum term of fellowship being 12 months. The organisation to which the applicant belongs would be liable for specified foreign exchange adjustments.
  3. The fellow will also be designated to a personal contingent award of Rs.15,000/- if the fellowship span is up to six months and Rs.20,000/- if the fellowship span is more than six months.
  4. The fellow will also be authorised to travel within the host nation to attend conventions or attend other institutes of interest with the endorsement of the Guide at the host institute and as per DST laws. The Fellow will be allowed a grant of US $ 600 (or equal in other foreign money) for a term up to six months and US $ 1200 (or equal in other foreign money) for a term beyond six months for this goal.
  5. The fellow will be empowered to air way in economy class by Air India/Indian Airlines from the place where he/she works in India to the position of the abroad host institute and back by the shortest route. The fellow may, however, visit airlines other than Air India/Indian Airlines, if the ticket granted by the different airlines is competitive/cheaper as related to Air India/Indian Airlines.
  6. Bank payment charges, Medical coverage expenses, Visa fee, Airport tax and taxi costs etc. will be adhered by the fellow from out of the particular contingent reward.
  7. Rules directing the payment of salary, leave, medical, gratuity, GPF and pension etc. of the Organisation/Institution/University to which the fellow associates would proceed to be applicable. DST will bear no liability on any of these accounts.
  8. The applicant selected for the grant of the BOYSCAST fellowship should rather start their research/training before the completion of the financial year in which the award is given. Breakdown to do so would present the fellow to abandon the award. The judgment of DST on all these distress would be final.
  9. Candidates have to arrange for their visas.

Frequently Asked Questions on BOYSCAST fellowship

Question 1.
What is BOYSCAST fellowship?
Answer:
BOYSCAST fellowship is a programme of the Department of Science & Technology (DST) that grants new opportunities to the young Indian scientists/technologists. With the help of this programme, they can visit international institutions to associate with international scientists/technologists, get revelation to latest research methods, participate and commit to the latest developments in specifically chosen areas of science and technology.

Question 2.
What is the fullform of BOYSCAST?
Answer:
Full form of BOYSCAST is ‘Better Opportunities for Young Scientists in Chosen Areas of Science & Technology

Question 3.
How to apply for BOYSCAST fellowship?
Answer:
Application for BOYSCAST fellowship should be sent by eligible candidates in the prescribed formats to The Secretary (Attn.: Joint Adviser & Head-Human Resources), Department of Science & Technology, Technology Bhavan, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi 110 016. The body of the application should be neatly written as per the defined format. The application should not surpass 15 to 20 typed pages. The application form is expected to be forwarded by the head of agency/organization/university where the applicant is employed.

Question 4.
What is the age limit for BOYSCAST Fellowship?
Answer:
Candidates age should be maximum up to 35 years (as on 1st April 2006). The candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC and women applicants may be provided relaxation in the age limit up to 5 years.

Essay on Computer for Students and Kids in English

Essay on Computer

Essay on Computer: Essay on computer is an important topic for most students to learn. This is because the computer is a powerful tool that is used in nearly all aspects of life. From education to medicine and national defense, the computer is an indispensable resource. However, predecessors to computers existed long before the discovery of the transistors. Moreover, the very first computers were not accessible to the general public. This is due to the fact that the first computers were extremely large and ridiculously expensive.

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The first computers were essentially the size of a small room and required at least 2-3 individuals to operate it. Today, we can find computers that can fit in the palm of our hands. From an academic perspective, essay on computer is a moderately complex topic as the students have to elaborate on some technical aspects. However, with the samples we have provided, it should not be much of a hassle. Moreover, useful tips and tricks have also been provided to help the student secure more marks or grades for their essay.

Essay on Computer Writing Tips and Tricks

Consider adopting the following tips and tricks. These writing tips will help you secure more marks or grades for the essay. Furthermore, these guidelines will help to improve general writing and presentation skills.

  • Always begin the essay with an introductory paragraph
  • The introductory paragraph must elaborate on the topic’s history or relevant background information
  • Try to include specifics such as dates, locations, names or any other pertinent information. This will help provide more clarity on the topic
  • Avoid using jargons. These may confuse the readers. Only use them if the topic requires its usage
  • Always present content in small digestible chunks. Presenting in long, monotonous blocks of text is not ideal.
  • The reader may lose their attention
  • Organize content with headings and subheadings
  • Present important information in bulleted points if necessary
  • Try to end the essay with a suitable conclusion
  • The concluding paragraph must highlight the topic’s gist/ summary or the key takeaways
  • Read through the essay if time permits. This will help to avoid grammatical mistakes and spelling errors.

Essay on Computer – Sample 1 (350 Words – High School Essay)

How do you define the term “Computer?”
In today’s world, we are all familiar with the term “computer”. In fact, kids are exposed to computers right from their primary classes. But how do we exactly define the term “computer?” From a technical perspective, a computer can be defined as a machine that can be instructed to carry out a sequence of operations via computer programming. A computer may include the hardware, the operating system and other peripheral equipment.

History and Background of Computers
The earliest computers were intended to serve as a device that helps with complex calculations. In fact, the abacus can technically be called the earliest predecessor to the computer. It aided with relatively complex calculations for its time. Fast forward to the Industrial Revolution and we have machines that automated the manual laborious tasks. By 1822, Charles Babbage developed what would become the most direct precursor to the modern-day computer – the Difference Engine. He later followed up his invention within an even more complex machine called the Analytical Engine. Due to his pioneering work in the field of computing, he was called by some as the “Father of the Computer”.

Modern Day Machines
Eventually, complex electrical machines were purpose-built to help with analogue calculations. World War 2 catalyzed the emergence of digital electronic devices that were capable of performing complex calculations. The ENIAC or the “Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer” was the first general computer. It was quite powerful for its time, able to perform thousands of complex calculations in mere seconds. For comparison, It could complete a complex problem that calculated the trajectory of a missile in under 30 seconds. The same calculations took a single person 20 hours to complete. It was also incredibly large, taking up an area of 1,800 sq ft. It was also incredibly heavy, weighing over 30 tons. At the time of its creation, the ENIAC was called “The Brain” by the press due to its incredible computation power. As powerful as it seems, the ENIAC was quickly succeeded by far more smaller and complex machines. Today, the average modern computer or laptop is millions of times more powerful than ENIAC. IBM’s Blue Gene is one of the fastest supercomputers on Earth today. It is so fast that scientists do not measure their speed in instructions per second.

In conclusion, the computer may have started life as a machine meant for performing calculations. Today, they are an indispensable part of our lives.

Essay on Computer – Sample 2 (250 + Words – Primary School Essay)

Introduction
The computer is one of the most useful tools known to man. Its importance in our society is incomprehensible. Furthermore, computers may seem like a device that had its origins at the turn of this century. However, the central idea of this machine can be traced back to the abacus, several thousand years ago.

So how are the computer and abacus related to each other?
The very first abacus dates back to 1300 BC, in ancient China. It was initially designed as a device to perform calculations. Very first computers were also designed with the sample principle in mind – to perform calculations. In fact, early iterations of the computer were designed so that they could perform complex calculations for various purposes.

When was the first modern computer Invented?
The first computer, in the modern sense, was the ENIAC. It was an abbreviation for Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer. At that time, the ENIAC was the most powerful computer on the planet, able to perform thousands of complex calculations in a matter of seconds. However, it was extremely large and was very heavy. Its footprint took up an entire room and it generated a lot of heat. However, computers evolved rapidly, with today’s computers being small enough to be held in the palm of a hand.

Applications of Computer
The computer saw applications in many fields from medicine and research to education and defence. Computers can be used to diagnose diseases and help with creating their cure. Computers are also paramount for the safety and security of a country. It can monitor and provide a timely warning for possible dangers and threats.

In conclusion, computers are an important part of today’s world. Without these machines, life would not be the same.

Important FAQs on Computers

Question 1.
What was the very first “modern” computer?
Answer:
The ENIAC or the “Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer” was the first computer in the modern context.

APJ Abdul Kalam Essay for Students and Kids in English

APJ Abdul Kalam Essay

APJ Abdul Kalam Essay for Students: APJ Abdul Kalam was India’s eleventh president. His full name was Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, a renowned scientist of the 21st century in India. Dr. Abdul Kalam was a simple man and following integrity in his life. He was a man who woke up early in the morning and worked till late at night. His contribution to ISRO and the development of Agni and Prithvi missiles are unforgettable.

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Short Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam in 500 Words

Dr. Kalam wrote many books throughout his life. But, ‘India 2020’ was his most notable work which contains an action plan to make India a superpower. Apart from this, he wrote his autobiography ‘Wings of Fire’ in 1999. This was spread among passionate readers like a wildfire.

APJ Abdul Kalam Biography

APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15th October 1931 in the island town of Rameshwaram, Tamilnadu. His father was an imam at a local mosque whose name was Jainulabdeen. His mother was a caring and simple housewife whose name was Ashiamma. He was belonging from a middle-class Tamil Muslim family. He lived in an ancestral house and was one of the many children of the big family.

Kalam completed schooling from Schwartz Higher Secondary School. Then, he completed B.Sc. from St. Joseph College, Tiruchirappalli. After B.Sc, he completed aerospace engineering from Madras Institute of Technology (MIT). APJ Abdul Kalam was distributing newspapers with his cousin to meet his study expenses. During the 2nd World War, he was around 8 years old. He was unaware of the war’s complicacy. But, at that time due to the sudden demand of tamarind seed, he started collecting the seeds and selling them in a nearby provision store for earning. At an early age, he started providing financial support to his family as well as continued his study.

In 1958, he started his career at DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization) as a scientist. In 1963, he visited space research centers located in Virginia and Maryland. Later he transferred to ISRO as a project manager. He was involved in the design and production of SLV III, the first satellite launch vehicle in India. In 1992, he joined as a scientific advisor to the Ministry of Defense. In 1999, he joined as the chief scientific advisor to the Govt of India.

In 2002, APJ Abdul Kalam became the President of India. During his Presidency, he contributed a lot to the nation with an open heart. So, he was known as ‘People’s President’. But, at the end of his term, he was not satisfied with his work. So, he wished to be the President for the 2nd time but later forfeited his name. In 2010, he achieved a doctorate degree from the University of Waterloo. In 2011, he was awarded IEEE Honorary Membership.

Abdul Kalam was reading the Quran and also Gita every day. He was greeting his visitors with ‘salam’ and ‘Ram Ram’ as well. Dr. Kalam has a passion for teaching. So, on completion of his tenure of the presidential office, he began teaching at different educational institutions across the country. He was saying the youth of the country is very talented. But they need an opportunity to prove their worth. So, Dr. Kalam was supporting them in all of their good deeds.

Honors and Recognition

Dr. Kalam was not only awarded by Indian organizations but also awarded and honored by many International organizations. Dr. Kalam was honored with the Padma Bhusan, Padma Vibhushan, and Bharat Ratna award for his scientific contributions. APJ Abdul Kalam has given his excellent contribution to nuclear power and launch vehicle systems in India. Due to which he was also known as ‘the Missile Man of India’. He contributed a lot to the country as a scientist and president of India. So, the government has awarded him the highest civilian award.

APJ Abdul Kalam Death
Due to cardiac arrest, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam took his last breath on July 27th, 2015. It was the most tragic moment for the nation. He got sudden cardiac arrest while delivering a lecture to students in Shillong. In honor of his dedication towards empowering youth with quality education the Southern-east Indian State Govt organized an award known as ‘Dr. APJ ABDUL KALAM AWARD’. This award will be given to those individuals who excel in the science and technology field and encourage the youth and serve humanity.

Conclusion
India lost one of an extraordinary scientist and dedicated national hero in 2015. He dedicated his life to the development of the nation. He had a great vision to empower India as a powerful nation. Dr. Kalam was a person with a dynamic personality. His life teaches patience, discipline, diligence, and simplicity. Dr. Kalam will always be remembered as an outstanding scientist, an excellent teacher, and a great human being.

FAQs on APJ Abdul Kalam

Question 1.
What was the full name of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam?

Answer:
The full name of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam.

Question 2.
When and where APJ Abdul Kalam was born?

Answer:
APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15th October 1931 in the island town of Rameshwaram, Tamilnadu.

Question 3.
What was Abdul Kalam’s contribution to the nation?

Answer:
APJ Abdul Kalam has given his excellent contribution to nuclear power and launch vehicle systems in India. Due to which he was also known as ‘the Missile Man of India’. He contributed a lot to the country as a scientist and president of India.

Question 4.
Why was Abdul Kalam known as ‘People’s President’ in India?

Answer:
In 2002, APJ Abdul Kalam became the President of India. During his Presidency, he contributed a lot to the nation with an open heart. So, he was known as ‘People’s President’.

Question 5.
How and When APJ Abdul Kalam died?

Answer:
Due to cardiac arrest, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam took his last breath on July 27th, 2015. It was the most tragic moment for the nation. He got sudden cardiac arrest while delivering a lecture to students in Shillong.

Jawaharlal Nehru fellowship 2020 Eligibility, Application form

Jawaharlal Nehru fellowship

Jawaharlal Nehru fellowship: Jawaharlal Nehru was one of those precious men in the history of humans who can be said to have developed the basis of civilization employing their own lives. Any plan to honour his vision must take into account his multifaceted character and his accomplishments. His enduring passion for the expansion of the boundaries of knowledge and improvement of the human brain are well-known.

Graduate, Post Graduate Students and Research Fellows can also find more Fellowship Articles to explore various fellowships across India to know the funding opportunities.

Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial, Doctoral, Summer Research Fellowship for Phd and Postdoctoral

To remember him, the Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund in 1968 established Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowships committed to the support, assistance, and protection of higher education and of free rational inquiry. These attempt to present an opportunity to extraordinarily talented personalities to dedicate themselves with the right to their productive work for two years.

Jawaharlal Nehru fellowship Eligibility Criteria

The Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund allows one Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship every year.
It is accessible to scholars in all disciplines such as the sciences as well as the humanities.

Also, it is available to categories of individuals not usually included by existing plans such as writers, artists, journalists and civil servants, but for undertaking not only schemes of highly advanced and specialised subjects and also to study in-depth of current problems relevant to India of today.

The only standard is that people should hold a proven potential for exceptional work and a real passion for persevering an imaginative project, investigating new opportunities in their chosen field.

As Jawaharlal Nehru said, “Man today, as never before in human history, has to live with change as a permanent partner in his activities and his Institutions”.

This thought also applies to the most excellent scholars, who regularly need punctuations which they can dedicate entirely to the improvement of their intelligent capital, mainly because of the speed with which every system is growing in this nuclear age.

The Fellowship is available to Indian citizens and Fellows have full freedom to operate in areas of his/her decision within India.

Jawaharlal Nehru fellowship Selection Procedure

The Jawaharlal Nehru Fellows are selected by a Selection Committee which consists of important persons in various fields of human effort.

The Selection Committee aims to preserve the highest standards of perfection and the broadest possible spectrum of inventive talent while executing its final decision of selection.

Jawaharlal Nehru fellowship Stipend

Each Fellowship is provided for two years and conducts a monthly stipend of Rs.1,00,000/-, (one lakh) which is excluded from Income Tax.

Besides, actual investments on secretarial support, traveling and other possibilities are compensated by the Fund subjected to a cover of Rs.75,000/- per annum.

How to Apply

Candidates may send their details, under the subsequent headings to Secretary, Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund, Teen Murti House, New Delhi 110 001.
There is no printed form or issued form for application. The application form may be shipped in blank paper giving the following items :

  • Bio-data, along with information on original work.
  • Years of experience in the area of specialisation.
  • Project purposed to be undertaken (A summary typed in double space in not more than a thousand words)
  • A copy of recent passport size photographs.
  • Undertaking statement in the text format to be presented after you have been awarded the Fellowship.

Jawaharlal Nehru fellowship

Note: Candidates in Government service, either central or state government, should give their applications by proper channel.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1.
What is Jawaharlal Nehru fellowship?

Answer:
To remember Jawaharlal Nehru, the J N Memorial Fund in 1968 established Fellowships committed to the support, assistance, and protection of higher education and of free rational inquiry. These attempt to present an opportunity to extraordinarily talented personalities to dedicate themselves with the right to their productive work for two years.

Question 2.
How to apply for Jawaharlal Nehru fellowship?

Answer:
Candidates have to send an application offline written in plain paper with the following details to Secretary, Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund, Teen Murti House, New Delhi 110 001.

  • Bio-data
  • Experience letter
  • Project proposed with a summary of less than 1000 words
  • A copy of passport size photographs taken recently.

Question 3.
What are the eligibility criteria for Jawaharlal Nehru fellowship?

Answer:

  • The only rule is that candidates should hold a proven potential for exceptional work and a real passion for
  • persevering an imaginative project, investigating new opportunities in their chosen field.
  • Available for all discipline
  • Available for Indian citizens

Question 4.
What is the amount given under Jawaharlal Nehru fellowship?

Answer:
Each Fellowship is provided for two years and conducts a monthly stipend of Rs.1,00,000/-, (one lakh) which is excluded from Income Tax.

My Mother Essay for Students and Kids in English

My Mother Essay

My Mother Essay: My Mother Essay is the most elementary topic a student can write. Yet, every essay is different and special just like everyone’s mother. A mother is often the very first person an infant interacts with. The bond a mother and her child share only strengthens with time. No matter how old the child becomes, their mother always remains near and dear to them. Similarly, a mother’s love for her child is unconditional, no matter the child’s age or location.

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My Mother Essay 500 Words in English

From an academic perspective, students may have no trouble writing an essay on this topic. However, the student has to accurately articulate and express their view and points in a formal manner. They must also follow certain rules and writing conventions to ensure that the essay is presentable and appealing to the reader. We have provided the following writing tips and tricks to help students secure more marks. Moreover, these samples are tailored to meet the criteria of students from various age-groups.

Essay on My Mother Writing Tips and Tricks

Try to adopt the following tips and tricks to help you secure more marks for your essay. Please note, for students studying their class 1 to 5, these conventions may not apply. However, they will be useful for higher classes and competitive exams.

  • Always make it a point to begin the essay with an introductory paragraph
  • Ensure that the introduction contains the topic’s history, background information or any other pertinent information
  • Also, try to include specifics such as names, dates, locations and other details. This may help provide a clearer insight
  • Try to avoid using jargons. Use it only if the topic requires it
  • Avoid presenting content in long, monotonous blocks of text. This can cause readers to lose interest. Instead, try to present content in small, digestible chunks
  • Try to represent important information in bulleted points
  • Always organize the content into headings and subheadings.
  • Always end the essay with a suitable conclusion
  • The concluding paragraph must highlight the key takeaways or summarize the topic
  • If time permits, read through the essay. This will help to avoid grammatical errors and spelling mistakes.

My Mother Essay – Sample 1 (100 Words – Elementary School Essay)

  • My mother’s name is Mrs Usha
  • My mother is a beacon of hope and strength, bonding our family together
  • A doctor by profession, my mother is very dedicated towards her job
  • She loves all her family members unconditionally
  • My mother is the glue that binds our family
  • My mother is very selfless as she sacrificed all her desires and needs for her family
  • She also helps me with my homework and my school assignments
  • My mother prepares the most delicious food ever
  • My mother is also very protective; she shields me from bad things and ensures I do not get hurt
  • Most of all, my mother deserves nothing but the best from me and my family.

My Mother Essay – Sample 2 (250 Words – General Essay)

My mother is my superhero. She always finds time to give her unconditional love and support for my family. She is my greatest inspiration as she showcases devotion, dedication and persistence despite her busy schedule. My mother is also my first teacher and she still teaches me a lot of things about life.

My mother always respects her elders and she taught the same to me. She also taught me that I need to be polite to people. As a baby, my growth and learning was entirely dependent on my mother, I could not be more thankful for all the things she has taught me. If not for my mother, I wouldn’t be where I am right now.

My mother has also taught me to be sincere, truthful and empathetic. These qualities have helped me more in life than anything that I have learnt on my own. My mother is the most selfless person I have ever known – she always puts her family ahead of herself. She has faced many problems, but she always triumphs them. She motivates me to be emotionally strong and face problems head-on. I would also seek comfort and refuge in my mother when I felt sad or hurt. She would ease my problems always and would always support me in my times of need.

My mother is my first teacher and my friend. However, she also knew when to be strict. Nonetheless, I would always listen to my mother because she has a lot to teach me. In conclusion, my mother deserves only the best from me and my family for her selfless acts and unconditional love.

Important FAQs on My Mother

Question 1.
When is Mother’s Day celebrated?

Answer:
Mother’s day is generally celebrated in the first or second week of May. For 2020, Mother’s Day is celebrated on 10th May.

Independence Day Essay for Students and Kids in English

independence day Essay

Independence Day Essay: Independence Day Essay is an important topic that students must be well-versed with. The day commemorating the declaration of independence of any nation is quite a significant event. For India, that day is celebrated on August 15th, every year. The United States of America celebrates its independence from the British Monarchy on July 4th every year. Mexico celebrates its independence on September 16th, while Australia celebrates its independence on January 26th.

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Moreover, independence day is a special day to honour the martyrs and freedom fighters for their great sacrifice. Different nations often celebrate their Independence day in various ways. In India, the President delivers the “Address to the Nation”, and the Prime Minister hoists the Indian flag. Twenty-one gun salutes are performed in honour of the occasion. Other nations, such as the United States observe their Independence as a national holiday. Families often host picnics and gather with friends and relatives.

From an academic perspective, students must practice this topic as it is often asked in exams. Following are sample essays, along with useful tips to secure more marks.

Independence Day Essay Sample 1 (250+ Words – High School Level)

Independence Day Essay Introduction

Nearly every country in the world celebrates Independence day. For instance, America celebrates its Independence day on July 4th, Bangladesh, on March 26th, and Brazil on September 7. India celebrates its Independence Day on August 15th. It is celebrated to commemorate a country’s freedom from their oppressors. Moreover, Independence day is celebrated to remember the martyrs and freedom fighters who fought for a country’s independence.

Indian Independence Day

For over 200 years, the British ruled India. India was declared an independent country on August 15, 1947. It also coincided with the partition of India and Pakistan. Ever since then, India grew and developed into a formidable nation. Today, Indian Independence Day is a landmark event in the history of India. August 15th is observed as a national holiday and celebrations are performed on a grand scale.

Celebrations and Events

The President of India delivers the “Address to the Nation” on the eve of Independence Day. This is followed by the Prime Minister hoisting the Tri-coloured Indian flag in Delhi’s Red Fort. A special 21-gun military salute is also performed in honour of the occasion. The Prime Minister also delivers a speech, highlighting the achievements of the nation.

Moreover, the Prime Minister also pays tribute to the Freedom Movement in India. India’s national anthem, Jana Gana Mana is also sung during the occasion. The Indian Armed Forces, as well as the various paramilitary forces, perform marches. Pageants and parades showcase cultural themes and traditions.

At the state level, the Chief Minister of their respective states deliver speeches and unfurl the national flag. Even schools and colleges conduct flag-hoisting ceremonies followed by marches and parades. Citizens showcase their patriotism by adorning their faces, clothes and accessories with the colours of the Indian flag.

Conclusion on Independence Day Essay

In conclusion, independence day is a cause for celebration. It is also the day where feelings of patriotism are invoked.

Independence Day Essay Sample 2 (200+ Words – Primary School Level)

Why do we celebrate Independence Day?

India celebrates its Independence Day on August 15th every year. We pay homage to our freedom fighters and martyrs that have fought tirelessly for our country. Moreover, this day brings a feeling of intense patriotism and love for the nation.

How do Citizens Celebrate Independence Day?

Though Independence Day is a national holiday, citizens actively take part in many festive events. Every citizen showcases their patriotism by adorning the colours of the Indian flag on their clothes, faces and vehicles. People also sing the national anthem on this day. Schools and colleges also hold special events such as flag hoisting, marches and parades and exhibitions showcasing various historical and cultural aspects.

Celebrations at the National Level

On this day, the Prime Minister of India hoists the Indian flag at the Red Fort in New Delhi. The President of India delivers the “Address to the Nation”. Furthermore, a military salute is performed, where 21 guns are fired in honour of the event. The major forces – the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and the Indian Air Force along with the paramilitary forces perform marches and exhibit their arsenal and state of the art equipment. Moreover, parades are conducted, showcasing various Indian cultural traditions and themes. These events are broadcasted on national television and are viewed by millions of people.

Similar activities are carried out at the state level, where the Chief Minister of that state hoists the Indian flag and delivers a speech. Every government institution hoists the Indian flag and requires all the employees to be present. In conclusion, Independence day is an important day as it commemorates the day of freedom for a country.

FAQs on Independence Day Essay

Question 1.
Why do we celebrate Independence Day Essay?

Answer:
Independence day is a special day to honour the martyrs and freedom fighters for their role in attaining freedom for a country. Moreover, this day is celebrated to invoke or inculcate a sense of patriotism and love for the nation.

Question 2.
What is Independence Day and why do we celebrate it?

Answer:
Every Year we celebrate Independence Day on August 15th on the honour of our great freedom fighters.